|Canton||Rueil-Malmaison (main town)|
Métropole du Grand Paris and
Paris Ouest La Défense
|surface||14.70 km 2|
|Residents||78,152 (January 1, 2017)|
|Population density||5,316 inhabitants / km 2|
Édouard Manet: Country house in Rueil 1882
Rueil-Malmaison is a French city with 78,152 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2017) about 14 km west of the center of Paris . It belongs to the Hauts-de-Seine department in the Île-de-France region and is located on the Seine . It is the capital of the canton of Rueil-Malmaison , which consists only of this municipality; until 2015 part of the municipality belonged to the former canton of Garches . The inhabitants are called Rueillois .
The city consists of eight city quarters, which are called here "villages" :
The city's name first appears in the 12th century as Roialum , which eventually becomes Rueil . Since 1928 the city has had its current double name to distinguish it from Rueil-la-Gadelière in the Eure-et-Loir department . Around 870, Charles the Bald donated this area to the Abbey of Saint-Denis . At the end of the 12th century, the monks built a chapel here. In 1635 they sold the site to Cardinal Richelieu , who had a castle built here. The court withdrew here during the Fronde .
In the 19th century, Impressionist painters such as Pierre-Auguste Renoir , Édouard Manet and Claude Monet came to Rueil-Malmaison to paint the Seine landscape there. In the Franco-Prussian War , Rueil was on the front line during the Battle of Buzenval on January 19, 1871. In 1958 the first supermarket in France was opened in Rueil .
- The city is best known for Malmaison Castle , where Napoleon and his first wife Joséphine lived. Joséphine's tomb is in the Saint-Pierre-Saint-Paul church in the city center, where her daughter Hortense de Beauharnais , mother of Napoléon III, rests .
- The Saint-Pierre-Saint-Paul church was built in the 16th century to replace a first church from the 12th century. The facade was built from 1632 by the architect Jacques Lemercier on the orders of Richelieu .
- You can also see the house of Père Joseph , who died here. He was a confidante of Cardinal Richelieu .
- The barracks of the Swiss Guard of the French kings was built in 1756 under Louis XV. Built by the architect Charles-Axel Guillaumot (1730–1806) and is now a historical museum.
- Old town hall , built in 1869, now used as a city museum.
Rueil-Malmaison lists 16 twin cities :
|Ávila||Castile and León, Spain|
|bad Soden||Hessen, Germany||1979|
|Le Bardo||Tunis, Tunisia||1991|
|Lynchburg||Virginia, United States|
|Oaxaca de Juarez||Mexico|
|Sarajevo||Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|Sergiev Posad||Moscow, Russia||1989|
|Zouk Mikael||Mount Lebanon, Lebanon||1971|
The city is also a member of the Federation of European Napoleonic Cities .
Transport and economy
The city is home to major French companies such as the PSA automotive group, the Vinci construction group , the Schneider Electric electronics company and the engineering service provider Ingérop ; But the French main branches and / or production facilities of many international companies are also located here, for example companies in the petrochemical and pharmaceutical industries, as well as the automotive and food industries.
Sons and daughters:
- Hassan Amzile (* 1988), boxer
- Saint-Georges de Bouhélier (1876–1947), writer
- Marcel Ichac (1906–1994), mountaineer, film director and mountain film pioneer
- Marcel Jouhandeau (1888–1979), writer
- Fabrice Colas (* 1964), cyclist
- Jean Dujardin (born 1972), actor
People related to the city:
- Jean-Marie Le Pen (* 1928), founder of the Front National , lives with his second wife Jany Paschos in Rueil-Malmaison
- Le Patrimoine des Communes des Hauts-de-Seine. Flohic Éditions, 2nd edition, Charenton-le-Pont 1993, ISBN 2-908958-95-3 , pp. 324-347.