Flörsheim am Main


from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Flörsheim am Main
Flörsheim am Main
Map of Germany, position of the city of Flörsheim am Main highlighted

Coordinates: 50 ° 1 ′  N , 8 ° 26 ′  E

Basic data
State : Hesse
Administrative region : Darmstadt
County : Main-Taunus-Kreis
Height : 93 m above sea level NHN
Area : 22.95 km 2
Residents: 21,659 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 944 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 65439
Area code : 06145
License plate : MTK
Community key : 06 4 36 004
City structure: 4 districts

City administration address :
Rathausplatz 1
65439 Flörsheim am Main
Website : www.floersheim-main.de
Mayor : Bernd Blisch ( CDU )
Location of the city of Flörsheim am Main in the Main-Taunus district
Eppstein Kelkheim (Taunus) Bad Soden am Taunus Liederbach am Taunus Schwalbach am Taunus Eschborn Sulzbach (Taunus) Hofheim am Taunus Kriftel Hattersheim am Main Flörsheim am Main Hochheim am Main Wiesbaden Landkreis Offenbach Frankfurt am Main Hochtaunuskreis Rheingau-Taunus-Kreis Wiesbaden Kreis Groß-Geraumap
About this picture

Flörsheim am Main is a town in the Main-Taunus district in Hesse . It is centrally located in the Rhine-Main area between Frankfurt am Main and Mainz or Wiesbaden . The municipality consists of the districts Flörsheim-Stadtmitte, Weilbach , Wicker and Keramag / Falkenberg .

geography

location

Aerial view of the city center of Flörsheim. In the foreground the Main with the Catholic Church of St. Gallus (with reflection) behind it. In the background the shopping center and the secondary school, 2015
View from Flörsheimer Warte in Wicker to Flörsheim-Stadtmitte

Flörsheim is located to the right of the Untermain and the old town extends along the river. Flörsheim's town center is in the Maine plain at 90  m above sea level. NHN . Weilbach is significantly higher at 113  m above sea level. NHN and Wicker with 143  m above sea level. NHN . Natural slopes are the foundation of the Wickerer wine-growing tradition as a gateway to the Rheingau and the term `` Flörsheimer Schweiz '', which is popular today .

Neighboring communities

In the south, opposite Flörsheim-Stadtmitte, are the cities of Raunheim and Rüsselsheim am Main on the left side of the Main. The Flörsheimer local district Weilbach bordered to the northeast by Hattersheim am Main and in the north of Hofheim am Taunus . The district of Wicker borders on Hochheim am Main and its district of Massenheim in the west .

geology

There were several limestone quarries and pits in the urban area, some of which were later used as landfills. Today the Rhein-Main Landfill Park is located in the area between Wicker and Hochheim. In the recent past, efforts have been made to restore nature and create local recreation.

Hydrology

The Main estuary into the Rhine, above: Mainz and Rhineland-Palatinate , below: Hesse, to the left of the Main bend in Rüsselsheim, to the right of the Main up to the bend: Flörsheim, to the right of it Wicker, in the lower right corner of the picture, Weilbach separated by the A 3

From the north-east of Frankfurt, the Main flows past the Hattersheim district of Eddersheim , where the Weilbach, which flows into the Main in the Ardelgraben, marks the beginning of the Flörsheim district .

On this side of Rüsselsheim, flood meadows , the Main Bridge - named after its predecessor the Opel Bridge - and a small industrial port end the residential developments near the banks .

Around the harbor, the Main takes a right bend until the Flörsheim district of Keramag / Falkenberg joins at the mouth of the Wickerbach , which borders the neighboring municipality of Hochheim further west.

A soda-lithion spring rises in Bad Weilbach and a sulfur spring in a small park area.

Aircraft noise

Example of the audibility of a wake vortex: after a passenger plane has passed over it, a muffled rustling and hissing begins at 50 seconds and continues until the end of the recording.

Approach and departure lanes from three of the four runways at Frankfurt Airport , east across the Main , lead across the inhabited urban area. The residents of Flörsheim are therefore exposed to aircraft noise and wake vortices. Parts of the airport site were owned by Flörsheim as a forest until 1980.

In addition to the burden, Flörsheim benefits from its central location near the airport, between the major cities of the Rhine-Main area : Frankfurt am Main, Wiesbaden, Mainz and Darmstadt.

Residents

Population figures
(as of October 31, 2019)
Flörsheim town center: 13,932
Weilbach / Bad Weilbach : 4,004
Wicker : 3,490
Keramag / Falkenberg : 676
City of Flörsheim am Main 22,102

In addition to the new building, Flörsheim has gained its current size and population through the merger at the turn of the year 1971/1972 with the former neighboring communities of Weilbach in the north and Wicker in the northwest.

history

Early history and antiquity

A prehistoric hiking trail leading past today's Flörsheim was converted into a road by the Romans. This led from Kastel via Hochheim, Flörsheim, Okriftel and Höchst to the Wetterau and further into what is now Central Germany . Another Roman road branched off between Flörsheim and Weilbach to Limburg an der Lahn . The pavement of limestone came from Flörsheimer quarries .

middle Ages

The current districts of Flörsheim, Wicker and Weilbach emerged from settlements of the West Germanic ethnic group of the Franks . Flörsheim was first mentioned in a document as Flaritesheim in 828 . The place name could go back to a Franconian called "Flarido". A deed of donation is in the Hessian State Archives in Marburg . Archbishop Hermann I of Cologne confirmed his possessions in the Franconian Maingau in 922 . He referred to Flörsheim as Flaradesheim and Wicker as Weleron . Wicker was first mentioned in a document in 910 and Weilbach in 1112.

In 1270 Flörsheim was sold to the Mainz Cathedral Chapter for 1,050  marks . In order to control the water traffic on the Main, Flörsheim was heavily fortified during the Middle Ages .

Modern times

The witch trials in Flörsheim lasted from 1595 to 1630. In Flörsheim, Weilbach and Wicker over 71 women, men and children fell victim to the witch madness. To “cover the costs of the inquisition ordered to exterminate and punish the broken vice of sorcery and witchcraft ”, the community took out a loan from the St. Clara monastery in Mainz in 1618 , but was unable to make any repayments. A hundred years later the city still had to bear the burden of debt.

During the Thirty Years' War Flörsheim was devastated after the Swedish King Gustav Adolf had to interrupt his advance on Mainz in 1631 in front of Flörsheim's fortifications. After eight days of enclosure by the Swedes, Flörsheim surrendered and remained occupied until 1636.

Old church school, built in 1763. The listed building is now used for weddings .

The wars of Frederick the Great also brought disaster to the place - but also industrialization . In 1765 Georg Ludwig Müller from Mainz opened a faience factory with around 80 workers in Flörsheim . The produced therein porcelain bears the mark three large "F" for "Flörsheimer faience factory", which can be seen today at the City Arms. The factory existed until 1914.

For a long time there were close ties to Mainz. That only changed at the beginning of the 19th century during Napoleon's reign , when Flörsheim was added to the Principality of Nassau-Weilburg in 1803  - shortly afterwards - to the Duchy of Nassau .

In 1839 the Taunus Railway was built between Wiesbaden and Frankfurt as the first Hessian railway. According to the planning, sidings should also lead to Darmstadt .

The station, built with the Taunus Railway in 1839, was designed by the architect Ignaz Opfermann . At that time it was still outside the old town and is one of the oldest surviving train stations in Germany. In 1875 the upper floor was added as an apartment for the station master.

In 1865 the volunteer fire brigade Flörsheim was founded. After the German War of 1866 , Flörsheim came to the Kingdom of Prussia , which had annexed the Duchy of Nassau .

In 1900 the first telephone connections were installed in Flörsheim, and on August 25, 1914, the place received electrical light. In the First World War , Flörsheim had 104  dead and 7  missing . After the war, French troops occupied the place on December 1, 1918. During the Allied occupation of the Rhineland, the French kept Flörsheim occupied until the late 1920s.

Many people from Flörsheim, Weilbach and Wicker have worked there since the Opel plant was founded in Rüsselsheim in 1862. Two monuments made of red Main sandstone directly on the bank, on both sides of the Main, remind of the ferry connection they used. The statue of the bridge saint Nepomuk on Konrad-Adenauer-Ufer was intended to provide protection during the crossing.

Only the “Opelbrücke”, inaugurated on August 26, 1928, created a road connection to Rüsselsheim. This bridge was demolished in 1979 and replaced a little further up the Main by a larger bridge with a four-lane carriageway.

On the night of July 18th to 19th, 1938, the Jewish cemetery was destroyed by the National Socialists . On November 10, 1938 in the Kristallnacht also built in 1718 Flörsheimer synagogue destroyed. During the Second World War , 29 explosive bombs fell on the place and the district of Flörsheim  on the night of September 8th to 9th, 1942 . The heavy bombing caused 26 fires and 11 buildings - 9 of them residential buildings - were completely destroyed and 81 buildings, almost all residential buildings, were badly damaged. Five people died. On March 23, 1945, German troops blew up the Opel bridge leading from Rüsselsheim across the Main to stop the advance of American troops . The Americans nevertheless marched into Flörsheim the next day.

Contemporary history

After the Second World War and the dissolution of the Free State of Prussia by the Allies in 1945, Flörsheim came to the newly formed state of Hesse .

In 1953 Flörsheim received city ​​rights . On December 31, 1971, Flörsheim, Weilbach and Wicker joined forces in anticipation of the regional reform in Hesse .

On January 1, 1978, the name of the city was officially changed to "Flörsheim am Main".

Name development

The name ending on " -heim " indicates a Franconian origin, while the first part of the name can possibly be traced back to a Germanic personal name such as "Flarid" or "Flarad".

The assignment of a documentary mention in a cartular of the Fulda monastery from the year 828: "Tradidit Reginpraht ad Flaritesheim mancipia II", German: Reginpraht transferred two servants to Flörsheim . to Flörsheim am Main is speculative.

A document dated August 11, 922 by Hermann I of Cologne refers to the town on the Main without any doubt. In the document, the properties in the "pago Moinacense" - Gau am Main - "Flaradesheim" - Flörsheim - and "Wikeron" - Wicker - are named.

In 1171 the entry dorff in Vlersheim appeared in the feudal book of the Lords of Eppstein .

In 1270, when the village was sold to the cathedral chapter of the Archdiocese of Mainz on April 1st, the village is referred to as villam nostram Flersheim .

Since January 1st, 1978 the city has been officially called Flörsheim am Main, after previously abbreviated spellings such as Flörsheim / M, Flörsheim / Main or Flörsheim a. M. were in use.

In the local dialect the city is called "Flerschem".

Territorial history and administration

The following list gives an overview of the territories in which Flörsheim was located and the administrative units to which it was subordinate:

politics

Former town hall in the villa and former medical practice of Emil Börner's medical council

The constitutional structure of the city of Flörsheim am Main is based on the Hessian municipal code and the main statute of the city in the version dated November 8, 2012.

Thereafter, the city council, made up of city council members elected by the city's citizens, functions as the highest body of local self-government. As the executive body, the magistrate takes care of the day-to-day administration of the city. It consists of eleven honorary city councilors, as well as the full-time mayor and the also full-time First City Council as his representative.

The main statute regulates the division of the city into four local districts and sets the size of the local advisory councils to nine members each, as well as five members for the local advisory council of Keramag / Falkenberg. In addition, an advisory council for foreigners with eleven members will be set up.

The city of Flörsheim is subject to municipal supervision by the district administrator of the Main-Taunus district according to the Hessian municipal code.

The mayor is directly elected by the people and the term of office is six years.

City Council

The city council is the highest body of the city. Its political composition is determined every five years in local elections by the city's electorate. Whoever has reached the age of 18 and is a German citizen within the meaning of the Basic Law or a citizen of one of the other member states of the European Union may vote. All eligible voters must have been registered in the city for at least three months.

The local elections on March 6, 2016 produced the following results: compared to previous local elections:

Distribution of seats in the 2016 city council
     
A total of 37 seats
  • SPD : 11
  • GALF : 6
  • FDP : 3
  • CDU : 11
  • dfb : 6
Parties and constituencies 2016 2011 2006 2001 1997
Share 1 Seats Share 1 Seats Share 1 Seats Share 1 Seats Share 1 Seats
Social Democratic Party of Germany SPD 30.4 11 28.0 10 22.8 8th 25.3 9 27.1 10
Christian Democratic Union of Germany CDU 30.1 11 37.8 14th 49.4 18th 48.0 18th 46.6 17th
Green alternative list Flörsheim GALF 16.3 6th 25.4 10 18.0 7th 22.1 8th 21.3 8th
The free citizens dfb 14.7 6th 5.0 2 4.1 2 - - - -
Free Democratic Party FDP 8.5 3 3.8 1 5.7 2 4.6 2 5.0 2
percentage of invalid votes 4.5 3.5 2.9 2.4 3.1
Total seats 37 37 37 37 37
voter turnout 51% 47.5% 49.2% 61.4% 68.3%
a percentage of the valid votes cast

37 city councilors and the city's local councils had to be elected for the legislative period from April 1, 2016 to March 31, 2021. Of the 15,943 eligible voters, 8136 voted. As a result, the turnout rose from 47.5 percent in 2011 to 51 percent in 2016.

mayor

Bernd Blisch ( CDU ) has been Mayor of Flörsheim since November 1, 2018 . Blisch ran as a cross-party candidate with the support of the CDU, Green Alternative List Flörsheim (GALF), Die Freie Bürger (dfb) and FDP and won the mayoral election on May 27, 2018 against the former incumbent Michael Antenbrink (SPD). Bernd Blisch received 61.2% of the vote, Michael Antenbrink 31.7%. As another independent candidate, Markus Ochs got 7.1%. The turnout was 49.3%.

Former mayors and mayors

The early dates are based on documentary mentions that do not allow any conclusions to be drawn about the range of the respective terms of office.

  • 1396: Konrad Schrot
  • 1431: Gerhard Palez
  • 1433: Peter Winter
  • 1450: Michael Stork
  • 1468: G. Euden
  • 1502: Hans Frohmut
  • 1509: Hans Strauss
  • Michael Strauck or Strauss
(called Storich)
  • 1588: Georg Hardt
  • 1617: Johann Euler
  • 1621: Joachim Satorius
  • 1627: Joh. Konrad Spahn
  • 1642: Eberhard Faulhaber
  • 1666: Joh. Paul Widdermann
  • 1670: Johann Stein
  • 1673: Johann Kester
  • 1677: Kilian Bohrmann
  • 1679–1710: Georg Bernhardt
  • 1717: Oswald Anschütz
  • 1723: Wiegand Hochheimer
  • 1737: Wiegand Hochheimer
(the son)
  • 1763: Johann Michael Conradi
  • 1780: Ad. Wilhelm Hochheimer
  • 1787: Hans Hochheimer
  • 1790: Johann Neumann
  • 1797: Martin Neumann
(Son of Johann; † August 12, 1820)
  • 1824: Cronenbold
(Co-owner of the Flörsheim faience factory)
  • 1840: Karl Neumann
  • 1845: Lorenz Schleidt
  • 1848: Paul Diener
  • 1850: Georg Friedrich Schleidt
  • 1865: Franz Anton Schleidt
  • 1871: Jacob Schleidt
(Initiator of the Flörsheim fire brigade)
  • 1871–1890: Sebastian Jäger
  • 1890–1902: Lorenz Schleidt
  • 1902–1933: Jakob Lauck
  • 1934–19 ⁇: Ludwig Stamm (NSDAP)
(took office after Lauck's resignation)
  • 1945–1954: Jakob Merkel
(only used temporarily until 1948)
  • 195? –1962: Fritz Pein (SPD)
  • 1962–1979: Josef Anna (CDU)
  • 1979–2000: Dieter Wolf (CDU)
  • 2001–2006: Ulrich Krebs (CDU)
  • 2006–2018: Michael Antenbrink (SPD)

magistrate

The municipal consists according to the Main statutes from the full-time mayor, the full-First Councilwoman and 13 other volunteer councilors / city councils. It currently has the following voting members:

Full-time department heads

mayor Bernd Blisch CDU
Main office, finances, order, culture, own operations, information technology, public relations and city archive, advancement of women, fire and disaster control
First councilor Renate Mohr GALF
Social affairs, building, road and green space office, building depot, integration and asylum issues, traffic and noise reduction

Honorary members of the magistrate

Councilor Annemarie Dicks SPD
City council Klaus Dörrhöfer SPD
Councilor Berthilde Enders CDU
City council Michael Guske FDP
City council Klaus-Peter Harth dfb
City council Klaus Anton Hoffmann GALF
City council Wolfgang Kirchheim SPD
City council Karl-Heinz Landwehr CDU
City council Helmut Reinhard
City council Harald Vogel dfb
City council Rudi Weckbach CDU
City council Marek Wrobel GALF

Referendums

Since the introduction of the possibility of referendums in Hesse on April 1, 1993, Flörsheim has decided twice - on May 6, 2007 and February 13, 2011 - about the operation of the planning approval for the construction of a bypass road. On both occasions, the population voted in favor of the voting question by a narrow majority, and they opposed the planning of a bypass of the B 40/519 federal highways. The participation rate in the referendums was over 60 percent.

Symbols

coat of arms

In June 1951 the municipality of Flörsheim was granted the right to use a coat of arms by the Hessian State Ministry.

Flörsheim am Main coat of arms
Blazon : “On a blue sign a two-masted sailing ship above silver ( white ) waves. The hull and masts are golden ( yellow ). The two sails are silver. The larger sail bears the black lettering "FFF". A red flag with a silver six-spoke wheel is waving at the stern of the ship. The mast head above the sail with the three "Fs", as well as a pointed flag at both ends of the mast, is divided horizontally - silver and red. "
Justification of the coat of arms: The coat of arms motif emerged from the symbol used since 1816 for the Flörsheimer market ship, the Flörsheimer Yacht, which was in service until 1868 . The mainsail has been marked with the three “Fs” since 1930. This label is reminiscent of the Flörsheim faience factory founded in 1765 .

The wheel of the rear flag refers to the long historical affiliation to the Mainz cathedral chapter between 1270 and 1803. In the 18th century , the Mainz wheel was used on boundary stones and in official seals. Older court seals refer to the cathedral city in the pictorial representation of a bishop enthroned in the 17th century or the Mainz patron saint St. Martin in the 15th century.

flag

The colors of Flörsheim are blue and orange. In urban "flagging", the city coat of arms is usually shown on a blue flag. In October 1952 the municipality of Flörsheim am Main was authorized to fly a flag by the Hessian Minister of the Interior.

Town twinning

Transport and infrastructure

Bike trails

Several cycle paths run along the banks of the Main :

Motorway connection

Flörsheim is directly connected to the A 66 autobahn connecting Wiesbaden and Frankfurt via Weilbach in the north . Via Rüsselsheim am Main and Hofheim-Wallau there is a connection to the A 3 , which cuts the Flörsheim city area in an east-west direction without its own access and separates Weilbach from its smaller part Bad Weilbach. The A 671 motorway can be reached via the Hochheim- Nord junction .

Local transport

buses

  • Line 1, Stadtwerke Rüsselsheim , route: Flörsheim - Rüsselsheim00
  • Line 809, HLB Hessenbus, route: Hochheim - Flörsheim - Hofheim
  • Line 817, school bus service, route: Diedenbergen - Flörsheim
  • Line 819, Flörsheim city bus, route: Flörsheim - Wicker - Weilbach

Shared taxis

Call collective taxis and follow-up collective taxis

  • Line 818, route: Flörsheim - Keramag / Falkenberg - Flörsheim
  • Line 818, route: Flörsheim - Wicker - Weilbach
  • Line 046, route: Flörsheim / Wicker - Wallau
  • Line 820, Eddersheim train station - Weilbach - Wicker - Flörsheim train station

Rail transport

Station building, built in 1839

Running parallel to the Main, the Wiesbaden and Frankfurt line of the Taunus Railway separates the old town facing the Main from areas that were later developed. The S-Bahn - S1 connects the Flörsheimer station every half hour on the route Wiesbaden - Mainz-Kastel  - Frankfurt - Offenbach  - Rödermark-Ober-Roden .

Shipping

For passenger traffic, there is a landing stage for ships on Konrad-Adenauer-Ufer, and another landing stage for goods handling on Hafenstrasse.

Attractions

Main tower

The main tower was built in the middle of the 16th century and is considered the oldest preserved structure in the city. As part of a fortification, it is said to have served to protect the banks of the Main and to control shipping traffic. The Mainturm has served as an art forum since 2001.

Berlin fountain

The Berlin fountain on Konrad-Adenauer-Ufer, near Pfarrer-Münch-Straße, was inaugurated on October 19, 1975 as part of the Flörsheim curb. It took its name from a previous fountain (1964–1965), which was provided with a milestone with a Berlin bear and the distance to Berlin. The new construction made it necessary to lay an oil pipeline from Rotterdam for Frankfurt Airport. The "new" Berlin fountain was the result of a cooperation between the city building authority, various architects and Walter Habdank . It draws its charm from simple circular basic elements, which are arranged intuitively but with a fine sense of harmony and balance. In fact, these are sewer pipes - semi-finished parts donated by the Dyckerhoff company.

Mainstein

The Mainstein was erected in 1984 on the banks of the Main at the height of the "boathouse" and presents Flörsheim and its districts in the Rhine-Main region and shows the special features of the city. For example, fishing, viticulture, the fiance's day or the main tower are depicted in relief on it. The sandstone stele was created by the Frankfurt sculptor and stonemason Reiner Uhl, who had previously redesigned the Faulborn in Bad Weilbach.

Flörsheimer Warte

The Flörsheimer Warte is located near the district of Wicker and is a 30 meter high round tower rebuilt in 1996. It stands on the site of a tower built for the first time by Berthold von Henneberg at the end of the 15th century as one of four waiting towers of the Mainzer Landwehr , of almost the same cubature, which corresponds to the Erbenheimer Warte or the Radheimer Warte on the Bachgauer Landwehr . The replica is located in the Wicker district on the Rhine-Main regional park route and, with the adjacent restaurant, is a popular excursion destination. The top level offers a good view of the surrounding area through twenty narrow windows, between which orientation boards are attached.

Iron tree

The iron tree is located west of Flörsheim and is also part of the Rhine-Main regional park. With its unusual shape, it is both a sculpture and an observation tower . The steel 18 meter high tree has ten artificial branches and offers a 9 meter high viewing platform . A solar-powered sound system on the platform speaks and makes noises.

Culture

Facilities

Mainturm Art Forum

The Mainturm Art Forum was opened in November 2001. In just under a year of construction, a building complex was created that structurally connects the historic Mainturm building with the neighboring house, the former warmth parlor . The architect and planner Franz Josef Hamm, Limburg / Lahn, extended the warm room in an easterly and northerly direction and created a glazed walkway as a connection between the main tower and the neighboring house. The Mainturm Art Forum is a place of ideal exchange and dialogue. On a total of four floors, the house offers space for cultural events and meetings of artists with those interested in art.

Events

Mardi Gras

Every year on Shrove Sunday begins at 13:31 with the Flörsheimer Fastnachtsumzug or "Fassenachtszuuch" the culmination of the "Flerschemer Fassenacht", some with more than 3,500 participants and around 160 train numbers. The number of guests regularly exceeds the number of residents. In 2007 the Hessischer Rundfunk even reported 80,000 visitors.

The carnival or fool call "Hall the Gail" comes from the time when there were still many horse-drawn carts on the carnival procession. He was the request to a driver to pause or to keep the horses shy of the exuberant crowd in check . This is how "Hall the Gail" translates as "Hold the horses / nags!"

Open air festival

Since the 1970s there has been the “Flörsheimer Open Air” on a July weekend, a small rock music festival with free entry on the meadows under the Main Bridge to Rüsselsheim. The festival is organized by the local association Old Company only through voluntary helpers and took place for the 40th time in 2015.

Fiance day

Half-timbered house in the street named after Pastor Münch, the initiator of the “Engaged Day”.

Every year on the last Monday in August the city celebrates “Fiancé Day”. This has its origin in 1666, when the plague raged in Flörsheim . After more than 200 inhabitants had died within a very short time and the small community of around 700 inhabitants was threatened with complete extermination, according to tradition, the survivors prayed for rescue in dire need.

When the plague actually ended, the people of Flörsheim, together with the initiator, Pastor Johannes Laurentius Münch, vowed “as long as stone on stone is standing in Flörsheim to hold an annual thanksgiving procession in praise of the Most High”. This pledge has so far been strictly observed; even in times of war and despite the event being temporarily banned. On August 29, 2016, “Fiancé Day” was celebrated for the 350th time.

Parish fair

Rooted in the celebration of the consecration of the St. Gallus Church, the “Flerschemer Curb ” is held on October 16, the day of the namesake St. Gallus , or on the following weekend . A fair has been set up on the banks of the Main for over a hundred years. While there is a hype there with stalls and rides , the Kerweborsch (Kerbeburschen) organize dance events - cultivate customs and sociability: Traditionally, a tree is erected on Saturdays with a Kerwebobb (notch doll) and bluns (blood sausage without greaves). A move takes place. The special feature of Flörsheim, the "Nachkerb" on the following weekend, was up for grabs in 2014. In future, the traditional end of the notch with the funeral of the notch doll and fireworks will take place on the Sunday after the notch, as was previously the case on Mondays.

Gallus concerts

Since 1980, the Gallus Concerts have been held in the fourth quarter of a calendar year , a musical and cultural series, the concert performances of which are partly carried out as Hessischer Rundfunk events .

religion

Catholic community

The Catholic parishes of St. Gallus and St. Josef in Flörsheim, St. Katharina in Wicker and Maria Himmelfahrt in Weilbach are in the process of forming a common pastoral area in Flörsheim. From January 2015 this will operate under the name of the parish of St. Gallus. The parishes of St. Joseph, Maria Himmelfahrt and St. Katharina should continue to exist as local churches.

Ahmadiyya community

On June 24, 2013, Mirza Masrur Ahmad  - the caliph of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community  - opened the Ata Mosque in Flörsheim Altkönigstrasse. (“Ata” means “God's gift, given by God”.) In addition to the federal chairman of the community, Abdullah Uwe Wagishauser, a number of local and regional politicians were present.

On October 4, 2012, the renovation of a former grocery discounter began. The building complex, decorated in blue and white and decorated with calligraphy, includes a 380 square meter prayer room with a prayer niche, a separate kitchen, an 80 square meter extension with an event room and library room, as well as offices and another seminar room on the upper floor. The mosque character is underlined by two domes inserted into the roof and a symbolic minaret about 10 meters high at the entrance.

The Ahmadiyya Muslim Jamaat or Ahmadiyya Muslim Community is an Islamic reform community that emerged in Qadian , India in 1889 . The first member of the municipality of Flörsheim / Hochheim, which has been independent since 1995, came to Flörsheim in 1988. At the opening, the community has 140 members. Its president is Muhammad Munawar Abid.

Gallery of sacred buildings and monuments

Personalities

Born in the city

Connected to the city

Honorary citizen

"Gänskippelschorsch" on Konrad-Adenauer-Ufer

See also

literature

  • Hannelore Sievers: Past, forgotten, changed: An illustrated book with the history and stories of Flörsheim am Main . Dreisbach, Flörsheim am Main 2004, ISBN 3-9800541-1-X .
  • Magistrate of the city of Flörsheim am Main (Ed.): From the growth and development of a city: Flörsheim am Main through the ages . Flörsheim am Main 2003, ISBN 3-9809134-0-6 .

Web links

Commons : Flörsheim am Main  - Collection of images
Wiktionary: Flörsheim  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. Hessian State Statistical Office: Population status on December 31, 2019 (districts and urban districts as well as municipalities, population figures based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  2. Gate to the Rheingau. Kulturland-rheingau.de.
  3. ^ The Flörsheimer Switzerland. ( Memento from February 22, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) In: regionalpark-rheinmain.de.
  4. At the rock cellars. Kulturland-rheingau.de.
  5. Self-presentation of the society for the recultivation of the Weilbach gravel pit landscape ( memento from February 24, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) August 2008.
  6. ^ Bad Weilbach sources. In: floersheim-main.de.
  7. Jennifer Hein: Danger from the roof. Frankfurter Rundschau, April 10, 2013.
  8. The galf is no longer in the cage. ( Memento from February 23, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Höchst Kreisblatt, January 7, 2013.
  9. Deniz Yücel : A rumble, a hiss, a thunder. taz.de, February 6, 2012.
  10. Numbers, data, facts: population figures. In: floersheim-main.de. City of Flörsheim am Main, accessed on April 21, 2020 .
  11. a b c Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 370 and 372 .
  12. Stories from the old Opel Bridge. ( Memento of the original from February 22, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Echo online, June 9, 2010. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.echo-online.de
  13. Historical pictures of the inauguration of the Opel Bridge on chroniknet.de.
  14. Granting of the right to use the designation "city" to the municipality of Flörsheim (Main), Main-Taunus-Kreis, Wiesbaden administrative district on May 30, 1953 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1953 No. 24 , p. 539 , point 670 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 2,3 MB ]).
  15. ^ Lecture on Flörsheim coat of arms. ( Memento of the original from October 20, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Wiesbadener-Kurier, April 11, 2014. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.wiesbadener-kurier.de
  16. Flörsheim is older. Flörsheimer Zeitung, April 2014.
  17. ^ Ernst Friedrich Johann Dronke: Codex diplomaticus Fuldensis. (PDF file) Verlag Theodor Fischer, p. 170 No. 376 , archived from the original ; accessed on February 23, 2014 (Latin, Issued in 4 installments, 1847-1850, transcript of the Fuldaer Kartular): "Tradidit Reginpraht ad Flaritesheim mancipia II"
  18. From the Internet project Regnum Francorum Online, for example, the same Fuldaer Kartular is associated with Nieder-Flörsheim .
  19. H. Cardauns: Rhenish documents of the X. – XII. Century. In: Annals of the historical association for the Lower Rhine 26/27 (1874), pp. 334–341. Entry on p. 336 (corresponds to p. 340 in the DjVu file)
  20. Entry into p. 336 of the annals via wikisource.org or as a jpg file only p. 336 of the annals.
  21. A. Wyß:  Eppsteiner Lehenbuch Copy of the manuscript from the middle of the 15th century, the content of which goes back to the 13th and 14th centuries. (= Repertories of the Hessian State Archives Darmstadt ) p. 4. In: Archivinformationssystem Hessen (Arcinsys Hessen), accessed on January 16, 2017. In the digitized manuscript, the entry can be found on the fifth page below in the fourth scan “Vome grafen von Loen: … Daz dorff in Vlersheim ”.
  22. ^ Karl Menzel, Wilhelm Sauer: Codex diplomaticus Nassoicus / Nassauisches Urkundenbuch. (PDF file) Volume 1: The documents of the former Electoral Mainz area, including the dominions of Eppenstein, Königstein and Falkenstein; the Niedergrafschaft Katzenelnbogen and the Electoral Palatinate Office Caub, 2nd part. Verlagshandlung Julius Niedner / Communalständischer Verband des Regierungsbezirks Wiesbaden, 1886, p. 473 (with entry 806) , accessed on February 23, 2014 (Latin / German, corresponds to p. 76 in the PDF): "villam nostram flersheim"
  23. Dialektlexikon flerschemerisch.de: Flörsheim → Flerschem.
  24. Flörsheim, Main-Taunus-Kreis. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. (As of September 29, 2016). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
  25. ^ Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. State of Hesse. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
  26. Main statutes of the city of Flörsheim am Main.
  27. ^ Result of the municipal election on March 6, 2016. Hessian State Statistical Office, accessed in April 2016 .
  28. Hessian State Statistical Office: Results of the municipal elections of 2011 and 2006.
  29. Hessian Statistical Office: Results of the municipal elections of 2001 and 1997.
  30. Green Alternative List Flörsheim. Retrieved January 23, 2016.
  31. The free citizens. Retrieved January 23, 2016.
  32. ^ Frankfurter Rundschau: This is how Flörsheim chose. May 27, 2018. Retrieved May 27, 2018 .
  33. Philipp Schneider: To say goodbye to Jakob Lauck as mayor of the municipality of Flörsheim. ( Memento of the original from October 28, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. H. Dreisbach-Verlag, Flörsheim 1934, pp. 11-12. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.hs-rm.de
  34. Details of the "Magistrate" committee. City of Flörsheim am Main, accessed on April 4, 2020 .
  35. ^ Hessian State Statistical Office: Citizens' decision on May 6, 2007 in the city of Flörsheim am Main. Question: "Are you in favor of the decision of the city council of July 13, 2006 on the planning approval procedure for the construction of the bypass B 40/519 - section B 519 being repealed and thus the approval of the city of Flörsheim am Main for the construction of the bypass being withdrawn?"
  36. ^ Hessian State Statistical Office: Citizens' decision on February 13, 2011 in the city of Flörsheim am Main. Question: "Are you in favor of the city of Flörsheim am Main speaking out against the continuation of the plans for the 'B40 / B519 bypass Flörsheim, Wicker, Weilbach - section B519'?"
  37. ^ Approval of a coat of arms for the municipality of Flörsheim, Main-Taunus-Kreis from June 18, 1951 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1951 no. 26 , p. 350 , point 571 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 3.8 MB ]).
  38. Klemens Stadler: The municipal coat of arms of the state of Hesse (=  German coat of arms - Federal Republic of Germany . Volume 3 ). Bremen 1967, p. 33 .
  39. Flörsheim am Main. (No longer available online.) Www.kulturland-rheingau.de, archived from the original on March 3, 2014 ; accessed on February 23, 2014 .
  40. ^ Rudolf Schäfer: On the economy in the Main-Taunus area before industrialization. 1980, accessed May 12, 2013 .
  41. City portrait. City of Flörsheim am Main, accessed on February 23, 2014 (text appears after clicking on the coat of arms).
  42. Permission to fly a flag to the municipality of Flörsheim a. Main in the Main-Taunus-Kreis, Wiesbaden district from October 17, 1952 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1952 No. 45 , p. 830 , item 1124 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 2.8 MB ]).
  43. AST and connecting shared taxi. Main-Taunus-Verkehrsgesellschaft, accessed on April 15, 2018.
  44. Transport connections. floersheim-main.de.
  45. ^ Mainturm Art Forum , City of Flörsheim am Main
  46. Flörsheimer Zeitung, "Maingau-Bote", October 21, 1975
  47. according to plans, building descriptions and permits held by the Flörsheim city planning office and covering a period from 1975 to 1979. Source: personal communication with Hans Dieter Darmstadt, Head of City Archives, City of Flörsheim, March 4, 2020
  48. Brochure “Towers and Landmarks in the Rhein-Main Regional Park” of the RheinMain Regional Park
  49. Photo of the table on the iron tree
  50. hr-online Carnival parades: Hessen firmly in the fool's hand - 80,000 spectators in Flörsheim ( Memento from June 30, 2007 in the web archive archive.today )
  51. dialect lexicon flerschemerisch.de : Horses → Gail.
  52. The story of the "Hall die Gail" ( Memento from February 3, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) FCV 1928.
  53. Flörsheimer Openair. , accessed January 20, 2016.
  54. Gesa Fritz: Flörsheim and the black death. Frankfurter Rundschau, August 12, 2009.
  55. Flörsheim celebrates 350th fiancé day. Cardinal Woelki calls for Christian action. Main-Spize from August 29, 2016.
  56. Dialektlexikon flerschemerisch.de: Borsch.
  57. Dialektlexikon flerschemerisch.de: Bobb.
  58. Dialektlexikon flerschemerisch.de: Bluns.
  59. Flörsheimer curb: Showmen are worried.  ( Page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Höchst Kreisblatt, October 20, 2014.@1@ 2Template: Toter Link / www.kreisblatt.de  
  60. Hildegund Klockner: Flörsheimer kerbeborsch sway to preserve the aftermath. Main peak, October 20, 2014.
  61. Post notch remains with restrictions! floersheim-main.de, October 22, 2014.
  62. Nachkerb: New rules will apply from next year.  ( Page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Höchst Kreisblatt, October 23, 2014.@1@ 2Template: Toter Link / www.kreisblatt.de  
  63. ^ Season opening of the Gallus Concerts 2010 ( memento from July 19, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) on hr-online.de.
  64. Pastoral Room Flörsheim ( Memento from February 23, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
  65. ^ Ata mosque in Flörsheim. ahmadiyya.de.
  66. Hildegund Klockner: Mosque of the Ahmadiyya community in Flörsheim opened. ( Memento of the original from December 26, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Main peak, June 25, 2013. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.main-spitze.de
  67. ^ Opening of the Ata mosque in Flörsheim. ( Memento of the original from February 21, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. ahmadiyya.de, June 24, 2013. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.ahmadiyya.de
  68. Hildegund Klockner: The construction of the mosque of the Ahmadiyya Jamaat community begins in Flörsheim. ( Memento of the original from December 27, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Main peak, October 15, 2012. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.main-spitze.de
  69. Marga Kaus, Jakob Dehn: The Gallus Church Small Guide on the basis of the revised Festschrift for the inauguration of the parish center St. Gallus from 1977.
  70. David Clay Large: Immigration Refused. Karl-Blessing-Verlag, Munich 2004, ISBN 3-89667-201-0 .
  71. a b c d e f g Report on the granting of honorary citizenship rights to Mathäus Lauck with names of all previous honorary citizens of the city. (No longer available online.) Echo Online, March 22, 2011, formerly in the original ; Retrieved March 17, 2013 .  ( Page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Toter Link / www.echo-online.de