|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Darmstadt|
|Height :||116 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||6.76 km 2|
|Residents:||11,220 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||1660 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||65830|
|Area code :||06192|
|License plate :||MTK|
|Community key :||06 4 36 009|
|Address of the
|Frankfurter Strasse 33–37
|Mayor :||Christian Seitz ( CDU )|
|Location of the municipality of Kriftel in the Main-Taunus district|
Kriftel is called the "Orchard of the Vordertaunus", because in the fields around the community, besides grain, fruit is grown, especially strawberries and apples . The prevailing climate is well suited for fruit growing.
Kriftel is located between the major cities of Frankfurt am Main and the state capital Wiesbaden on the eastern border of the Main-Taunus district . The Schwarzbach , which was called Goldbach in earlier times, flows through Kriftel . Due to the increasing pollution of the adjacent leather factories, it no longer lived up to its name, but in the meantime the situation has improved again following the closure of the leather factories.
In the northeast, Kriftel borders on the Zeilsheim district of the independent city of Frankfurt am Main , in the southeast on the city of Hattersheim am Main , in the south on the city of Flörsheim am Main and in the west on the city of Hofheim am Taunus , with which Kriftel forms a structural unit.
Kriftel only includes a district (Gmk.-Nr. 60540).
|9-17 Century||about 100-180|
|1648||about 40-60||Thirty Years' War|
|1910||1,556||Chemical industry boom|
|1914||1.956||First World War|
|1939||2,321||Second World War|
|1950||3,481||Admission of evacuees and refugees|
|December 31, 2004||10,625|
|December 31, 2005||10,643|
|December 31, 2006||10,527|
|31/01/2011||11,114||registered with main residence|
The population of Kriftel is distributed among the three age groups as follows: 0-14 years: 13.8%, 15-65 years: 67.4%, over 65 years: 18.8%. This means that together with Hattersheim, Kriftel has the highest proportion of people of working age in the Main-Taunus district. The population density within the district is 1,646 inhabitants per square kilometer. However, if you only consider the built-up areas, the result is a density of 3,606 inhabitants per square kilometer. Since the new development areas are more densely built up and vacant lots are constantly being filled, an increase in population density is to be expected in the future.
Around 72/73 AD, the Romans built a stone fort on a hill above Kriftel (today the Hofheim area, where the district office of the Main-Taunus district is now) to secure their settlements. The Hofheim fort is also in visual contact with a watchtower built on the Hofheimer Kapellenberg. A camp village was built at today's boundary, which has been the target of archaeological excavations since its discovery in 1841.
In July 754, Boniface's funeral procession to Fulda probably stayed overnight at the crossing of the Schwarzbach on the site of the village. Several Boniface chapels were built in honor of the missionary (first detectable in 1277).
Kriftel was first mentioned in a document in 790 AD when it was donated to the Fulda monastery , at that time under the name Cruoftera (Schluchtenbach) . In the oldest surviving documents, Kriftel was also often referred to as Cruftera or Cruftero ( Middle High German Cruft - buried ). By the 13th century, this name changed to Cruftela or Cruftila , later to Crüfftel . The place Heddingheim was similarly old in the area of today's Kriftel. Heddingheim became a desert in the 16th century .
In the 13th century, Kriftel, like the neighboring town of Hofheim am Taunus, was under the influence of the Lords of Falkenstein . In the 14th century the village fell to Kurmainz . The Mainz wheel in the coat of arms of the municipality of Kriftel still testifies to the affiliation to Mainz . Later the Hofheim office, to which Kriftel also belongs, is pledged to the Counts of Eppstein . After their extinction, these were inherited by the Counts of Stolberg , who also introduced the Reformation in Kriftel from 1540 onwards . In 1559 the pledge was redeemed by the Electorate of Mainz and Kriftel was thus brought back to the Catholic faith.
Kriftel was persecuted by witches from 1588 to 1630, at least two women were burned. At the meeting on February 3, 2016, the Kriftel municipal council passed a resolution on the rehabilitation of the victims of the witch trials .
The Thirty Years' War from 1618 to 1648 had severe consequences in Kriftel. Thirteen farms of the 44 families still living here around 1609 as well as a mill fell victim to the war. The first Boniface Chapel was also destroyed during the war, but was rebuilt in 1755. The Swedes left particularly heavy marks in 1635. a. the 73-year-old pastor Johann Wagner from Kriftel hanged.
Despite high taxes, the village recovered relatively quickly from the war, but was hit by another disaster on March 6, 1671. Of 34 half-timbered houses, only four and parts of the church survived a fire - accelerated by a storm - that broke out in the barn of the mayor Johann Ohaus around 10 a.m.
In 1792 French revolutionary soldiers invade the area and occupy the region between Mainz and Frankfurt.
At the beginning of the 19th century Kriftel had 628 inhabitants. In 1803 the spiritual possessions are dissolved. The Archdiocese of Mainz also lost large parts and Kriftel, like other areas on the right bank of the Rhine, was added to the newly formed Duchy of Nassau . After the end of the German War in 1866, the Duchy of Nassau is annexed by Prussia . However, Kriftel benefits from the Prussian rule in that the Main-Lahn-Bahn route also passes Kriftel. On October 15, 1877, a regular train stopped at the village station for the first time. Above all, this infrastructural connection and the upswing in the chemical industry on the Main, especially the Farbwerke Hoechst AG, vorm. Master Lucius & Brüning , leads to a steady increase in population at the beginning of the 20th century.
In the post-war period from 1945 to the 1973 oil crisis, Kriftel grew rapidly with an average annual rate of 4.5% from 2,221 inhabitants to 8,335. At the beginning, mainly members of the former Hoechst AG settled in Kriftel due to cheap building land and various building projects. In 1955 the Kriftel sewage treatment plant was inaugurated, and in 1960 the first high-rise buildings were built on Berliner Platz. The district sports hall was completed in 1967 and the sports field in Kriftel in 1968. One of the community's major projects was the amusement park with swimming pool, which was inaugurated in 1972 and which takes up around 2 to 3% of the area of Kriftel. The Schwarzbachhallen opened in 1973.
The struggle for independence
In November 1970, the Hessian Interior Minister Johannes Strelitz (SPD) presented a model calculation for regional reform in Hesse in the Main-Taunus district. After that, Kriftel was to become a district of Hofheim . The mayor of Kriftel, Hans-Werner Börs (CDU), clearly rejected this plan in his reply. On February 26, 1971, the district council, with its majority made up of the SPD and FDP, decided on a proposal for incorporation. However, the unanimous resolution of the municipal council for independence in February 1971 and a renewed resolution by the municipal council in mid-1973 did not lead to any rethinking either in the district or in the country. In a letter dated December 17, 1973, Interior Minister Hanns-Heinz Bielefeld (FDP) informed the community that he wanted to carry out the incorporation. On January 4, 1974, the municipal council rejected the plan again. On February 27, 1974, the magistrate of Hofheim also rejected a forced incorporation of Kriftel. A poster campaign with a hedgehog as a symbol of resistance was launched. At the beginning of March, the Allensbach Institute for Demoscopy surveyed 10% of the citizens and found that 95.2 of the respondents were in favor of self-employment. On March 17, 1974, 98.3% of voters voted in a referendum in favor of self-employment. On May 9, 1974, the state parliament voted in favor of incorporation in the first reading, and on June 12, 1974 the state parliament committee for administrative reform. The decisive vote in the state parliament took place on June 19, 1974. Even after the law for the reorganization of the Main-Taunus-Kreis was called, the meeting was interrupted and at the last minute the independence of Kriftel (and Sulzbach ) was incorporated into the law.
In 1989 the population exceeded 10,000 for the first time. Shortly afterwards, in 1990, the community celebrated its 1200th anniversary.
For more than 40 years there have been efforts to build a bypass road along the federal road 519 , which would cut through the merged localities of Hofheim and Kriftel. Because of the expected fragmentation of the edge of the Kriftel location, the noise pollution for the densely built-up residential areas along the route and because of the enormous consumption of landscape, residents from Kriftel and Hofheim have raised more than 6,000 objections to a plan approval procedure by the Darmstadt Regional Council. As a result, the hearing scheduled for 2011 had to be suspended until further notice.
The local elections on March 6, 2016 produced the following results, compared to previous local elections:
||Parties and constituencies||
|CDU||Christian Democratic Union of Germany||56.4||17th||55.3||17th||53.6||16||58.4||22nd|
|Green||Alliance 90 / The Greens||14.8||5||21.1||6th||8.7||3||9.0||3|
|SPD||Social Democratic Party of Germany||17.4||5||18.3||6th||27.8||9||26.0||10|
|FDP||Free Democratic Party||11.5||4th||5.2||2||9.9||3||6.6||2|
|Voter turnout in%||57.0||53.9||57.6||55.8|
From 1945 to 1946 Willy Wolfermann (1898–1973, CDU) was mayor of Kriftel. He was followed by Georg Richberg (1949–1967) and Josef Wittwer (both CDU), during whose tenure the amusement park was realized.
During the term of office of Wittwer's successor, Hans-Werner Börs (CDU) (1970-1992), the redesign of the town center with a small storefront with restaurants, supermarket, bakery, pharmacy and drugstore fell. The biggest political scandal in the city was the arrest of Mayor Börs on suspicion of corruption on the day of penance and prayer in 1991. In the "exchange" for party donations in favor of the CDU, bogus invoices were sent to the Schwarzbachverband. Börs was accused of having cleared "difficulties in obtaining the building permit for a large factory hall". He was also invited to expensive trips and a construction company rented him a house for less. The mayor protested his innocence and 500 residents demonstrated for the mayor. In October 1992 Börs came into custody. In the end, Börs was not convicted. He died in 1996.
In April 1994 Paul Dünte (CDU) was elected mayor and was confirmed in office in 2000. He laid down the basic plans for the new development areas Am Erdbeeracker and Ziegeleipark . He did not run for a third election period.
Christian Seitz (CDU) succeeds Dünte. He grew up in the Wallau district of Hofheim. Seitz prevailed on March 26, 2006 with 60.4% of the votes in the first ballot against a candidate supported by the SPD. On March 4, 2012, he was nominated by the Greens for a second term of six years against his challenger with 75.1%. In the mayoral election on March 4, 2018, Christian Seitz was able to exceed his 2012 result with 77.53% against a candidate nominated by the SPD.
coat of arms
In August 1951, the municipality of Kriftel was granted the right to use a coat of arms by the Hessian State Ministry.
Kriftel maintains a partnership with the municipality of Airaines in Picardy in northern France . Exchange trips are organized regularly by the municipality of Kriftel. In honor of the community partnership, the station square , where the free community library is also located, was renamed to Platz von Airaines .
Culture and sights
The community is called a theme park her own, where there next larger green areas and a mini golf -Platz, two soccer fields , a larger paved area with a fun box for inline skaters and skateboarders , as well as a playground with climbing frame are and two landslides. There is also a pond in the amusement park where ducks swim in summer. The annual curb also takes place in the park . The first part of the park was opened in 1972, followed by an extension in 1978. In 2004 a formerly agriculturally used property was integrated into the amusement park and redesigned. Overall, the total area of the amusement park is given as around 105,000 square meters.
The Krifteler outdoor pool, called Parkbad , is known in the region. It is located on the grounds of the amusement park. The swimming pool has three beach volleyball courts. The park pool was extensively renovated between autumn 2008 and spring 2010.
The biggest festivals in the municipality are the annual linden blossom festival and the Krifteler curb .
The Krifteler Advent market is growing in size and importance from year to year.
St. Vitus stands on the site of the oldest church in town. The foundation stone dates from 1008. In the great fire of 1671, the Catholic Church was partially damaged. After the restoration, however, there was no more renovation for a long time. In the course of the increase in the population and the poor structural condition, a larger new church was built. After the old church was demolished, St. Vitus was consecrated on the same square in 1868 after three years of construction (1865–1868). With its two towers, St. Vitus is known as the only church in the Main-Taunus district with two towers. The interior was restored in the 1990s. In the process, old ceiling frescoes were exposed again.
Church of the Resurrection
After Kriftel was brought back to the Catholic faith by the Electorate of Mainz in 1559, Kriftel was an almost exclusively Catholic community for centuries. After the Second World War, the number of evangelical Christians in Kriftel rose rapidly due to the influx of people who had been expelled or bombed out. In 1951 it was decided to build a Protestant church, which then took place in 1952/1953. The church, then still called Gustav-Adolf-Kirche , was consecrated in 1953. In 1970 it was renamed the Church of the Resurrection .
The first chapel to be built in memory of the missionary was destroyed during the Thirty Years War. It was rebuilt in 1755. Centuries later, this building stood in the way of ongoing road construction and was demolished in 1959. In its place, a small memorial was erected next to the L 3011 on Limburger Weg. The current and third Bonifatius Chapel was built on a hill. It was inaugurated in 1958 and completely renovated in 2004. Today the chapel is one of the stops on the pilgrimage route of the Boniface route .
Free Protestant Congregation Main-Taunus (Kriftel)
The Free Evangelical Community Main-Taunus (FeG) has existed in Kriftel since 1985, a Christian free church that is a member of the Bund Free Evangelical Churches based in Witten (Ruhr). In 2014 it merged with the free Christ Church from Hofheim. She manages without her own building and meets on Sundays for church services in the leisure center of the Weingartenschule or in Hofheim at Langgewann 6, as well as for house groups in private homes.
Kriftel experiences church
The three Kriftel parishes work together on an ecumenical basis under the motto “Kriftel experiences the church”.
The community is characterized by a variety of leisure activities and clubs. The most important clubs include the SV 07 Kriftel and the gymnastics and sports community of 1884 eV Kriftel .
In addition, the Krifteler are known as a party crowd. So there are some big carnival sessions every year that are organized by the KKK (Krifteler Carnival Club). The community offers a meeting place for young people in the leisure center of the Weingartenschule as well as many other offers for children and young people, such as the holiday games during the summer holidays or the games in the park, which are largely organized on a voluntary basis.
Economy and Infrastructure
Kriftel is on the A 66 motorway and has a joint junction with Frankfurt-Zeilsheim and Hofheim . The Krifteler Dreieck , which connects the A 66 and B 40 , is also located in the municipality . The car density is 609 cars per 1000 inhabitants, which is above average in Germany and below average in the Main-Taunus district.
Kriftel has had a train station on the Main-Lahn-Bahn (Frankfurt am Main - Limburg an der Lahn ) since 1877 , which is now served by the S2 line of the Rhein-Main S-Bahn . There are also regional buses operated by the Main-Taunus transport company .
51% of the jobs in Kriftel are located in the industrial sector . That is a record in the Main-Taunus-Kreis. Kriftel is the headquarters of the gas manufacturer Castolin Eutectic . HP Velotechnik , the European market leader for recumbent bikes , also uses the infrastructure of the Kriftel industrial areas.
There are three schools in Kriftel: the Lindenschule (elementary school), which has a large schoolyard with a soccer field, the Weingartenschule (comprehensive school), which is located directly next to the Lindenschule, and the Konrad-Adenauer-Schule (vocational school) .
- Winfried Frey (* 1940), university professor and anti-Semitism researcher
- Lutz Wagner (* 1963), former Bundesliga referee, coordinator of DFB referee training
- Josef Wittwer (1930–1970), former mayor and member of the state parliament
- Christian Reitz (* 1987), marksman, Olympic champion
- Thilo Götze Regenbogen (1949–2015), artist, worked in Kriftel until 2003
- Klaus Seibel (* 1959), writer
- Website of the municipality of Kriftel
- Kriftel, Main-Taunus-Kreis. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- Literature about Kriftel in the Hessian Bibliography
- Hessian State Statistical Office: Population status on December 31, 2019 (districts and urban districts as well as municipalities, population figures based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
- Law on the reorganization of the Main-Taunus district and the city of Wiesbaden (GVBl. II 330–30) of June 26, 1974 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): Law and Ordinance Gazette for the State of Hesse . 1974 No. 22 , p. 309 , § 2 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 1.5 MB ]).
- Wilfried Krementz: The "hedgehog" defends itself. In: Between Main and Taunus - Yearbook of the Main-Taunus-Kreis. 1997, , pp. 120-126.
- Result of the municipal election on March 6, 2016. Hessian State Statistical Office, accessed in April 2016 .
- Hessian State Statistical Office: Result of the municipal elections on March 27, 2011
- Hessian State Statistical Office: Result of the municipal elections on March 26, 2006
- Under the public purse DIE ZEIT 1996
- Handcuffed oath DER SPIEGEL 3/1993
- Archived copy ( memento of the original from April 24, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Granting of the right to use a coat of arms to the municipality of Kriftel, Main-Taunus-Kreis, Reg.-Bez. Wiesbaden from August 2, 1951 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1951 no. 33 , p. 471 , point 751 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 2.1 MB ]).
- Amusement park ( Memento of the original from June 25, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. kriftel.de, accessed on January 26, 2015
- Parkbad ( Memento of the original from January 21, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. kriftel.de, accessed on January 20, 2016