|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Darmstadt|
|Height :||190 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||30.65 km 2|
|Residents:||29,075 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||949 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||65779|
|Primaries :||06195, 06198 , 06174|
|License plate :||MTK|
|Community key :||06 4 36 008|
|LOCODE :||DE KHM|
|City structure:||6 districts|
City administration address :
65779 Kelkheim (Taunus)
|Mayor :||Albrecht Kündiger (VHF)|
|Location of the city of Kelkheim (Taunus) in the Main-Taunus district|
Kelkheim (Taunus) is a city in the Voraunus ( Rhine-Main area ). Its core area is around ten kilometers northwest of the Unterliederbach district of Frankfurt . Kelkheim is located in the Main-Taunus district and with almost 30,000 inhabitants is the second largest city after Hofheim am Taunus .
Kelkheim is located immediately northwest of Frankfurt am Main. Other neighboring communities are Hofheim am Taunus , Eppstein , Glashütten , Königstein im Taunus , Bad Soden am Taunus and Liederbach am Taunus . Large cities in the vicinity are in addition to Frankfurt am Main (10 km southeast), Wiesbaden (about 25 km) and Mainz (about 30 km).
Expansion of the urban area
By Kelkheimer urban area of the flow Liederbach (by Hornau, middle, Münster) and the cancer Bach, whose source in Ruppertshain located and in Fischbach is to Fischbach. Since 1958, work has been carried out in several stages on the renaturation and landscaping of the Liederbach, also to improve flood protection. The work, which relates to a total stretch of 3.5 km of the river, should be completed by 2014.
Kelkheim borders in the north on the municipality of Glashütten and the city of Königstein im Taunus (both Hochtaunuskreis ), in the east on the city of Bad Soden am Taunus and the municipality of Liederbach am Taunus , in the south on the independent city of Frankfurt am Main, and in the west on the Cities Hofheim am Taunus and Eppstein .
|Kelkheim||8,897||Kelkheim-Mitte, which emerged from the former village of Kelkheim, is now the “inner city” of the entire city.|
|Muenster||7,239||Münster is the southernmost part of the city. This is where the outdoor swimming pool, the comprehensive school and the largest industrial area in the city are located.|
|Hornau||4,237||Hornau has an exemplary renovated old town center.|
|Fischbach||5,860||Fischbach is primarily a residential area. The two excursion restaurants Gimbacher Hof and Rettershof are well known .|
|Ruppertshain||2.142||Ruppertshain is best known for the "Magic Mountain", the monumental clinic building can be seen from afar.|
|Eppenhain||1,084||Eppenhain is located at 423 meters in the Hohe Taunus and can only be reached by traffic via an access road.|
|total||29,459||(Population figures as of December 31, 2016)|
As a city, Kelkheim (Taunus) is still comparatively young. The first written mentions of the districts were made relatively early:
- Fischbach and today's cathedral as Liderbach 780 -
- Hornau 874 -
- 880 - Kelkheim
- 1285 - Eppenhain
- 1294 - Ruppertshain .
However, it was not upgraded to a town until April 1, 1938, when the President of the Prussian Province of Hesse-Nassau , Philipp Prince of Hesse , ordered Münster and Hornau to be incorporated into Kelkheim and at the same time granted the resulting larger community town rights.
Nobody asked the total of 5300 inhabitants, which led to great resentment, especially in Münster. After the Second World War, citizens of Münster also tried to regain their independence. Unsuccessful: Despite collecting signatures, the state government confirmed the merger, which is important for urban development.
In November 1947 the districts of Kelkheim-Süd and Kelkheim-Nord were renamed "Kelkheim / Ts.-Münster" and "Kelkheim / Ts.-Hornau".
Kelkheim received its current shape with six districts in the course of the Hessian territorial reform . On January 1, 1977, the city of Kelkheim and the previously independent communities Fischbach and Rossert merged to form the new city of Kelkheim. Here too there was resistance. So had Ruppertshain and Eppenhain on 31 December 1971 on the community Rossert together to escape the merger with Kelkheim. On January 1, 1978, the name of the city was officially changed to Kelkheim (Taunus) .
The local elections on March 6, 2016 in Kelkheim produced the following results, compared to previous local elections:
|Parties and constituencies b||2016||2011||2006||2001||1997|
|Share a||Seats||Share a||Seats||Share a||Seats||Share a||Seats||Share a b||Seats|
|Independent Kelkheim voters' initiative||VHF||40.7||18th||27.1||12||16.6||8th||13.8||6th||11.4||5|
|Christian Democratic Union of Germany||CDU||32.6||15th||45.3||20th||47.5||21st||48.4||22nd||42.0||20th|
|Free Democratic Party||FDP||12.3||6th||8.1||4th||10.1||5||9.0||4th||7.8||4th|
|Social Democratic Party of Germany||SPD||9.5||4th||19.5||9||18.3||8th||20.9||10||22.2||10|
|Free voters Kelkheim||FW||4.9||2||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Free voter community Kelkheim||FWG||-||-||-||-||4.9||2||4.9||2||5.6||3|
|National Democratic Party of Germany||NPD||-||-||-||-||2.6||1||3.0||1||6.7||3|
|Proportion of invalid votes||2.9||3.0||2.1||2.0||1.4|
In the 2016/21 electoral period, the Kelkheim magistrate consists of one full-time and eleven honorary members, who are provided by UKW (five), CDU (four), SPD (one) and FDP (one).
Mayor of Kelkheim is Albrecht Kündiger (UKW), who has been in office since July 1, 2015. Kündiger has been the first Kelkheim mayor since the Second World War who is not provided by the CDU. He prevailed in the runoff election on June 28, 2015 with 60.8% against Sabine Bergold (CDU). The turnout was 49%. In the first ballot on June 14, 2015, Patrick Falk (FDP), who ran as an independent candidate in Kelkheim, had left. He received 11% of the vote. In the first ballot, Kündiger was 46.2% ahead of Bergold with 42.8%. The turnout was 47%.
Albrecht Kündiger's predecessor in office was Thomas Horn (CDU), who was in office from June 1, 1995 to June 30, 2015.
coat of arms
The Kelkheim coat of arms is divided into four fields, the upper right-hand field in heraldry shows a silver, six-spoke wheel on a red background ( Mainz wheel ). The field at the top left shows a red horn on a silver background. In the two fields below, a horseshoe is shown in the alternating colors of red and silver. After the merger of the three communities Kelkheim, Hornau and Münster on April 1, 1938 to form the city of Kelkheim, it was also decided to develop a city coat of arms. This project was delayed by the Second World War, so that the city of Kelkheim could not be awarded its new city coat of arms until June 19, 1950.
In order to symbolize the growing together of the three previously independent communities, it is made up of former place symbols from the three former districts of Kelkheim , Hornau and Münster . The horseshoe was an old symbol of the Kelkheim community, which is documented by a seal imprint as early as 1668. The horn was chosen as the "talking" symbol for the place name Hornau. The wheel represents the Mainz wheel , the coat of arms of the Electorate of Mainz , to which Münster belonged from 1450 (first use of the Mainz seal in 1694) until the secularization of 1803. After the incorporation of Fischbach , Ruppertshain and Eppenhain on January 1, 1977, the development of a new city coat of arms was up for discussion, but this was rejected on the grounds that the new districts were already represented by the Mainz wheel, as these were also between 1581 and 1803 belonged to the Electorate of Mainz.
The flag was approved by the Hessian Ministry of the Interior on October 22, 1954. Flag description: "In a white central panel, which is bordered by red stripes, the red and white squared Kelkheim coat of arms with wheel, horn and horseshoe."
Kelkheim has three stations of the Königsteiner Bahn , a suburban train similar to the S-Bahn that runs every 30 minutes from Königstein via Kelkheim and Frankfurt-Höchst to Frankfurt Central Station . The operator of this railway line was the Frankfurt-Königsteiner Eisenbahn (FKE), which was renamed in 2006 to Hessische Landesbahn GmbH (HLB).
Transdev operates numerous bus routes in the west of Frankfurt . Line 804 of the Rhein-Main-Verkehrsverbund serves all six parts of the city. In addition, lines 263 and 815, as well as lines 81, 83 and 805 through Ruppertshain through Kelkheim.
The federal highways 8 (Frankfurt– Limburg , in the direction of Frankfurt, developed like a motorway), 455 (Wiesbaden– Bad Homburg ) and 519 ( Rüsselsheim am Main –Königstein) run through the Kelkheim urban area . On the Bundesautobahn 66 (Frankfurt – Wiesbaden) there is a Kelkheim exit , but it is in the area of Frankfurt-Unterliederbach .
Kelkheim-Mitte has a pedestrianized shopping street, Bahnstraße . In the south of the district, the New City Center was opened on Frankenallee in November 2008 . The city's main street is Frankfurter Strasse , which runs through Kelkheim-Mitte and Münster from north to south.
- Franciscan monastery (1909, neo-Romanesque). A landmark of the city visible from afar; Donated by Countess Julie von Quadt-Wykradt-Isny (1859–1925)
- City Hall (1948)
- Former Imperial Post Office , Friedrichstrasse
- Rettershof , medieval farm near Fischbach
- Near the Rettershofs are about 3500-year-old burial mounds
- Gimbacher Hof , between Fischbach and Kelkheim-Mitte, Hofgut and popular excursion restaurant
- Parish Church of the Holy Trinity Fischbach ( 1781 ) with an early medieval (7th century) tombstone from the former Gimbach churchyard
- Old Town Hall Münster , splendid half-timbered building ( 1789 )
- Right next to it is the classical parish church of St. Dionysius (1811)
- Hornau town center (Hornauer Straße), with the oldest house in town (1568)
- Hofgut (in Hornau) and graves of the von Gagern family ( Heinrich von Gagern was President of the National Assembly in Frankfurt's Paulskirche in 1848/49 )
- The old Hornau Martinskirche from 1725 stands next to the Gagernhaus
- Former lung sanatorium in Ruppertshain ( Gerhard Domagk Clinic, today the Zauberberg cultural center )
- Atzelbergturm , 31-meter-high observation tower on the Atzelberg above the Eppenhain district, burned down on August 5, 2008 (presumably arson).
- Museum Kelkheim , collection for furniture craft and city history
- technikum29 , privately run museum for computers, computers and communication technology
Kelkheim is known as the city of furniture . Numerous medium-sized family businesses still produce and sell furniture in Kelkheim, especially high-quality furnishings and period furniture . The most famous product was and is the Frankfurt cabinet . Until 1997, there was also a nationally important furniture exhibition once a year in Kelkheim . Furthermore, companies in the paper industry and toolmaking as well as smaller and larger craft businesses are located in Kelkheim.
- Major companies
Kelkheim has a lively cultural life with concerts from classical to rock, readings, cabaret and theater performances, which are organized by the Kelkheimer Kulturgemeinde e. V. or by the city's cultural department. In addition, Kelkheim has a film theater with two modern cinemas, which is run by an association on a voluntary basis.
The rock band Verlen was founded in Kelkheim at the end of the 1990s .
The funk rock band The Mule released their jam album "Sessions" in 2018 , which was recorded live in the studio in Kelkheim the year before.
There are around 30 sports clubs in the city of Kelkheim (Taunus). Together they number around 12,000 members. With TSG Münster , Kelkheim owns a previously successful men's handball team that played in the 2nd handball league between 2005 and 2011. Various other sports clubs offer a wide range of popular sports , and the local hiking clubs are also very popular.
The beach handball club BHC Beach & Da Gang Münster comes from Kelkheim and celebrated winning the German beach handball championship in 2018 and 2019 .
sons and daughters of the town
- Matthias Kribben (* 1960), chess official and correspondence chess player
- Klaus Scholtissek (* 1962), theologian
- Ole Doll (* 1969), actor
- Paulus Christmann (1971–2014), conductor
People who worked on site
- Herbert Regula (1910–1980), meteorologist and polar researcher
- Christine Hohmann-Dennhardt (* 1950), member of the Board of Management of Daimler AG
- John Baron (born 1966), former. District President of the administrative district of Darmstadt
- Pascal Roller (* 1976), former national basketball player
- Internet presence of the city of Kelkheim (Taunus)
- Kelkheim, Main-Taunus-Kreis. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- Literature about Kelkheim in the Hessian Bibliography
- Literature by and about Kelkheim in the catalog of the German National Library
- Hessian State Statistical Office: Population status on December 31, 2019 (districts and urban districts as well as municipalities, population figures based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
- Blue ribbon through Kelkheim. In: Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung . January 11, 2013, p. 57.
- Renaming of districts of the city of Kelkheim / Ts. dated November 17, 1947 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1948 no. 1 /2 S. 1 , point 2 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 3.7 MB ]).
- Law on the reorganization of the Main-Taunus district and the city of Wiesbaden (GVBl. II 330–30) of June 26, 1974 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): Law and Ordinance Gazette for the State of Hesse . 1974 No. 22 , p. 309 , § 3 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 1.5 MB ]).
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 370-372 .
- Result of the municipal election on March 6, 2016. Hessian State Statistical Office, accessed in April 2016 .
- Hessian State Statistical Office: Results of the municipal elections of 2011 and 2006
- Hessian Statistical Office: Results of the municipal elections of 2001 and 1997
- Granting the right to use a coat of arms to the city of Kelkheim, in the district of Main-Taunus, Reg.-Bez. Wiesbaden from June 19, 1950 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1950 No. 26 , p. 244 , point 471 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 1.8 MB ]).
- Approval of a flag of the city of Kelkheim in the Main-Taunus-Kreis, Wiesbaden administrative district of October 22, 1954 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1954 No. 45 , p. 1058 , point 1088 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 3.7 MB ]).
- Museum Kelkheim
- Website of the cultural community Kelkheim
- Sessions, by The Mule. Retrieved May 20, 2019 .
- Beach-DM: Beach whispers and Beach and da Gang are German champions 2018 . In: dhb.de . ( dhb.de [accessed on October 16, 2018]).