Hochheim am Main
|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Darmstadt|
|Height :||129 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||19.43 km 2|
|Residents:||17,945 (Dec 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||924 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||65239|
06145 ( Massenheim )
|License plate :||MTK|
|Community key :||06 4 36 006|
|LOCODE :||DE DCM|
|City structure:||2 districts|
City administration address :
65239 Hochheim am Main
|Mayor :||Dirk Westedt ( FDP )|
|Location of the city of Hochheim am Main in the Main-Taunus district|
Hochheim am Main is a town in the Main-Taunus district in southern Hesse and is centrally located in the Rhine-Main area between Frankfurt am Main and Mainz . Hochheim initially belonged to the Main district and later to the Wiesbaden district . When it was dissolved in 1928, the city was assigned to the Main-Taunus district.
The city of Hochheim is located about 35 meters above the Lower Main level on a step on the southern edge of the Main-Taunus foreland. The southern slope of this terrain step, which extends over a length of about five kilometers , consists of vineyards , partly up to the banks of the Main . From the vineyards and the southern outskirts there is a distant view as far as Darmstadt , the Neunkircher Höhe in the Odenwald , the striking peak of the Melibokus on the Bergstrasse 38 kilometers away and finally to Oppenheim in Rheinhessen . The city skyline is visible from a great distance from the south.
Hochheim borders in the north on Hofheim am Taunus , in the east on Flörsheim am Main , in the south, separated by the Main, on Rüsselsheim am Main , Bischofsheim and Ginsheim-Gustavsburg (all three districts of Groß-Gerau ) and in the west on the districts of Mainz- Kostheim and Delkenheim in the Hessian capital Wiesbaden .
Hochheim consists of the core town of Hochheim, the southern town located around the train station on the banks of the Main, which is separated from the old town of Hochheim by vineyards, and the district of Massenheim , which was incorporated in 1977 and has around 2000 inhabitants. Since that time the Wiesbadener Kreuz has also been part of the Hochheim city area.
A Celtic princely grave was found in Hochheim . In Roman times the area was already densely populated and viticulture was introduced. The name Hochheim goes back to the Alemanni who settled there in the 4th and 5th centuries , followed by the Franks .
Hochheim was first mentioned in 754 during the death procession of Boniface . Massenheim was first mentioned in 819 as a gift to the Fulda monastery . In 1273 the village of Hochheim was sold by the Cologne cathedral chapter to the Mainz cathedral chapter . In 1484, Emperor Friedrich III. the right to hold two markets a year.
At the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss , Hochheim fell to the Principality of Nassau-Usingen in 1803 , which in 1806 was united with the Principality of Nassau-Weilburg to form the Duchy of Nassau . On November 9th and 10th, 1813, the last battles of the Napoleonic troops before their withdrawal from Germany took place at Hochheimer Kippel. In this battle near Hochheim 1,800 casualties were complained about on the French side and more than 200 on the Allied side. A memorial exhibition was on view in the town hall of Hofheim am Taunus in April and May 2014.
From April 1817, Hochheim was the seat of a ducal Nassau office , and since 1820 the place has been run as a town without any documentary evidence of the granting of town charter. After the annexation of the Duchy of Nassau by Prussia in 1866, Hochheim came to the Prussian province of Hessen-Nassau . The previous Nassau offices were grouped into counties; Hochheim initially belonged to the Main district and later to the Wiesbaden district . When it was dissolved in 1928, the city was assigned to the Main-Taunus district. After the end of the Second World War , Hochheim and the former Prussian province of Nassau became part of the newly founded state of Hesse .
On January 1, 1977, the previously independent community of Massenheim was incorporated in the course of the regional reform in Hesse .
badges and flags
The city of Hochheim am Main has a coat of arms and a flag.
|Blazon : “Quartered by a blue cross of silver and red; 1 a red paw cross , 2 a six-pointed silver star, 3 a fallen silver anchor, 4 a red karst placed obliquely to the left. "|
|Justification for the coat of arms: The coat of arms awarded in 1909 comes from a seal from the late 18th century. The anchor symbolizes shipping on the Main and the karst (vineyard hoe) symbolizes viticulture. The cross is interpreted as a sign of spiritual rule and the star as a Schröter wheel for winding the barrels. The actual place symbol is only the continuous cross, which has been attached to the community buildings and equipment as well as the boundary stones since the 17th century. The coat of arms, officially approved in 1909 without a special award, appears without a wall crown for the first time in 1775 on a roof slate of the Hochheim church.|
Description of the banner: “The colors of the city are white-blue-red. The banner is split white-blue-red with the coat of arms above the middle. "
The local elections on March 6, 2016 produced the following results, compared to previous local elections:
|Parties and constituencies||2016||2011||2006||2001||1997|
|Share 1||Seats||Share 1||Seats||Share 1||Seats||Share 1||Seats||Share 1||Seats|
|Christian Democratic Union of Germany||CDU||26.0||8th||34.8||13||35.0||13||35.6||13||34.2||14th|
|Free community of voters Hochheim / Massenheim||FWG||21.2||7th||19.5||7th||29.1||11||21.4||8th||13.8||5|
|Social Democratic Party of Germany||SPD||20.5||6th||20.5||8th||20.4||7th||26.5||10||36.9||15th|
|Alliance 90 / The Greens||GREEN||14.1||4th||17.3||6th||-||-||9.3||3||7.5||3|
|Free Democratic Party||FDP||12.0||4th||5.7||2||7.5||3||7.1||3||4.4||-|
|Green alternative list / DIE LINKE. Hochheim and Massenheim||GAL / DIE LINKE||6.2||2||2.2||1||8.0||3||-||-||-||-|
|percentage of invalid votes||5.3||4.7||3.8||3.4||2.0|
Dirk Westedt has been mayor since October 1, 2014. He was elected on May 25, 2014 - although a member of the FDP - as an independent candidate with 59.6% of the votes in a runoff election against Gerrit Hohmann (Greens). The turnout was 51.7%. In the first ballot on May 11, 2014, Dirk Westedt received 42.2% of the votes. His predecessor, Angelika Munck (FWG), who was in office from October 1, 2002 to September 30, 2014, did not run for re-election.
Hochheim has had a partnership with the town of Le Pontet in the Vaucluse département near Avignon since 1987 . There are also city friendships with the Hungarian city of Bonyhád in Tolna County (since 1997, also has a Hessian lion in the coat of arms) and the Thuringian city of Kölleda .
Culture and sights
Buildings and plants
In Hochheim and Massenheim, 185 cultural and historical objects were placed under monument protection. These include the old town of Hochheim and the village center of Massenheim with many restored half-timbered houses. For the undisturbed view of the entire Hochheim complex, the vineyards sloping south towards the Main are considered a green area worth protecting. The view from the south has remained unchanged since the city wall was torn down at the beginning of the 19th century. The city has only grown to the north, east and west since then.
The eye-catcher in the southern silhouette of the city is the church of St. Peter and Paul , a baroque style church with frescoes by the German baroque painter Johann Baptist Enderle, who was born in Söflingen ( Ulm ) in 1725 . The restoration of the frescoes, which began in 1999, was completed in 2005.
Museums and art
In the old town there are two museums, the Weinbaumuseum and the Otto Schwabe Heimatmuseum, as well as gallery areas in the Hochheim art collection and exhibition space in the stairwell of the Hochheim town hall.
Rhine-Main Regional Park
As part of the Rhine-Main Regional Park , north of Hochheim in the area of the “Silbersee” gravel pit, the wooden bird's nest viewing platform was inaugurated in 2001 . 40 steps of a steel spiral staircase lead to the 7.5 m high viewing platform , which offers a good all-round view of the area. Approx. 600 m east of the 10 m high observation tower is within sight of the Hochheim play park with a 15 m high “tunnel slide”, the 13 m high “Tarzanschwinger” and other attractions.
Economy and Infrastructure
The industry to which the city owes its fame in the first place is viticulture . The name of the city has become a synonym for Rhine wine in general and for wine from the Rheingau in particular since the British Queen Victoria visited English-speaking countries in 1845 as Hock .
According to tradition, because of the good taste of Hochheimer wines and their nutritious suitability, the proverb established at the British court : “A good Hock keeps off the doc!” In a sense: A good Hochheimer replaces any doctor , or keeps the doctor away.
With 241 hectares of vineyards, Hochheim is one of the largest wine-growing communities in the Rheingau. The Hochheim district forms the core of the Daubhaus large area . The most famous locations are the Domdechaney and Kirchenstück locations below the old town as well as the small Königin-Viktoria-Berg , which is located east of the city above the railway line in the middle of Hell , where the neo-Gothic monument to the visit was made to the Queen Victoria remembers the Queen in Hochheim. Other locations are Berg , Herrnberg , Hofmeister , Reichestal , Stein and Stielweg . In addition, there is the Schlossgarten location in the Massenheim district. 80% of the vineyard area is planted with Riesling vines , 15% is made up of Pinot Noir and 5% is made up of Kerner, Müller-Thurgau and other grape varieties. The Domdechant Werner'sche Weingut is reminiscent of the connection to the Mainz clergy.
Hochheim was also an important center for sparkling wine production in the 19th century and the first half of the 20th century . The Rhenish sparkling wine producer Burgeff , known under the Mumm brand , was founded here in 1837 and is now owned by Rotkäppchen-Mumm Sektkellerei . In 1877 the Carl Graeger sparkling wine house was added.
Every year at the beginning of November, the city is dominated by the Hochheimer Markt , one of the largest autumn markets in Germany. It has been held since 1484 and attracts almost half a million visitors for a weekend from Friday to Tuesday with a mixture of general, amusement and cattle markets.
On the first weekend in July there is a wine festival in Hochheim that attracts over a hundred thousand visitors.
The economic structure of the city of Hochheim had been subject to constant change since the Second World War. The internationally best known company based here is Tetra Pak , which has had its German headquarters here since 1965.
The federal motorway 671 runs on the western edge of the city with the junctions Hochheim Süd and Hochheim Nord. The federal highway 40 leads through the city to Mainz in the west and Flörsheim in the east. State road 3028 also leads to Flörsheim and Wiesbaden-Delkenheim.
The city lies within the Rhein-Main-Verkehrsverbund on the Taunus-Eisenbahn . At the Hochheim (Main) station, trains on the S1 line of the Rhein-Main S-Bahn between Rödermark-Ober-Roden , Frankfurt am Main and Wiesbaden stop . Since the timetable change in December 2018, the regional express lines RE 4 and RE 14 between Frankfurt Hbf and Mainz also stop here every hour . Every two hours, the RE 14 line continues towards Mannheim Hauptbahnhof via Worms and Frankenthal . The platform on tracks 2 and 3, where trains to Frankfurt start or stop and end from the opposite direction, is not barrier-free .
Hochheim is part of the pilot area in the Rhine-Main Regional Park with several developed and planned cycle paths, the following of which lead through the city or along the banks of the Main:
- The Hessian long -distance cycle route R3 (Rhein-Main-Kinzig-Radweg) leads under the motto In the footsteps of the late rider . along the Rhine , Main and Kinzig via Fulda to Tann in the Rhön . On the section to Eltville and Hochheim am Main, the R3 leads over the Rheingau Riesling Route .
- The Main Cycle Path leads from the sources of the White and Red Main to Mainz where it flows into the Rhine .
- The D-Route 5 (Saar-Mosel-Main) from Saarbrücken via Trier, Koblenz, Mainz, Frankfurt am Main, Würzburg and Bayreuth to the Czech border (1021 km).
- The bus line 68, which runs from Hochheim to Budenheim via Mainz.
The following people were born in Hochheim, but mainly worked elsewhere:
- Johannes Selenka (1801–1871), bookbinder and pioneer of the craft movement in Braunschweig
- Ignaz Schweickardt (1811–1858), cooper and founder of a sparkling wine cellar
- Sigmund Aschrott (1826–1915), businessman, industrialist and real estate entrepreneur in Kassel
- Wilhelm Cuntz (1849–1909), medic
- Ferdinand Raab (1878–1954), manager in the lignite industry
- Erich-Hans Kaden (1898–1973), legal scholar
- Diether Hummel (1908–1989), sparkling wine producer and association president
- Valentin Petry (1928–2016), cyclist
- Rolf Selzer (* 1942), politician (SPD)
- Enno Siehr (* 1947), politician (SPD); 1992–2010 District Administrator of the Groß-Gerau district
- Rudolf J. Kaltenbach (* 1956), sculptor
- Manfred Freisler (* 1957), former handball player; 1978 world champion
- Andreas Kammerbauer (* 1961), Hessian politician (Greens)
- Bettina Mantel (* 1966), former women's soccer player, German champion and German cup winner (FSV Frankfurt)
Other personalities who lived and worked in Hochheim:
- Franz Crass (1928–2012), opera singer; lived in Hochheim am Main until shortly before his death, died in Rüsselsheim
- Waldemar Wolf (1929–2001), Hessian politician (SPD); City councilor, parliamentary group chairman and honorary city councilor in Hochheim
- Hermann Joseph Hummel (1834–1921), German factory owner, councilor and association official, honorary citizen of Hochheim
- digitized Hochheimer Stadtanzeiger 1911–1932
- Literature from and about Hochheim am Main in the catalog of the German National Library
- Literature about Hochheim am Main in the Hessian Bibliography
- Website of the city of Hochheim am Main
- Hochheim am Main, Main-Taunus-Kreis. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- Information on the community of Hochheim am Main. In: Hessisches Gemeindelexikon. HA Hessen Agentur GmbH , 2016.
- Link catalog on Hochheim am Main at curlie.org (formerly DMOZ )
- Hessian State Statistical Office: Population status on December 31, 2019 (districts and urban districts as well as municipalities, population figures based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
- Without the last shirt in FAZ of April 5, 2014, page 51
- Law on the reorganization of the Main-Taunus district and the city of Wiesbaden (GVBl. II 330–30) of June 26, 1974 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): Law and Ordinance Gazette for the State of Hesse . 1974 No. 22 , p. 309 , § 7 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 1.5 MB ]).
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer GmbH, Stuttgart and Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 371 .
- Result of the municipal election on March 6, 2016. Hessian State Statistical Office, accessed in April 2016 .
- Hessian State Statistical Office: Results of the municipal elections of 2011 and 2006
- Hessian Statistical Office: Results of the municipal elections of 2001 and 1997
- up to the 2001 election: Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen / Green Alternative List
- up to the 2011 election: Green Alternative List Hochheim and Massenheim
- According to the anti-fascist information sheet of November 22, 1997 (Solstice of the JN Hessen), the citizens were then a party calling itself national liberal
- election in Hochheim am Main, city. Hessian State Statistical Office , accessed in January 2019 .
- Hochheim Citizens Service: Cultural offers . ( hochheim.de [accessed on March 20, 2018]).
- “Bird's Nest” lookout on the website ramonabuxbaum.de
- The Hochheim play park on the RheinMain regional park website
- Frankfurter Neue Presse: V for Victoriaberg wine. The Hessen ABC at Rhein-Main.Net ( Memento of the original from September 24, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- State Office for Monument Preservation Hesse: Research into cultural monuments and overall facilities ( Memento of the original from October 18, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. - Inscription: “WINDSOR CASTLE V. DEC./ MDCCCL - Her Majesty VICTORIA, Queen of Great Britain a. Ireland had the grace to give this vineyard its high name. In honor of the noble monarch and as a grateful memory of such a gracious award, this memorial stone was erected by GM Pabstmann. Hochheim on May 24th 1854 "
- Hochheim also benefits. In: Allgemeine Zeitung
- line 68. In: mobil.mvg-mainz.de. Retrieved April 23, 2016 .