Tann (Rhön)

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Tann (Rhön)
Tann (Rhön)
Map of Germany, position of the city of Tann (Rhön) highlighted

Coordinates: 50 ° 39 ′  N , 10 ° 1 ′  E

Basic data
State : Hesse
Administrative region : kassel
County : Fulda
Height : 371 m above sea level NHN
Area : 60.45 km 2
Residents: 4405 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 73 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 36142
Area code : 06682
License plate : FD
Community key : 06 6 31 023
City structure: 10 districts

City administration address :
Marktplatz 9
36142 Tann (Rhön)
Website : tann-rhoen.de
Mayor : Mario Dänner (independent)
Location of the city of Tann (Rhön) in the Fulda district
Eiterfeld Burghaun Rasdorf Hünfeld Nüsttal Bad Salzschlirf Großenlüder Fulda Petersberg (Hessen) Hofbieber Tann (Rhön) Hilders Dipperz Künzell Poppenhausen (Wasserkuppe) Ehrenberg (Rhön) Gersfeld (Rhön) Ebersburg Eichenzell Kalbach Flieden Hosenfeld Neuhof (bei Fulda) Main-Kinzig-Kreis Bayern Thüringen Landkreis Hersfeld-Rotenburg Vogelsbergkreismap
About this picture

Tann (Rhön) is a city in the eastern Hessian district of Fulda . The city is a recognized climatic health resort .



Rhön landscape near Tann (view from northeast / Schlitzenhausen)

The state-approved climatic health resort Tann (Rhön) is located in the middle Ulster valley in the Hessian Rhön , at about 370  m above sea level. NN . To the west the Ulster flows past the city. Beyond the Ulster, the terrain rises to the Habelberg ( 718.5  m above sea  level ). East of the Ulster is the old town area of ​​Tann. The newer parts of Tann extend north and south of the old town in the river valley and pull up on the western slopes of the Josberg (about 510  m above sea  level ). The Josberg is a spur of the Engelsberg ( 724  m above sea  level ).

The lowest point within the city limits is around 313  m above sea level. NN northwest of the city, in the Ulsteraue near Sins winds. The highest point is 726  m above sea level. NN high Dadenberg, about 3 km east of the city.

Neighboring communities

Tann borders in the north on the communities Schleid and Geisa in the Thuringian Wartburg district , in the east on the community Empfertshausen (Wartburg district) and on the city of Kaltennordheim in the Thuringian district Schmalkalden-Meiningen . In the south is the community of Hilders and in the west Hofbieber (both in the district of Fulda).

City structure

In addition to the core town of Tann (with the hamlets Schweidhof, Friedrichshof and the Hasenmühle) there are the following districts:

Labeled panorama of Tann, taken from the lower eastern slope of the Habelberg


City gate (built 1557–1563)

There are no documents about the first settlements in the area of ​​today's town of Tann. The name Thann (originally written with "Th") is said to be traced back to Irish monks who had come to the Altgau Buchonia , the beech country, as the Rhön , which at that time consisted exclusively of beeches , was called, in the time before Boniface to teach Christianity. That would mean that this settlement, called Thonn by the monks , must have existed as early as the turn of the 6th to the 7th century.

The name Ulster is also said to be traced back to the monks who are said to have named the water flowing past their settlement after their home province in Northern Ireland .

Tann was first mentioned as a city in 1197. The first castle of the Herren von der Tann was built in the 11th or 12th century. The town received market rights in 1541. The town belonged to the knightly rule of those von and to the Tann , who became Imperial Knights in 1656 and belonged to the Franconian Knight Circle. It was fortified by Eberhard von der Tann in the 16th century in order to be able to secure it better during the armed conflict with the abbots of Fulda about religion and feudal relationships . The town, which from 1815 onwards belonged to Lower Franconia in the Kingdom of Bavaria , was, like Bad Orb , annexed by Prussia after Prussia's victory over the German federal troops in the German War of 1866 and has belonged to the federal state of Hesse since 1946. In 1879, a town fire destroyed large parts of the medieval buildings, including the town church with the tomb for Eberhard von der Tann.

Since the end of the inner-German border , which constricted the city area like a peninsula for more than 40 years, Tann has been back in the heart of Germany.


As part of the regional reform in Hesse on April 1, 1970, the previously independent municipality of Wendershausen was incorporated on a voluntary basis. On December 31, 1971, the previously independent municipalities Günthers and Lahrbach followed. Hundsbach was added on April 1, 1972. Habel, Neuschwambach, Neuswarts, Schlitzenhausen and Theobaldshof followed by state law on August 1, 1972.


The Protestant town church

Tann has been Protestant since the introduction of the Reformation by Eberhard von der Tann in the 1530s. Eberhard von der Tann met Martin Luther in Wittenberg and became his friend.



City Council

The local elections on March 6, 2016 produced the following results, compared to previous local elections:

Distribution of seats in the 2016 city council
A total of 23 seats
Parties and constituencies %
CDU Christian Democratic Union of Germany 37.9 9 43.2 10 40.2 9 48.0 11
SPD Social Democratic Party of Germany 28.1 6th 29.5 7th 33.4 8th 29.7 7th
UWG Independent voter community Tann 21.9 5 18.9 4th 18.9 4th 16.1 4th
FDP Free Democratic Party 12.2 3 8.4 2 7.5 2 - -
FBL Free citizen list Tann - - - - - - 6.2 1
total 100.0 23 100.0 23 100.0 23 100.0 23
Voter turnout in% 62.1 61.3 57.8 68.8


  • Karl Hilgen (SPD) until 1983
  • Wolfgang Schwake (CDU) until 1989
  • Dieter Herchenhan (SPD) until 2001
  • Markus Meysner (CDU) until 2013
  • Mario Dänner (independent) since 2013

coat of arms

Blazon : "A green fir tree with roots in gold, touching the upper and lower edge of the shield."

The one-sided trial discount of the Bavarian Mayor's Medal for Tann (Rhön) from 1820 from the Bavarian Main State Archives in Munich shows the city's coat of arms with the fir tree.

Town twinning

A town twinning exists with the neighboring community of Kaltennordheim ( administrative association Oberes Feldatal in Thuringia ).

Culture and sights

Castle fountain
Yellow lock
Red lock
Blue lock
"Elf-Apostel-Haus" in the center

Buildings and places

  • Tanner City Gate (1563)
  • Tanner Castle Complex
    • Red Castle (1558)
    • Blue Castle (1574)
    • Yellow Castle (1699)
    • Castle fountain (1686)
  • Marketplace
  • Evangelical town church in neo-Gothic style (1889)
  • Elf-Apostel-Haus as the oldest town house (approx. 1500)
  • Ox baker's house (1592)
  • Klashaus or St. Nicholas House from 1617 (a former hospital and poor house )
  • Knottenmühle (1557)
  • Alte Schmiede (quarry sandstone barn with forge and fossil exhibition "SteinReich")
  • Pottery market
  • St. Nicholas Church in Baroque style (1741)
  • Fortified church of St. John the Baptist in Lahrbach (1616)

Museums and exhibitions

  • Open-air museum "Rhöner Museumsdorf"
  • Nature Museum Tann (Rhön)
  • Guardroom in the Tanner city gate
  • Fossil exhibition "SteinReich" in the building of the old smithy
  • Legend cellar in the cellar of the former castle brewery
  • Information point about the former border to the GDR in the Rhönhalle

Regular events

  • In Tann you can do city tours on the Segway
  • Maimarkt (first weekend in May)
  • Johannismarkt (weekend before June 24th)
  • Geriethfest (first Sunday in July)
  • Host festival (second Sunday in September)
  • All Saints' Market (November 1st)
  • Christmas market / Klasmarkt (third Thursday in December)
  • Tanner Music Summer (from May to September)
  • Street Painting Festival Via Pictura (August)


  • In 1999 the viewers and listeners of the Hessischer Rundfunk voted Tann (Rhön) the most popular holiday resort in Hesse
  • In 2007, Tann was ranked 14th among the most popular places in Germany on ZDF out of 1000 places that had applied
  • In 2007 the Rhöner Museumsdorf won 3rd place in the program The most popular sights of Hesse on Hessian television.

Economy and Infrastructure

Economic structure

Tann is on federal highway 278 . Due to its geographical location in the former border area , Tann was economically very regional until 1990. As a result, small and medium-sized companies predominate in Tann. The most important companies in Tann are the Diakoniezentrum, the construction company Fleischmann, the sawmill Schmidt and the company Gleisbau Kaiser. Due to the regional development after reunification, the majority of the Tanner population works in Fulda today.

The district of Lahrbach has been a state-approved resort since 2015 .

Bike trails

The following cycle paths lead through the city :

Public transport

RhönEnergie Fulda bus routes connect the town with Hilders and Fulda . A line operated by the Wartburgmobil transport company leads to Geisa , Vacha and partly to Eisenach .


sons and daughters of the town
Personalities who have worked on site
  • Eberhard von der Tann (1495–1574), councilor of the Electorate of Saxony and regent of the Tann rule; introduced the Reformation there in 1534
  • Johann Michael Bach III (1745–1820), member of the famous family of musicians; worked here as a church musician from 1786 to around 1795
  • Sebastian Kehl (* 1980), grew up in the Lahrbach district, professional footballer ( Borussia Dortmund 2002–2015)
  • Marilena (* 1997), grew up in Tann, folk music singer
  • Rolf Kreuder (1923–1995), photographer and photo journalist


  • The Rhön magazine in April 2019 - Tann in the Rhön. Video report, 13:27 min., TV Mainfranken , broadcast on April 10, 2019 ( online ).


(in chronological order)

  • Klaus-Peter Wegera: Contrasting grammar: East Hessian - standard language. An investigation into dialect-related language difficulties of schoolchildren using the example of the 'Fuldaer Land'. Diss. Bonn. Elwert, Marburg 1977.
  • Joachim S. Hohmann (Ed.): We in Tann. 800 years of city history [...]. Hünfeld 1996.
  • Joachim S. Hohmann (ed.): Chronicle of the Jewish school in Tann (Rhön). With a short history of the Israelite community and contemporary photographs. Frankfurt am Main u. a. 1997.
  • Wolf-Dieter Raftopoulo: Rhön and Grabfeld culture guides. A complete documentation of the old cultural landscapes in terms of art and cultural history. RMd Verlag, Gerbrunn 2017, ISBN 978-3-9818603-7-5 , pp. 313-317.

Web links

Commons : Tann (Rhön)  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikisource: Tann (Rhön)  - Sources and full texts
Wikivoyage: Tann (Rhön)  - travel guide

Individual evidence

  1. Hessian State Statistical Office: Population status on December 31, 2019 (districts and urban districts as well as municipalities, population figures based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  2. Hessian Ministry for Economic Affairs, Energy, Transport and Regional Development: 81st meeting of the specialist committee for health resorts, recreation areas and healing wells in Hesse on October 13, 2015 . State Gazette for the State of Hesse 7/2016 page 218
  3. ^ Eva-Maria Wagner: Winding streets, humpback places . In: Die Rhön (= Merian , vol. 17 (1964), booklet 4), pp. 19–24, here p. 19.
  4. Incorporation of the communities Wendershausen into the city of Tann, district of Fulda on March 16, 1970 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1970 No. 13 , p. 660 , point 510 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 5.5 MB ]).
  5. Law on the reorganization of the districts of Fulda and Hünfeld and the city of Fulda (GVBl. II 330-14) of July 11, 1972 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): Law and Ordinance Gazette for the State of Hesse . 1972 No. 17 , p. 220 , § 5 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 1,2 MB ]).
  6. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer GmbH, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 394 and 395 .
  7. ^ Hessian State Statistical Office: Result of the municipal elections on March 6, 2016. Hessian State Statistical Office, accessed on August 27, 2017 .
  8. Local elections 2011 in Hessen. Retrieved August 27, 2017 .
  9. Local elections 2006 in Hessen. Retrieved August 27, 2017 .
  10. ^ Election results of the mayoral election 2013. City of Tann, accessed on August 27, 2017 .
  11. "We're clearing the way" - Mario DÄNNER (36) at goal: new mayor // Osthessen | News. Retrieved August 27, 2017 .
  12. ^ "Rhöner Museumsdorf" open-air museum. In: Tann-Rhoen.de. Retrieved July 2, 2020 .
  13. ^ Rhön Museum Village. In: Museen-in-Hessen.de. Retrieved July 4, 2020 .
  14. ^ Tann Nature Museum (Rhön). In: Tann-Rhoen.de. Retrieved July 4, 2020 .
  15. ^ Tann Nature Museum (Rhön). In: Museen-in-Hessen.de. Retrieved July 4, 2020 .
  16. The Tanner City Gate. In: Tann-Rhoen.de. Retrieved July 4, 2020 .
  17. a b saga cellar and fossil exhibition "SteinReich". In: Tann-Rhoen.de. Retrieved July 4, 2020 .
  18. ^ Information point about the former border to the GDR. In: Tann-Rhoen.de. Retrieved July 4, 2020 .
  19. Tann border information point. In: Rhönlexikon (Rhoen.info). Retrieved July 4, 2020 .
  20. ^ "Rhöner Museumsdorf" open-air museum. In: Internet presence of the city of Tann (Rhön). Accessed October 2018.
  21. Hessian Ministry for Economic Affairs, Energy, Transport and Regional Development: 81st meeting of the specialist committee for health resorts, recreation areas and healing wells in Hesse on October 13, 2015 . State Gazette for the State of Hesse 7/2016 page 218