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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the Hilders community
Map of Germany, position of the municipality of Hilders highlighted

Coordinates: 50 ° 34 '  N , 10 ° 0'  E

Basic data
State : Hesse
Administrative region : kassel
County : Fulda
Height : 518 m above sea level NHN
Area : 70.38 km 2
Residents: 4656 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 66 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 36115
Area code : 06681
License plate : FD
Community key : 06 6 31 012
Address of the
municipal administration:
Kirchstrasse 2-6
36115 Hilders
Website : www.hilders.de
Mayor : Hubert Blum ( SPD )
Location of the community of Hilders in the Fulda district
Eiterfeld Burghaun Rasdorf Hünfeld Nüsttal Bad Salzschlirf Großenlüder Fulda Petersberg (Hessen) Hofbieber Tann (Rhön) Hilders Dipperz Künzell Poppenhausen (Wasserkuppe) Ehrenberg (Rhön) Gersfeld (Rhön) Ebersburg Eichenzell Kalbach Flieden Hosenfeld Neuhof (bei Fulda) Main-Kinzig-Kreis Bayern Thüringen Landkreis Hersfeld-Rotenburg Vogelsbergkreismap
About this picture

Hilders is a municipality in the eastern Hessian district of Fulda .


Geographical location

The community is located in the Hessische Rhön Nature Park northeast of the Wasserkuppe at an altitude of 460 to 800 meters in the Ulstertal , 30 km east of Fulda . In the east the municipality borders on Thuringia .

Hilders is located in northern Hesse, east of Fulda directly on the border with Thuringia.

Neighboring communities

Hilders borders in the north on the city of Tann (district of Fulda), in the east on the city of Kaltennordheim and the communities Oberweid , Frankenheim and Birx (all in the Thuringian district of Schmalkalden-Meiningen ), in the south on the communities Ehrenberg and Poppenhausen and in the west on the Hofbieber municipality (all three in the Fulda district).


In addition to the main town of Hilders, the community consists of the following districts: Batten with Findlos , Brand , Dietges , Dörmbach with Harbach, Eckweisbach , Liebhards with Steinbach and Oberbernhards , Rupsroth , Simmershausen , Unterbernhards and Wickers .



middle Ages

In 915 the area around Hilders ("Hiltiriches") belonged to the Fulda monastery . Around 1090–1150, "Hilderiches" is documented as belonging to the Petersberg Monastery near Fulda. The Auersburg was sold to the Fulda monastery by the Counts of Neidhartshausen in 1214 . Hilders later became the property of the Würzburg monastery and was pledged to von der Tann in 1350 .

Initially, the Auersburg was the official seat of the later Würzburg Central Office Hilders with the associated Würzburg villages Brauerz, Hilders, Lahrbach , Reulbach , Rommelsrain, Sandenhof, Simmershausen , Struthof and Wickers . The Centgericht also included the Fulda places Batten, Findlos, Seiferts and Thaiden, the Thüngisch-Tannisch-Schenk places Boppenrod, Brand, Melbers and Wüstensachsen, the Steinrück places Reulbach and Umbrastein as well as Auer and Schwambach. After the destruction of Auersburg in the Peasants' War, Hilders was the official residence.

Marktstrasse, Hotel Engel (Sonne, Leist)
Market street

The place and the office were thus on the outskirts of the bishopric: in the north was the imperial-free, evangelical rule Tann , a little further south was the imperial-free, evangelical rule Gersfeld and in the west the possessions of the Fulda monastery .

Modern times

In 1803, the Würzburg bishopric, which from 1500 belonged to the Franconian Empire , was secularized by the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss and most of it was added to Bavaria . The Bavarian Rent Office Hilders was formed from the Office Hilders and the Office Motten from 1818 to 1820. As part of the administrative reform of 1862 was in Bavaria Kingdom of the District Court sbezirken Hilders and Weyhers the district office Gersfeld formed.

Following the German War of 1866, Bavaria had to cede the Gersfeld district office with the Tann , Hilders and Weyhers offices to Prussia . The Gersfeld district office in Bavaria became the Prussian district of Gersfeld , which became part of the new Hesse-Nassau province .

The district of Gersfeld was dissolved in 1932 and incorporated into the neighboring district of Fulda , which has belonged to Hesse since 1945 .


On December 31, 1971, the previously independent communities of Batten, Brand, Dietges, Eckweisbach, Liebhards, Rupsroth, Simmershausen and Wickers and the main part of the former community of Dörmbach an der Milseburg were incorporated as part of the regional reform in Hesse . On August 1, 1972, the Unterbernhards, which had been in the district of Hünfeld until then , was added by state law .


Community representation

The local elections on March 6, 2016 produced the following results, compared to previous local elections:

Distribution of seats in the municipal council 2016
A total of 23 seats
  • CDU : 11
  • CWE : 8
  • OBH : 4
Parties and constituencies %
CDU Christian Democratic Union of Germany 47.8 11 54.2 12 57.7 13 51.8 16
CWE Christian voter unity 35.1 8th 28.5 7th 29.3 7th 32.4 10
OBH Hilders open list of citizens 17.0 4th 17.2 4th - - - -
SPD Social Democratic Party of Germany - - - - 13.0 3 15.8 5
total 100 23 100 23 100 23 100 31
Voter turnout in% 63.2 60.8 56.9 66.6

coat of arms

Hilders coat of arms
Blazon : "In red three shortened silver tips (Franconian rake), covered with the black antique capital letter H."
Founding of the coat of arms: The place came completely into the possession of the Hochstift Würzburg in 1342, which was already wealthy there. The bishops set up an office with the seat in Hilders and had a cent court there . Already strongly fortified during the late Middle Ages, the place received market rights from Bishop Georg Karl von Fechenbach in 1798. Numerous pledges to noble families up to the 16th century explain that the place, which was dependent on patrimonial, came late to its own communal character. Old seals or coats of arms prior to the 17th century are missing. Today's coat of arms, which can be traced back to Siegel, resembles the Würzburg bishopric coat of arms due to its silver tips in red; the initial of the name is the actual place symbol.


The Catholic parish church of St. Bartholomew can be seen from afar

Culture and sights



Hilders is located in the middle of the Rhön biosphere reserve with an area of ​​approx. 1849 km² (of which approx. 636 km² in Hesse ).

Economy and Infrastructure


The former train station is now privately owned
The bike path at the former train station

Hilders is on federal highway 278 . The federal highway 458 joins this south of the village and reaches the federal highway 7 in Fulda-Mitte .

The Hilders station was hub of the railway line Götzenhof-Wüstensachsen and Ulstertalbahn . It was used for passenger traffic from 1889 until it was closed in 1986. After the cessation of freight traffic in 1993, the tracks were dismantled in 1995. Parts of the earlier railway lines have been incorporated into the Ulsterradweg and Milseburgradweg , which were laid out on the former railway structure.


The core community of Hilders is a recognized climatic health resort . The districts of Batten-Findlos and Simmershausen are recognized places of relaxation .

In addition to hiking and swimming facilities (leisure Ulsterwelle) 2004, the community was through the Milseburgradweg upgraded, it leads to closed down in 1986 Rhon railway line Fulda -Hilders. In winter there are groomed trails and slopes for alpine skiing on the nearby Wasserkuppe .

On the road to Frankenheim / Rhön (Thuringia) stands the former youth hostel, which was closed in 2012, above the village. There are various inns, hotels and pensions in the village.

The Buchschirmberg , which can be climbed in a half-day tour, belongs to the Hilders area .

Bike trails

Milseburg cycle path

Education and leisure

Thomas-More-House with a campsite

Hilders is known for the youth education and leisure facilities of the St. Michael youth organization . From 1958 the Capuchin Father Archangelus Löslein, in his capacity as a freelance worker for church youth work for the diocese of Fulda, carried out the first tent camps for boys near the Battenstein am Buchschirm . These are still offered by the Catholic Young Congregation (KjG) in the diocese of Fulda , since 1979 on the Thomas More campground.

On the book screen , Hilder's local mountain, stands the Thomas-More-House , named after the English Lord Chancellor Thomas More , the patron saint of the Catholic Young Community. Attached is a 17,000 m² campsite with a play barn, one of the largest campsites in the region, which was inaugurated in 1980. In 1985 the Thomas-More-House was inaugurated as a youth education center by the then Bishop of Fulda , Johannes Dyba . In 2004 the house was extensively modernized.

The Pater-Löslein-Hütte in the immediate vicinity is a self-catering hut , it serves to supply a further 8000 m² camping site. It was acquired by the St. Michael Youth Organization in 1977 and has been used for leisure time since 1978. The hut, which has been modernized several times, can be used from April to October.


Sons and daughters of the church

  • Werner Böckenförde , born March 21, 1928, † November 26, 2003 in Freiburg i. Br., Theologian and lawyer, cathedral capitular in Limburg, professor in Frankfurt am Main for Catholic canon law and state church law.
  • Wilhelm Kümpel , born July 13, 1920 in Simmershausen, † February 1, 2000, German organist and church music director in Erfurt
  • Alexius Molitor , born November 19, 1730, † June 16, 1773 in Mainz, Augustinian priest and composer of church music
  • Valentin Scheidler , † November 10, 1745 in Würzburg, professor of botany in Würzburg, who oversaw the pharmacies
  • Johann Kaspar Gutberlet , born April 13, 1748, † September 16, 1832 in Würzburg, physician and anatomist at the University of Würzburg
  • Lucie Strewe , born June 10, 1887 in Hilders; † July 16, 1981 in Berlin-Zehlendorf , during National Socialism she was active as a silent heroine .

Individual evidence

  1. Hessian State Statistical Office: Population status on December 31, 2019 (districts and urban districts as well as municipalities, population figures based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  2. a b c Hilders, district of Fulda. Historical local lexicon for Hesse (as of April 11, 2014). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS). Hessian State Office for Historical Cultural Studies (HLGL), accessed on July 11, 2014 .
  3. ^ "History of Gersfeld - Part III" , accessed on December 14, 2009
  4. Law on the reorganization of the districts of Fulda and Hünfeld and the city of Fulda (GVBl. II 330-14) of July 11, 1972 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): Law and Ordinance Gazette for the State of Hesse . 1972 No. 17 , p. 220 , § 4 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 1,2 MB ]).
  5. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer GmbH, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 394 and 395 .
  6. ^ Result of the municipal election on March 6, 2016. Hessian State Statistical Office, accessed in April 2016 .
  7. ^ Hessian State Statistical Office: Result of the municipal elections on March 27, 2011
  8. ^ Hessian State Statistical Office: Result of the municipal elections on March 26, 2006
  9. Klemens Stadler : German coat of arms. Angelsachsen-Verlag, Bremen 1967 Volume 3 Land Hessen
  10. 79th meeting of the specialist committee for health resorts, recreational areas and healing wells in Hesse on November 21, 2012 . In: State pointer for the state of Hesse . No. 9 , 2014, ISSN  0724-7885 , p. 187 .
  11. Henning Bärmig: The personal bibliographies of the professors who taught at the Medical Faculty of the Alma Mater Julia zu Würzburg from 1582 to 1803 with biographical information. Medical dissertation, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nürnberg 1969, p. 40 f.

Web links

Commons : Hilders  - collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Hilders  - travel guide