Tann (noble family)
Tann (also Thann , fir ) is the name of a Franconian noble family . The ancestral seat of the Lords von der Tann has been Tann Castle in the small town of Tann (Rhön) in the Fulda district in East Hesse since the 12th century .
The family was related to the tribe of the Lords of Schlitz , who first appeared in a document with Erminold von Slitese in 1116 as Ministerialem of the Fulda Abbey . The sex was widespread throughout the Rhön region during the 12th to 14th centuries . The names Erminold, Gerlach and Irminger, which are widely used in the family , can be traced back to the 8th century in jury books and death registers ; however, a genealogical connection with these earlier namesake cannot be proven.
The secured trunk row begins with Erminold de Slitese. His great-grandson, Simon von Visbach and von Tanne, bears the name de Thanne for the first time from 1232, after the ancestral castle "Tanne" in the Rhön. To rule Tann today among city Tann on the Ulster and 22 other villages in the surrounding area. The family held the property as a fief from the Fulda Abbey .
In 1323, Simon and Heinrich von Frankenberg, sons of the late Simon the Elder von der Tann, and Heinrich von Biberstein and Heinrich von Bischofsheim, sons of the knight Heinrich von der Tann, reached an agreement with the Abbot of Fulda. They regulated the services to be provided in military service for themselves and their castle ( castrum nostrum dictum the fir ) under certain conditions. In 1405, the von der Tann gentlemen agreed that all sons, as soon as they had reached the age of 15, would take vows , oaths and certificates for the sovereign .
The main building was divided into three parts, which are grouped around a courtyard, the yellow, red and blue lock, after which the lines of the sex were named.
The Lords of the Tann belonged to the Buchischen Quartier of the Franconian knighthood since 1647 . From the 16th century to the 18th century they were owned or partially owned by u. a. Altschwammbach, Aura , Dietgetshof, Dippach, Esbachgraben, Friedrichshof, Gunther, Habel , Small Fischbach, Knottenhof, Lahrbach, Neuschwammbach, Upper Rückersbach, Schwarzenborn , Sinswinden, Theobaldshof, sub Rückersbach, Wendershausen and Huflar and were members of the imperial knights in Ritter Canton Rhon-Werra the Frankish knights circle . During the 16th century they were also enrolled in the Knightly Canton of Steigerwald and the Knightly Canton of Odenwald .
Parts of the possessions with the rule Tann fell to the Act of Confederation in 1806 to the Grand Duchy of Würzburg , 1815, under the provisions of the Vienna Congress , to the Kingdom of Bavaria , and after the German war in 1866 along with Gersfeld to the Kingdom of Prussia .
After the Conradian branch line had already been raised to the status of imperial barons in 1704 , branches of the red and blue castle lines were also enrolled in the baron class in the Kingdom of Bavaria in 1854 and 1869, due to their membership of the imperial knighthood. In 1868, Ludwig Samson Freiherr von und zu der Tann (1815–1881), royal Bavarian chamberlain and lieutenant general , received for himself and his brothers and cousins the names and coats of arms of the extinct barons of Rathsamhausen.
Branches of the von der Tann family still exist today; they still live in the three houses of Schloss Tann .
coat of arms
Blazon of the family coat of arms : “In red, a natural (silver, red spotted) trout with head and tail bent downwards . On the golden crowned helmet with red and silver blankets the trout in front of a red, golden crowned pointed column , decorated with three silver, red and silver ostrich feathers. ”- In Siebmacher's book of arms the trout is turned left.
Coat of arms from Siebmacher's coat of arms book, 1605
Coat of arms graphic by Otto Hupp in the Munich calendar of 1914
The silver trout from the coat of arms of the von der Tann family can still be found in some of the Lower Franconian local coats of arms.
Coat of arms on the portal of the Yellow Castle in Tann
Coat of arms of the Geroda market
Coat of arms of the municipality of Nordheim before the Rhön
Known family members
- Eberhard von der Tann (1495-1574), electoral Saxon council, led as regent of the rule Tann 1534 the Reformation a
- Elisabeth Freifrau von und zu Guttenberg (1900–1998), born Freiin von der Tann-Rathsamhausen, founder of several charitable institutions and organizations
- Hartmann von der Tann (Grand Prior) (1566–1647), Grand Prior of the German Order of St. John
- Hartmann von der Tann (journalist) (* 1943), German journalist
- Heinrich von der Tann (1784–1848), German officer and member of parliament
- Hugo von der Tann-Rathsamhausen (1817–1883), Bavarian major general
- Ludwig von der Tann-Rathsamhausen (1815–1881), Bavarian general of the infantry and chamberlain
- Ludwig von der Tann-Rathsamhausen (General, 1850) (1850–1928), Bavarian Major General
- Luitpold von der Tann-Rathsamhausen (1847–1919), Bavarian general of the infantry
- Rudolf von der Tann-Rathsamhausen (1855–1942), Bavarian State Councilor and envoy in Rome
- Rudolph von der Tann-Rathsamhausen (1820–1890), Bavarian lieutenant general
- Wilhelm Heinrich von der Tanne (1710–1790), Prussian colonel
- Otto Hupp : Munich calendar 1914. Book a. Art Print AG. Munich, Regensburg 1914.
- Gerhard Köbler : Historical lexicon of the German countries. The German territories from the Middle Ages to the present. 7th, completely revised edition. CH Beck, Munich 2007, ISBN 978-3-406-54986-1 .
- Franz Menges : In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 25, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 2013, ISBN 978-3-428-11206-7 , p. 781 f. ( ).
- Genealogical manual of the nobility . Nobility Lexicon. Volume XIV. Volume 131 of the complete series. CA Starke Publishing House. Limburg (Lahn) 2003. .
- Gothaisches genealogical pocket book of the baronial houses. 1855, p. 615 ff. , 1856, p. 677 ff.
- Gender register of the Reichsfrey immediate knighthood Landes zu Franken praiseworthy places Rhön and Werra. 1749, Tabula LCXXXI.
- Dieter Zöberlein: The von Streitberg, story of a Franconian noble family. 3 parts, Burggrub 2018, self-published; here part 1, pp. 28–30 (concerns Amalia Rosina Maria von der Tann, née von Streitberg).