Grand Duchy of Würzburg

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Grand Duchy of Würzburg
Rhenish State
( Confédération du Rhin )
coat of arms flag
Grand Duchy of Würzburg flag
State capital Wurzburg
Form of government Monarchy under the protectorate of the French Emperor ( Protecteur de la Confédération )
Head of state Grand duke
dynasty Habsburg-Lorraine (Tuscany)
Consist 1806 - 1814
Arose from Electorate of Würzburg
Incorporated into Kingdom of Bavaria
Rhine Confederation 1808

The Grand Duchy of Würzburg was a sovereign state in the Confederation of the Rhine that existed from 1806 to 1814. Initially it was called the Electorate of Würzburg until September 1806 .



As a result of the Lunéville Peace , the Würzburg bishopric was secularized and awarded to the Electorate of Bavaria by the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss 1803 , with the exception of about 826 km², which were allocated to other princes as compensation. In the Peace of Pressburg in exchange for Tyrol, Bavaria ceded the Principality of Würzburg in 1805 to the Habsburg Ferdinand , the former Grand Duke of Tuscany , who transferred the Electorate of Salzburg , which had been given to him in 1803 for compensation, to the Austrian Empire , whereas Würzburg now on December 26, 1805 Electorate was raised. On September 30, 1806, Elector Ferdinand joined the Rhine Confederation and now accepted the title of Grand Duke of Würzburg, since the members of the Rhine Confederation were contractually obliged to discard all dignities relating to their previous membership of the " Empire Germanique " (Art. III of the Rhine Confederation Act ). For the administrative organization of the Grand Duchy see Administrative Organization of the Grand Duchy of Würzburg . For the house order of the Grand Duchy see St. Joseph's Order .

End and dissolution

With the dissolution of the Rhine Confederation in 1814 and the Peace of Paris on May 30, 1814 , the existence of the Grand Duchy of Würzburg also ended. By resolution of the Congress of Vienna , the Grand Duke got his hereditary state, the Grand Duchy of Tuscany , back; Most of the Grand Duchy of Würzburg fell to Bavaria . Its territory became part of the Lower Main District (today the administrative district of Lower Franconia ).


  • Ivo Striedinger : The Grand Duchy of Würzburg . In: Journal for Bavarian State History (ZBLG), vol. 6, 1933, pp. 250-256 ( digitized version ).
  • Wolfgang Altgeld , Matthias Stickler (ed.) With the assistance of Verena Spinnler: "Italy on the Main". Grand Duke Ferdinand III. of Tuscany as Elector and Grand Duke of Würzburg. (= Historical studies of the University of Würzburg, vol. 7). Leidorf, Rahden / Westf 2007, ISBN 3-89646-839-1 .
  • Anton Chroust : History of the Grand Duchy of Würzburg (1806–1814). The foreign policy of the Grand Duchy. Becker, Würzburg 1932 ( Publications of the Society for Franconian History. 9th row: Representations from the Franconian History 1, ISSN  0930-8342 )

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Dieter Schäfer : 200 years ago: The "Tuscany period" begins. Würzburg becomes the last electorate of the Holy Roman Empire. In: Tempora mutantur et nos? Festschrift for Walter M. Brod on his 95th birthday. With contributions from friends, companions and contemporaries. Edited by Andreas Mettenleiter, Akamedon, Pfaffenhofen 2007 (= From Würzburg's City and University History , 2), ISBN 3-940072-01-X , pp. 195–199
  2. Martin Elze: The Evangelical Lutheran Church. In: Ulrich Wagner (Hrsg.): History of the city of Würzburg. 4 volumes, Volume I-III / 2, Theiss, Stuttgart 2001-2007; III / 1–2: From the transition to Bavaria to the 21st century. 2007, ISBN 978-3-8062-1478-9 , pp. 482-494 and 1305 f., Here: p. 486.