The word goes back to the court and monastery office of the Camerarius and the arch office of the Archicamerarius and comes from the etymological Latin term camera ( German chamber ), especially treasury . See also Chamberlain as key manager of the apartments.
In the Middle Ages it was used to describe a servant of a princely court or the owner of a monastery office, in the sense of a tax officer. The chamberlain was one of the old court offices . He later lost this position to the treasurer . In some areas, the state treasurer was a person of authority who was responsible for the lordly income of an entire province.
Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation: Arch Chamberlain
The Rabsaris the Holy Roman Emperor led in arms the kingdom scepter . At a coronation they carried it before the newly crowned king. At the coronation meal of the Holy Roman Empire , they also had to give the king a bowl of water and a hand-washing cloth. This symbolic task was carried out later by representatives (see hereditary office ). The arch chamberlain of the empire was the Margrave of Brandenburg .
England / Great Britain and France
In the British Isles a distinction is made between the Lord Great Chamberlain , who was responsible for the finances of the kingdom, and the Lord Chamberlain of the Household , who performs the same task for the king's household. The exact design of the area of responsibility changed over time. In the Kingdom of France there was the same distinction between the Grand Chamberlain (Grand chambrier) and the Grand Chamberlain (Grand chambellan) .
Germany: local government
In the local constitutional law of five German states, the treasurer designates the head of the financial administration who, in addition to the mayor or district administrator, is responsible for the financial affairs of a municipality . As a rule, the finance department , the cash register and the tax office are subordinate to him as offices or departments . In Hesse, this function is only provided by law in cities for a full-time councilor with the official title of city treasurer. In North Rhine-Westphalia the treasurer belongs to the administrative board with the mayor and the (full-time) councilors. In independent cities , one of the councilors is city treasurer. In Lower Saxony, the municipal treasurer, etc. can be an electoral officer in a temporary civil service and therefore bears the appropriate designation (see Section 108 (3) NKomVG). In the municipal code for Schleswig-Holstein, the term treasurer occurs, but his tasks and his position in the municipality are not defined. The municipal code for the state of Brandenburg defines the duties and powers of a treasurer and places these in the hands of an employee or official of the municipality. Thus, the eunuch in the larger municipalities in the states of Hesse, North Rhine-Westphalia and Lower Saxony as an election official head of department for the financial department of the administration. In other German municipalities, especially in the territorial states not mentioned above , the person responsible for finances can also be designated as a treasurer, but this is more likely to happen according to local law, out of habit or colloquial.
The term combing manager is to be distinguished from the treasurer ; this is usually the head of the finance department .
Among other things, the treasurer draws up the budget . In southern German municipalities, the term Stadtpfleger or Gemeindepfleger is also used for this . The counterpart in federal and state administrations is the budget officer (BfdH). The real estate department and the tax department ( property tax , trade tax , dog tax ) are often attached to the finance department.
- Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon (1905): Chamberlain
- Karl Möckl (Otto Friedrich University Bamberg): Court and court society in Bavaria in the time of the Prince Regent. in: Paris Historical Studies . Volume 21 (1985). Pp. 183-235.
- Martin Luther used "chamberlain" in the New Testament for the title of the highest financial servant of the Ethiopian queen ( Kandake ) ( Acts 8,26-40 EU ) and in the Old Testament for the title of the Pharaoh's financial servant, Potifar ( Genesis 37,36 EU ).
- § 45 HGO - official title city treasurer