|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Darmstadt|
|Height :||90 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||12.61 km 2|
|Residents:||16,312 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||1294 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||65479|
|Area code :||06142|
|License plate :||GG|
|Community key :||06 4 33 010|
City administration address :
|At the city center 1
|Mayor :||Thomas Jühe ( SPD )|
|Location of the city of Raunheim in the Groß-Gerau district|
Raunheim is a town in the Groß-Gerau district in southern Hesse in the Rhine-Main area, about 20 km southwest of Frankfurt am Main on the south bank of the Main . The city borders directly on Frankfurt Airport .
Raunheim is located in the Rhine-Main area between Frankfurt am Main and Mainz on the south bank of the Main in the immediate vicinity of Frankfurt Airport and is part of the Frankfurt metropolitan area.
Raunheim borders the city of Kelsterbach in the northeast, the airport of the independent city of Frankfurt am Main in the east, the city of Rüsselsheim am Main in the south and the cities of Flörsheim am Main and Hattersheim am Main in the northwest .
Raunheim is not divided into districts.
Today's Raunheim am Main has been demonstrably settled for 7000 years , probably because the site is so convenient. Several parallel courses of the Main, which formed islands, the large forest, the flat terrain and the favorable climate may have been the reasons that the Raunheim district, like the rest of the Rhine-Main area, was preferred as a home from prehistoric times until today.
It is documented from the Neolithic that a nave was built in the main part of today's Raunheim. Later, the Romans had a settlement here until around 250 AD, together with “villa rustica” - a small estate with a horse-changing station for travelers.
The Franconian settlement of the area takes place in the 6th to 8th century and it is assumed that Raunheim was founded during this time.
On April 6, 910 the place is mentioned for the first time in a document of the Archbishop of Mainz Hatto . Even if this is only available as a copy in Codex Eberhardi , Raunheim can celebrate its first documentary mention in 2010 1,100 years ago. The first original dates from 1211 - and here, as with Hatto, Raunheim is called Ruwenheim . In the historical documents, Raunheim is mentioned in the following centuries with the following place names, among others : Runheim in 1211, Ruwinheim in 1313, Rawenheym and from 1680 as Raunheim .
In 1118 the first documentary mention of the Mönchhof with a chapel, today's Mönchhofkapelle . There is evidence of a major flood through the Main in Raunheim in 1342. In the Middle Ages, Raunheim was in varying ownership. The monastery of Hornbach , the monastery of St. Jakob in Mainz , the counts of Hagen-Münzenberg , the counts of Eppstein and from 1425 the counts of Katzenelnbogen are mentioned as landowners . When in 1479 the last female descendant from the house of Katzenelnbogen, Landgrave Heinrich III. von Hessen marries, Raunheim becomes Hessian.
The first effects of the Reformation can be seen in Raunheim from 1530, when the first Evangelical Lutheran pastor Caspar Moeller preached there. This became possible after Landgrave Philip I introduced the Reformation on his territory at the Homberg Synod in 1526 . In 1590 Raunheim finally became Protestant when Landgrave Georg I of Hessen-Darmstadt bought the parsonage and parish from St. Stephen's Foundation in Mainz.
The Thirty Years' War from 1618 to 1648 also brought death and ruin to Raunheim. In December 1634 the rural residents fled to the fortress of Rüsselsheim from the chaos of war . In 1635 Swedish troops marched through Raunheim and burned half of the place down. The plague raged in 1634 and 1635. In 1641, according to the church book, Raunheim only had "seven souls".
Administratively, Raunheim belonged to the Rüsselsheim office until 1820 , which from 1816 belonged to the Starkenburg province of the Grand Duchy of Hesse . In 1821 district districts were introduced in the Grand Duchy and Raunheim was assigned to the district of Dornberg .
The statistical-topographical-historical description of the Grand Duchy of Hesse reports on Raunheim in 1829:
“Raunheim (L. District Dornberg) Lutheran parish village; near the Main 2 1 ⁄ 4 St. von Dornberg, has 64 houses, 497 inhabitants, who are Lutheran except for 15 Catholics, 1 Reform and 16 Jews. You find a new church. - The place is mentioned in a document that Archbishop Hatto of Mainz issued in 910. The lords of Eppenstein had probably received it from the lords of Munzenberg, and Eberhard II von Eppenstein sold it to Johann III in 1425. Count von Katzenellenbogen around 2000 fl. The right of patronage and the tithe sold the St. Stephen's Foundation to Mainz in 1590 to Landgrave Georg I. "
In 1832 the units were enlarged one more time and circles were created. This brings Raunheim into the Groß-Gerau district. The provinces, the counties and the administrative districts of the Grand Duchy were abolished on July 31, 1848 and replaced by administrative districts, but this was reversed on May 12, 1852. As a result, Raunheim belongs to the Darmstadt administrative district between 1848 and 1852 , before the Groß-Gerau district is again responsible for the higher-level administration. The place remains there until today due to all further administrative reforms.
The competent jurisdiction was during the affiliation to Hesse, from 1821 to 1879, the district court Großgerau and from 1879 the resulting district court Groß-Gerau . Raunheim has been under the jurisdiction of the Rüsselsheim District Court since 1956 .
The first public school building was built in 1711 and from 1733 to 1745 the billeting and provisioning of foreign armies had to be accepted as a result of the Polish and Austrian Wars of Succession . Between 1806 and 1815, as a result of the Napoleonic Wars in Raunheim, France raised troops and French and Russian troops were quartered. In 1863 Raunheim was connected to the railway network with the opening of the Hessian Ludwig Railway . On New Year's Eve of 1880 the Maindamm breaks and Raunheim is hit by the largest documented flood to date.
With the start of industrialization, Raunheim also saw many innovations and a rapid increase in the number of residents. A lock on the Main was built between 1882 and 1886, which should make shipping on the Main more attractive again. In 1889 the Mannesmann company founded a pipe works. In 1911 a leather company came to Raunheim, which provided the place with electricity. In 1914 a canning factory is opened.
During the First World War , 52 Raunheimers are counted as "fallen" and as a result, the Versailles Treaty imposes the temporary occupation of the Rhineland with four bridgeheads on the right bank of the Rhine, including Raunheim, by French troops. This occupation ended on July 1, 1930.
During the Second World War , the place was badly damaged by air mines. Half of Bahnhofstrasse was plowed up; The early industrial company Hessenland, where Russian foreign workers were also active, burned for days. There were many deaths among the population, and even more Raunheimers died at the front or went missing. At the end of the Hitler dictatorship, Raunheim had just under 4,000 inhabitants.
After the Second World War, refugees and displaced persons arrived and the population grew faster than ever before. The workers' community settled new industrial plants. Until then, Opel and the outdated factories in Hessenland and Him were the largest workplaces. Now canals were also laid and streets paved, as Frankfurter Strasse, Mainzer Strasse and Bahnhofstrasse were the only ones with a fixed track. Most of the rest consisted of gravel roads and were hardly passable when it rained. The Caltex refinery ousted the Mönchhof estate . Raunheim became a petroleum town. They were financially golden years that quickly came to an end. After the dismantling of the facilities in 2004, the Mönchhof industrial area was primarily developed as a logistics and office location.
On October 27, 1966 Raunheim was named a town. Because of his siblings - on October 27, 1973 with Le Teil in the Ardèche department in southern France and on October 25, 1986 with Trofarello in northern Italy - Raunheim was awarded the European flag by the Council of Europe on October 24, 1992 . The city of Raunheim was honored for its work in line with the European idea.
The city name
How Raunheim got its name is not clear. The local historian Willi Wirth has summarized three possible explanations for the city in a contribution.
- 1. Theory: Raunheim originated from "Ruwenheim", as it is spelled in the first documentary evidence from 910 and 1211: The early Raunheim on the hill behind the Protestant church is said to have been a resting place for boatmen and draft horses. The Raunheim coat of arms with the ring and the "wall hook" is also interpreted in this direction: the boats would once have been moored to the ring, which is anchored on the bank.
- 2. Theory: The Franks gave their settlements names with the suffix “home”, as the neighboring cities of Rüsselsheim am Main , Bischofsheim , Flörsheim and Ginsheim prove. The word part “Raun” could have been derived from a name of a Franconian gentleman in the course of time, similar to how Rüsselsheim is derived from Ruzilo. Raunheim was called Riuwunheim in the Franconian era.
- 3. Theory: According to the Rüsselsheim linguist and historian Ernst Erich Metzner , the name Raunheim goes back to a monastery with the name Hreûwun-haim (Home of the Repentants), founded by the Mainz Bishop Hrôd-hard , which, like the Mönchhof, belongs to St. Pirmins monastery in Hornbach in the West Palatinate. Metzner translated the early spellings - "Riuwunheim" or "Ruwunheim" - as "home of active repentance". It is said to have been an extremely strict monastery. The little monastery church stood roughly where the old mourning hall in the Raunheim cemetery stands today, i.e. away from the former village. When the monks later ran out of monastery, the little church was still used by the villagers. The latter interpretation of the name by Metzner is probably the correct one in agreement with most Raunheim local historians. Metzner's research has also shown that the Raunheim coat of arms originally represented a Q and indicates the patronage of the little monastery, which was dedicated to Saint Quintinus . A Raunheim coat of arms from 1622 still looks like a Q. When the old patrons were forgotten, the Q became a ring with an anchor.
Territorial history and administration
The following list gives an overview of the territories in which Raunheim was located and the administrative units to which it was subordinate:
- before 1479: Holy Roman Empire , County Katzenelnbogen , Upper County Katzenelnbogen , Amt Dornberg
- from 1479: Holy Roman Empire, Landgraviate of Hesse , Upper County of Katzenelnbogen, Office of Rüsselsheim
- from 1567: Holy Roman Empire, Landgraviate of Hessen-Darmstadt , Upper County of Katzenelnbogen, Office of Rüsselsheim
- from 1803: Holy Roman Empire, Landgraviate Hessen-Darmstadt, Principality of Starkenburg , Rüsselsheim Office
- from 1806: Grand Duchy of Hesse , Principality of Starkenburg, Rüsselsheim Office
- from 1815: German Confederation , Grand Duchy of Hesse, Province of Starkenburg , Rüsselsheim Office
- from 1821: German Confederation, Grand Duchy of Hesse, Starkenburg Province, Dornberg District District (separation between justice ( Großgerau District Court ) and administration)
- from 1832: German Confederation, Grand Duchy of Hesse, Province of Starkenburg, District of Groß-Gerau
- from 1848: German Confederation, Grand Duchy of Hesse, Darmstadt administrative district
- from 1852: German Confederation, Grand Duchy of Hesse, Province of Starkenburg, District of Groß-Gerau
- from 1866: Grand Duchy of Hesse, Starkenburg Province, Groß-Gerau district
- from 1871: German Empire , Grand Duchy of Hesse, Starkenburg Province, Groß-Gerau district
- from 1918: German Empire, People's State of Hesse , Starkenburg Province, Groß-Gerau district
- from 1938: German Empire, People's State of Hesse, Groß-Gerau district (In the course of the regional reform in 1938 , the three Hessian provinces of Starkenburg, Rheinhessen and Upper Hesse are dissolved.)
- from 1945: American occupation zone , Greater Hesse , Darmstadt administrative district, Gross-Gerau district
- from 1949: Federal Republic of Germany , State of Hesse , Darmstadt district, Groß-Gerau district
According to the 2011 census , Raunheim had 14,473 residents on May 9, 2011. These included 3872 (26.7%) foreigners, of whom 1268 came from outside the EU , 1820 from other European countries and 284 from other countries. Of the German residents, 26.0% had a migration background . The inhabitants lived in 5851 households. Of these, 1808 were single households , 2000 couples with children and 1429 couples without children, as well as 444 single parents and 171 shared apartments .
As of June 30, 2014, the city of Raunheim had a share of foreigners (registered residents without German citizenship ) of 28.0 percent and thus had the third highest share of all Hessian municipalities after Offenbach am Main and Kelsterbach . Around 63% and thus more than half of Raunheim's residents have a migration background , according to Hessenschau .
According to the State Statistical Office, Raunheim is the youngest city in Hesse in terms of average age. On average, a resident is 38.5 years old (as of 2007), the national average is 42.7 years.
|• 1629:||20 house seats|
|• 1791:||244 inhabitants|
|• 1800:||303 inhabitants|
|• 1806:||321 inhabitants, 57 houses|
|• 1829:||497 inhabitants, 64 houses|
|• 1867:||691 inhabitants, 102 houses|
|Raunheim: Population from 1791 to 2015|
|Data source: Historical municipality register for Hesse: The population of the municipalities from 1834 to 1967. Wiesbaden: Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt, 1968. |
Further sources:; 1972 :; 1976 :; 1984 :; 1992 :; 2000 :; 2005 :; 2010 :; 2011 census; 2015:
|• 1829:||465 Lutheran (= 93.56%), one Reformed (= 0.20%), 16 Jewish (= 3.22%) and 15 Catholic (= 3.02%) residents|
|• 1961:||3572 Protestant (= 58.18%), 2156 Catholic (= 35.11%) residents|
|• 2011:||3180 Protestant (= 22.0%), 2990 Catholic (= 20.7%), 150 Free Church (= 1.0%), 620 Orthodox (= 4.3%), 1370 non-believers (= 9.5%), 6170 other (= 42.5%) residents|
The municipality in comparison with the district, administrative district Darmstadt and Hesse:
|year||local community||district||Administrative district||Hesse|
|Employees subject to social security contributions||2017||6.277||98,042||1,695,567||2,524,156|
|Change to||2000||+ 80.4%||+ 5.4%||+ 16.1%||+ 16.0%|
|of which full-time||2017||79.4%||75.9%||72.8%||71.8%|
|of which part-time||2017||20.6%||24.1%||27.2%||28.2%|
|Only marginally paid employees||2017||505||13,048||224.267||372.991|
|Change to||2000||+ 20.8%||−9.6%||+ 9.0%||+ 8.8%|
|Branch||year||local community||district||Administrative district||Hesse|
|Commerce, hospitality and transport||2000||40.0%||27.6%||26.4%||25.1%|
|Other (or without assignment)||2000||0.9%||1.0%||1.4%||1.5%|
Since the Reformation, Raunheim was predominantly inhabited by Protestant Christians. Evangelical preaching has been taking place in Raunheim since 1530. In 1590, Landgrave Georg I von Hessen-Darmstadt bought the Collatur, the Raunheimer Pfarrhof , the parish properties including the small and large tithe from the St. Stephan monastery in Mainz for 2,000 guilders . After the Second World War , Catholic refugees came to Raunheim from the Sudetenland, among others . Today there are almost as many Catholic and Protestant Christians in Raunheim. The evangelical Philipp Melanchthon congregation and the evangelical Martin Luther congregation have merged since 2014 and the merged congregation is now called the Evangelical Paulus congregation in Raunheim.
In the Odenwaldstraße there is of Thai -operated monks Buddhist monastery. It belongs to the Wat Phra Dhammakaya sect and had moved from Frankfurt to Raunheim due to lack of space. There is a prayer house for Muslims on Frankfurter Strasse and a prayer center run by the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community on Jakobstrasse . There is also a Russian Orthodox chapel in the Hotel Attaché on Frankfurter Straße , which is maintained by the local hotel operator.
The local elections on March 6, 2016 produced the following results, compared to previous local elections:
||Parties and constituencies||2016||2011||2006||2001||1997|
|Share 1||Seats||Share 1||Seats||Share 1||Seats||Share 1||Seats||Share 1||Seats|
|Social Democratic Party of Germany||SPD||52.2||16||50.8||16||50.1||16||50.1||16||50.0||19th|
|Christian Democratic Union of Germany||CDU||22.2||7th||24.4||7th||31.4||10 2||29.3||9||24.6||9|
|Alliance 90 / The Greens||GREEN||11.5||4th||16.5||5||7.9||2 2||9.1||3||13.3||5|
|Free Democratic Party||FDP||9.9||3||6.1||2||10.7||3||11.5||3||12.1||4th|
|Forum Neues Raunheim||FNR||4.2||1||2.2||1||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Proportion of invalid votes (in%)||5.8||5.6||4.5||3.8||5.0|
Mayor of Raunheim has been Thomas Jühe (* 1963 in Frankfurt am Main; SPD) since 2000. For the first time he was elected mayor on October 17, 1999 in the runoff election with 50.1 percent of the votes against Wolfgang Becker (CDU). He was re-elected in the mayoral elections in 2005 and 2011, in 2005 with 74.2 percent and 2011 with 81.5 percent. Jühe has also been chairman of the commission for aviation noise protection at Frankfurt Airport since 2003 as well as chairman of the German Aircraft Noise Commissions Working Group (ADF). In addition, he advises the Federal Environment Ministry and the Federal Ministry of Transport on aircraft noise issues in the committee under Section 32a LuftVG .
- 1823 to 1831 Johann Niklaus Schnell
- 1831 to 1842 Jakob Reinheimer
- 1842 to 1854 Philipp Gottron
- 1854 to 1884 Johann Adam Michels
- 1884 to 1899 Philipp Kern (Grand Ducal Mayor)
- 1899 to 1918 Heinrich Preß
- 1918 to 1934 Adam Michel
- 1934 to 1941 Hans Weigandt (installed by the National Socialists; not democratically elected)
- 1941 to 1944 Heinrich Schürmann (installed by the National Socialists; not democratically elected)
- 1944 to 1945 Adolf Thiel (installed by the National Socialists; not democratically elected)
- 1945 Wilhelm Schnell (deployed by the American occupation forces)
- 1945 Georg Kuschmirz (deployed by the American occupation forces)
- 1945 Philipp Jakob Renneisen (SPD; deployed by the American occupation forces)
- 1947 Heinrich Schneiker (SPD)
- 1949 Adam Wildmeister (CDU)
- 1955 Erwin Lang (SPD), 1969/70 Hessian finance minister
- 1969 Günther Diehl (SPD), honorary mayor since 1988
- 1988 Herbert Haas (SPD)
- 2000 Thomas Jühe (SPD)
In addition to the full-time mayor Thomas Jühe (SPD), the eight-person committee includes: First City Councilor Dorothee Herberich (SPD), City Councilors Ulrich Belser (SPD), Kurt Jenal (SPD), Cesare Dima (SPD), Kurt Jenal (SPD), Otto Müller (CDU), Volker Schalle (B90 / Greens) and Adrianus van Loon (FDP).
Foreigners Advisory Council
In addition to the Chairman of the Foreigners' Advisory Council, Serdar Tanner (WFA), the eight members of the committee are volunteers: Deputy Chairman Kadir Erdogan (RUL), Bengül Malkoc (RUL), Recep Arikök (RUL), Yahya Guler (RUL), Vaughn Coleman (IS), Julia Alcocer Maestre (IS), Muhittin Salur (WFA), Tuncay Seven (WFA)
coat of arms
The coat of arms was officially approved by the Hessian Ministry of the Interior in 1926.
|Blazon : "In gold, a red ring with a red clip attached at the top."|
Justification for the coat of arms: This simple village mark appears upside down in a court seal from the late 16th century (imprint 1625) and in a similar design on landmark stones from the 18th century. On the occasion of the preparation of his publication “The seals and coats of arms of the municipalities of the Groß-Gerau district” (1929) Wilhelm Diehl recommended the above colors, according to which the award by the Hessian Minister of the Interior in 1926 was based. In the Hessisches Ortswappenbuch the tinging is reversed and the sticking is called "Krampe".
The design of the coat of arms was in the hands of the heraldist Georg Massoth.
The flag was approved on April 9, 1964 by the Hessian Ministry of the Interior.
Description: "On a wide red central strip, next to narrow yellow side strips, in the upper third the municipal coat of arms."
Raunheim has been twinned with the French Le Teil in the Ardèche department since October 27, 1973 , and with the Italian Trofarello near Turin since October 25, 1986 . Raunheim was awarded the European flag by the Council of Europe on October 24, 1992 . The city of Raunheim was honored for its work in line with the European idea. A friendship agreement was signed with Shiramine in Japan on May 14, 1997. The Anne Frank School has a school partnership with the Malbank School in Nantwich, England (County Cheshire).
Culture and sights
- Local museum
- Martin Luther Church
- Mönchhof Chapel
- Raunheimer Waldsee (also known as "Dr. Bauer See" under Raunheimer), large, chargeable quarry pond with a separate nudist area with kiosk and playground (Pinta Beach)
- Cable-stayed bridge over the railroad tracks
- The Main Cycle Path leads over the Raunheim Oil Harbor Bridge, which was awarded an architecture prize and opened in 2014 .
- Opposite the old church in Mainstrasse is the local history museum. This is open every first Sunday of the month. Admission is free.
- Schallehaus (house under the linden tree), built between 1750-1810 and restored in 2011, half-timbered house, which is used as a senior counseling center
The Tell rifle club and the Raunheim utility and protection dog club are in the forest. V. (GSV). Other sports clubs in Raunheim are the Turn- und Sportverein (TSV) Raunheim, the Tennis Klub Raunheim (TKR), the SV 07 Raunheim and the SSV Raunheim. Der Kanu-Club-Wanderfahrer 1955 e. V. Raunheim was founded in December 1955 and owns a boathouse at Anton-Flettner-Straße 20. The yacht club Untermain in ADAC e. V. operates the marina.
Economy and Infrastructure
The municipal area covers a total area of 1261 hectares, of which in hectares are:
|Type of use||2011||2015|
|Building and open space||215||220|
|from that||Mining land||37||38|
|from that||Green area||14th||28|
The convenient location on the Main and the proximity of the airport and the motorway made the city grow rapidly after the Second World War (1945: 3600 inhabitants) and make it an important industrial location. Several thousand jobs are soon to be created on the site of the former Caltex refinery, which is now called Mönchhof site. The city has its own company, the Raunheim public utility . In November 2017, around 1000 employees of the Lufthansa subsidiary Lufthansa Systems GmbH & Co. KG moved into their new company headquarters in the new Airport Garden industrial park on the site of the former Resart-Ihm leather factory.
From the city center it is about two kilometers to the junction of the A3 and about eight kilometers to Frankfurt am Main Airport . There is an S-Bahn connection to Frankfurt, Mainz and Wiesbaden in local public transport . The S-Bahn lines S8 and S9 of the Rhein-Main-Verkehrsverbund (RMV) run. There is also an inner-city bus line number 79. Raunheim is part of the bus connection line 72 between Ginsheim and Frankfurt Airport. Both lines are operated by Regionalverkehr Kurhessen GmbH (RKH) on behalf of the local public transport company of the Groß-Gerau district (LNVG).
The proximity to the airport is not only an advantage because Raunheim is in the approach area. In appropriate wind conditions (officially: operating direction 07) the aircraft fly at a height of approx. 300 meters over the city, whereby a noise level of 70 dB (A) , at the peak over 90 dB (A), is reached. This makes Raunheim the most heavily polluted municipality in the airport area by aircraft noise . The city has therefore developed an aircraft noise reduction concept. A citizens' initiative is fighting against further airport expansion.
In Raunheim there is a system for determining the flow velocity of the Main from the Aschaffenburg Waterways and Shipping Office. It consists of a cable system that is stretched across the Main.
In Raunheim there is a primary school, the Pestalozzi School, with 700 pupils. The seven-class primary school is Hesse's largest primary school. It offers all-day care and numerous working groups.
The Anne Frank School is a six-class integrated comprehensive school that also offers all-day care and numerous work groups.
The city supports the schools in looking after them. The goals are set out in the Raunheim educational concept.
Raunheim has seven communal kindergartens, including a forest kindergarten, as well as two kindergartens run by Protestants. The city supports daycare and an association that offers childcare.
The media library is located in the city administration, Am Innenstadt 1. The library has around 19,000 media. Almost 3700 readers have a loan card. The media library offers regular events.
The daily newspapers Main-Spitze and Rüsselsheimer Echo report on events in the city with their own local section. The Main-Spitze is a subsidiary of the Mainzer Allgemeine Zeitung, see Verlagsgruppe Rhein Main , the Rüsselsheimer Echo has been part of the Frankfurter Neue Presse since 2015 . There are also free advertising papers that are distributed in Raunheim and also report on what is happening in the city: Rüsselsheimer Wochenblatt, Untermain Heute, Blitz-Tipp, Äppler.
The Raunheim volunteer fire brigade is maintained by the Raunheim am Main volunteer fire brigade, founded in 1880, and supported by the city in accordance with the Hessian law on fire protection, general aid and disaster control (HBKG). It guarantees fire and emergency protection. As of December 31, 2013, the fire brigade consisted of 50 male and eight female emergency services, 20 members in the youth fire brigade and 13 members in the children's fire brigade. The extensive fleet includes eight vehicles, two boats and three trailers. In order to maintain the legally prescribed personnel capacity of the fire brigade, the city council passed a support program of this kind in Hesse in February 2009: after 25 years of service, fire fighters receive an additional monthly pension, free entry to swimming pools and, if necessary, a subsidy for kindergarten care. The city bears the costs of acquiring a truck driver's license and enables low-interest loans for home ownership. Anyone who is also a municipal employee is entitled to two days of special leave per year.
German Red Cross
The local readiness of the German Red Cross in July 2012 counted a total of 1217 supporting members, as well as 39 active emergency services, whose tasks are widely structured. Furthermore, the DRK local association currently has 15 Red Cross youth members. A total of four vehicles (two ambulances and two team vehicles) are available to helpers to carry out their various tasks. In 2011, the helpers volunteered around 8,000 hours.
The DRK local association Raunheim-Kelsterbach merged in 2000 from the two independent local associations from Raunheim and Kelsterbach, after the local association Kelsterbach had to contend with an enormous staff shortage and was about to be dissolved. Lothar Hänel was chairman of the local association for 37 years (until 2009) and shaped the establishment and restructuring of the association for many years before he handed over the office to Jürgen Michel in 2009 for health reasons. In 2012, after only one legislative period, he handed over the business to Volker Drees, who has been running the association since July 2012. For many years the operations department was headed by Thomas Harbich. Since 2006, the management of the operations department has been in the hands of Alexander Hänel.
Since 2006 there has been a contractual agreement between the DRK local association and the two cities of Raunheim and Kelsterbach to promote and support the aid organization. This contract is unique in its form and was designed by Lothar Hänel with the two mayors at the time, Thomas Jühe (Raunheim) and Erhard Engisch (Kelsterbach), in order to support the local aid organization in the future.
Together with the DRK local association Rüsselsheim and the Malteser Aid Service (OG Rüsselsheim), the DRK local association Raunheim-Kelsterbach forms the 1st medical train of the Groß-Gerau district, which in turn forms the 1st rapid deployment group (SEG) medical service of the Groß-Gerau district. Here the three local associations involved provide a command vehicle and an equipment vehicle San and an ambulance (Rüsselsheim) as well as 2 ambulances (MHD Rüsselsheim and DRK Raunheim-Kelsterbach). This SEG-San is used by the rescue service as support in major incidents.
The medical service security at sports and other major events, the operational readiness to support the two local fire brigades, a well-stocked clothes closet, eight blood donation appointments in Raunheim and Kelsterbach and, last but not least, the background reinforcement of the rescue service are just some of the tasks that are performed. Two "new" used ambulances have been available to the DRK local association Raunheim-Kelsterbach since May 2010 and ensure that an ambulance is always available for emergency rescue, especially during parallel missions in Raunheim and Kelsterbach, as well as with the multitude of services. For some time, a new concept for an equipment trolley has been worked on.
A far bigger problem, however, is the accommodation, which is now many times too small. The DRK local association has been based in a former Wehrmacht barracks in Odenwaldstrasse since 1953, which lacks any insulation and has become far too small in terms of sanitary facilities and parking spaces. The service can only be carried out there with great restrictions. For these reasons, two life-saving appliances currently have to be outside all year round.
We are currently working on a solution to the problem together with the two cities. The two cities have already promised to improve the situation, and the implementation should take place soon.
In December 2011, the DRK local association Raunheim-Kelsterbach received from Interior Minister Dr. Hans-Peter Friedrich the 2011 Helfende Hand award in the Innovative Concepts category for the EASI training concept - Helping hands do not age , a first-aid training for senior citizens and those aged 60 and over. The course, which is specially tailored to senior citizens, is divided into two stages and leads the participants with basic knowledge through emergency situations in the daily routine. This enabled over 100 participants from Raunheim to be trained in 2011 alone. The jury was impressed by the concept and above all by the fact that demographic change is being addressed here.
Together with the local aid organizations of the German Life Rescue Society (DLRG) and the volunteer fire brigade (FF), as well as with the surrounding partners, the Rüsselsheim police, the association for pastoral care in emergencies in the Groß-Gerau district. V. (SiN) and the Technical Relief Organization Rüsselsheim (THW), a big day of the aid organizations takes place every year, which has now firmly established itself in the event calendar of the city of Raunheim and attracts a large number of visitors.
- Johannes Justus Rein (1835–1918), German geographer and Japanologist
- Wilhelm Mauer (1903–1974), politician (KPD Hessen), member of the state parliament
- Erwin Lang (1924–2020), politician, 1955–1969 Mayor of Raunheim
- Walter Renneisen (* 1940), theater and television actor, grew up in Raunheim
- Oualid Mokhtari (* 1982), soccer player, grew up in Raunheim
- Cenk Tosun (* 1991), soccer player, grew up in Raunheim
- Literature about Raunheim in the Hessian Bibliography
- Literature by and about Raunheim in the catalog of the German National Library
- Web presence of the city of Raunheim
- Raunheim. In: Website of the district of Groß-Gerau.
- Raunheim, district of Groß-Gerau. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- Information on the community of Raunheim. In: Hessisches Gemeindelexikon. HA Hessen Agentur GmbH , 2016.
- Link catalog on Raunheim at curlie.org (formerly DMOZ )
- Hessian State Statistical Office: Population status on December 31, 2019 (districts and urban districts as well as municipalities, population figures based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
- 1100 year Raunheim on the community site
- Raunheim, district of Groß-Gerau. Historical local lexicon for Hesse (as of July 23, 2012). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS). Hessian State Office for Historical Cultural Studies (HLGL), accessed on November 22, 2012 .
- Georg W. Wagner: Statistical-topographical-historical description of the Grand Duchy of Hesse: Province of Starkenburg, volume October 1 , 1829, p. 194 ( online at Google Books )
- Raunheim has had city rights for 50 years. In: Main tip online. April 8, 2016, accessed October 13, 2017 .
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. State of Hesse. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- Grand Ducal Central Office for State Statistics (ed.): Contributions to the statistics of the Grand Duchy of Hesse . tape 1 . Darmstadt 1866, p. 43 ff . ( online at Google Books ).
- List of offices, places, houses, population. (1806) HStAD inventory E 8 A No. 352/4. In: Archive Information System Hessen (Arcinsys Hessen), as of February 6, 1806.
- Population according to nationality groups: Raunheim, Stadt. In: Zensus2011. Bavarian State Office for Statistics , accessed in May 2015 .
- Migration background in%: Raunheim, city. In: Zensus2011. Bavarian State Office for Statistics , accessed in May 2015 .
- Households by family: Raunheim, Stadt. In: Zensus2011. Bavarian State Office for Statistics , accessed in May 2015 .
- Relevant population(reference date: June 30, 2014) for the election to the Foreigners' Advisory Board on November 29, 2015. (No longer available online.) Hessian State Statistical Office, archived from the original ; accessed on August 18, 2015 .
- Small town with a melting pot character. hessenschau.de, November 23, 2016, accessed on October 13, 2017 .
- Hessen-Darmstadt state and address calendar 1791 . In the publishing house of the Invaliden-Anstalt, Darmstadt 1791, p. 127 ( online in the HathiTrust digital library ).
- Hessen-Darmstadt state and address calendar 1800 . In the publishing house of the Invaliden-Anstalt, Darmstadt 1800, p. 130 ( online in the HathiTrust digital library ).
- Ph. AF Walther : Alphabetical index of the residential places in the Grand Duchy of Hesse . G. Jonghaus, Darmstadt 1869, OCLC 162355422 , p. 72 ( online at google books ).
- Local elections 1972; Relevant population of the municipalities on August 4, 1972 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1972 No. 33 , p. 1424 , point 1025 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 5.9 MB ]).
- Local elections 1977; Relevant population figures for the municipalities as of December 15, 1976 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1976 No. 52 , p. 2283 , point 1668 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 10.3 MB ]).
- Local elections 1985; Relevant population of the municipalities as of October 30, 1984 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1984 No. 46 , p. 2175 , point 1104 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 5.5 MB ]).
- local elections 1993; Relevant population of the municipalities as of October 21, 1992 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1992 No. 44 , p. 2766 , point 935 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 6.1 MB ]).
- community data sheet: Raunheim. (PDF; 222 kB) In: Hessisches Gemeindelexikon. HA Hessen Agency GmbH
- The population of the Hessian communities (June 30, 2005). (No longer available online.) In: Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt . Archived from the original .
- The population of the Hessian communities (June 30, 2010). (No longer available online.) In: Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt . Archived from the original .
- Population: Raunheim, city. In: Zensus2011. Bavarian State Office for Statistics , accessed in May 2015 .
- The population of the Hessian communities (June 30, 2015). (No longer available online.) In: Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt . Archived from the original .
- Religious: Raunheim, city. In: Zensus2011. Bavarian State Office for Statistics , accessed in May 2015 .
- Buddhists celebrate the end of the rainy season. In: Echo Online , October 26, 2010.
- Main peak , April 16, 2010
- Result of the municipal election on March 6, 2016. 433010 Raunheim, Stadt. Hessian State Statistical Office, accessed in April 2016 .
- Result of the municipal election of March 27, 2011. 433010 Raunheim, Stadt. Hessian State Statistical Office, accessed in October 2019 .
- Result of the municipal election of March 26, 2006. 433010 Raunheim, St. Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt, accessed in October 2019 .
- Results of the municipal elections of 2001 and 1997. (No longer available online.) Hessian State Statistical Office, archived from the original ; accessed in October 2019 .
- Magistrate of the city of Raunheim. In: Ratsinformationssystem. City of Raunheim, accessed May 2019 .
- Karl Ernst Demandt , Otto Renkhoff : Hessisches Ortswappenbuch. C. A. Starke Verlag, Glücksburg / Ostsee 1956.
- Hessisches Staatsarchiv HStAD R 6 C Nr.229 / 1-2
- lakes in the Groß-Gerau district and in the Rhine-Main region at gg-online.de, accessed in February 2017.
- Schalle-Haus in Raunheim From the dump to the jewel . In the Rüsselsheimer Echo from August 19, 2016.
- Hessisches Statistisches Informationssystem In: Statistics.Hessen.
- YCU Raunheim. Retrieved July 8, 2019 (German).
- City of Raunheim: day care centers , accessed in September 2017.
- Raunheim volunteer fire brigade in the association wiki (accessed on November 3, 2014)