Calendar overview 1417
|At the Council of Constance Oddo di Colonna is the Pope selected, the name Martin V. takes. This will as good as end the Great Western Schism .|
|1417 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||865/866 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||2. Feuerstein - Ome Tecpatl (until the end of January / beginning of February: 1st tubes - Ce Acatl )|
|Buddhist calendar||1960/61 (southern Buddhism); 1959/60 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||68th (69th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||779/780 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||819/820 (turn of the year February 17th / 18th)|
|Jewish calendar||5177/78 (September 10-11)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1727/28 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1728/29 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1473/74 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
England / France
- August 1st : During the Hundred Years War, the English King Henry V lands with an army near the mouth of the Touques River in Normandy . He starts the war against France again because he wants to assert the claims of the English throne to the French crown . The conquest of Lower Normandy succeeds quickly.
- Dec. 14 : John Oldcastle , a leader of the Lollards is in England as heretics executed. Presumably he is identical to the figure of Falstaff, immortalized by William Shakespeare more than 100 years later .
Other events in Europe
- August 16 : Ocko II. Tom Brok becomes chief of Brokmer and Auricherland in East Friesland after the early death of his father Keno II. Tom Brok at the age of ten , initially under the tutelage of his grandmother Foelke.
- The county of Kleve is elevated to a duchy .
- During a joint campaign with the Tepaneks against the Acolhua , Huitzilíhuitl , ruler of the Aztec city-state Tenochtitlán, dies . He is succeeded by his underage son Chimalpopoca , who quickly finds himself in a power struggle with his uncle Maxtla , who is seeking rule in the rival city of Azcapotzalco .
First documentary mentions
- Neuendorf is first mentioned in a document as Núwen Dorff .
- Under the Chinese Emperor Yongle from the Ming Dynasty , the Gate of Heavenly Peace was built in Beijing , the entrance to the Forbidden City .
The end of the occidental schism
- July 26th : The Council of Constance appoints the antipope Benedict XIII. and excommunicated him. Regardless of this, he insists on his office and withdraws to the fortress of Peñíscola .
- October 9th : The Council of Constance passes the Frequens decree . This is intended to ensure that the Pope convenes a council on a regular basis . This continuity is also intended to reinforce the supremacy of the council over the pope called for in the Decree Haec sancta of Constance , because control over the office of the pope can only be ensured through regular councils.
- November 8 : The conclave for the election of a new Pope, composed according to the principle of nationes , begins in a department store by the lake in Constance.
- November 11th : Oddo di Colonna is elected Pope at the Council of Constance and takes the name Martin V. This will as good as end the Great Western Schism . On November 21 the coronation of the new Pope takes place.
Further resolutions of the Council of Constance
- Mikołaj Trąba , the Archbishop of Gniezno , received the title Primate Poloniae for himself and his successors from the Council in Constance to denote his prominent position in the Polish episcopate. The Archbishop of Gniezno is now at the head of the Roman Catholic Church in Poland . As Legatus natus he is the ambassador of the Holy See and represents the authority of the Pope in Poland .
- The Council of Constance condemns the teaching of the Czech reformer Jan Hus (he denied the transformation of the offerings in the mass and rejected indulgences).
Other religious events
Date of birth saved
- February 23 : Pietro Barbo, under the name Paul II Pope († 1471 )
- February 23 : Louis IX. , Duke of Bavaria-Landshut († 1479 )
- April 24 : Friedrich I , Duke of Palatinate-Simmern-Sponheim († 1480 )
- May 25 : Katharina von Kleve , Duchess of Geldern and Countess of Zutphen († 1476 )
- June 19 : Sigismondo Malatesta , Italian nobleman and condottiere, lord of Rimini, Fano and Cesena († 1468 )
- July 14 : Giovanni Andrea Bussi , Italian prelate and humanist († 1475 )
- October 9 : Johann II of Glymes , Dutch nobleman, Margrave of Bergen op Zoom († 1494 )
- November 2 : Sejo , 7th King of the Joseon Dynasty in Korea († 1468 )
- November 8 : Philip I , Count of Hanau-Lichtenberg († 1480 )
- November 18 : Gallus Kemli , Benedictine monk in the monastery of St. Gallen († 1480 / 81 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Alwig X. von Sulz , Count of Vaduz, Schellenberg and Blumeneck, Landgrave in Klettgau and hereditary court judge in the imperial city of Rottweil († 1493 )
- Niklaus von Flüe , Swiss hermit, ascetic and mystic, patron saint of Switzerland († 1487 )
- Sigismund Gossembrot the Elder , merchant and mayor of Augsburg († 1493 )
- Heinrich IV. , Duke of Mecklenburg († 1477 )
- Domenico di Michelino , Florentine painter († 1491 )
- Jöns Bengtsson Oxenstierna , Archbishop of Uppsala († 1467 )
- Matthias von Rammung , Chancellor of the Electoral Palatinate and Bishop of Speyer († 1478 )
- Shin Suk-ju , Korean politician, painter and neo-Confucian philosopher († 1475 )
First half of the year
- February 13 : Dietrich von Quitzow , German margravial councilor and Vogt zu Wredenhagen, robber baron (* 1366 )
- February 14th : Konrad X. Landschad von Steinach , German Imperial Knight
- March 5th : Manuel III. , Emperor and Grand Commander of Trebizond (* 1364 )
- March 5th : Jörg Kazmair , German ratschronist and mayor of Munich
- April 5 : Jean de Valois , French Duke of Touraine and Berry, Dauphin of Viennois (* 1398 )
- April 8 : Ulrich I , German Duke of Mecklenburg-Stargard (* before 1382)
- May 12 : Friedrich III. von Moers , German Count of Moers and Saar Werden (* 1354 )
- May 16 : Eberhard III. , Count of Württemberg
- May 18th : Ulrich Prustl , Bishop of Brixen
- May 25 : Ludwig II , French Duke of Anjou, titular king of Naples and Jerusalem (* 1377 )
- May 31 : Wilhelm II , Count of Holland and Zealand, 3rd Duke of Straubing-Holland (* 1365 )
- June 15 : Sigmar von Holleneck , Bishop of Seckau
Second half of the year
- July 15 : Willem Eggert , Dutch Count of Purmerend, chief treasurer and governor of Holland (* around 1360 )
- August 16 : Keno II. Tom Brok , chief of Brokmerlande (East Friesland) (* around 1380 )
- September 4th : Robert Hallum , Oxford University Chancellor, Bishop of Salisbury
- September 19 : Johannes Marienwerder , German theologian (* 1343 )
- September 26 : Francesco Zabarella , Italian cardinal (* 1360 )
- October 18 : Gregory XII. , Pope from 1406 to 1415 (* 1335 )
- November 9 : Yusuf III. , Moorish emir of Granada (* 1376 )
- December 14th : John Oldcastle , English nobleman and a leader of the Lollards (* 1378 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Boček II from Podebrady , Bohemian nobleman
- Huitzilíhuitl : Aztec ruler of the city of Tenochtitlán (* 1380 )