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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Urban VI.
After the death of Gregory XI. becomes Urban VI. elected pope . He tries to break the influence of Avignon on the church.
Bust of Clement VII in the Musée de Petit Palais in Avignon
A few months later
, Clement VII is
elected antipope .
Historical map of the occidental schism
The up 1,417 permanent Western Schism begins.
1378 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 826/827 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1370/71
Aztec calendar 2nd house - Ome Calli (until the end of January / beginning of February 1st Feuerstein - Ce Tecpatl )
Buddhist calendar 1921/22 (southern Buddhism); 1920/21 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 67th (68th) cycle

Year of the Earth-Horse戊午 ( at the beginning of the year Fire-Snake 丁巳)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 740/741 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 756/757
Islamic calendar 779/780 (turn of the year April 29/30)
Jewish calendar 5138/39 (August 24/25)
Coptic calendar 1094/95
Malayalam calendar 553/554
Seleucid era Babylon: 1688/89 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1689/90 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1416
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1434/35


Politics and world events

Occidental schism

  • March 27th : Pope Gregory XI, hated in Italy . dies in Rome . On April 8, the one-day conclave elects Bartolomeo Prignano as Urban VI under massive pressure from the Roman population, who are demanding an Italian Pope . to the Pope . The Neapolitan is the last Pope who does not belong to the College of Cardinals at the time of his election . Weeks later, his refusal to return to Avignon is the cause of the Western Schism . He also appoints twenty-nine new cardinals, only three of whom are French. In doing so, he breaks the French dominance in the College of Cardinals. Thirteen cardinals - the French, several Italians and Cardinal Robert of Geneva - leave Rome angrily and travel to Fondi. In the summer the Aragonese Cardinal Pedro de Luna also comes to Fondi.
  • September 20 : The fourteen predominantly French cardinals in Fondi, with the support of King Charles V of France, elect the "executioner of Cesena " Robert of Geneva as antipope . He takes the name Clement VII . In addition, the cardinals draft a declaration in which it is stated that they were forced to elect Pope Urban at the time. Then they travel on to Avignon.

Other events in Italy

Other events in Europe

King Wenceslas, illustration from the Wenceslas Bible , around 1398/1395

First documentary mentions


  • The anti-Jewish dice duty is documented for the first time.


nature and environment


Date of birth saved

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1378


Date of death secured

Charles IV, around 1360/70

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1378  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files