Calendar overview 1446
dies in Florence.
, the Hangeul alphabet is introduced
in Korea .
Battle of Ragaz was the
last military conflict in the Old Zurich War .
|1446 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||894/895 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||5th house - Macuilli Calli (until the end of January / beginning of February: 4th Feuerstein - Nahui Tecpatl )|
|Buddhist calendar||1989/90 (southern Buddhism); 1988/89 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||69th (70th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||808/809 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||849/50 (turn of the year 28/29 March)|
|Jewish calendar||5206/07 (September 21-22)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1756/57 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1757/58 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1502/03 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Holy Roman Empire
- The Tyrolean estates force King Friedrich III. the release of his nephew Siegmund from guardianship. He becomes Duke of Tyrol , but does not get the foreland back, his cousin Albrecht VI. becomes Duke of Austria .
- With the Battle of Ragaz on March 6th, the last military conflict in the Old Zurich War took place between the Confederates and the Habsburgs . 1200 Confederates defeat the Austrian army, which is under the command of Hans von Rechberg and Wolfhard V. von Brandis, the Habsburg bailiff of Feldkirch . Among other things, the banner of the Lords of Brandis was lost to the Confederates and was later brought to the church in Sarnen . According to contemporary information, around 900 men from the Habsburg army and around 100 from the federal army are said to have died in the battle. On June 12 , an armistice between Austria and the Swiss Confederation comes into force.
- After the rejection of the Division of Altenburg in the previous starts axes of Saxon fratricide the wettinischen dominions between the brothers Herzog Wilhelm III. ( the brave ) and Elector Friedrich II ( the meek ) of Saxony , which will last until 1451 .
- Albrecht Achilles , Prince of Ansbach , marries Margarete von Baden .
Other events in Europe
- June 5th : Johann Hunyadi is unanimously elected as Hungarian ruler for the minor King Ladislaus Postumus . His first act as regent is against the German King Friedrich III. who refuses to allow the young king to come to Hungary, which leads his Hungarian opponents to insinuate that he is keeping the boy in custody at Orth Castle as a political pledge . Johann Hunyadi invades Austria and Styria with an army.
Voyages of discovery
- Portuguese sailors under António Fernandes discover the Gambia River and advance to the coast of today's Guinea-Bissau . With the Los Islands they reach the southernmost point of a European expedition so far. An attempt to kidnap locals as slaves leads to a fight in which several men are injured by poison arrows. The navigator Nuno Tristão dies on the return voyage.
- The Mitterbucher & Söhne cellar brewery in Ried im Innkreis in Upper Austria is mentioned for the first time in a document.
science and technology
- October 9 : With the document Hunminjeongeum ( The right sounds for instructing the people ), King Sejong of the Joseon Dynasty introduces the Korean alphabet Hangeul into Korea after around ten years of development . In his foreword he writes: The spoken language of our country is different from that of China and does not match the Chinese characters either. That is why there are many uneducated people who would like to write something down, but cannot express their feelings in writing. I was very shocked by this fact, and so I invented 28 new letters. Everyone should learn these letters for their convenience and apply them in daily life. The possible variations of the 28 letters are endless. They are simple but useful. They are refined, but understandable everywhere. Therefore, a wise person will understand them before tomorrow is over. A stupid person can learn it in ten days.
- The law faculty at the University of Leipzig is founded.
- June 20 : The Vorwerk Heiselhusen is raised to an independent Coming with effect from July 12 .
- A convent of sisters is set up in the Katharinenhof in Kranenburg .
- 1446/ 47 : The religious history of Lhorong , a work of Tibetan political and religious history from the perspective of a member of Taglung - Kagyu school of Tibetan Buddhism with a focus on the eastern Tibet, from Tatshag Tshewanggyel , a senior Buddhists , on the Tatshag Gang Estate in Lhorong.
- April 10th : The Palmarum flood on the North Sea and the subsequent collapse of the Dollard lead to the fact that the Palmar Monastery has to be abandoned.
Date of birth saved
- May 3 : Friedrich I , Duke of Liegnitz and Brieg († 1488 )
- May 3 : Margaret of York , Duchess of Burgundy († 1503 )
- August 14 : Antonio Urceo , Italian humanist († 1500 )
- December 28 : Charles de Valois , Duke of Berry († 1472 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Pier Capponi , Tuscan businessman, diplomat, politician and general († 1496 )
- Pankraz von Dietrichstein , Austrian nobleman († 1508 )
- Dorothea of Brandenburg , Duchess of Saxony-Lauenburg († 1519 )
- Bartolomeo della Fonte , Italian humanist, poet and translator († 1513 )
- Bartholomäus May , Bernese military leader and statesman
- Juan de Borja Lanzol de Romaní , Archbishop of Monreale and Patriarch of Constantinople († 1503 )
- Marco Vigerio della Rovere , Cardinal of the Catholic Church († 1516 )
Born around 1446
- Francesco Botticini , Italian painter († 1497 )
- William Grocyn , English scholar and humanist († 1519 )
- Johann III. , Duke of Ratibor († 1493 )
- Konrad Vaut , Vogt of Cannstatt († 1516 )
- Wilwolt von Schaumberg , Franconian nobleman († 1510 )
First half of the year
- February 2 : Vittorino da Feltre , Italian Renaissance humanist and teacher (* 1378 )
- February 20 : Elisabeth von Hanau , Countess of Dhaun-Kyrburg (* 1416 )
- April 15 : Filippo Brunelleschi , Italian builder (* 1377 )
- May 6 : Georges de La Trémoille , Count of Guînes (* around 1382 )
- before May 7th: Jean de Prangins , Bishop of Lausanne and Aosta (* before 1385)
- May 9 : Maria d'Enghien , Queen of Naples and Countess of Lecce, also titular queen of Sicily, Jerusalem and Hungary (* 1367 )
- May 15 : Siegfried II. Bock , German Roman Catholic theologian, Chancellor of Denmark, Norway and Sweden and Bishop of Cammin
- May 17th : Etzel I , Count of Ortenburg
- June 11th : Henry de Beauchamp, 1st Duke of Warwick , English nobleman (* 1425 )
Second half of the year
- July: Catherine de Valois , French princess, countess of Charolais (* 1428 )
- August 1st : Johann von Pannwitz , auxiliary bishop and vicar general in Breslau and titular bishop of Symbalon
- October 20 : Georg Lembucher , Bishop of Seckau
- November 8th : Lorenz von Lichtenberg , Bishop of Lavant
- November 22nd : Agnes von Hanau , Abbess of Klarenthal Monastery
- December 7th : Bogislaw IX. , Duke of Pomerania-Wolgast-Stolp (* around 1407 / 1410 )
- December 12th : Mircea II , ruler of Wallachia (* 1422 )
- December 21 : Louis I. de Bourbon , Count of Vendôme (* 1376 )
- December 28th : Heinrich I. von Plauen , Lord of Plauen and Burgrave of Meißen
- December 28 : Gil Sánchez Muñoz y Carbón, under the name of Clement VIII. Antipope during the Western Schism (* 1369 )
Exact date of death unknown
- James Douglas, 3rd Earl of Angus , Scottish nobleman (* around 1428 )
- Otto IV. , Prince of Lüneburg
- Nuno Tristão , Portuguese navigator and explorer