Calendar overview 1441
Paul von Rusdorf , Grand Master of the
Teutonic Order , dies.
|Leonello d'Este is the successor to his father Niccolò III. d'Este Margrave of Ferrara .|
|Mayapán begins with a Maní uprising .|
|1441 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||889/890 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||13. Feuerstein - Matlactli omey Tecpatl (until the end of January / beginning of February: 12th pipes - Matlactli omome Acatl )|
|Buddhist calendar||1984/85 (southern Buddhism); 1983/84 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||68th (69th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||803/804 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||844/845 (turn of the year 21/22 May)|
|Jewish calendar||5201/02 (September 15/16)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1751/52 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1752/53 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1497/98 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- Under the leadership of Ah Xupan Xiu , the ruling prince of Maní from the Tutul Xiu family , an uprising began against the Cocom dynasty and the League of Mayapán in Mesoamerica , which they dominated , which in the next few years led to the destruction of the capital Mayapán and the Downfall of the league. It leads to the political fragmentation of the Mayan culture on the Yucatán Peninsula into sixteen contending small states .
Northern and Central Europe
- September: Christoph III. von Pfalz-Neumarkt is crowned King of Sweden in Uppsala after having put down a peasant uprising in Jutland .
- The peace of Copenhagen ends the three-year Hanso-Dutch War . In the contract, the Dutch cities undertake to replace or return 22 ships from the Prussian and Livonian Hanseatic cities . The Dutch also pay 5,000 guilders to King Christopher III. of Denmark and undertake to the Wendish cities of the Hanseatic League to compensate for all this damage. On the other hand, the Wendish cities must grant the Dutch reciprocal freedom of movement and lift all restrictive measures. This undermines the Hanseatic monopoly in the Baltic region.
- January 2nd : Worn down by the internal disputes in the Teutonic Order , Paul von Rusdorf resigns from his position as Grand Master . He dies just a week later in the Marienburg Order Castle . On April 12th, the previous Marshal Konrad von Erlichshausen , who opposed Rusdorf's policies, was elected as his successor . He seeks a balance with the estates and gives the cities more rights.
- After the death of Blanka von Navarra , her husband Johann II passed their son Karl von Viana as heir to the throne and illegally ruled the kingdom himself. The daughter Eleonore moved to the territory of her husband Gaston IV von Foix , whom she married in 1436 at the age of eleven Has.
- December 26th : Leonello d'Este is the successor of his late father Niccolò III. d'Este Margrave of Ferrara .
Voyages of discovery
- The Portuguese navigators Nuno Tristão and Antão Gonçalves are the first Europeans to reach Cabo Branco . They bring the first black slaves with them from their trip to Europe.
- July 12th : Ashikaga Yoshinori , sixth shogun of the Ashikaga shogunate during the Muromachi period in Japan , is murdered during a visit to the theater in the house of General Akamatsu Mitsuke . In the following months of weakened government power , gangs were able to secure general debt relief (tokusei) by besieging the capital city of Kyoto . Yoshinori's son Ashikaga Yoshikatsu becomes the seventh shogun around a year after the death of his father, but the power of the shogunate is in decline.
science and technology
- The University of Bordeaux is founded in France .
- Cosimo de 'Medici founds the Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana in Florence .
- The English King Henry VI. founds King's College at the University of Cambridge .
Culture and society
- The Medicea pubblica , the world's first public library, is founded in Florence .
- The Femeiche in Erle is first mentioned in a document.
Date of birth saved
- February 9 : Mir ʿAli Schir Nawāʾi , Uighur politician, builder, poet, mystic († 1501 )
- March 24th : Ernst von Sachsen , Elector of Saxony, Duke of Saxony, Landgrave in Thuringia and Margrave of Meissen († 1486 )
- June 25 : Federico I. Gonzaga , Margrave of Mantua († 1484 )
- August 9 : Danjong , King of the Joseon Dynasty in Korea († 1457 )
- October 9 : Ulrich Fugger , German businessman, banker († 1510 )
- November 11th : Charlotte of Savoy , wife of King Louis XI. of France († 1483 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Martín Alonso Pinzón , Spanish navigator and participant in the first Columbus voyage († 1493 )
- Niclas von Abensberg , German knight and Count von Abensberg († 1485 )
- Matteo Maria Boiardo , Italian poet († 1494 )
- Francisco de Borja , Spanish cardinal († 1511 )
- Juan Castellar y de Borja , Spanish cardinal († 1505 )
- Al-Ashraf Qansuh al-Ghuri , Mameluk Sultan of Egypt († 1516 )
- Magnus II , Duke of Mecklenburg († 1503 )
- Antonio de Nebrija , Spanish humanist and philologist († 1522 )
- Johannes Petri , German printer († 1511 )
Born around 1441
First half of the year
- January 5th : John II of Luxembourg , French nobleman, Count of Guise, Count of Ligny (* 1392 )
- January 9 : Paul von Rusdorf , 29th Grand Master of the Teutonic Order (* around 1385 )
- February 15 : Henry II of Verden , Prince-Bishop of Verden
- April 1 : Blanka , French noblewoman, Queen of Navarre (* 1387 )
- April 7th : Albrecht Blarer , elected Bishop of Constance
- April 29 : Margarethe von Hanau , German noblewoman (* 1411 )
- June 18 : Ludwig III. , Silesian nobleman, Duke of Ohlau, Nimptsch, Lüben and Haynau (* before 1405 )
Second half of the year
- July 8 : Baldwin II von Wenden , German abbot, archbishop of Bremen
- July 12th : Ashikaga Yoshinori , Japanese nobleman, 6th Shogun of the Ashikaga Shogunate (* 1394 )
- September 8 : Johannes Pollart , Vicar General in the Archdiocese of Cologne
- shortly before September 23: Jacobus Vide , Franco-Flemish composer, singer, organist and Burgundian court official (* around 1395 )
- September 30th : Johann II. Von Reisberg , Archbishop of Salzburg
- before October 24th : Adolf , Duke of Bavaria-Munich (* 1434 )
- October 27th : Margery Jourdemain , Englishwoman, victim of the witch hunt (* around 1400 )
- December 7th : Bartolomeo di Fruosino , Italian painter (* 1366 or 1369 )
- December 26th : Niccolò III. d'Este , Italian nobleman, Marquis of Ferrara, Modena and Reggio (* 1383 / 1384 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Edzard Cirksena , chief of Greetsiel, Norden, Emden and in Brokmerland
- Jan van Eyck , Flemish painter (* around 1390 )
- Antonio Loschi , Italian humanist, poet, philologist and historian (* 1365 or 1368 )
- Sędziwój Ostroróg , Voivode of Posen, Starost of Brześć Kujawski and General Starost of Greater Poland (* around 1375 )
- Dietrich Reseler , Bishop of Dorpat (* around 1365 )
- Tidemann Steen , Mayor of Lübeck
- Johannes Thomae , Vicar General in the Archdiocese of Cologne
- Caspar von Waldenfels , German nobleman, captain in the mountains and at court, Brandenburg councilor and bailiff for Plassenburg in Kulmbach (* around 1380 )