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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Joan of Arc at the stake, mural in the Pantheon by Jules Lenepveu
Joan of Arc is burned at the stake.
Pope Eugene IV
Gabriele Condulmer
becomes Pope Eugene IV.
Battle of La Higueruela
The Kingdom of Castile defeats the Emirate of Granada
in the Battle of La Higueruela .
1431 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 879/880 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1423/24
Aztec calendar 3rd rabbit - Jei Tochtli (until the end of January / beginning of February: 2nd house - Ome Calli )
Buddhist calendar 1974/75 (southern Buddhism); 1973/74 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 68th (69th) cycle

Year of the Metal Pig辛亥 ( at the beginning of the year Metal Dog 庚戌)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 793/794 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 809/810
Islamic calendar 834/835 (turn of the year 8/9 September)
Jewish calendar 5191/92 (September 7/8)
Coptic Calendar 1147/48
Malayalam calendar 606/607
Seleucid era Babylon: 1741/42 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1742/43 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1469
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1487/88 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Hundred Years War

Bishop Petrus Cauchon (center) at the trial of Jeanne d´Arc (right) (miniature in the Manuscrit d'Urfé , 15th century, Paris)
  • January 9: Bishop Pierre Cauchon opens the inquisition trial against Joan of Arc in Rouen . The charges accuse her, among other things, of fairy magic, the use of mandrake root, heresy, the worship of demons and murder, since Jeanne was not recognized as a soldier and therefore all men she defeated in battles should be regarded as murder victims. On May 19, she was found guilty on twelve of 67 charges. When she was told after the verdict was announced that the stake awaited her if she did not admit her erroneous beliefs, Jeanne renounced her convictions. On May 24th she was excommunicated in the St-Ouen cemetery . After her renunciation, she is sentenced as a heretic to life imprisonment.
  • May 29th: After her confession is revoked, Joan of Arc is tried again. Under the chairmanship of John of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Bedford , she was sentenced to death by burning as a "notoriously recidivist heretic".
  • May 30th: Joan of Arc is burned at the stake in Rouen , her ashes scattered in the Seine.
  • December 16: At the age of 10, the English King Henry VI. crowned King of France at Notre Dame in Paris .

Hussite Wars


Other events in Europe



Cathedral dome




  • The very cold winter of 1431/1432 in Central Europe marks the beginning of a decade with cold winters combined with years of famine. Even large rivers such as the Rhine and Danube freeze over by the end of November.


Date of birth saved

  • January 1st: Roderic Llançol i de Borja, under the name Alexander VI. Pope († 1503)
  • March 22: Juan de Castro , Bishop of Girgenti and Apostolic Administrator of Schleswig († 1506)
  • October 26: Ercole I. d'Este , Duke of Ferrara, Modena and Reggio († 1505)

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1431


Date of death secured

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1431  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files