Calendar overview 1435
Charles VII the Victorious
of France and ...
Philip the Good
of Burgundy ...
|... sign the Arras Treaty to settle the civil war between the Armagnacs and Bourguignons .|
|1435 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||883/884 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||7. Rabbit - Chicome Tochtli (until the end of January / beginning of February: 6th house - Chicuace Calli )|
|Buddhist calendar||1978/79 (southern Buddhism); 1977/78 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||68th (69th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||797/798 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||838/839 (turn of the year July 26-27)|
|Jewish calendar||5195/96 (23/24 September)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1745/46 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1746/47 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1491/92 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Hundred Years War
- Spring: After a few years of relative calm, the Hundred Years War enters a hot phase again.
- May 9 : French troops under the command of Jean Poton de Xaintrailles and Étienne de Vignolles defeat English units at the Battle of Gerberoy .
- September 21 : In the Treaty of Arras , the rulers of France and Burgundy agree with King Charles VII of France and Duke Philip the Good to settle their long-lasting conflict, the civil war of the Armagnacs and Bourguignons . With England , however, at this meeting aimed at a peace treaty, which is counted among the most important peace conferences in the Middle Ages , no agreement is reached, the Hundred Years War will go on for almost two decades.
- 15 / July 17 : King . Erik VII of Denmark closes on Castle Vordingborg with Adolf VIII. Of Holstein and Hamburg Mayor Hein Hoyer as a representative of the cities of the Wendish and Saxon district of the Hanseatic the Peace of Vordingborg the end of 1426 started Danish - Hanseatic War . In it he confirms the privileges of the Hanseatic League, especially in the trade between mountain drivers and Norway . Adolf VIII receives the Duchy of Schleswig .
German Order / Poland-Lithuania
- December 31 : The Peace of Brest balances the interests of the Teutonic Order with Poland and Lithuania .
Holy Roman Empire
- October 12 : Duke Ernst of Bavaria-Munich has his son Albrecht's lover , Agnes Bernauer's daughter , arrested and drowned in the Danube near Straubing . He fears that the mesalliance could endanger the succession .
- February 2nd : Queen Joan II of Naples dies. Shortly before, she transferred the rule to Rene von Anjou . Since this is at this point in Burgundian captivity, his wife Isabella of Lorraine sets out to take on the inheritance. But Alfonso V of Aragón also lays claim to Naples based on an earlier agreement and begins the siege of the city a little later.
- August 5th : The Republic of Genoa , allied with Isabella, defeats an Aragonese fleet in the sea battle of Ponza and takes King Alfonso V and his brother prisoner. The two are delivered to Duke Filippo Maria Visconti of Milan, who is also allied with Isabella . Isabella can move into Naples on October 18th .
- With the help of the Ottoman Sultan, Nerio II Acciaiuoli succeeds his late cousin Antonio I Acciaiuoli as Duke of Athens .
- January 31st : Emperor Xuande of China dies. His eight-year-old son Zhengtong succeeds him to the throne under the reign of his grandmother Zhang.
First documentary mentions
- Courchapoix is first mentioned in a document.
- around 1435: The Irish monastery Clonkeenkerrill is founded.
nature and environment
Date of birth saved
- February 1 : Amadeus IX. , French nobleman, Duke of Savoy († 1472 )
- May 28 : Raimund Peraudi , French cardinal, bishop of Gurk and Saintes († 1505 )
- June 16 : Johann II , Silesian mercenary leader of the Teutonic Order, Duke of Sagan († 1504 )
- June 22nd : Otto II. , German nobleman, Count Palatine and Duke of Palatinate-Mosbach († 1499 )
- June 23 : Francis II , French nobleman, Duke of Brittany († 1488 )
- September 25 : Wilhelm von Bayern-Munich , German nobleman († 1435)
- October 28 : Andrea Della Robbia , Florentine sculptor († 1525 )
- November 4 : Philippe de Lévis , French cardinal († 1475 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Yoshida Kanetomo , Japanese religious reformer , founder of Yoshida Shinto († 1511 )
- Pellegrino Prisciani , Italian humanist, university teacher, historian, antiquarian and astrologer († 1510 )
- Johannes Scolvus , seafarer, navigator and explorer († 1484 )
- Jakob Sprenger , German Dominican, inquisitor and witch theorist, alleged author of the witch's hammer († 1495 )
Born around 1435
- Johann III. Beckenschlager , German Archbishop of Gran and of Salzburg († 1489 )
- Thomas von Blankenfelde , German merchant, mayor of Berlin († 1504 )
- Ambrogio Calepino , Italian lexicographer, author of the first Latin dictionary in the modern sense († 1511 )
- Margaret Douglas of Galloway , Scottish noblewoman († 1488 )
- Matteo di Giovanni , Italian painter († 1495 )
- Constantine from Ostrovitza , Serbian Janissary, author
- Agostino Patrizi Piccolomini , Italian bishop and papal master of ceremonies († 1495 or 1496 )
- Nicol Römer , German businessman and councilor († 1493 )
- Thomas Stanley , English nobleman, 1st Earl of Derby and ruler of the Isle of Man († 1504 )
- William Stanley , English knight during the Wars of the Roses († 1495 )
- Eleonore Talbot , English noblewoman, mistress of King Edward IV († 1468 )
- Johannes Tinctoris , Franco-Flemish composer and music theorist († 1511 )
First half of the year
- January 31 : Xuande , fifth Chinese emperor of the Ming Dynasty (* 1399 )
- February 2 : Joanna II , Queen of Naples and titular queen of Jerusalem (* 1373 )
- March 20 : Niccolò da Tolentino , Italian condottiere, marshal and lord of the castle (* around 1355 )
- March 22 : Nikolaus Magni von Jauer , German theologian and university rector (* around 1355 )
- April 13 : Casimir V , Duke of Pomerania (* after 1380 )
- April: Amplonius Rating de Berka , German doctor, theologian and university teacher (* 1363 or 1364 )
Second half of the year
- July 6th : Alexander Stewart, 12th Earl of Mar , Scottish nobleman (* around 1375 )
- July 22nd : Heinrich von Sachsen , prince from the Wettin dynasty (* 1422 )
- August 29 : Paulus de Santa Maria , Jewish apostate, bishop of Cartagena and Burgos (* around 1352 )
- September 13 : Wilhelm III. , German nobleman, Duke of Bavaria-Munich (* 1375 )
- September 14th : John of Lancaster , English nobleman, 1st Duke of Bedford (* 1389 )
- September 30th : Isabeau de Bavière , Bavarian nobleman, Queen of France (* 1370 )
- after October 9: Paweł Włodkowic , Polish lawyer, writer and diplomat (* around 1370 )
- October 12th : Agnes Bernauer , lover of the Bavarian Duke Albrecht III. (* around 1410 )
- October 13 : Hermann II , German nobleman, Count von Cilli and Ortenburg (* 1365 )
- after October 28: Wilhelm von Bayern-Munich , German nobleman (* 1435)
Exact date of death unknown
- Abd al-Qadir Maraghi , Persian musician and music theorist (* around 1350 )
- Antonio I. Acciaiuoli , Florentine nobleman, Duke of Athens (* around 1370 )
- Erich V , German nobleman, Duke of Saxony-Lauenburg
- Ocko II. Tom Brok , East Frisian chief of Brokmer and Auricherland (* 1407 )
- Zheng He , Chinese admiral and navigator (* 1371 )
- Francesco di Valdambrino , Italian sculptor and goldsmith (* 1363 )
- Chamchen Chöje Shakya Yeshe , Tibetan clergyman (* 1354 )