Calendar overview 1350
John II, the good ,
becomes King of France .
|night of the murder in Zurich , Rapperswil is occupied by Zurich .|
|1350 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||798/799 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||13th house - Matlactli omey Calli (until the end of January / beginning of February 12th Feuerstein - Matlactli omome Tecpatl )|
|Buddhist calendar||1893/94 (southern Buddhism); 1892/93 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||67th (68th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||712/713 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||750/751 (turn of the year March 10/11)|
|Jewish calendar||5110/11 (September 3-4)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1660/61 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1661/62 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1406/07|
Politics and world events
- February 20 : The Bremen archbishop feud escalated when the papal candidate Gottfried von Arnsberg pronounced the ban on his rival Moritz von Oldenburg . Most of the ministerials of the archbishopric, however, continue to support Moritz. The feud develops into a military conflict. On July 13th, after several skirmishes, Moritz reached an agreement on a ceasefire with the city council of Bremen , in which the plague had broken out shortly before. Conrad Graf von Diepholz and the Counts von Hoya , Gerhard III. and Johann II are appointed as arbitrators to resolve the feud. Baldwin von Steinfurt , the bishop of Paderborn , acts as chairman . On September 2nd, Moritz signed an alliance with the city of Bremen. Soon afterwards an agreement was reached with Gottfried - he remained nominally archbishop and Moritz was appointed “guardian of the archbishopric”, which means that he, as a bailiff, effectively exercised power in the archbishopric.
- February 23rd / 24th : The night of murder in Zurich is a planned coup in which, during the Swiss Habsburg Wars, the city is to be conquered within the city walls with the help of conspirators and the government around Mayor Rudolf Brun is to be murdered. By treason, the mayor is informed and well prepared about the overturn plans. Numerous conspirators fell in the fighting that broke out, others were captured and wheeled or beheaded, their goods confiscated. The very next day, Zurich troops move towards Rapperswil , from where the overturn plans originated . The city surrenders and is sacked that same evening. In the subsequent destruction of Rapperswil , the Alt-Rapperswil castle is destroyed and the walls of the city and the castle razed so that Rapperswil can no longer be defended. Troops from the city of Zurich also occupy the Untere March and thus gain control of the Bündner passes .
- August 22nd : After the death of Philip IV , his son John II becomes King of France .
- August 29 : An English fleet commanded by King Edward III defeated in the Battle of Winchelsea as part of the Hundred Years War . and Edward of Woodstock , a forty-ship squadron of the Kingdom of Castile under the command of the French Charles de la Cerda .
- The false Woldemar , whom Charles IV enfeoffed with the Mark Brandenburg in 1348 , is exposed as a fraudster. The Bavarian Duke Ludwig V from the House of Wittelsbach is enfeoffed with Brandenburg instead.
- In Java , King Rajasanagara becomes the new King of Majapahit . A “golden age” of power and conquest begins.
First documentary mentions
- The candle wax is running out. Charles IV granted special privileges for beekeepers.
science and technology
- around 1350: The encyclopedia The Book of Nature by Konrad von Megenberg is created. It is largely a translation by Thomas of Cantimprés Liber de natura rerum , but it also contains new material - for example on some animal and plant species or observations on rainbows .
- The church proclaims a jubilee year so that the plague does not spread even more.
- The plague epidemic in Europe is reaching its peak. The Black Death kills around 25 million people between 1347 and 1353. It leads to Geißler platoons and the persecution of Jews for alleged well poisoning .
- April / May: The plague reaches Braunschweig .
Historical maps and views
Date of birth saved
- January 23 : Vincent Ferrer , Catalan Dominican and saint († 1419 )
- June 27 : Manuel II , Byzantine Emperor († 1425 )
- October 12 : Dmitri Donskoy , Grand Duke of Moscow († 1389 )
- November 26 : Ibn al-Jazarī , Koran scholar († 1429 )
- December 27 : John I , King of Aragón († 1396 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- before April 13th: Margaret of Dampierre , Countess of Flanders, Artois, Nevers, Rethel, Free Countess of Burgundy, Duchess of Brabant and Limburg, Duchess of Burgundy († 1405 )
- Anselm von Nenningen , Bishop of Augsburg († 1428 )
- Boniface IX , Pope († 1404 )
- Drung Kashiwa Rinchen Pel , person of Tibetan Buddhism († 1435 )
- Nikolaus Faber , Abbot of Ochsenhausen († 1422 )
- Thomas Holland , English nobleman and military man in the Hundred Years War († 1397 )
- Madhava , Indian mathematician and astronomer († 1425 )
- Antonio Panciera , Patriarch of Aquileia and Cardinal († 1431 )
- Pierre d'Ailly , French theologian and cardinal († 1420 )
- Rainier II , Seigneur of Menton and Roquebrune († 1407 )
- Richard le Scrope , English prince of the church († 1405 )
Born around 1350
- Eleonora di Arborea , regent of Sardinia († 1405 )
- Blasius Lupus , Czech philosopher († 1409 )
- Bogislaw VI. , Duke of Pomerania-Wolgast († 1393 )
- Hinrich Brunsberg , German builder and architect († between 1428 and 1435 )
- Annabella Drummond , Queen of Scotland († 1401 )
- Florentius Radewijns , Dutch church reformer († 1400 )
- Georg von Hohenlohe , Bishop of Passau and Archbishop of Gran († 1423 )
- Guillaume de Challant , Bishop of Lausanne († 1431 )
- Nikolaus von Kaaden , Bohemian clockmaker and mechanic († around 1420)
- Catherine Swynford , mistress and future wife of John of Gaunt († 1403 )
- Leonore Teles de Menezes , Portuguese noblewoman, queen and regent of her country († 1386 )
- Herman von Vechelde , German long-distance trader and mayor of Braunschweig († 1420 )
- Andrew Wyntoun , Scottish clergyman and historian († around 1422 )
Date of death secured
- January 25th : Alvarus Pelagius , Galician Franciscan and theologian, Bishop of Silves (* between 1275 and 1280 )
- March 26th : Alfonso XI. , King of Castile and León (* 1311 )
- April 3 : Odo IV , Duke of Burgundy, Count of Burgundy and Count of Artois (* 1295 )
- June 6 : Bertrand de Saint-Geniès , Patriarch of Aquileia and Blessed of the Catholic Church (* 1260 )
- July 10 : Konrad II , Count of Freiburg (* before 1316)
- August 2 : Robert de Ferrers , English nobleman (* 1309 )
- 22nd August : Tidemann von Güstrow , mint owner and mayor of Lübeck (* around 1300 )
- August 22nd : Philip VI. , King of France (* 1293 )
- 23 August : Johannes Mul , Bishop of Lübeck (* around 1291 )
- September 21 : Arnold von Bardewik , German businessman and councilor of the Hanseatic city of Lübeck
- September 26 : Ibn Qaiyim al-Jschauzīya , Hanbali scholar in Syria (* 1292 )
- November 19 : Raoul II. De Brienne , Count of Eu and Guînes and Connétable of France
- December 18 : Heinrich II. , Vogt and Lord of Plauen and Lord of Greiz (* around 1289 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Dietrich III. von Volmerstein , German nobleman
- Stefano Fiorentino , Italian painter (* 1301 )
- Johannes Gobi , German author of a specimen collection (* 1300 )
- Henry of Kiev , first Roman Catholic bishop of Kiev
- Wedekin Klingenberg , councilor of the Hanseatic city of Lübeck
- Johann Strote , auxiliary bishop in Cologne