Calendar overview 1386
|Battle of Sempach , the Confederates defeat Leopold III's army . of Austria who fell in battle.|
|Jogaila becomes King of Poland and establishes with ...||Jadwiga the Jagiellonian family .|
|1386 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||834/835 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||10th house - Matlactli Calli (until the end of January / beginning of February 9th Feuerstein - Chicuhnahui Tecpatl )|
|Buddhist calendar||1929/30 (southern Buddhism); 1928/29 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||68th (69th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||748/749 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||787/788 (turn of the year February 1st / 2nd)|
|Jewish calendar||5146/47 (August 26-27)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1696/97 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1697/98 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1442/43|
Politics and world events
Lithuania / Poland
- February 2 : The Lithuanian Grand Duke Jogaila is elected King of Poland by the Polish nobility in Lublin and subsequently marries the Polish Queen Jadwiga .
- February 15 : Grand Duke Jogaila (Polish Jagiełło) is baptized in Krakow with the Christian name Władysław. 1387 following Christianization of Lithuania.
- March 4 : Algirdas ' son Jogaila mounts as King Władysław II Jagiełło. In Cracow the Polish throne and justified by the dynasty of Jagiellonian in Poland. After further power struggles, his cousin Vytautas established himself as the Grand Duke of Lithuania .
- Spring 1386 or 1387 : Turkish Wars : The battle near Pločnik not far from Prokuplje between the troops of the Serbian prince Lazar Hrebeljanović and the army of the Ottomans under Murad I ends with a victory for the Serbian army.
- August 17th : After Ottoman units have carried out several heavy attacks on Durrës , the Albanian prince Karl Thopia forms an alliance with the Republic of Venice . In it, Karl undertook to take part in all wars in the republic or to pay aid and deliver grain. He also promises the Venetian merchants protection in his country. In return, the republic provided him with a galley, allowed him to recruit mercenaries in their territories and instructed the captain of their Adriatic fleet to protect Karl's coasts against the Turks.
Other events in Europe
- February 24th : King Karl II of Hungary , in personal union also King Karl III. of Naples , is murdered by nobles in Visegrád .
- May 9 : Portugal and England affirm their alliance with the Treaty of Windsor .
- July 9th : In the Battle of Sempach , the Confederates defeat Duke Leopold III's army . of Austria who fell in battle. In the history of Switzerland, the battle is considered the climax of the conflict between the Habsburgs and the Confederates during the Swiss Habsburg Wars . The Swiss Confederation can consolidate itself through the victory and the balance of power in the Swiss plateau is decisively changed in favor of the Confederation.
City rights and first documentary mentions
- The places Ebenung , Großalmerode and Mösbach are first mentioned in a document.
- Frederick , Count Palatine of the Rhine and Duke in Bavaria , gives Frontenhausen the market law .
- June 8th : The four Rhenish princes Kuno von Trier , Friedrich von Cologne , Adolf von Mainz and Ruprecht von der Pfalz join forces to form the Rhenish Mint Association . They let the Rhenish guilder , which was soon recognized as a trading coin throughout the empire , later also minted the white pfennig.
- The Zum Goldenen Roß brewery is founded in Augsburg .
science and technology
- October 1 : The Palatinate Elector Ruprecht I donates Heidelberg University with papal approval from Urban VI. On October 18, the studium generale begins with a mass, the next day the lectures begin . Marsilius von Inghen becomes the first rector . The first professors at the young Heidelberg University come from Paris and Prague after they fled their home country to what was then a safe country in Heidelberg because of the split in the church and the nationality struggles.
- A pig is hanged for child murder in England after an animal trial .
Date of birth saved
- March 12 : Ashikaga Yoshimochi , Japanese Shogun († 1428 )
- June 24 : Johannes Capistranus , Italian traveling preacher († 1456 )
- September 19 : Ambrogio Traversari , Italian humanist, theologian and religious general († 1439 )
- November 25th : Elisabeth Achler , German nun and mystic († 1420 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Adolf II , Count of Nassau-Wiesbaden-Idstein († 1426 )
- Anna von Cilli , Queen of Poland and Grand Duchess of Lithuania († 1416 )
- Balša III. Stracimirović , Serbian prince in Montenegro († 1421 )
- Cristoforo Buondelmonti , Italian monk and geographer († around 1430)
- Faraj , Sultan of Egypt († 1412 )
- Pierre de Foix , Legate of the Pope in Avignon and Archbishop of Arles († 1464 )
- Ghillebert de Lannoy , French knight († 1462 )
- Henry XVI. , Duke of Bavaria-Landshut († 1450 )
- Eleanor Holland , English noblewoman († after 1413 )
- Lan Kham Daeng , King of Lan Xang († 1428 )
- Nicolaus de Tudeschis , Italian theologian and Archbishop of Palermo († 1445 )
- Thiébaut VIII. De Neufchâtel , adviser to the French kings and dukes of Burgundy and Lorraine in the Hundred Years War († 1459 )
Date of death secured
- January 2nd : Tilo von Stobenhain , Bishop of Samland
- January 27th : Reinhard von Moirke, the elder , lay judge and mayor of the imperial city of Aachen
- February 24th : Charles III. , King of Naples and Prince of Achaia, as Charles II King of Hungary (* 1345 )
- March 24th : John I , Count of Auvergne and Boulogne (* 1326 )
- April 1 : James Audley , English magnate (* 1312 )
- April 8 : Siegfried zum Paradies , politician and patrician in Frankfurt am Main
- April 27 : Leonore Teles de Menezes , Queen and Regent of Portugal (* 1340 )
- May 30th : Konrad von Geisenheim , Bishop of Lübeck
- June 24th : Giles Daubeney , English knight and politician (* around 1333)
- July 9 : Petermann von Gundoldingen , mayor of Lucerne
- July 9 : Konrad V , Duke of Teck (* 1361 )
- July 9 : Leopold III. , Duke of Austria, Styria, Carinthia and Carniola (* 1351 )
- July 9 : Martin Malterer , knight from Freiburg im Breisgau
- July 9 : Johann Ochsenstein , commanding field captain of the Habsburgs (* 1331 )
- July 9th : Otto I , Margrave of Baden-Hachberg
- July 9 : Peter von Aarberg , nobleman (* around 1350)
- July 9 : Niklaus Thut , mayor of the Habsburg city of Zofingen
- July 9 : Arnold Winkelried , mythical figure in Swiss history
- July 25 : Nikolaus von Gara , Palatine of Hungary, advisor to Ludwig I and close confidante of Queen Elizabeth of Bosnia
- August 20 : Bo Jonsson Grip , Swedish Councilor and Reichsdrost
- September 15 : Roland von Salsomaggiore , hermit, Seliger (* around 1310)
- September 26 : Walter Fitzwalter , English nobleman and military man (* 1345 )
- December 31 : Johanna von Bayern , first wife of the Bohemian and Roman-German King Wenzel (* 1362 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Gerhard Darsow , Lübeck businessman, councilor and co-founder of the circle society
- Euphemia de Ross , Queen of Scotland
- Agnes von Holstein , Duchess of Saxony-Lauenburg
- Albert Hoyer , German businessman, councilor and treasurer
- Johannes II. Wilcken , Bishop of Cammin
- Jonang Chogle Namgyel , person of Tibetan Buddhism (* 1306 )
- Heinrich von Lammesspringe , chronicler (* around 1325)
- Tidemann Lemberg , merchant and patrician from Dortmund (* around 1310)
- Heinrich von Moos , Swiss nobleman and governor
- Niphon , Patriarch of Alexandria