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◄◄ | | 1302 | 1303 | 1304 | 1305 | 1306 | 1307 | 1308 | 1309 | 1310 | | ►►

Heads of State · Nekrolog

Statue of Robert the Bruce in front of Stirling Castle
Robert the Bruce is crowned King of Scotland , but
is defeated by the English in the Battle of Methven .
1306 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 754/755 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1298/99
Aztec calendar 8th house - Chicuei Calli (until the end of January / beginning of February 7th Feuerstein - Chicome Tecpatl )
Buddhist calendar 1849/50 (southern Buddhism); 1848/49 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 66th (67th) cycle

Year of the fire horse丙午 ( at the beginning of the year wood snake 乙巳)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 668/669 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 684/685
Islamic calendar 705/706 (turn of the year 12/13 July)
Jewish calendar 5066/67 (9/10 September)
Coptic calendar 1022/23
Malayalam calendar 481/482
Seleucid era Babylon: 1616/17 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1617/18 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1344
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1362/63


Politics and world events


Holy Roman Empire

  • Dissatisfied noblemen and knights incite the farmers from the Haseldorfer Marsch , who fear the loss of their privileges, to a revolt against the Holstein counts. They receive support from the Dithmarscher and Krempermarscher farmers, who had successfully resisted an armed attack by their masters a few years earlier. On July 28, they were defeated in the second battle near Uetersen by Bremen's Archbishop Giselbert von Brunkhorst with the help of a coalition of the Dukes of Lauenburg and Lüneburg and the Counts of Holstein , the main ringleader was captured, publicly whacked and quartered. The nobles are banished and lose their possessions. Some of them are accepted into Lübeck, which at the same time is enemies with the counts. The peasants are deprived of the privileges they received when they began cultivating the march. The Counts of Holstein strengthened their power by taking possession of Uetersen Castle and building the Hatzburg near Wedel.
Memorial plaque of Wenceslas III.

Other events in Europe

  • January / February: The Swedish Reichsmarschall Torgils Knutsson , who worked successfully for many years as guardian and advisor to his King Birger , falls victim to an intrigue by the King's brothers and is executed without trial.
  • July 22nd : Around 100,000 Jews are arrested on the orders of the French King Philip IV . Their property will be transferred to the king and all will be banished from France.
  • Summer: Pope Clement V calls for a crusade against the northern Italian sect leader Fra Dolcino and his followers, who until then had successfully fought against the Inquisition with armed force.

First documentary mentions

science and technology


Archbishop Peter von Aspelt, grave monument in Mainz Cathedral
The Confucius Temple
with the statue of Confucius


Date of birth saved

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1306


First half of the year

Second half of the year

  • before December 6: Roger Bigod , English magnate and military (* around 1245 )

Exact date of death unknown

Died around 1306

Web links

Commons : 1306  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files