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Heads of State · Nekrolog

The Papal Palace in Avignon
Pope Clement V moves the papal seat and the seat of the curia
to Avignon . This is the beginning of the so-called " Avignon exile ".
1309 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 757/758 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1301/02
Aztec calendar 11. Feuerstein - Matlactli ozce Tecpatl (until the end of January / beginning of February 10th tubes - Matlactli Acatl )
Buddhist calendar 1852/53 (southern Buddhism); 1851/52 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 66th (67th) cycle

Year of the Earth-Rooster己酉 ( at the beginning of the year Earth-Monkey 戊申)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 671/672 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 687/688
Islamic calendar 708/709 (turn of the year 10/11 June)
Jewish calendar 5069/70 (September 5-6)
Coptic calendar 1025/26
Malayalam calendar 484/485
Seleucid era Babylon: 1619/20 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1620/21 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1347
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1365/66


Politics and world events

France and the Avignon Papacy

Medieval depiction of Rome as a widow in black, mourning the loss of the papacy

From this year France will determine the guidelines of papal policy: Pope Clement V , who came from France, relocated the papal seat and the seat of the curia to Avignon in March under pressure from King Philip the Fair . The so -called " Avignon exile " , which lasted until 1376, began . Under French influence, the papacy becomes the plaything of French power interests and loses its authority as a non-partisan power in the Christian West. The persecution of the Knights Templar begins to intensify.

Christian order of knights

Statue of Siegfried von Feuchtwangen on the Marienburg

The Teutonic Order moves its seat under Grand Master Siegfried von Feuchtwangen from Venice to the Marienburg , a Teutonic Order castle on the Nogat in the Teutonic Order state in the Baltic States and Prussia, which has existed since the middle of the 13th century . The office of Landmeister of Prussia is thus dissolved and combined with that of Grand Master . With the contract of Soldin of September 13th, he acquires from Waldemar , Margrave of Brandenburg , for 10,000 silver marks of Brandenburg weight on the Polish state rights of Władysław I. Ellenlang his disputed claims to the Duchy of Pomerania . The countries around Schlawe , Stolp , Rügenwalde and Bütow go to the Pomeranian aristocratic family of the Swenzonen as the Brandenburg fiefdoms, the larger remainder with the main festival Danzig is taken over by the Teutonic Order.

Grand Master's coat of arms Foulques' de Villaret

After more than two years of fighting, the Knights of the Order of St. John , later the Order of Malta , conquered the city ​​of Rhodes under their Grand Master Foulques de Villaret and thus gained control of the island of the same name from the Byzantine Empire, which was allied with Genoese and the Turkish Beylik Mentesche . Soon after, the seat of the Order was moved from Cyprus to Rhodes .

Holy Roman Empire

The coronation of Heinrich and Margaret, illustrated chronicle of the Elector Baldwin of Trier, Trier around 1340

Southern Italy / France

Saint Louis of Toulouse crowns his brother Robert of Anjou
(Simone Martini, 1317)

Iberian Peninsula

City rights and first documentary mentions

science and technology

Pont Saint-Esprit
  • The Pont Saint-Esprit , a stone arch bridge over the Rhone , will be completed after 44 years of construction. For a long time it was the only stone bridge between Lyon and the sea and the longest bridge in Europe.



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Born around 1309


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Web links

Commons : 1309  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files