Calendar overview 1308
Henry VII of Luxembourg is elected Roman-German King
after the assassination of Albert I.
|1308 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||756/757 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||10. Pipes - Matlactli Acatl (until the end of January / beginning of February 9th Rabbit - Chicuhnahui Tochtli )|
|Buddhist calendar||1851/52 (southern Buddhism); 1850/51 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||66th (67th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||670/671 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||707/708 (turn of the year 20/21 June)|
|Jewish calendar||5068/69 (September 15/16)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1618/19 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1619/20 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1364/65|
Politics and world events
Holy Roman Empire
- May 1st : Johann von Schwaben , with four companions, lies in wait for his uncle, the Roman-German King Albrecht I , and murders him near Königsfelden . The motive of the crime is primarily the failure of the king to compensate the perpetrator.
- August 18 : In Znojmo , Heinrich of Carinthia renounces his rights in relation to Bohemia to the Habsburg Frederick of Austria .
- November 27 The electors elect Count Henry VII of Luxembourg instead of Charles of Valois , despite the massive bribery of Charles's election. Pope Clement V recognizes the election of the new king.
- The North German Margrave War begins.
- Under the leadership of Berlin, the towns of the Mark Brandenburg form a defensive alliance against robber barons .
- Margrave Waldemar von Brandenburg marches into Pomerellen , where the aristocratic family of the Swenzones has been rebelling against Polish rule since the previous year , and also takes the main fortress of Danzig . The few Polish garrison troops Władysław I. Ellenlangs entrench themselves in the castle directly in front of the city, where they are besieged by the Brandenburgers. The Pomeranian regional judge and castellan of the city of Danzig then called the Teutonic Order for help. A relief army of the Teutonic Knights under Heinrich von Plötzke and Günther von Schwarzburg reached the castle in August, whereupon the Brandenburgers gave up the siege without a fight and withdrew.
- However, the townspeople continue to resist and will be besieged by Polish garrison troops from September. During the siege, the besiegers quarrel about their remuneration. Władysław I. refuses to pay the knights 10,000 silver marks for their help. The Poles finally leave and the Teutonic Order continues the siege alone.
- November 13th : With the takeover of Danzig by the Teutonic Order , the city is incorporated into the Teutonic Order state . How many people are killed in the storm is still controversial today.
Other events in Europe
- January 25th : Eight kings and queens are present as the English King Edward II and Isabelle de France get married in the cathedral of Boulogne-sur-Mer .
- Karl I. Robert von Anjou becomes after the recognition by his opponent Otto III. of Bavaria, who returns to Landshut in February , King of Hungary .
- October 5 : After the death of Guido II. De la Roche , Walter V of Brienne becomes Duke of Athens .
- When the Mongol- dependent King Vakhtang III. dies of Georgia from the Bagratid dynasty , they come to an agreement with his brother David VIII , who is waging a partisan war against them in the north and east of the country . took the throne in Tbilisi under the reign of his uncle Giorgi V.
City rights and first documentary mentions
- First written mention of Aedermannsdorf , Hesselhurst , Obergösgen , Roches , Schwendibach and Weier
- Friesoythe is first mentioned with city rights .
- The codified Bremen city law comes into force.
science and technology
- Breakthrough in surgery : in Venice , permission is granted for the first time in Europe to dissect a corpse .
Date of birth saved
Exact date of birth unknown
- Gaston II , Count of Foix († 1343 )
- Giorgi VI. , King of Georgia († 1314 )
- Ibn Muflih , Islamic legal scholar († 1362 )
- Jurij II , Duke of Halych-Volodymyr († 1340 )
- Künga Legpe Chungne Gyeltshen Pel Sangpo , person of Tibetan Buddhism († 1341 )
- Longchen Rabjam , person of Tibetan Buddhism († 1363 )
- Mastino II. Della Scala , Lord of Verona († 1351 )
- Moriyoshi , Japanese prince († 1335 )
- Andrea di Cione (called Orcagna) , Florentine painter, sculptor and architect († 1368 )
- Stefan Uroš IV. Dušan , King and Tsar of Serbia († 1355 )
- Wang Meng , Chinese painter († 1385 )
Born around 1308
1st half year
- January 9 : Richard Hoton , Prior of Durham
- January 23 or February 10 : Emmerich von Schöneck , Bishop of Worms
- January 30th : Margaret of Antioch , mistress of Tire (* 1244 )
- February 1 : Hermann the Long , Margrave of Brandenburg (* around 1275 )
- between January 28th and February 4th : Ulrich von Paldau , Bishop of Seckau
- March 18 : Yuri I of Galicia , Prince of Bel's, Prince of Halych-Vladimir and "King of the Rus" (* around 1252 / 62 )
- April 6 : Reginald Gray , English nobleman and military man
- April 21 or May 11 : Wilhelm I , Count von Berg
- May 1st : Albrecht I , Roman-German King and Duke of Austria and Styria (* 1255 )
- May 2 : Berthold II , Abbot of St. Blasien
- June 5th : Gottfried von Schlüsselberg , Franconian nobleman
- June 13 : Erland of the Faroe Islands , Bishop of Kirkjubøur
- June 18th : Boniface de Challant , Bishop of Sion
- 4th July : Eberhard I. von der Mark , Vogt of Essen, Count von Mark and Count von Altena
- August 18 : Clare of Montefalco , Catholic saint and abbess (* 1268 )
- September 4th : Margaret of Burgundy , Countess of Tonerre, Queen of Sicily and Naples (* 1250 )
- September 10 : Go-Nijō , Emperor of Japan (* 1285 )
- September 24th or November 28th : Guido I of Lusignan , Count of La Marche and Angoulême (* around 1265 )
- September: Henry de Gray , English nobleman (* around 1256 )
- October 5th : Guido II. De la Roche , Duke of Athens
- October 5 : Ludwig von Ravensberg , Bishop of Osnabrück (* around 1260 )
- October 16 : Otto III. von Rietberg , Bishop of Munster
- November 8 : Johannes Duns Scotus , Scottish theologian and philosopher of (high) scholasticism (* 1266 )
- November 27th : Otto IV., With the arrow , Margrave of Brandenburg (* around 1238 )
- November: Philip of Chieti , regent of Flanders (* around 1263 )
- December 14th : Christian of Pomesania , Bishop of Pomesania
- December 21 : Heinrich I , first Landgrave of Hesse and founder of the Hessian Princely House (* 1244 )
- December: Walram I , Count of Zweibrücken
Exact date of death unknown
- Abu Thabit Amir , Sultan of the Merinids in Morocco
- Adolf V. , Count of Holstein and Stormarn (* around 1252 )
- Gisela von Schlüsselberg , first abbess of the Schluesselau monastery
- Gombau d'Entença , Catalan nobleman and governor
- John Comyn , Scottish nobleman (* around 1260 )
- Constantine III , King of Armenia (* 1278 )
- Master Arnold , second Cologne cathedral master builder
- Peter Mauley , English nobleman and military man (* 1249 )
- Ralph Sandwich , English judge (* around 1235 )
- Sempad , King of Armenia (* 1277 )
- Ulrich II. Von Heunburg , Carinthian nobleman
- Wachtang III. , Ruler of medieval Georgia (* 1276 )