Calendar overview 1320
Declaration of Arbroath
, Scotland declares its independence from England .
|1320 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||768/769 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||9th tubes - Chicuhnahui Acatl (until the end of January / beginning of February 8th Rabbit - Chicuei Tochtli )|
|Buddhist calendar||1863/64 (southern Buddhism); 1862/63 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||66th (67th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||682/683 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||719/720 (turn of the year 11/12 February)|
|Jewish calendar||5080/81 (September 4th / 5th)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1630/31 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1631/32 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1376/77|
Politics and world events
- April 6th : With the Declaration of Arbroath , Scotland declares its independence from England . The document, with the signatures and seals of 51 Scottish earls, magnates and nobles, is sent as a letter to Pope John XXII, who has lived in Avignon , France since 1316 . sent. The declaration is intended to dispel the Pope's reservations about the end of English rule over Scotland and at the same time asks for mediation in the conflict with England .
- May 5th : The Treaty of Paris brings Robert III's reconciliation . of Flanders and Nevers with the French King Philip V. Roberts grandson Ludwig marries Philip's daughter Margaret of France on July 21 . In this contract, the towns of Lille , Douai and Orchies finally go to France .
- May: The second Pastoral Crusade begins in Normandy when a young shepherd claims that the Holy Spirit has come upon him and instructed him to fight the Moors in Spain. Crowds of young men, women and children then move south and attack predominantly Jews, but also castles, royal officials, priests and lepers. They pass Saintes , Verdun , Cahors and Albi and arrive in Toulouse on June 12th . In Montclus in the Kingdom of Aragon they kill more than 300 people. King James II then has those responsible arrested and executed. After that there are no further occurrences and the crusade dissolves.
- August 4th : A Scottish parliament meets in Scone condemning the conspirators of the Soules conspiracy uncovered in the summer .
Holy Roman Empire
- July: With the death of Heinrich the Child , the dynasty of the Ascanian Margraves of Brandenburg dies out.
- January 20 : The Polish Duke Władysław I. Ellenlang is with the consent of Pope John XXII. crowned King of Poland in Krakow . In the same year he married his daughter Elisabeth to the Hungarian King Karl von Anjou to reinforce his anti- Johann von Bohemian alliance with Hungary .
- The cooperation between the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and the Grand Duchy of Tver is strengthened by a political marriage between Gedimina's daughter , Maria, and Prince Dmitrij Mikhailovich .
- March 1 : Suddhipala succeeds his late father Buyantu Khan as Emperor of the Mongolian Yuan Dynasty in China . At the same time , the power struggles instigated by Finance Minister Temüder began at court, which had their background in the difficult financial situation of the Reich.
- Ghiyas-ud-din Tughluq Shah I rises against the last Khilji Sultan Nasir ud-din Chusrau , who shortly before murdered the previous Sultan Qutb-ud-din Mubarak Shah . After his victory he becomes the first member of the Tughluq dynasty to become Sultan of Delhi . It combats corruption, lowers taxes and promotes agriculture.
City rights and first documentary mentions
- First documented mention of Capri Leone , Mauren bei Ehningen , Eriz , Mitlödi , Mirchel and Tunau
- The community of St. Egidien is first mentioned in a document with "Eccleria Sancti Egidii in Lunwicz".
- Linz am Rhein receives city rights .
- In order to promote the canonization of Thomas Aquinas financially, the general chapter of the Dominicans in Rouen calls on all provincials to bring a guilder for each friar to the next meeting.
- The Marienkirche in Kolberg is completed after forty years of construction.
- In Gaeta the construction of the Santissima Annunziata church begins .
Historical maps and views
Date of birth saved
- February 9 : Katharina von Habsburg , German noblewoman († 1349 )
- March 20 : Lawrence Hastings , English magnate and military man († 1348 )
- April 8 : Peter I , King of Portugal († 1367 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Arigaba , Mongolian Emperor of China († 1328 )
- Gabriele Adorno , Doge of the Republic of Genoa († 1383 )
- Inês de Castro , Castilian nobleman and lover of the King of Portugal († 1355 )
- Louis of Taranto , Prince of Taranto, King of Naples and Count of Provence († 1362 )
- Nijō Yoshimoto , Japanese poet, scholar and court official († 1388 )
- Orcagna , Florentine painter, sculptor and architect († 1368 )
- Rudolf , Duke of Lorraine († 1346 )
- Toghan Timur , Mongolian Emperor of China († 1370 )
- Chen Youliang , founder of the Chinese rebel state Dahan († 1363 )
- Berthold von Zollern , Prince-Bishop of Eichstätt († 1365 )
Born around 1320
- Margaret Brotherton, Duchess of Norfolk , English nobleman († 1399 )
- John Hawkwood , Italian condottiere of English origin († 1394 )
- Vojtěch Raňkův z Ježova , Czech theologian and philosopher († 1388 )
Date of death secured
- February 7th : Johann Muskata , Bishop of Krakow (* around 1250)
- March 1 : Buyantu Khan , Emperor of China (* 1285 )
- March 21 : Werner von Homberg , minstrel, knight and war captain (* 1284 )
- June 5 : Peter von Aspelt , Archbishop of Mainz (* around 1245 )
- July 20 : Oshin of Armenia , King of the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia (* 1282 )
- August 18 : Adelheid von Braunschweig-Grubenhagen , Duchess of Carinthia and titular queen of Bohemia (* 1285 )
- October 12 : Michael IX. , Byzantine co-emperor (* 1277 )
- October 31 : Ricoldo da Monte di Croce , Florentine Orient missionary (* around 1243 )
Exact date of death unknown
- before April 25: Albrecht II , Abbot of Murrhardt
- July: Heinrich II. , Margrave of Brandenburg (* around 1308)
- September: Manuel Palaiologos , Byzantine prince
- Antonius Andreae , Spanish Franciscan (* around 1280 )
- Anna von Bolanden , Palatine nobleman (* around 1260 )
- Johannes I. von Blankenfelde , Mayor of Berlin (* around 1240)
- Maud de Burgh , Anglo-Irish nobleman (* around 1290 )
- Heinrich von Plötzke , Knight of the Teutonic Order
- Jom Tob ben Abraham from Seville , Spanish-Jewish scholar, Talmudist and religious philosopher (* 1250 )
- Luitbert von Rödinghausen , abbot of the Grafschaft monastery
- Maria Afonso , illegitimate daughter of the Portuguese King Dionysius (* 1301 )
- Nichirō , Japanese Buddhist monk (* 1245 )
Died around 1320
- Aaron ben Joseph , Jewish scholar and Karaite (* around 1260 )
- Roger Deslaur , Duke of Athens
- Zhu Shijie , Chinese mathematician (* around 1260 )