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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Portrait of Erik Magnusson in Stavanger Cathedral
Erik II becomes King of Norway .
Albertus Magnus, fresco (1352) in Treviso, Italy
Albertus Magnus dies.
1280 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 728/729 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1272/73
Buddhist calendar 1823/24 (southern Buddhism); 1822/23 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 66th (67th) cycle

Year of the Metal Dragon庚辰 ( at the beginning of the year Earth-Rabbit 己卯)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 642/643 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 658/659
Islamic calendar 678/679 (turn of the year 2/3 May)
Jewish calendar 5040/41 (August 26-27)
Coptic calendar 996/997
Malayalam calendar 455/456
Seleucid era Babylon: 1590/91 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1591/92 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1318
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1336/37 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events


Second oldest seal in Berlin from 1280
  • March 22nd : The Berlin bear is shown to adorn the coat of arms of Berlin for the first time . It is on the seal of a guild letter from the Berlin furriers. In the center of the seal is the Brandenburg eagle .
  • May 9 : Magnus VI. von Norway dies at the age of 42. His underage son Erik II will be crowned King of Norway on July 2nd in the Christ Church in Bergen by Archbishop Jon Raude and seven other bishops . At the same time there is a synod of bishops and a Reichstag, at which a guardianship government is formed from barons and officials from the royal entourage for the king who is still underage. In all likelihood, the widow of the queen, Ingeborg Eriksdatter, is also a member of this body, which is expressly referred to as the “Royal Council” for the first time in Norwegian history. The tensions with the church already emerged in the coronation negotiations. In his coronation oath, Erik promises to recognize the Church's financial and spiritual rights. But immediately after the coronation, the guardianship government passed a major change in the law to the detriment of the church. Archbishop Jon Raude then has an extensive statute passed at the synod at the same time, in which he establishes the ecclesiastical legislative competence in church matters and threatens to excommunicate anyone who should interfere with these rights.
  • around 1280: The Alsnö statute is issued, which forms the basis for the emergence of a Swedish nobility.

First documentary mentions, market and city rights


science and technology


Susskind, the Jew from Trimberg (Codex Manesse, 14th century)


  • August 22 : After the death of Pope Nicholas III. the cardinals called to elect his successor meet for the conclave in Viterbo . In order to strengthen the power of the French cardinals, Cardinal Matteo Orsini, a relative of the deceased Pope, was arrested as a precaution. In a six-month conclave marked by conflicts of power politics, the parties involved cannot agree on a successor by the end of the year.

nature and environment


Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1280


Date of death secured

Jolanthe of Burgundy, tomb in Nevers Cathedral
Funerary monument of Walter of Bronescombe in Exeter Cathedral

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1280  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files