Berke Qan

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Berke Qan ( Arabic الملك السعيد ناصر الدين محمد بركة قان al-Malik as-Sa'id Nasir ad-Din Muhammad Baraka Qan , DMG al-Malik as-Saʿīd Nāṣir al-Dīn Muḥammad Baraka Qān , throne name: al-Malik as-Sa'id Nasir ad-Din Baraka; * 1258 ; † 1280 ) was Sultan of the Mamluks in Egypt from 1277 to 1279.

Berke Qan had been appointed as his successor by his father Baibars (1260–1277). He was also able to take over the rule in 1277. But he was a weak ruler and was under the influence of his Mongolian mother. When he removed his father's followers from office, opposition increased. In 1279, his father-in-law Qalawun forced Berke Qan's resignation. He was Kerak in Transjordan assigned as an independent dominion. His only seven year old brother Solamisch (Turkish: Sülemiş; throne name: al-Malik al-Adil Badr ad-Din Salamisch, † 1291) became the new Sultan of Egypt on the proposal and under the tutelage of Qalawun. In December of the same year he was deposed by Qualawun and later went into exile with his brother. Qualawun now made himself sultan and prevented the seizure of power by another son of Baibar, Khidr, to whom he granted rule over Montreal near Kerak. Thus the formation of a dynasty by Baibars had failed. Qalawun was the new sultan (1279-1290) and founded the Bahri dynasty .

Berke Qan was buried next to his father in the mausoleum of the as-Zahiriya library in Damascus.


  • RL Wolff / HW Hazard: The later Crusades, 1189-1311. XXII. The Mamluk Sultans to 1293 . University of Wisconsin Press, Madison 1969. page 750
predecessor Office successor
Baibars Sultan of Egypt