Petrus Aureoli

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Commentarii in libros sententiarum

Petrus Aureoli (* around 1280 in Aquitaine , † probably January 10, 1322 in Avignon or Aix-en-Provence ), also called doctor facundus ( Latin for the eloquent doctor ), was a theologian and philosopher belonging to the Franciscan order .

Petrus Aureoli probably entered the Franciscan order before 1300. He studied in Toulouse and probably made friends with the local lawyer and later Pope John XXII. , Jacques Duèse. First he taught in Bologna at the General Studies of the Franciscans, 1314 in Tolouse, 1316-18 in Paris , where he commented on the collection of sentences of Petrus Lombardus , earned his master's degree and held exegetical lectures until 1320 and commented on current issues ( Quodlibeta ). At the end of 1320 he became provincial of his order for Aquitaine, 1321 Archbishop of Aix , he died a year later.

His main work is his sentence commentary, completed in 1316 . This is handed down in an authorized version ( ordinatio ) and as a postscript ( reportatio ) in the Vatican Library (Ms. Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Borgh. 123, fols. 1r-198v). In addition, 16 Quodlibeta, u. a. an early writing De principiis , 2 treatises on the virgin conception and a breviarium bibliorum received.

Petrus Aureoli advocates a conceptualism similar to Occam's later position . His theology is close to that of Duns Scotus , but not in all points and in this respect is based on the doctrine of the other Franciscans. a. in the doctrine of justification .


  • Opera selecta. Netherlands, 15th century, 4th quarter ( digitized )
  • Commentariorum in primum librum Sententiarum Pars Prima. Rome 1596
  • Scriptum super primum Sententiarium [Prologue to Distinction I]. Edited by EM Buytaert, 2 volumes, St. Bonaventure 1952–56 ( partly available online )

See also


  • Stephen F. Brown: Avicenna and the unity of the concept of being . The interpretations of Henry of Ghent, Duns Scotus, Gerard of Bologna and Peter Aureoli, in: Franciscan Studies 25 (1965), 117-150.
  • Stephen F. Brown: Walter Burley, Peter Aureoli and Gregory of Rimini , in: John Marenbon (eds.): Routledge History of Philosophy, Vol. 3, Medieval Philosophy, London 1998, 368-385
  • Russell L. Friedman: Peter Auriol on Intellectual Cognition of Singulars , in: Vivarium 38/1 (2000), 177-193
  • Thomas Marschler , Petrus Aureoli in dispute with Thomas von Aquin and Johannes Duns Scotus about God's free will , in: M. Gerwing / HJF Reinhardt (ed.), Truth on the Way . Festschrift for Ludwig Hödl on his eighty-fifth birthday (BGPhMA NF 72), Münster 2009, 206-225.
  • Lauge Olaf Nielsen: The Intelligibility of Faith and the Nature of Theology : Peter Auriole's Theological Program, in: Studia Theologica 53 (1999), 26-39
  • Dominik Perler: What Am I Thinking About? John Duns Scotus and Peter Aureol on Intentional Objects, in: Vivarium 32/1 (1994), 72-89
  • Paul Vincent Spade: The Unity of a Science according to Peter Auriol , in: Franciscan Studies 32 (1972), 203-217
  • Katherine H. Tachau: The Preparation of a Critical Edition of Pierre Auriol's Sentences Lectures and Lauge Olaf Nielsen: The Critical Edition of Peter Aureoli's Scholastic Works , in: Alvaro Cacciotti and Barbara Faes de Mottoni (eds.): Editori di Quaracchi 100 anni dopo . Bilancio e prospettive, Rome 1997, 205-216 and 217-225

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