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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Louis IX  the saint dies before Tunis;  His brother Charles of Anjou, King of Sicily, stands at his deathbed, Grandes Chroniques de France, 14th century
The French King Louis IX. dies during the siege of Tunis on the seventh crusade .
Coronation of Philip III.  of France, Grandes Chroniques de France, 14th century
Ludwig's second son
Philip III. is crowned the new King of France .
Byzantine Empire 1270 (including the vassal states)
Under Michael VIII , the Byzantine Empire reached
its greatest expansion after the Restoration in 1261 .
1270 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 718/719 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1262/63
Buddhist calendar 1813/14 (southern Buddhism); 1812/13 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 66th (67th) cycle

Year of the Metal Horse庚午 ( at the beginning of the year Earth-Snake 己巳)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 632/633 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 648/649
Islamic calendar 668/669 (turn of the year 19/20 August)
Jewish calendar 5030/31 (September 17/18)
Coptic calendar 986/987
Malayalam calendar 445/446
Seleucid era Babylon: 1580/81 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1581/82 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1308
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1326/27 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Seventh crusade

Departure for the 7th Crusade
  • July 2nd : Six weeks before the planned date, the French King Louis IX stabs with his fleet at sea without waiting any longer for the English Prince Edward Plantagenet . As with his first crusade, he kept the official announcement of the crusade's goal a secret until the very end in order to deprive the Muslim opponent of the opportunity to plan an adequate defense and to have the advantage of the element of surprise on his side. What is unusual this time, however, is the very early time for revelation as well as the place of the goal. Because instead of against Egypt or Syria, i.e. the Mamluk territory, the attack on the Sultanate of Tunis in North Africa is to take place.
Siege of Tunis 1270
Philip III of France makes peace with al-Mustansir
  • October 30th : Due to spreading diseases, the siege of Tunis is terminated by a peace agreement with Philip III. ended with the sultan. Muhammad agrees to pay a heavy tribute to the Crusaders and to allow Christian priests access to Tunis. In return, the crusaders break off the crusade and leave for Sicily.
Prince Edward

Holy Roman Empire

  • Bremen receives 'Hamburger Recht' (first documented mention of a town charter in this city).
  • The Fulda abbot Berthon II. Of Leibolz allows for continuous robberies the Castle Ebersburg , the Osterburg and destroy two more castles. The knight Hermann von Ebersberg, known as von Weyhers , is taken prisoner. Bertho II had him publicly executed by Gerlach kitchen master despite the promise of safe conduct on the Fulda market square. Because of this deed, the knights, above all Giso von Steinau , swear fatal revenge on the abbot.
  • around 1270: Today's Kleinwalsertal is settled over the Hochalp Pass by five families who have emigrated from Upper Valais (Switzerland).

Other events in Europe

Stephan V.



  • After the death of his father David VII , the underage Dimitri II becomes King of Georgia . His uncle Sadun Mankaberdeli took over the reign until 1278 . Despite the suzerainty of the Mongols , the country is experiencing a political and economic boom.

First documentary mentions


  • In the Carinthian town of Hirt, a tavern is mentioned for the first time in the tax lists of the cathedral chapter Gurk, the basis for the later private brewery Hirt .

science and technology

Religion and culture


Date of birth saved

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1270


Date of death secured

Margaret of Hungary
Statue of Louis IX. of France in Aigues-Mortes

Exact date of death unknown

Died around 1270

  • 1270/ 1272 : . John II , Count of Soissons, Lord of Amboise and Count of Chartres

Web links

Commons : 1270  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files