Calendar overview 1210
|Hermann von Salza becomes Grand Master of the Teutonic Order .|
|1210 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||658/659 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1753/54 (southern Buddhism); 1752/53 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||65th (66th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||572/573 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||606/607 (turn of the year June 24th / 25th)|
|Jewish calendar||4970/71 (September 19-20)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1520/21 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1521/22 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1266/67 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- Simon de Montfort continues the Albigensian Crusade in southern France. During the spring he subdues most of the places that have resisted over the winter. In Minerve he burns 400 Cathars who refuse to convert. In Bram he had 100 citizens' eyes gouged out and sent them to the resistance nest of the knight Pierre Roger de Cabaret . Through his brutal approach, he also incites those Occitan nobles who have remained loyal to the crusade against the crusade. Count Raimund VI. of Toulouse terminates his collaboration and is instead of Pope Innocent III. again excommunicated. Many of the cities already conquered rebel again in winter.
Holy Roman Empire / Italy
- February: King Frederick II of Sicily dismisses his Chancellor Walter von Pagliara .
- After his coronation, Emperor Otto IV goes on a course of confrontation with Pope Innocent III. : In February he enfeoffs Diepold von Schweinspeunt with the Duchy of Spoleto , over which the Pope is actually entitled to feudal lordship. When Apulian barons ask him for support against the Hohenstaufen Friedrich II , he decides to launch a campaign against the Kingdom of Sicily in order to reunite the two empires under one rule.
- November 18 : Pope Innocent III. excommunicated the emperor who was already anathema . Nevertheless, the Welf moves further south and winters in Capua .
- The Brandenburg tithe dispute between the Margraves of Brandenburg and the Bishops of Brandenburg begins. Since their reconquest of Brandenburg in 1157, the margraves consider the bishops of Brandenburg to be beneficiaries of the restored diocese without their own contribution. Since then they have therefore more or less unspokenly claimed the prerogative and thus also essential parts of the church tithe as payment for the services they rendered to Christianize the country. The church sees itself cheated of the church tithe to which it is entitled.
- July 17 : The two years previously marketed King Sverker II. From the House of Sverker returns with a Danish army to Sweden back. In the battle of gestilren his return plans fail to the throne of the army of the new ruler Erik X. from the House of Eric , Sverker comes in this battle for life.
- Since Sverkers son Johann Sverkersson is still too young, Erik X. can govern for the time being undisputed. He is also ultimately accepted by the Church and is crowned by Archbishop Valerius of Uppsala . In the same year he married Princess Rikissa of Denmark , bringing about reconciliation with Denmark .
Order of knights
- Hermann von Salza becomes Grand Master of the Teutonic Order . During his time, the order's activities expanded from Spain to Livonia.
- Guillaume de Chartres is elected to succeed Philippe du Plessiez, who died the previous year, as Grand Master of the Templar Order .
- September 14 : Mary of Montferrat , Queen of Jerusalem in her own right, marries in the Church of the Holy Cross in Acre, John of Brienne, who is around 40 years older . On October 2, the two are ceremoniously crowned in Tire . Johann then takes over the reign for his underage wife.
- King Leo II of Armenia married Sibylle von Lusignan , daughter of King Amalrich II / I. from Jerusalem and Cyprus .
- September 1 : Nur ad-Din Muhammad , 24th Imam of the Shia of the Nizari-Ismailis and fifth ruler of Alamut , dies, rumored to be poisoned by his son Jalal ad-Din Hassan , who succeeds him to the throne. Immediately after he came to power, he publicly broke with the teachings of his fathers based on the “resurrection” of the Imam and the beginning of “Judgment Day” , professed the orthodox Islam of the Sunna and reinstated Sharia law .
- Qutb-ud-Din Aibak dies as a result of an accident while playing polo . To succeed him as Sultan of Delhi from the Slave Dynasty is Aram Shah selected. However, he is not universally recognized and another slave general, Shams ad-Din Iltutmish , rises against him.
- Tsuchimikado abdicates in favor of his brother Juntoku as Tennō from Japan .
First documentary mentions
- October 15 : The Archbishop of Cologne Dietrich I of Hengebach lays the groundwork for a Fliehburg provided Godesburg .
- First mention of Mittelstille in Thuringia
- Berneck , Morissen and Rickenbach are first mentioned in a document.
science and technology
- around 1210: Early paper mills near Genoa
- around 1210: The Cistercians created the first post mills , which quickly spread across Europe.
- around 1210: Completion of the verse novel Parzival by the poet Wolfram von Eschenbach (started around 1200 )
- around 1210: Due to the death of Gottfried von Strasbourg , his verse epic Tristan und Isolt (started around 1205 ) remains unfinished
- The rules of the Order of Friars Minor founded by Francis of Assisi are enforced by Pope Innocent III. approved. For the time being, the community lives on the grounds of the small church Portiuncula below Assisi .
- Most of the Amalrican leaders in France are arrested, condemned as heretics and executed at the stake.
- The writing De divisione naturae by Johannes Scotus Eriugena is condemned by the church for monism .
- First ecclesiastical ban on Aristotle in Paris
Historical maps and views
Date of birth saved
- May 5th : Alfonso III. , King of Portugal († 1279 )
- June 24th : Florens IV. , Count of Holland and Zeeland († 1234 )
- July 22 : Johanna von England , English princess, Queen Consort of Scotland († 1238 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Adolf II von Dassel , German nobleman († 1257 )
- Alix of Montferrat , Queen of Cyprus († 1233 )
- Anselm von Meißen , priest of the Teutonic Order and Bishop of Warmia († 1278 )
- Beatrix of Andechs-Meranien , Countess of Orlamünde († 1271 )
- Chim Namkha Dragpa , Kadampa master of Tibetan Buddhism († 1285 )
- Giovanni da Procida , southern Italian doctor and diplomat († 1298 )
- Tebaldo Visconti, under the name Gregory X. Pope († 1276 )
- Heinrich I , Count of Vianden († 1252 )
- Wilhelm IV. , Count of Jülich († 1278 )
Born around 1210
- Berthold von Regensburg , Franciscan preacher († 1272 )
- Birger Magnusson von Bjälbo , Swedish statesman, Jarl of Sweden and founder of Stockholm († 1266 )
- Giles d'Argentine , English nobleman, was one of the leaders of the aristocratic opposition in the Second War of the Barons († 1282 )
- Gottfried II. , Lord of Apremont and Count of Saarbrücken († 1250 )
- Giacomo Savelli, under the name of Honorius IV Pope († 1287 )
- Hugh de Vere, 4th Earl of Oxford , English nobleman († 1263 )
- Isaak ibn Latif , Castilian Jewish philosopher († around 1282 )
- Wartislaw III. , Duke of Pomerania-Demmin († 1264 )
- Wok von Rosenberg , Supreme Marshal of the Kingdom of Bohemia and Governor of Styria
- 1210/ 1215 : Master Gerhard , first Cologne Dombaumeister († about 1271 )
- 1210/ 1215 : Gertrude of Babenberg , Landgravine of Hungary († 1241 )
Date of death secured
- April 29 : John of Phanijoit , Coptic neo-martyr
- May 6th : Konrad II. Von Landsberg , Margrave of Lusatia and Lord of Rochlitz (* 1159 )
- May 30th : Roffrid de Insula , Abbot of Monte Cassino Monastery
- July 17th : Folke Birgersson , Swedish Jarl (* 1164 )
- July 17th : Sverker II , King of Sweden (* around 1160 )
- September 1 : Nur ad-Din Muhammad , Imam of the Nizarites (Assassins) (* 1147 )
- October 21 : Hugo II , provost of the Berchtesgaden monastery
- December 17th : Siegfried IV , Count von Lebenau
Exact date of death unknown
- William de Braose , cambro-Norman nobleman (* around 1175 )
- Engelhard von Langheim , German Middle Latin church writer, Cistercian monk and prior (* before 1140)
- Maud de St Valery , Anglo-Norman nobles (* 1153 / 1155 )
- Qutb-ud-Din Aibak , Sultan of Delhi and founder of the slave dynasty (* around 1150 )
- Taglung Thangpa Trashi Pel , founder of the Taglung Kagyu school from the Kagyu school tradition of Tibetan Buddhism (* 1142 )
- Gruffudd from Ifor , Welsh nobleman