|Rainald von Dassel becomes Archbishop of Cologne .|
|1159 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||607/608 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1702/03 (southern Buddhism); 1701/02 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||64th (65th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||521/522 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||553/554 (January 22-23)|
|Jewish calendar||4919/20 (September 13-14)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1469/70 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1470/71 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1215/16 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Holy Roman Empire / Italy
- Rainald von Dassel is elected Archbishop of Cologne in June to succeed Friedrich II von Berg, who died at the end of the previous year . Emperor Friedrich I gives him the regalia and makes him Arch Chancellor for Italy .
- August 30th : Ulrich I. von Dürrmenz succeeds Rainald von Dassel and becomes Chancellor under Emperor Friedrich Barbarossa .
- September 7th : During the papal election in St. Peter's Basilica there are tumultuous scenes. Rolando Bandinelli is elected pope by a majority of the cardinals as the successor to Hadrian IV and 13 days later as Pope Alexander III. enthroned. A minority friendly to the emperor, on the other hand, elects Octaviano de Monticelli, who then acts as antipope Viktor IV .
- Emperor Manuel I moves into Antioch and forces Prince Rainald of Chatillon to become a Byzantine vassal. Rainald - who had become lord of the Principality of Antioch through his marriage to Constanze - had allied himself with enemies of Manuel and attacked the Byzantine island of Cyprus the previous year .
- Håkon II Herdebrei , the illegitimate son of Sigurd Munn , who was murdered in 1155 , was proclaimed King of Norway on Øyrathing at the age of 12 . His supporters continue the fight against his uncle Inge Krogrygg .
First documentary mentions
The so-called “ pasture letter ” from Bremen's Archbishop Hartwig I regulates the delimitation of an area in the area of today's Bremer Bürgerweide , which can be used as common property as cattle pasture.
Exact date of birth unknown
- August / September: Johannes Komnenos , Byzantine co-emperor († 1185 )
- after September 13: Konrad II of Landsberg , Margrave of Lusatia, Count of Eilenburg, Groitzsch and Sommerschenburg († 1210 )
- Bernard Aton VI. Trencavel , Vice Count of Nîmes and Agde († after 1214 )
- Minamoto no Yoshitsune , Japanese general († 1189 )
Date of death secured
- February 8 : Conrad I , Duke of Merania
- February 28 : Sancha Raimúndez , Spanish Infanta (* around 1095 )
- March 17th : Gebhard von Henneberg , Bishop of Würzburg (* around 1100 )
- May 30th : Władysław II , Duke of Poland (* 1105 )
- June 7th : Robert of Newminster , first abbot of Newminster Abbey
- August 27 : Amadeus of Lausanne , Catholic Bishop of Lausanne (* around 1110 )
- September 1 : Hadrian IV , Pope (* between 1100 and 1120)
- Oct. 11 : William , Count of Boulogne (* around 1132 / 1137 )