Calendar overview 1105
|Crusaders under Baldwin I defeat the Fatimids under al-Afdal Shahanshah in the third battle of Ramla .|
|1105 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||553/554 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1648/49 (southern Buddhism); 1647/48 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||63rd (64th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||467/468 (turn of the year April)|
|Iranian calendar||483/484 (around March 21)|
|Islamic calendar||498/499 (September 12-13)|
|Jewish calendar||4865/66 (September 10-11)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1415/16 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1416/17 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1161/62 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- The armies of Henry IV and his son Henry V face each other on the Regen river near Regensburg. The battle does not take place because important allies of the father fall away from him. Henry IV's power in the empire begins to wane. Finally, on December 31, he renounced the throne at a meeting of princes in Ingelheim .
- April 20 : Crusaders from the Principality of Antioch prevail against a Muslim armed force in the Battle of Artah in their attempt to recapture lost territory.
- August 27 : Crusaders under Baldwin I defeat the Fatimids under al-Afdal Shahanshah in the third battle of Ramla . The crusaders conquer the Fatimid camp, but are already too weakened to pursue the fleeing enemy. After the third battle of Ramla, the Fatimid viziers stopped making large-scale attempts to retake Palestine.
- Malik-Shah II becomes Sultan of the Great Seljuks , but dies in the same year. His successor is his uncle Muhammad I. Tapar .
First documentary mentions
Religion and culture
- November 18 : The Archpriest Maginus, elected by the Roman nobility as antipope to the incumbent Paschal II , is consecrated and enthroned as New Year's Eve IV . When Paschal II, who was outside Rome, returned, violent fighting broke out, in which New Year's party initially had the upper hand. At the end of November, however, New Year's Eve has to flee Rome and resides in Osimo .
- Gesta Treverorum , the great historical work of the medieval Trier church, is created.
Date of birth saved
Exact date of birth unknown
- Joseph Kimchi , Jewish grammarian, exegete and translator († 1170 )
- Mathilda , Countess of Boulogne and Queen of England († 1152 )
- Melisende , Queen of Jerusalem († 1161 )
- Sophie von Winzenburg , first Margravine of Brandenburg († 1160 )
- Wladyslaw II , Princeps of Poland and Duke in Silesia, participant in the 2nd Crusade († 1159 )
Born around 1105
Date of death secured
- February 27 : Emehard , Bishop of Würzburg
- February 28 : . Raymond IV , Count of Toulouse, Margrave of Provence, one of the leaders of the First Crusade (* 1041 / 42 )
- July 13 : Rashi , French rabbi and Talmudic commentator (* 1040 / 1041 )
- July 14th : Gebhard IV. Von Gosham , Bishop of Regensburg
- September 28th : Simon , ruler of Sicily and oldest son of Rogers I (* 1093 )
- November 4th : Reginhard von Siegburg , Abbot of Michaelsberg Abbey
- December 5th : Gregory II Vkayaser , Catholicos of the Armenian Apostolic Church
Exact date of death unknown
- Huang Tingjian , Chinese calligrapher (* 1045 )
- Mahmud al-Kāschgharī , Ottoman scholar and lexicographer (* 1008 )
- Potowa Rinchen Sel , teacher of the Kadam tradition of Tibetan Buddhism (* 1027 )
- Thiemo von Passau , Passau's counter-bishop