Calendar overview 1040
Seljuks defeat the Ghaznavids
in the Battle of Dandanqan .
|1040 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||488/489 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1583/84 (southern Buddhism); 1582/83 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||62nd (63rd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||402/403 (turn of the year April)|
|Iranian calendar||418/419 (around March 21)|
|Islamic calendar||431/432 (September 10-11)|
|Jewish calendar||4800/01 (September 10-11)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1350/51 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1351/52 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1096/97 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- May 23 : The Battle of Dandanqan ends with a victory for the Seljuks under Tughrul and Chaghri Beg , who end the rule of the Ghaznavids under Masud I of Ghazni over Khorasan .
- June 14th : After the death of the English King Harald I Harefoot on March 17th in Oxford, his half-brother Hardiknut , King of Denmark , who had been planning this invasion for some time, lands at Sandwich with 62 ships and ascends the English throne unchallenged .
- August 14th : Macbeth kills the Scottish King Duncan I , also King of Strathclyde , in the Battle of Elgin and crowns himself king. Máel Coluim II ascends the throne of Strathclyde .
Holy Roman Empire
- August 22nd / 23rd : The Bohemian Duke Břetislav I defeats the German King Heinrich III. in the battle of Biwanka .
- September 22nd : Duke Břetislav I of Bohemia defeats the army of Henry III at the Neumarker Pass . again in the battle of Chlumec .
- Proclamation of the Peace of God ( Pax Dei ) by the Peace of God movement in France . This gives clergy, women, travelers and farmers protection.
First documentary mentions
Economy and culture
Exact date of birth unknown
- Gottfried III. , Count of Anjou and Tours († 1097 )
- Ibn ʿAqīl , Hanbali legal scholar and theologian († 1119 )
- Maol Muire Ua Dunáin , first Archbishop of Cashel and apostolic legate († 1117 )
- Milarepa , tantric master and founder of the Kagyu schools of Tibetan Buddhism († 1123 )
- al-Mutamid , Emir of Seville († 1095 )
- Sancho IV. Garcés , King of Navarre († 1076 )
Born around 1040
- Ivo of Chartres , Bishop of Chartres († 1115 )
- Burkhard von Fenis , Bishop of Basel († 1107 )
- Volkold I. von Malsburg , ancestor of the Counts of Nidda († 1097 )
- Rashi , French rabbi and authoritative editor and commentator of the Talmud in the High Middle Ages († 1105 )
Date of death secured
- March 15 : Engelbert IV. , Graf im Norital and Pustertal (* around 990 )
- March 17th : Harald I , English king (* around 1016 )
- May 29 : Rainald I , Count of Nevers, Count of Auxerre (* around 1000 )
- June 21 : Fulko III. , Count of Anjou (* 972 )
- August 13 : Eberhard I , first bishop of Bamberg (* around 973 )
- August 14th : Duncan I , King of Scotland (* 1001 )
- August 22 : Werner I. , Count of Hesse and Count of Winterthur (* around 1000 )
- October 1st : Alain III. , Count of Rennes and Duke of Brittany (* 997 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Manutschihri , Persian poet
- Roger I. de Tosny , Spanish nobleman, participant in the Reconquista
- Tihomir , Bulgarian pretender to the throne and rebel against the Byzantine emperor
- Ælfgifu of Northampton , Anglo-Saxon nobleman and co-regent of Norway (* around 990 )