Calendar overview 1000
Stephen I of Hungary
receives the royal dignity
from Pope Silvester II.
|Viking Leif Eriksson discovered Vinland and probably founded the settlement Leifsbudir there .|
|1000 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||448/449 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1543/44 (southern Buddhism); 1542/43 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||61st (62nd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||362/363 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||390/391 (turn of the year November 30th / December 1st)|
|Jewish calendar||4760/61 (September 1st and 2nd)|
ab urbe condita MDCCLIII (1753)
Diocletian's era 715/716
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1310/11 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1311/12 (New Year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1056/57 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- The Icelandic Viking Leif Eriksson winters on an expedition from Greenland in Vinland , the land previously spotted by Bjarni Herjúlfsson , on the east coast of the continent, and probably founds the settlement Leifsbudir there . Among the crew is also the German-speaking foster father Leifs with the name Tyrkir, which has been handed down in the Grænlendinga saga .
Northern Europe / Baltic Sea
- September 9th : In the naval battle of Svold , a fleet of Danes under Sven Gabelbart and Swedes under Olof Skötkonung wins a decisive victory over Christian Norwegians under Olav Tryggvason , who falls in the battle. The winners are supported by renegade Norwegians under Erik Håkonsson , who wants to avenge the death of his father Håkon Jarl . The Norwegians are pushed out of the Baltic Sea, Norway is divided between Sweden and Denmark.
- February 6 : Emperor Otto III. presents the Benedictine monastery Burtscheid with the Königshof Cagenberg in Bad Camberg .
- February / March: On a pilgrimage to Gniezno , Emperor Otto III. the so-called act of Gniezno : it establishes the ecclesiastical province of Gniezno , which is connected with a political upgrading of the Polish prince Boleslaws , who among other things receives the right of investiture .
- Duke Stephan of Hungary sends Abbot Astricus (Anastasius) from Adalbert's entourage from Prague to Pope Silvester II with a request to be granted the royal dignity. This cause is supported by the German Emperor Otto III, who is related to Stephan and is in Rome at the same time. Anastasius finally brings the coronation insignia back to Hungary and is later appointed Bishop of Gran (Esztergom), head of the Hungarian national church . The coronation of Stephen as king by a papal envoy on August 17th in Gran is connected with the installation of this regional church and probably also with the donation of the Kingdom of Hungary to the Pope, who then gives it back to Stephen as a fief . This step, analogous to the creation of the Kingdom of Poland, is intended to secure the rule of Stephen and the continuity of the line of succession in his family.
- As the successor to his late father Markwart III. Adalbero von Eppenstein becomes Margrave of the Mark an der Mur .
Republic of Venice
- May 9th : The Venetian Doge and Duke of Dalmatia , Pietro II. Orseolo , defeats the Dalmatian pirates in the Adriatic and thus establishes the supremacy of Venice in the region. Centuries later in Venice, this event is commemorated with the Festa della Sensa .
- The nine-year-old Sancho III. from the House of Jiménez rules under the tutelage of his late father García II's successor over the Kingdom of Navarre and the county of Aragón . His empire is under the pressure of the Caliphate of Córdoba under his military leader Almansor .
- March 26th : The 15-year-old al-Hākim bi-amr Allāh , Caliph of the Fatimids in Egypt, invites his former teacher and current regent Bardjawan to a hunting excursion. On this hunting expedition he had him murdered and took over the rule of his own.
First documentary mentions
science and technology
- The 50-lute tablet is developed in Japan .
- around 1000: The poem De Heinrico is written, the 19th piece in the Carmina Cantabrigiensia song collection . The poet is unknown, the work about a not clearly identified Duke Heinrich from Bavaria is in the tradition of Ottonian court poetry.
- around 1000: The Gospel Book of Otto III. is created just like the Liuthar Gospels .
- around 1000: The Lothar cross is made.
- around 1000: The game of foxes and geese is widespread across Europe starting from Iceland.
- March 11th : During the act of Gniezno , the Archdiocese of Gniezno with the dioceses of Breslau , Cracow and Kolberg is established by Emperor Otto III. built.
- Poppon becomes the first bishop of Krakow .
- Stephan I of Hungary continues the Christianization of Hungary after his elevation to king .
- Iceland becomes Christian.
- The Paderborn Cathedral is destroyed in a major fire. Bishop Rethar immediately begins the reconstruction.
- Around the year 1000, almost all of Eastern Europe is Christian.
- 1000: On the grounds of Stederburg which is pin Steterburg built.
- around 1000: Duke Otto of Carinthia founds the Sinsheim monastery .
nature and environment
- around 1000: Etna erupted on Monte Sona , sending an 8 kilometer long lava flow to Paternò to the southwest
Biggest cities in the world in 1000
|1.||Kaifeng||Empire of China||500,000|
|2.||Cordoba||Caliphate of Cordoba||450,000|
|4th||Angkor||Khmer Empire, Cambodia||200,000|
|6th||Cairo||Fatimid Empire , Egypt||135,000|
|7th||Baghdad||Buyiden -Reich, Persia / Iraq||125,000|
|9.||Al-Hasa||Empire of the Qarmatians , Arabia||110,000|
Historical maps and views
Date of birth saved
Exact date of birth unknown
Born around 1000
- around 990/1000 : Esico von Ballenstedt , German nobleman, ancestor of the Ascanians († around 1060 )
- 995/1000 : Hemma von Gurk , Carinthian nobleman, church and monastery founder, Catholic saint († around 1045 )
- Abarhild , abbess of the free worldly women's monastery in Buchau
- Adalbert von Bremen , Archbishop of Bremen and Hamburg († 1072 )
- Arialdus , deacon in the region around Milan, saint of the Catholic Church († 1066 )
- Berthold I, the bearded , Duke of Carinthia and Margrave of Verona († 1078 )
- Constantine IX Monomachus , Emperor of Byzantium († 1055 )
- Leutbert , bishop of Cambrai and imperial prince in the bishopric of Cambrai († 1076 )
- Michael I , Patriarch of Constantinople († 1059 )
- Otto , Duke and Co-Regent of Poland († 1033 )
- Uta von Ballenstedt , co-founder of Naumburg Cathedral; Wife of Margrave Ekkehard II († before 1046 )
Date of death secured
- March 26 : Bardjawan , vizier of the Fatimids
- September 9 : Olav I. Tryggvason , King of Norway (* 968 )
- September 18 : Tyra Haraldsdatter , Queen of Norway
Exact date of death unknown
- before April 13th : Markwart III. , Margrave of the Carinthian Mark on the Mur
- May 17th / June 17th : Ramwod , abbot in the monastery of Sankt Emmeram (* around 900 )
- Dương Vân Nga , Vietnamese imperial consort and regent
- Garcia II , King of Navarre and Count of Aragon
- Hassan ibn Ammar al-Kutami , vizier of the Fatimids
Died around 1000
- Abu Sahl al-Quhi , Persian astronomer and mathematician (* around 940 )
- Richer von Reims , monk and author of a chronicle (* after 940)