Calendar overview 1002
|Henry II is elected East Frankish-German King in the 1002 election.||king ride .|
, wrote the pillow book , a moral image of the Heian period .
|1002 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||450/451 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1545/46 (southern Buddhism); 1544/45 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||61st (62nd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||364/365 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||392/393 (turn of the year 9/10 November)|
|Jewish calendar||4762/63 (9/10 September)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1312/13 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1313/14 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1058/59 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
East Franconian-German Empire / Italy
- January 23rd / 24th : Emperor Otto III. dies in Castel Paterno not far from Rome at the age of 21 after severe attacks of fever. The emperor's death is initially kept secret until the company's own contingents have been informed and contracted. Then the Ottonian army withdrew from Italy to fulfill Otto's will and to bury him in Aachen . Allegedly, Duke Heinrich IV of Bavaria receives the funeral procession in Polling and has the deceased buried in Augsburg . He then forced Archbishop Heribert of Cologne to hand over the ruler's insignia to him. However, the Holy Lance , the most important relic of the empire, is missing . In doing so, he asserts his claim to be Otto's successor. In addition to Heinrich, Margrave Ekkehard von Meißen and Hermann von Schwaben also lay claim to the successor.
- February 15th : Arduin of Ivrea is elected King of Italy by the Lombard greats in Pavia .
- April 30th : The throne candidate Ekkehard I , Margrave of Meissen is murdered in Pöhlde .
- June 7th : Heinrich II. Is elected king in Mainz by the barons of Bavaria and the Eastern Franks, against the votes of Swabia and in the absence of the Lorraine, Saxon and Thuringian people, and is crowned immediately afterwards. Due to the lack of a general election, he immediately begins with a king ride .
- July 20 : Heinrich II is recognized by the Thuringians.
- July 24. bis 28. July . Henry II is in negotiations with the Saxons and finally achieved recognition as king and is in Merseburg again crowned.
- August 10 : Kunigunde von Luxemburg , Heinrich's wife, is crowned queen in Paderborn .
- August 18 : Heinrich II receives recognition from Archbishop Heribert of Cologne and the Lorraine clergy.
- September 8th : The third coronation of Henry II takes place in the coronation city of Aachen and is also associated with recognition by Lower Lorraine .
- October 1st : The throne candidate Hermann II of Swabia submits in Bruchsal , then Heinrich II is recognized by Swabians.
- November 11th to 24th : Heinrich II. Receives the homage of his followers in Regensburg .
- October 15 : After the death of Henry the Great , his nephew, King Robert II of France , tries to get the Duchy of Burgundy under his control, but meets the resistance of the Burgundian nobility under the leadership of Count Otto Wilhelm and Bishop Brun von Langres .
Bohemia, Poland and Eastern Europe
- (Latest) beginning in 1002, Regensburg : The Přemyslids Jaromír of Bohemia and his brother Oldřich escape together with Hemma of Bohemia , her father's 999 widowed wife Boleslav II of Bohemia. , To the court of Bavaria Duke Heinrich II. From the snares of her older brother Boleslav III. , the Duke of Bohemia , who has ruled for three years .
- from May: Duke Bolesław I. Chrobry of Poland creates a fait accompli after the death of Ekkehard von Meißen in the night of April 30th to May 1st and secures large parts of the so-called Saxon Ostmark north of the Elbe up to the Elster and the castles Bautzen , Strehla and Meißen with their own crews. He declares that he is acting in agreement with Duke Heinrich IV of Bavaria and that he will submit to him as soon as he ruled the empire.
- End of July, Merseburg : Duke Bolesław I. Chrobry of Poland is enfeoffed with the (eastern) Mark Lausitz and Milzenerland , his brother-in-law, the Ekkehardiner Gunzelin , receives Castle Meißen . In agreement with the Ekkehardins, Bolesław tried to expand his territory in the border area to the Lausitz and Meißen brands . The Meißen hoped to keep the pagan tribes of the Lusitzi and Milzener living there under their control. Even at the place of the negotiation, the Polish prince, who is under the protection of the host as a guest, is attacked by armed men and only barely escapes. He then had Strehla Castle burned down and took a large number of prisoners with him to Poland. The background to this attack is not clear. The relationship between Heinrich and Bolesław was permanently disrupted.
- Mid-1002, Prague : Survey of the retinue of the Bohemian Duke Boleslav III, who then has to flee to Boleslaw I Chobry. The Duke of Poland first installed the Přemyslid Vladivoj as Duke of Bohemia .
- November 11th to 24th, Regensburg: The new Bohemian Duke Vladivoj also secures the support of the new Roman-German King Heinrich II in the Bavarian capital by being the first Duke of Bohemia to be transferred as a fief. As a result, Bohemia has been regarded as part of the Holy Roman Empire since that time.
- Viking : After the last time 24,000 pounds of silver danegeld to Sven fork beard has paid the married English king Aethelred II. Norman Princess Emma of Normandy in anticipation of support against the Vikings by Emma's father Richard I of Normandy .
- November 13th : Aethelred II gives the order to kill all Danes in the empire to prevent an alleged popular uprising. Hundreds of people are killed in the St. Brice's Day massacre .
- August 10th : Almansor dies after a victorious campaign in Medinaceli . Christian chroniclers posthumously accuse him of a defeat in the alleged battle of Calatañazor .
First documentary mentions
- First documentary mention of Erlangen (as Erlangon ), Bautzen (as Budusin ) and Herzogenaurach (as Uraha ).
- The Japanese lady-in-waiting, Sei Shōnagon , wrote the pillow book , a moral image of the Heian period .
- May 10 : al-Chatib al-Baghdadi, Sunni scholar and historian from the Shafiʿite school in Baghdad (d. 1071 )
- June 21 : Bruno von Egisheim-Dagsburg, under the name Leo IX. Pope († 1054 )
- January 23rd / 24th : Otto III. , German King and Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire (* 980 )
- April 30 : Ekkehard I. , Margrave of Meißen (* around 960 )
- August 10 : Almansor , regent in the Caliphate of Córdoba (* around 938 )
- 2. / October 8 : Ramward , Bishop of Minden
- October 15 : Henry the Great , Count of Nevers and Auxerre, Duke of Burgundy (* around 946 )
- around 1002: Hugo II , Bishop of Zeitz