Calendar overview 1071
Seljuks defeat the Byzantine Empire
in the Battle of Manzikert .
|1071 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||519/520 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1614/15 (southern Buddhism); 1613/14 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||62nd (63rd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||433/434 (turn of the year April)|
|Iranian calendar||449/450 (around March 21)|
|Islamic calendar||463/464 (September 28-29)|
|Jewish calendar||4831/32 (August 28/29)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1381/82 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1382/83 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1127/28 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
The fall of the Byzantine Empire
- April 15th: Norman conquest of southern Italy : The hungry residents of Bari surrender to the Normans under Robert Guiskard after three years of siege . Katepan Stephanos Pateranos is captured by the Norman. The Byzantine Empire loses its remaining territory in Apulia .
- August 26th: In the battle of Manzikert in western Armenia , the Seljuks defeat the army of the Byzantine Empire . Emperor Romanos IV is taken prisoner and is released against payment of a ransom and the conclusion of a peace treaty. When the terms of the peace treaty became known, Kaisar Johannes Dukas initiated a popular uprising. Romanos IV and his young sons Leon and Nikephorus are therefore deposed in Constantinople and the treaty, which would have provided for annual tribute payments and the obligation to provide Byzantine auxiliaries, is declared invalid.
- October 24th: Johannes Dukas makes his nephew Michael VII the sole emperor of the Byzantine Empire. After his coronation, Michael calls the eunuch Nikephoritzes from his exile in Antioch on the Orontes back to the court in Constantinople. As a Logothet , he quickly gained influence and ousted other leading figures in the government.
- Due to the internal turmoil, the Byzantine defense collapses and the Turkish colonization and Islamization of Asia Minor begin. Danischmend Ghazi founds the dynasty of the Danischmenden , the Sultanate of the Rum-Seljuks , initially from Nikaia , later from Iconium , replaces Ostrom as the dominant power in central and eastern Anatolia.
- Domenico Silvo is elected as successor to Domenico I. Contarini after his death by acclamation to the Doge of Venice and then brought in a solemn procession to the as yet unfinished Church of San Marco . In the first years of office, Silvo largely continued the policy of his predecessor.
- Patarenes win in Milan .
- Wilhelm closes the 1066 with the Battle of Hastings began conquest of England from.
- Edwin, Earl of Mercia , rises again against Wilhelm. The uprising fails quickly and Edwin is slain by his followers while fleeing. The title of Earl of Mercia is then abolished.
First documentary mentions
- Appenzell is first mentioned as the Swiss village of Abbacella
- First documented mention of Abenberg , Görlitz , Nelmmersbach , Hoheneiche and Süßen .
- Duke Welf I of Bavaria marries Judith von Flanders , the widow of the Anglo-Saxon Count Toste Godwinsson .
Religion and culture
- August: At the imperial synod in Mainz, Bishop Karl von Konstanz is accused of simony. Although he denies the allegations, he voluntarily resigns as Bishop of Constance and returns to the diocese of Magdeburg, where he dies that same year.
- Archbishop Anno II of Cologne founds the Benedictine monastery in Saalfeld an der Saale.
- Bamberg's Bishop Hermann and Countess Alberada found the Benedictine Banz Abbey .
- Sankt Florian , the largest monastery in Upper Austria , is transformed from a Carolingian settlement into the Augustinian Canons' Monastery.
- October 22nd: Wilhelm IX. , Duke of Aquitaine, first trobador († 1126)
Date of death secured
- January 9: Saracho von Rossdorf , Abbot of Corvey (* around 1010)
- February 22nd: Arnulf III. , Count of Flanders (* 1055)
- February 22nd: William FitzOsbern , 1st Earl of Hereford (* 1020)
- around August 8th: Budivoj , Elbe Slavic prince from the Nakoniden dynasty , velvet ruler of the Abodriten tribal association based in Mecklenburg and Ostholstein
- August 22nd: Lambertus Sula , Bishop of Cracow
- September 5: al-Chatib al-Baghdadi , Sunni scholar and historian from the Shāfiʿite school in Baghdad (* 1002)
- October 16: Almodis de la Marche , Countess of Toulouse (* 1020)
- December 27th: Karl , Bishop of Constance
Exact date of death unknown
- Domenico I. Contarini , Doge of Venice
- Edwin , Earl of Mercia
- Ibn ʿAbd al-Barr , Moorish legal scholar (* 978)
- Ibn Zaidun , Arab poet in al-Andalus (* 1003)