Calendar overview 1075
Dictatus Papae , Pope Gregory VII lays
the foundation for the investiture dispute with King Henry IV
and the Gregorian reforms .
|1075 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||523/524 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1618/19 (southern Buddhism); 1617/18 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||62nd (63rd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||437/438 (turn of the year April)|
|Iranian calendar||453/454 (around March 21)|
|Islamic calendar||467/468 (August 15/16)|
|Jewish calendar||4835/36 (September 13-14)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1385/86 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1386/87 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1131/32 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
The Saxon War of Henry IV.
- June 9th : Defeat of the rebellious Saxons against King Heinrich IV. In the Battle of Homburg an der Unstrut
- October 27 : The Saxon War of King Henry IV ends with the barefoot submission of the Saxon princes to the king.
- March: Gregory VII writes the Dictatus Papae . The investiture dispute between church and empire ( 1076 - 1122 ) is emerging.
Other events in Europe
- October 8th : Dmitar Zvonimir is crowned King of Croatia by an envoy from Pope Gregory VII in Solin .
- Seljuk Turks under Suleyman (later Sultan of Rum ) conquer the cities of Nicea and Nicomedia from the Byzantine Empire .
First documentary mentions
- Calw , Dätzingen , Daun , Döffingen , Grötzingen , Jungingen , Metzingen , Niederfüllbach , Ottenbronn , Sulzfeld (Baden) and Troisdorf are first mentioned in a document.
- Dilbeek is first mentioned in a document as Dedelbeccha .
Religion and culture
- Cosmas I becomes Patriarch of Constantinople .
- Construction of the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela begins.
Exact date of birth unknown
- Chayülwa Shönnu Ö , teacher of Tibetan Buddhism († 1138 )
- Diepold III. , Margrave of the Nordgau and of Nabburg, Vohburg and Cham († 1146 )
- Henry IX. , Duke of Bavaria († 1126 )
- Kim Bu-sik , Korean historian and politician († 1151 )
- Ordericus Vitalis , Norman chronicler († around 1142 )
- az-Zamachscharī , Muslim Koran exegete and philologist († 1144 )
Born around 1075
- Konrad von Abensberg , Archbishop of Salzburg († 1147 )
- Friedrich , regent of the county of Arnsberg-Werl († 1124 )
- Ramiro II , King of Aragon († 1147 )
- Friedrich I of Schwarzenburg , Archbishop of Cologne († 1131 )
Date of death secured
- March 29th : Ottokar I. , Count in Chiemgau
- April 2 : al-Qa'im , Abbasid caliph (* 1001 )
- May 21 : Ryksa of Poland , Queen of Hungary (* 1013 )
- August 2nd : Gundekar II , Bishop of Eichstätt (* 1019 )
- October: Dedo I. , Margrave of Lusatia (* around 1010 )
- December 4 : Anno II of Cologne , Archbishop of Cologne and saint (* around 1010 )
- December 19 : Edith von Wessex , Queen of England (* 1029 )
Exact date of death unknown
- John VIII , Patriarch of Constantinople (* around 1010 )
- Bleddyn ap Cynfyn , King of the Welsh principalities of Powys and Gwynedd
- Friedrich I. , bailiff of Regensburg (* 1005 )
- Widerad von Eppenstein , abbot of the imperial abbey of Fulda
Died around 1075
- Anna of Kiev , Queen of France (* around 1024 )
- Nasser Chosrau , Persian traveler, theologian, poet and philosopher (* 1004 )