Henry IX. (Bavaria)
Heinrich the Black (* 1075 ; † December 13, 1126 in Ravensburg ), also Heinrich the Welf , was Duke of Bavaria (according to modern counts as Heinrich IX. ). He came from the Guelph family , his father was Welf IV. After his brother Welf V died without descendants, he succeeded him in the Duchy of Bavaria in 1120 .
- Heinrich the Proud († 1139) ⚭1127 Gertrude of Saxony
- Judith († 1130/31) ⚭ around 1119/1120 Duke Friedrich II of Swabia, mother of Emperor Friedrich I Barbarossa ,
- Sofie ⚭ (I) Berthold III. von Zähringen ⚭ (II) Leopold I (Styria) († around 1145),
- Mathilde († March 16, 1183) ⚭ from 1129 with Gebhard III. von Sulzbach († 1188),
- Welf VI. († 1191) ⚭ Uta von Schauenburg († around 1197)
- Wulfhild († after 1160) ⚭ Count Rudolf von Bregenz (only daughter: Elisabeth von Bregenz )
With the death of his father-in-law Magnus Billung († 1106) he hoped to take over the Duchy of Saxony. But this power constellation met the resistance of the new King Heinrich V , who surprisingly installed Count Lothar von Süpplinburg (later King Lothar III ) as duke in Saxony in the middle of 1106 .
Henry the Black played a special role in the 1125 election . At first he seems to have promoted the candidacy of his son-in-law Friedrich II of Swabia . In the course of the discussions about the suitable candidate, however, he changed his mind and finally stood up for Duke Lothar von Sachsen, who thereby became Lothar III. was elected Roman-German king. Lothar had promised to give his daughter Gertrud Heinrich's son Heinrich (the proud) to wife. This marriage was concluded in 1127, although Gertrud was only 12 years old at the time.
After Lothar's election, Bavarian, Franconian and Swabian supporters proclaimed the Staufer Konrad to be the rival king in December 1125 . Heinrich the Black entered the Weingarten Monastery as a lay monk - perhaps in order not to have to go to war against his son-in-law. There he died in 1126.
His nickname “the black one” has only been attested since the 13th century. In the various representations of the Saxon lineage, he has been listed as Heinrich the Welf since the 16th century at the latest because of his origin from the Guelphs and to differentiate him from Heinrich the Lion .
- Bernd Schneidmüller : The Guelphs. Dominion and memory (819–1252) (= Urban pocket books 465). Kohlhammer, Stuttgart et al. 2000, ISBN 3-17-014999-7 , p. 149 ff.
- Sigmund Ritter von Riezler : Heinrich IX . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 11, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1880, p. 461 f.
- Kurt Reindel : In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 8, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1969, ISBN 3-428-00189-3 , p. 343 ( ).
- Certificate of Heinrich IX for Ranshofen Monastery, July 30, 1125, digital version of the image in the photo archive of older original documents of the Philipps University of Marburg
- For the family tree of the Counts of Sulzbach and further information on this noble family, see: Heinz Dopsch : Siedlung und Recht. On the prehistory of the founders of the Berchtesgaden monastery. In: Walter Brugger , Heinz Dopsch (ed.): History of Berchtesgaden. Pen - market - land. Volume 1: Between Salzburg and Bavaria (until 1594). Plenk, Berchtesgaden 1991, ISBN 3-922590-63-2 , pp. 175–228, here pp. 214 and 221.
- Knut Görich : The Staufer. Ruler and Empire (= Becksche series 2393). Beck, Munich 2006, ISBN 3-406-53593-3 , p. 26.
- Joachim Ehlers : Heinrich the lion. A biography. Siedler, Munich 2008, ISBN 978-3-88680-787-1 , p. 32.
- Johann Agricola : Warhrachtige Abcontrafactur and portrait of the Groß-Hertzüge also Chur and princes, Dresden 1608, No. 11: By God's grace Hertzog Heinrich the Welff .
- Georg Voss : Grand Duchy of Saxony-Weimar-Eisenach: Eisenach administrative district: Eisenach district court - die Wartburg, Jena 1917, p. 381: painting of the 16th century Heinrich the Welph , with comments on other depictions that also identify him.
Duke of Bavaria
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Heinrich the Black; Henry the Welf|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Duke of Bavaria|
|DATE OF BIRTH||1075|
|DATE OF DEATH||December 13, 1126|
|Place of death||Ravensburg|