Calendar overview 1085
|Gregory VII dies in exile in Salerno .|
|Chinese emperor Song Shenzong from the Song Dynasty dies.||Alfonso VI of Castile and León recaptured Toledo from the Moors and moved its capital here .|
|1085 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||533/534 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1628/29 (southern Buddhism); 1627/28 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||63rd (64th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||447/448 (turn of the year April)|
|Iranian calendar||463/464 (around March 21)|
|Islamic calendar||477/478 (April 28-29)|
|Jewish calendar||4845/46 (September 21/22)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1395/96 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1396/97 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1141/42 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Empire of China
- May 25th : Alfonso VI. of Castile and Leon recaptured Toledo from the Moors and relocated its capital there.
- May 25 : Pope Gregory VII dies in exile in Salerno . While still on his deathbed, he expressly takes Emperor Heinrich IV and antipope Clemens III. from his forgiveness.
- After his escape from Rome, Emperor Heinrich IV retreats to Germany after being defeated by the Normans. At the end of May he held a synod in which he deposed Hermann as bishop of Metz and another 15 supporters of Gregory deposed as bishops and excommunicated. At the same time, the proclamation of the “ God's peace ”, a forerunner of later rural peace .
- Robert Guiscard , Norman Duke of Calabria , rushes after his victory over Henry IV. To Greece, where his son Bohemund rearguard actions against the Byzantine Emperor Alexius I lead. After a few defeats against the Venetian fleet allied with Alexios, the Normans decisively beat an opposing ship formation near Corfu . Robert is now preparing to penetrate the Ionian Sea, via which he will reach the island of Kefalonia . He died here, presumably on July 17th, near Atheras, presumably of typhus or dysentery. His son Roger Borsa is his successor as Prince of Apulia and Calabria , Bohemond only receives Taranto.
First documentary mentions
- First documented mention of the city of Hückeswagen as well as the city of Pryluky ( Ukraine ) and Waltenschwil
- Christmas: King William I of England orders that the taxable property of his land be recorded. The Domesday Book will emerge from this over the next few years .
- Bernardus Silvestris , philosopher and poet († 1160 or 1178)
- Friedrich IV. Von Goseck , Count of Putelen († 1125 )
- Rudolf I the Brave , Count of Vermandois († 1152 )
Date of death secured
- January 3 : Williram von Ebersberg , Benedictine Abbot von Ebersberg and Bible translator (* before 1010)
- January 21 : Dietrich II of Katlenburg , Count in Lies- and Rittigau
- February 5 : Friedrich III. von Goseck , son of the Count Palatine of Saxony (* around 1065 )
- March 22nd : Walter de Lacy , Norman nobleman (* 1046 )
- July 17th : Robert Guiscard , Norman prince, Duke of Apulia and Calabria and Duke of Benevento (* around 1015 )
- July 30th : Suanhild , Abbess at Essen Abbey
- August 20 : al-Juwainī , legal scholar and theologian (* 1028 )
- September 20 : Hermann II , Count Palatine of Lorraine, Count in Zülpichgau, Ruhrgau and Brabant (* around 1049 )
- November 25th : Johann I von Breunau , monk and first bishop of Olomouc