Duke of Calabria

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The Duchy of Puglia and Calabria in the political context of Italy and the Balkans (1084).

The county of Calabria and the later Duchy of Calabria exist - initially together with Apulia - since the middle of the 11th century.

Waimar IV. Salerno was founded by the Normans to the Duke of Apulia and Calabria proclaimed. This in turn appointed Wilhelm Eisenarm , a member of the Hauteville family , Count von Melfi . Wilhelm is - although never recognized by the emperor - usually regarded as the first count of Apulia and Calabria. In 1047 , Emperor Heinrich III withdrew . Waimar his ducal title, achieved the baptism of Wilhelm's brother and successor Drogo , Dux et Magister Italiae comesque Normannorum totius Apuliae et Calabriae , and made him his direct vassal .

In 1127 the Duchy of Apulia and Calabria was taken over by Roger II of Sicily ; From this point on, the title of Duke of Calabria was often the title of heir to the throne, a habit that remained throughout the Middle Ages, first in the Kingdom of Sicily and later in the Kingdom of Naples .

Norman Counts of Apulia and Calabria

Norman dukes of Puglia

  • Robert Guiscard , 1058 Duke
  • Roger Borsa (* circa 1060; † 1111), his son, 1085 Duke of Apulia
  • Wilhelm II of Apulia (* circa 1095, † 1127), his son, Duke of Apulia 1111–1127
  • Roger II (1095–1154), Count of Sicily (1105), Duke of Apulia (1127), King of Sicily (1130)
  • Roger III of Apulia (1118–1148), his son, 1135 Duke of Apulia
    • Rainulf Graf von Alife (* circa 1095, † 1139) Duke of Apulia and Calabria as papal and imperial partisan
  • William III. of Apulia (1122–1166), brother Rogers, 1149 Duke of Apulia, 1154 as William I, King of Sicily
  • Roger IV of Apulia (1152–1161), his son, Duke 1154

The title remained vacant after Roger's death. King Tankred later made his eldest son a duke:

  • Roger V. (* after 1170; † 1193), 1193 Duke of Apulia, as Roger III. Co-King of Sicily

Dukes of Calabria

House Anjou

Younger house Anjou

House Trastámara


  • Felipe Antonio Infant of Spain (1747–1777), son of King Charles III.
  • Ferdinand (1751–1825), as Ferdinand IV. King of Naples, as Ferdinand I, King of the Two Sicilies
  • Franz (1777–1830), in 1825 as Franz I, King of the Two Sicilies
  • Ferdinand (1810–1859), 1830 as Ferdinand II. King of the Two Sicilies
  • Franz (1836–1894), 1859–1861 as Franz II. King of the Two Sicilies
  • Alfons (1841–1934), his half-brother, Count von Caserta
  • Ferdinand Pius (1869–1960), his son
  • Alfonso (1901–1964), his nephew

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