|Coordinates||41 ° 19 ′ N , 14 ° 19 ′ E|
|height||110 m slm|
|Residents||7,555 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density||120 inhabitants / km²|
|Patron saint||Sixtus I.|
Alife is an Italian commune with 7555 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2019) in the province of Caserta in Campania . It is part of the Comunità Montana del Matese . The municipality is located about 27 kilometers north of Caserta and about 55 kilometers north-northeast of Naples on the Volturno . To the north of Alife is the Parco Regionale del Matese .
Located in the historical area of Samnium , today's city has its roots in the times of the Samnites and the Oscans - in the 4th century BC. After the Samnite Wars , the village was rebuilt as an oppidum . In Roman times the city was called Allifae or Alifae ( Greek Ἀλλιφαί Alliphai ).
At 499 the first bishop, Clarus, is reported. Around 1320 Alife had about 5,000 to 6,000 inhabitants and, according to the conditions at the time, corresponded to a larger city. In 1349 and 1456 there were devastating earthquakes that hit the city hard. In 1914 Alife was connected to the railway network. In 1995 she was awarded the title of Città (City).
- The family Acilius , the near Alife a mausoleum had
- Alexander von Telese , Benedictine monk and abbot in the 12th century, chronicler
- Marino Bulcani († 1394), cardinal, probably born in Alife
- Theodora Petraliphaina (around 1225 - after 1270), saint of the Orthodox Church, originally from Alife
Alife maintains an intra-Italian partnership with Alatri in the Frosinone province and a partnership with the Polish Głowno in the Łódź Voivodeship .
The Ferrovia Alifana no longer operates to the same extent as before. Alife is now only a stop on the railway line from Santa Maria Capua Vetere to Piedimonte Matese . Strada Statale 372 Telesina , Strada Statale 158 della Valle del Volturno and in the south the Strada statale 87 Sannitica also lead through the municipality .
- ↑ Statistiche demografiche ISTAT. Monthly population statistics of the Istituto Nazionale di Statistica , as of December 31 of 2019.
- ↑ On the ancient Allifae cf. Christian Hülsen : Allifae . In: Paulys Realencyclopadie der classischen Antiquity Science (RE). Volume I, 2, Stuttgart 1894, Col. 1585 f.