|Coordinates||41 ° 2 ' N , 13 ° 56' E|
|Residents||26,735 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density||371 inhabitants / km²|
|Patron saint||San Castrese|
Square in the historic center with town hall and Church of the Annunciation ( Chiesa dell'Annunziata )
Castel Volturno is located on the west coast of Italy in the province of Caserta in the Campania region about 35 km northwest of Naples and about 35 km west of Caserta . The city, which is also a municipality , is located at the mouth of the Volturno river of the same name . It is named after a fort on the river bank, the roots of which go back to the 9th century. In ancient times, the city of Volturnum was located at the mouth of the river . Castel Volturno was a settlement of the Samnites and then the Etruscans . The city lies on the former Via Domitiana , which was rebuilt in 1954 with a bridge over the Volturno.
The Villaggio Coppola (or Pinetamare ) and the Villaggio del Sole belong to the municipality of Castel Volturno .
In 2010 there were around 25,000 locals and around 18,000 African refugees living in Castel Volturno. Today (2019) there are still around 25,000 people, an estimated two thirds of them are immigrants.
During the fascist era , the area around the city was drained . After the construction of a new national road along the former Via Domitiana and a bridge over the Volturno, agriculture took off from 1954.
The beach facilities were expanded into a holiday resort after the Second World War . Holiday guests included members of a nearby US Army base. After an earthquake in the Campania region in 1980, the Italian government temporarily quartered homeless people in the holiday apartments. The homeowners then left the apartments empty and later rented them out to African migrant workers . Since then, the residential substance of the bathing resort has been continuously deteriorating. Because of the illegal garbage disposal of the Camorra, the beach is flooded with garbage despite regular cleaning. Toxic waste from illegal rubbish dumps is contaminating the beach and forcing an almost complete bathing ban. The beach settlement of Villaggio Coppola was illegally established by the Camorra clan of the Casalesi in the 1970s. Due to a resolution of the regional council ( Consiglio Regionale della Campania ) from 2010, the Villaggio Coppola , which is also the third largest illegally built residential complex in the world, should actually be demolished. Today (2019) it is inhabited by destitute Italian and African squatters.
African Immigration - Human Trafficking
According to the Camorra opponent Roberto Saviano , Castel Volturno is said to have been "completely [...] left" to foreign clans by the Camorra in the 2000s, namely "clans from Lagos and Benin City " - for the purpose of cocaine trade and transit from prostitutes to all of Europe. Despite the dominance of the Nigerian Mafia clans, church institutions, including the Comboni Missionaries , organize a social and moral alternative to the clans. Many crimes are prevented or solved by relatives of African immigrants. Saviano considers Castel Volturno to be a city of the future, as it is controlled and administered by immigrants - therefore anti-criminal forces should definitely be supported.
In contrast, a television report by Spiegel TV , citing the Italian journalist Sergio Nazarro, claimed that the development of African criminal clans along the lines of the Camorra only began in Italy. According to him, the place is the epicenter of the Nigerian Mafia, " since the Italian Mafia increasingly invested in legal branches of the economy and laundered their billions there ." In fact, according to a Spiegel report from 2019, young women from Nigeria, not least from the parents, urged to prostitution in Italy or Castel Volturno. An example was set on a woman who then refused on the spot. There is a climate of fear due to the local Nigerian gangs, so that many prostitutes are intimidated and do not go to the police.
- Stranded between garbage and the Mafia - African refugees in Italy. TV report, Germany, 2010, 15:31 min., Director: Gudrun Altrogge, production: Spiegel TV Magazin, first broadcast: June 20, 2010 on RTL
- Arrivederci Dolce Vita - Italy in crisis (focus Europe - continent in crisis). TV report. Germany, 2019. Production: Spiegel TV Magazin, first broadcast: August 21, 2019.
- Roberto Saviano “Africans in Italy don't fear fighting crime” ( Memento from December 8, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) In: africa-news.eu , October 7, 2009
- Gudrun Altrogge: Italian seaside resort: Mafia, garbage, migrants. In: Spiegel Online . June 20, 2010 .
- ↑ Statistiche demografiche ISTAT. Monthly population statistics of the Istituto Nazionale di Statistica , as of December 31 of 2019.
- ↑ Via Domitiana, cf. with list of Roman roads
- ↑ a b c d Gudrun Altrogge: http://www.spiegel.de/video/video-1070708.html "Stranded between garbage and mafia - African refugees in Italy" In: Spiegel TV , June 20, 2010.
- ↑ Annette Langer: Human Trafficking in Italy: How the Nigerian Mafia Enslaved Women . In: Spiegel Online . August 22, 2019 ( spiegel.de [accessed August 22, 2019]).
- ^ Gudrun Altrogge: Italian seaside resort: Mafia, garbage, migrants. In: Spiegel Online . June 20, 2010, accessed February 1, 2020 .
- ↑ a b Arrivederci Dolce Vita - Italy in Crisis (Focus on Europe 1/3). Retrieved August 21, 2019 .
- ↑ Roberto Saviano: “The Camorra? A European problem ”. ( Memento of the original from November 8, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. In: cafebabel.com , October 16, 2007.
- ^ Roberto Saviano "Africans in Italy don't fear fighting crime" ( Memento of December 8, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) In: africa-news.eu , October 7, 2009.
- ↑ Sergio Nazarro's website
- ^ A b Annette Langer: Human trafficking in Italy: How the Nigerian Mafia enslaved women. In: Spiegel Online. August 22, 2019. Retrieved August 22, 2019 .