|Coordinates||41 ° 4 ′ N , 14 ° 20 ′ E|
|height||68 m slm|
|Residents||74,450 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density||1,403 inhabitants / km²|
|Post Code||81020 (Caserta Vecchia, Casola di Caserta), 81100 (Caserta)|
|Patron saint||San Sebastiano and Sant'Anna|
View of Caserta
Caserta is the capital of the province of Caserta in the Italian region of Campania .
Location and dates
In addition to the main town of Caserta, the community includes numerous other districts, some of which were independent communities before the territorial reform under Mussolini , such as the medieval San Leucio , which is known for its silk fabrics and the former royal summer residence Belvedere . The current districts are Aldifreda, Briano, Casertavecchia, Casola, Casolla, Centurano, Ercole, Falciano, Garzano, Mezzano, Piedimonte di Casolla, Pozzovetere, Puccianiello, Sala, San Benedetto, San Clemente, San Leucio, Santa Barbara, Sommana, Staturano Tredici, Tuoro and Vaccheria.
The city is a smaller railway junction , which is bypassed on its southern edge by a bypass with the Marcianise Smistamento marshalling yard for the entire Neapolitan railway junction area.
The neighboring municipalities are Capua , Casagiove , Castel Morrone , Limatola ( BN ), Maddaloni , Recale , San Marco Evangelista , San Nicola la Strada , San Prisco , Sant'Agata de 'Goti ( BN ) and Valle di Maddaloni .
origin of the name
The name Caserta goes back to the medieval village of Tor Lupara, the dialect Casa Irta (literally "upper house") was called and completely depopulated due to the migration to the plane. This village was for the most part in the area of today's Casertavecchia, a suburb of Caserta about 10 km away.
Caserta was the seat of numerous bishops . The county of Caserta was founded in 879 by Pandulfo di Capua, the castle was in what is today the district of Casertavecchia. Conquered by the Normans in 1057 , the county came successively to the houses of Lauro, Sanseverino , Beaumont, del Balzo , Roheri, Caetani di Sermoneta, Diego de Lahart della Ratta (mentioned in Giovanni Boccaccio's Decamerone ), Acquaviva , Gaetani and finally Bourbon Sicily .
In 1980, Sophia Loren hit the headlines when she was sentenced to 30 days in prison for tax evasion . She began serving her sentence in Caserta in May 1982.
The Bourbon Royal Palace of Caserta
The main town, along with San Nicola la Strada and San Marco Evangelista (formerly Masserie ), is one of the three settlements that grew up around the Baroque palace of Caserta ( Palazzo Reale ) of the Bourbons . Construction of the palace began in 1752 based on the plans of the Naples-born architect Luigi Vanvitelli based on the model of Palace of Versailles ("Italian Versailles"). It is one of the most visited sights in Italy with richly decorated halls and a unique palace park , which is one of the largest green spaces in Campania and belongs to the best that the 18th century produced in the field of garden art.
The palace , which is regularly grouped around four inner courtyards and has two broad fronts to the city and the park, is one of the largest baroque buildings in Europe with 1217 rooms . The facade of the planned, but only in outline, city is very strictly structured and through the central axis allows a view of the 3 km long castle park, which is an Italian version of a baroque garden. The garden area of Caserta is designed as a mountain park and includes the entire area extensively in the architecture of the castle.
The basketball club Juventus Caserta played in Serie A1 from 1983 to 1994 and won the Italian Cup in 1988 and the championship in 1991, but in 1998 the game had to be stopped. In 2004 the newly founded club JuveCaserta Basket acquired another club's license for LegADue , Italy's second-highest league, and since 2008 the club has been back in the top division.
The local soccer club US Casertana currently plays in Serie C , the third highest division in Italy.
sons and daughters of the town
- Giulio Antonio Santorio (1532–1602), Inquisitor and Cardinal of the Holy Roman Catholic Church
- Francesco Saverio Salerno (1928–2017), Roman Catholic clergyman, Curia Bishop
- Massimo Morales (* 1964), football player and coach
- Gianluca Grava (* 1977), football player
- Francesco Tavano (* 1979), football player
- Clemente Russo (* 1982), boxer
- Enrico Brignola (* 1999), football player
- ↑ Statistiche demografiche ISTAT. Monthly population statistics of the Istituto Nazionale di Statistica , as of December 31 of 2019.