With appearances as an extra , for example in the American epic Quo Vadis , which was filmed in Cinecittà in Rome, a development began that quickly made Loren an international film star. She got her first leading role in White Woman in Africa . In the following years she could count on the support of the film producer Carlo Ponti , who signed her, later married and remained her producer for a lifetime. Between 1957 and 1964, Loren consolidated her position as a top star with Hollywood productions such as Houseboat and It Began in Naples, as well as winning an Academy Award for Best Actress ( And Yet They Live ). Her film partners have always been well-known acting colleagues; Especially with her compatriot Marcello Mastroianni she celebrated many successes. Most recently, after a long period of television appearances, Loren appeared again in movies, e. B. in Prêt-à-porter (1994) and Nine (2009).
life and career
Loren grew up in poor circumstances in the small town of Pozzuoli and in Naples . Her father Riccardo Scicolone did not marry her mother Romilda Villani even after the birth of Sophia's younger sister Maria and left the family. The mother tried to capitalize on Sophia's beauty to support the family. Sophia was allowed to take part in contests, worked as a model in the photo novels popular in Italy at the time and received extras in films.
In 1950, she finished second in the Miss Rome beauty contest and met her future husband, the Italian film producer Carlo Ponti , 22 years her senior . This promoted her from then on and invented the name Sophia Loren for her .
In 1957 Loren went to Hollywood on the initiative of Ponti and stood in front of the camera with pride and passion , her first US film. She became popular with international audiences primarily through the comedy Houseboat (1958) starring Cary Grant . In 1960 she had great financial success with It Started in Naples with Clark Gable . The monumental film El Cid , which was shot in Spain in 1961 under the direction of Anthony Mann , was another step towards becoming a Hollywood star for Loren. In the USA she appeared in many, mostly comedic films, usually alongside famous screen heroes such as Anthony Quinn , John Wayne , Richard Burton , Frank Sinatra , Anthony Perkins , Charlton Heston , Paul Newman and Gregory Peck . In 1966 Charlie Chaplin hired Loren and Marlon Brando for The Countess of Hong Kong ; this was Chaplin's last film and also his only color film.
In 1960 she shot the melodrama in Italy under the direction of Vittorio De Sica And yet they live . Since then she has also been recognized as a character actress and has received countless film awards. In De Sica's war epic, she brought her own youthful experiences to the screen and credibly conveyed the pain of war.
In Italy, Loren competed with Gina Lollobrigida for a while ; like this, she was considered a bosom miracle and a sex symbol. With her film partner Marcello Mastroianni , Loren formed a dream couple in many Italian productions. She also worked repeatedly with the director Vittorio De Sica .
Loren was one of the most popular international movie stars until the late 1970s and has appeared in numerous well-known films. From 1980, the actress appeared mainly in television movies in appearance, acts occasionally but also in movies such as Prêt-à-Porter (1994) or The third spring (1995) and in Italian cinema productions as of Lina Wertmueller and her son Edoardo Ponti with . In 2009 she turned since 1996 the first time in a Hollywood movie: In the musical Nine of Rob Marshall she starred alongside Nicole Kidman , Penelope Cruz , Daniel Day-Lewis , Judi Dench and Marion Cotillard .
Loren acted in over 100 films between 1950 and 2014. Marion Degler was Loren's standard German speaker for around four decades. After Degler withdrew from the dubbing business in the mid-1990s, Loren was dubbed by changing speakers.
Loren caused a stir in 2007 when she posed on the Pirelli calendar . In the same year, the 72-year-old announced that she would appear again in a revealing pose when the football club SSC Naples rose. Although the club was successful, Loren did not keep their promise. On a TV show, she described her announcement as a joke.
In 2007 her husband Carlo Ponti died. Loren retired from public life for a few months. In the same year she appeared for award ceremonies and honors, when she received the “Espiga de Oro” in Spain, the “Bambi” in Germany and the “Marc Aurel Prize” in Italy for her life's work. On May 4, 2011, Loren was honored at the Samuel Goldwyn Theater in Los Angeles. She received a Lifetime Achievement Award from the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences .
In 1993 Loren and Marcello Mastroianni presented Federico Fellini with the honorary Oscar for his life's work in Los Angeles . In 1999 she presented Roberto Benigni with the Oscar for best male leading role and the award for best foreign language film, in 2009 Kate Winslet the Oscar for best actress and in 2010 Michael Haneke the Golden Globe Award for best foreign language film.
Together with her husband, Carlo Ponti, who died in 2007, Loren has two children: Carlo jr . (* 1968) and Edoardo (* 1973). The family lives or lived on Lake Geneva and also owns a ranch in California, a palazzo in Rome, a chalet in Switzerland and an apartment in Trump World Tower in New York.
Loren's marriage to Ponti was considered exemplary despite the difficult legal situation in the early years. They married on September 17, 1957, after Ponti divorced his first wife, Giuliana Fiastri, in Mexico. However, Italian law did not provide for divorce and the separation of Pontis from Fiastri was not recognized in Italy; Ponti was charged with bigamy , and his marriage to Loren was officially annulled in 1962. Loren, Ponti and Fiastri then became French citizens in 1966 in order to be able to divorce and remarry under French law. After the divorce from his first wife, Ponti's marriage to Loren was finally legalized on April 9, 1966.
Loren's sister Anna Maria Villani Scicolone was married to Romano Mussolini , son of the former dictator Benito Mussolini , from 1961 to 1972 . Their daughter, born in 1962, is the actress and neo-fascist politician Alessandra Mussolini . Loren promoted her niece's career by getting her roles in a number of films she starred in, such as Sin (1972), A Special Day (1977), A Little Blonde (1984) and Saturday, Sunday, Monday ( 1990). Loren also convinced her to pose for the men's magazine Playboy .
Loren is the godmother of the US actress Drew Barrymore .
- 1949: Cuori sul mare
- 1950: Il voto
- 1951: Quo vadis? (Quo vadis)
- 1951: Anna
- 1953: White woman in Africa (Africa sotto i mari)
- 1953: Aida
- 1954: Carousel Naples (Carosello napoletano)
- 1954: The sold innocence (Miseria e nobiltà)
- 1954: The Gold of Naples (L'oro di Napoli)
- 1954: Two nights with Cleopatra (Due notti con Cleopatra)
- 1954: It's a shame you're a rascal (Peccato che sia una canaglia)
- 1954: The Woman from the River (La Donna del fiume)
- 1955: Attila, the Scourge of God (Attila)
- 1955: love, bread and 1000 kisses (Pane, amore e ...)
- 1956: How wonderful to be a woman (La fortuna di essere donna)
- 1957: Boy on a Dolphin (Boy on a Dolphin)
- 1957: Pride and the Passion (The Pride and the Passion)
- 1957: The City of the Lost (Legend of the Lost)
- 1958: Desire Under The Elms
- 1958: Houseboat (Houseboat)
- 1958: The Key (The Key)
- 1958: The Black Orchid (The Black Orchid)
- 1960: It Started in Naples (It Started in Naples)
- 1960: And yet they live (La ciociara)
- 1960: The Lady and the Killer (Heller in Pink Tights)
- 1960: Princess Olympia (A Breath of Scandal)
- 1960: The millionaire (The Millionairess)
- 1961: El Cid
- 1961: Untamed Catherine (Madame Sans Gêne)
- 1961: Boccaccio 70
- 1962: The third dimension (La Troisième dimension)
- 1962: The Trapped in Altona (I sequestrati di Altona)
- 1963: Yesterday, today and tomorrow (Ieri, oggi, domani)
- 1963: The Fall of the Roman Empire (The Fall of the Roman Empire)
- 1964: Wedding in Italian (Matrimonio all'italiana)
- 1964: Operation Crossbow (Operation Crossbow)
- 1965: Lady L
- 1966: Judith
- 1966: Arabesque (Arabesque)
- 1966: The Countess of Hong Kong (A Countess from Hong Kong)
- 1967: Beautiful Isabella (C'era una volta ...)
- 1970: Sunflowers (I girasoli)
- 1970: The priest's wife (La moglie del prete)
- 1971: Mortadella (La mortadella)
- 1972: The Man of La Mancha
- 1973: The trip to Palermo (Il viaggio)
- 1974: The verdict (Verdict)
- 1974: The gangster's doll (La pupa del gangster )
- 1976: Meeting point Death Bridge (Cassandra Crossing)
- 1977: Angela
- 1977: A Special Day (Una giornata particolare)
- 1978: Hidden Target (Brass Target)
- 1978: Blood feud (Fatto di sangue fra due uomini per causa di una vedova, si sospettano moventi politici)
- 1979: Firepower
- 1990: Saturday, Sunday and Monday (Sabato, domenica e lunedì)
- 1994: Prêt-à-porter
- 1995: The Third Spring - Friends, Enemies, Fish & Women (Grumpier Old Men)
- 2002: Between Strangers (Between Strangers)
- 2004: Peperoni ripieni e pesci in faccia
- 2009: Nine
- 2010: La mia casa è piena di specchi (TV movie)
- 2014: La voce umana (based on the play La voix humaine by Jean Cocteau )
- 2020: La vita davanti a sé (based on the novel La vie devant soi by Emile Ajar alias Romain Gary )
Awards and honors
Walk of Fame
- 1994: Star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame (the 2000th)
- 1962: Oscar in the category Best Actress for And Yet They Live
- 1965: Nomination in the category Best Actress for Wedding in Italian
- 1991: Honorary Oscar for her life's work
- 2011: Lifetime Achievement Honorary Gala from the Academy of Motion Pictures and Sciences in Los Angeles
Golden Globe Award
- 1961: Golden Globe nomination for Best Actress - Comedy or Musical for It Started in Naples
- 1964: Henrietta Award for Most Popular Actress of the Year
- 1965: Henrietta Award and Golden Globe nomination in the category Best Actress - Comedy or Musical for Wedding in Italian
- 1969: Henrietta Award
- 1977: Henrietta Award
- 1995: Golden Globe nomination in the Best Supporting Actress category for Prêt-à-porter and the Cecil B. DeMille Award
- 1961: Bambi
- 1962: Bambi
- 1963: Bambi
- 1964: Bambi
- 1965: Bambi
- 1967: Bambi
- 1968: Bambi
- 1969: Bambi
- 2007: Bambi of honor for her life's work
David di Donatello
- 1961: David di Donatello for Best Actress
- 1964: David di Donatello for Best Actress
- 1965: David di Donatello for Best Actress
- 1970: David di Donatello for Best Sunflower Actress
- 1974: David di Donatello for Best Actress
- 1978: David di Donatello for Best Actress
- 1984: David di Donatello special award
- 1999: Honorary David-di-Donatello for her life's work
- 2014: David di Donatello for Best Actress
- 2001: Honorary Telegatto for her life's work
Golden Bear of the Berlinale
- 1994: Golden Bear for her life's work
- 1961: Nastro d'Argento as best actress for And yet they live
- 1978: Nastro d'Argento for Best Actress for A Special Day
Prize of the Venice International Film Festival
- 1958: Golden Lion for Best Actress in The Black Orchid
- 1998: Golden Lion for her life's work
Prize of the San Sebastian International Film Festival
- 1974: Best Actress Award for The Trip to Palermo
Prize of the Cannes International Film Festival
- 1961: Best Actress Award for And Yet They Live
Prize of the Moscow International Film Festival
- 1965: Best Actress Award for Wedding in Italian
- 1997: Golden St. Georg Prize
Prize of the Istanbul International Film Festival
- 2005: Lifetime Achievement Award
New York Film Critics Award
- 1961: Best Actress Award for And Yet They Live
British Films Academy Awards
- 1962: Nomination for Best Actress for And Yet They Live
- 1991: Honorary award for her life's work
National Board of Review Award
- 1994: Best Ensemble Award for Pret-a-Porter
- 1995: Golden camera for her life's work
Sho West Award
- 1996: Lifetime Achievement Award
Order of Merit of the Italian Republic
- 1996: Order of Merit of the Italian Republic - Cavaliere di Gran Croce
World Film Festival in Montreal
- 2001: Great special prize for her life's work
- 2003: Festival diploma for her life's work
- 2005: Honorary Citizen of Pozzuoli, Campania
- 2009: Honorary Citizen of Sorrento
Film Festival in Rome
- 2007: Acting award for her career
Valladolid Film Festival
- 2007: Espigade Oro for her career
- 1991: César for her life's work
- 2010: Praemium Imperiale
European Culture Prize Taurus
- 2019: European Culture Prize Taurus for her life's work
- Sophia Loren received numerous BRAVO Otto Awards from the youth magazine BRAVO and numerous Laurel Awards .
- Mathias Tantau named a red hybrid tea rose after her in 1967.
- July 2016: Honorary Citizen of Naples
- by Sophia Loren
- The secret of my beauty . Ullstein, Frankfurt 1985, ISBN 3-550-07737-8 .
- Come eat with me . Lübbe, Bergisch Gladbach 1978, ISBN 3-404-01030-2 .
- Recipes and memories . Heyne, Munich 1999, ISBN 3-453-15965-9 .
- “How wonderful to be a woman !” ( Lucky to be a woman / La fortuna di essere donna ). Baer Family Records, Hambergen 2003, ISBN 3-89795-895-3 (trilingual edition with 2 CDs and 1 DVD).
- My life . Piper, Munich 2014, ISBN 978-3-492-05656-4 .
- André Müller : Exposures. Interviews. Wilhelm Goldmann Verlag , Munich 1982, ISBN 3-442-03887-1 .
- about Sophia Loren
- Yann-Brice Dherbier (Ed.): Sophia Loren. Pictures of a life. Henschel, Berlin 2008, ISBN 978-3-89487-624-1 .
- Lars-Olav Beier : Sophia Loren. A homage . Henschel, Berlin 1994, ISBN 3-89487-203-9 .
- Giovanna Bertelli (Ed.): Sophia Loren . Schirmer-Mosel, Munich 2003, ISBN 3-8296-0101-8 .
- Aaron E. Hotchner: Sophia Loren. Her films, her life ("Sophia, living and loving"). Wilhelm Heyne, Munich 1989, ISBN 3-453-86069-1 (Heyne Filmbibliothek, 69).
- Stefano Masi: Sophia Loren . Gremes, Rome 2001, ISBN 88-8440-038-4 .
- Italo Moscati: Sophia Loren. A biography . Herbig, Munich 1995, ISBN 3-7766-1924-4 .
- Berndt Schulz : Sophia Loren. It's wonderful to be a woman. In: Adolf Heinzlmeier among others: Shine and myth of the stars of the 40s and 50s (Die Immortlichen des Kinos, 2). S. Fischer, Frankfurt 1980, ISBN 3-596-23658-4 , pp. 210-217.
- Literature by and about Sophia Loren in the catalog of the German National Library
- Sophia Loren in the Internet Movie Database (English)
- Official Site ( Memento of October 11, 2007 in the Internet Archive )
- Biography, literature & sources on Sophia Loren Fembio from the Institute for Women's Biography Research
- Sophia Loren: Sophia. Life and love . Wilhelm Heyne Verlag, Munich 1979, ISBN 3-453-01200-3 , p. 17: Place of birth "Clinica Regina Margherita in Rome"
- Ernst Probst: Super women 7 - film and theater. 2001, ISBN 3-640-45071-X , p. 92. accessed on August 4, 2011.
- www.20minuten.ch: News from now!
- Sophia Loren now honorary citizen of Naples. In: orf.at . July 9, 2016, accessed September 6, 2016 .
- Mueller's various interview partners, including Loren
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Scicolone, Sofia Villani (real name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Italian film actress|
|DATE OF BIRTH||September 20, 1934|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Rome , Italy|