Michael Haneke

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Michael Haneke (2014)
Michael Haneke during lit.Cologne 2018 in the large broadcasting hall of the WDR in Cologne

Michael Haneke (born March 23, 1942 in Munich ) is an Austrian film director and screenwriter . His feature films ( The Piano Player , Caché , The White Ribbon , Love ) have received numerous awards, including the Oscar , two Golden Palms at the Cannes Film Festival , two Golden Globes and several European film awards .


Haneke is the son of the director and actor Fritz Haneke from Düsseldorf and the Austrian castle actress Beatrix Degenschild . Michael Haneke grew up in Wiener Neustadt , where the family on his mother's side ran a farm. Contact with his father remained sparse, even if Fritz Haneke was later to participate in a theater production of his son. His uncle was the internationally known motorcycle racer Franz Josef Binder .

The composer Alexander Steinbrecher was married to Haneke's mother for the second time and thus became Haneke's stepfather. After Beatrix Degenschild's death, stone breaker met and fell in love with Elisabeth Urbancic , the mother of Christoph Waltz . Haneke and Waltz therefore have the same stepfather.

Haneke wanted to drop out of school and become an actor at the age of 17. After a failed entrance examination at the Max Reinhardt Seminar in Vienna , where some of the teaching staff said he knew him because his mother was working at the Burgtheater at the time , he continued his school career and graduated from high school . Although he had flirted with the profession of concert pianist, he studied philosophy, psychology and theater studies in Vienna. However, he did not complete his studies, but switched to Südwestfunk television in Baden-Baden. Through his father, Haneke had found out that they had been looking for a television dramaturge for the television game department for two years, and he was given the position. In this context he learned the craft of filmmaking and came into contact with people like Wolfgang Menge and Ulrike Meinhof , who was preparing her television play Bambule at the time .

At the Institute for Film and Television ( Filmakademie Wien ) of the University of Music and Performing Arts Vienna , Haneke has been teaching directing since 2002.

Haneke is the father of a son (* 1965). Since 1983 he has been married to the owner of an antique shop in Vienna's eighth district.


During his time as an editor and television dramaturge at Südwestfunk (1967–1971), Haneke wrote his first screenplay entitled Weekend , which, however, was never made into a film. In the following years he worked as a theater director first in Baden-Baden (debut with Whole Days in the Trees by Marguerite Duras ), then in Darmstadt, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt am Main, Stuttgart, Hamburg, at the Bavarian State Theater in Munich and at the Vienna Burgtheater ( The Last Supper by Peter Sichrovsky , set design by Hans Hoffer , costumes by Annette Beaufays , March 18, 1988).

... and what comes after? (After Liverpool) (1973), based on a text by James Saunders , was Haneke's first television film. Other television productions were Bulky Garbage (1976), Three Paths to the Lake (1976) based on a text by Ingeborg Bachmann , Lemminge (1979), Variation (1983), Wer war Edgar Allan? (1984) based on a novel by Peter Rosei (with Rolf Hoppe and Paulus Manker ), Fraulein (1985) with Angelica Domröse , Obituary for a Murderer (1991), Die Rebellion (1993) and Das Schloss (1997, based on Franz Kafka with Ulrich Effort ). The crime scene episode Kesseltreiben (1993) was shot based on the script by Haneke, but he was completely dissatisfied with the implementation and insisted on naming the pseudonym "Richard Binder" as the scriptwriter in the credit sequence .

It was only when he switched to the cinema for The Seventh Continent that Haneke found his genuine film language . Initially planned as a television play for Radio Bremen , his script, which for the first time had his characteristic protocol form, was rejected, whereupon Haneke tackled a cinema version.

He summarizes his first three films as a trilogy about the glaciation of people's emotions : In The Seventh Continent (1989) a family of three commits suicide, in Benny's Video (1992) the protagonist films how he kills a friend with a nail gun , to - as he puts it - "to see how it is", and 71 Fragments of a Chronology of Chance (1994) is about a student who runs amok.

Funny Games followed in 1997, code: unknown in 2000 . For his seventh feature film The Piano Player with Isabelle Huppert and Benoît Magimel in the leading roles, the film adaptation of Elfriede Jelinek 's novel of the same name, Haneke was honored with the Grand Jury Prize in Cannes in 2001 . In 2002 he shot the end-time drama Wolfzeit in French , again starring Isabelle Huppert in the lead role.

In 2005 he was awarded the FIPRESCI Prize of the International Film Critics and the Prize of the Ecumenical Jury for Caché during the Cannes International Film Festival , and was named Best Director . It was also Caché 2005 at the European Film Awards 2005 five awards, including Best Picture and Best Director.

Juliette Binoche , leading actress in "Caché", says about the filmmaker's work:

“For me, Haneke's films are necessary films. It should be looked at from time to time. But certainly not always. "

On January 27, 2006, Haneke presented his first opera production at the Paris Opera (performance in the Palais Garnier ): Don Giovanni by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (set designer Christoph Kanter , costumes Annette Beaufays, conductor Sylvain Cambreling ). Haneke had the piece played in a modern office with a view of skyscrapers, he portrayed Don Giovanni as a ruthless young top manager.

In 2007, a remake of Funny Games US produced internationally by the USA was presented; Naomi Watts , Tim Roth and Darius Khondji for the camera were among the participants. Haneke recreated his first version scene by scene. He had explicitly contractually guaranteed the criteria “Final Cut” and “Shot-by-Shot-Remake”. Only because of this he was able to prevent the producer from pushing through that of Marilyn Manson instead of John Zorn's music .

At the Vienna Film Academy ( University of Music and Performing Arts Vienna ), under the direction of Haneke, the film adaptation of a play by Ferdinand Bruckner , Illness of Youth , was made in 2007 .

Michael Haneke (Cannes 2009)

Two years later he competed with the film The White Ribbon - A German Children's Story again in the competition at the 62nd Cannes International Film Festival , which was headed by jury president Isabelle Huppert . The film, with Susanne Lothar , Ulrich Tukur and Burghart Klaußner in the leading roles, is set on the eve of the First World War and describes the mysterious incidents in a north German village. His fifth invitation earned him the Golden Palm for the first time . The white ribbon also won the European Film Prize in the categories of film, directing and screenwriting, the Golden Globe Award in the category of best foreign language film and the German Film Prize in ten categories.

In 2012, Haneke completed the feature film Liebe , which began shooting in Paris at the beginning of the previous year . In it he tells of an old French couple of music professors who are thrown off balance by the stroke of the woman (played by Emmanuelle Riva ). For the part of the husband, Haneke was able to engage Jean-Louis Trintignant , who took on a role again after almost ten years of absence from the cinema. For love , with Isabelle Huppert in a supporting role as daughter, Haneke received his sixth invitation to the competition at the 65th Cannes International Film Festival and his second Palme d'Or in 2012 . For his commitment to independent cinema, he was made Knight of the French Legion of Honor by French President François Hollande in the same year . In 2013, the Golden Globe Award for Love in the category of best foreign language film and five Oscar nominations (best film, foreign language film, director, leading actress - Emmanuelle Riva, original screenplay) followed. The film won the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film.

In 2017 he was invited to the Cannes Film Festival for the eighth time with a happy ending and was nominated for a Palme d'Or for the seventh time .


Opera direction


In addition, Haneke's directorial work Liebe won the Oscar in the category Best Foreign Language Film in 2013 as well as the Golden Globe Award in the same category as an Austrian contribution . The white ribbon (country of submission: Germany) was also nominated for an Oscar in 2010 and won the Golden Globe.

2016 found three of his films ( Caché , The White Ribbon , love ) in the BBC -Choice of the 100 most important films of the 21st century into account.


Publications about Michael Haneke
  • Alexander Horwath (ed.): The seventh continent: Michael Haneke and his films. Europaverlag, Vienna 1991 (215 pages), ISBN 3-203-51130-4 .
  • Jörg Metelmann: On the criticism of the violence in the cinema: Michael Haneke's films. Wilhelm Fink, Munich 2003 (298 pages), ISBN 3-7705-3825-0 .
  • Katharina Müller: Haneke: No biography. transcript Verlag, Bielefeld 2014 (432 pages), ISBN 978-3-8376-2838-8 .
  • Daniela Sannwald, Thomas Koebner , Fabienne Liptay (eds.): Film Concepts Issue 21: Michael Haneke. Ed. Text + criticism, Munich 2011 (100 pages), ISBN 978-3-86916-114-3 .
  • Christian Wessely et al. (Ed.): Michael Haneke and his films. A pathology of the consumer society. Schüren, Marburg 2008 (2nd, extended and combined edition, 416 pages), ISBN 978-3-89472-629-4 .
  • Catherine Wheatley: Michael Haneke's cinema: the ethic of the image. Berghahn Books, New York / Oxford 2009, (Film Europa), (234 pages), ISBN 978-1-84545-557-6 .
  • Michael Haneke. Special edition of Modern Austrian Literature , February 43, 2010.
  • Fatima Naqvi: Deceptive Familiarity - Films by Michael Haneke. Synema-Verlag, Vienna 2010, ISBN 978-3-901644-37-5 .
  • Roy Grundmann (Ed.): A Companion to Michael Haneke. Wiley-Blackwell, Hoboken 2010, (WBCF - Wiley-Blackwell Companions to Film Directors), (656 pages), ISBN 978-1-4051-8800-5 .
  • Alexander D. Ornella / Stefanie Knauss (eds.): Fascinatingly Disturbing. Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Michael Haneke's Cinema , Eugene, Pickwick, 2010, ISBN 978-1-60608-624-7 .
  • Georg Seeßlen : Traces of love in Michael Haneke's films. In: Michael Haneke: LOVE. The book. Hanser Berlin, Munich 2012, ISBN 978-3-446-24027-8 , pp. 173-206.
  • Matthias Wannhoff: Impossible readings. On the role of media technology in Michael Haneke's films. Kadmos, Berlin 2013, ISBN 978-3-86599-155-3 .
  • Günter Helmes : "On a day like any other" ... in a film like no other. Michael Hanekes Funny Games (1997) as a reflection on violence, the film and the audience. In: Visualizations of Violence. Contributions to film, theater and literature, ed. by Dagmar von Hoff, Brigitte E. Jirku and Lena Wetenkamp. Berlin: Peter Lang 2018, pp. 81–99. ISBN 978-3-631-71763-9 .
  • Susanne Kaul / Jean-Pierre Palmier: Michael Haneke. Introduction to his films and film aesthetics . Fink, Paderborn 2018, ISBN 978-3-7705-6148-3 .
  • Gerhard Schneider & Peter Bär (Eds.): Michael Haneke . Psychosocial, Giessen 2016, ISBN 978-3-8379-6838-5
  • Marijana Erstić / Christina Natlacen (eds.): Pasolini - Haneke. Cinematic orders of violence . (Issue of Zs. Navigations . Journal for Media and Cultural Studies ). 14 (2014), 1, 130 pp., ISSN 1619-1641.
Conversations with Michael Haneke
Publications by Michael Haneke

Web links

Commons : Michael Haneke  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
Databases and homepage
Reviews and interviews
Essays and analyzes

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Franz Josef Binder in the Salzburg Wiki of October 4, 2010, accessed on March 19, 2012.
  2. Haneke and Waltz are quasi "related" ( Memento from June 21, 2011 in the Internet Archive )
  3. a b cf. Michael Haneke . In: Internationales Biographisches Archiv 21/2006 from May 27, 2006 (sp), supplemented by news from MA-Journal up to week 51/2009 (accessed on January 18, 2010 via Munzinger Online )
  4. a b Katharina Müller: Haneke: No biography . 1st edition. Transcript, 2014, ISBN 978-3-8394-2838-2 , pp. 424 ( limited preview in Google Book search).
  5. Der Tagesspiegel of May 29, 2008, Michael Haneke on brutality and horror films - and how to deal with them
  6. cf. Cannes: Michael Haneke wins the Palme d'Or at tt.com, May 24, 2009
  7. cf. Official Twitter profile of the German Film Award (accessed April 23, 2010)
  8. Amour at timeout.com (accessed on 22 April 2012).
  9. Livestream via canalplus.fr, May 27, 2012 (French).
  10. Michael Haneke received the order of the French Legion of Honor at derstandard.at, October 15, 2012 (accessed on October 16, 2012).
  11. Tiroler Tageszeitung: Haneke with "Happy End" in the race for the Golden Palm . Article dated April 13, 2017, accessed March 8, 2020.
  12. Michael Haneke receives the German Federal Cross of Merit. In: DiePresse.com. July 6, 2012, accessed January 6, 2018 .
  13. ^ Decoration of honor for Michael Haneke on ORF from April 18, 2013, accessed on April 19, 2013
  14. ^ Religion.orf.at - Michael Haneke receives an honorary doctorate in theology in Graz . Article dated August 8, 2013, accessed August 8, 2013
  15. Michael Haneke is awarded the Sonning Prize 2014 on April 3, 2014, accessed on April 3, 2014.
  16. orf.at: German director award for Michael Haneke ; accessed on October 8, 2015
  17. orf.at - Michael Haneke receives Globart Award 2016 . Article dated August 10, 2016, accessed August 10, 2016.
  18. Michael Haneke honored in Germany. In: ORF.at . December 17, 2019, accessed December 18, 2019 .
  19. 3rd ext. & actual Edition ibid. 2012, ISBN 978-3-89472-772-7 , 448 pp.