University of Graz
|University of Graz|
|Students||31,063 (winter semester 2018/19)
- of which women: 60.8%
- thereof scientific staff: 2,990
|Annual budget||232.5 million euros (2018)
- Public funds (including tuition fees): 201.7 million euros
|Networks||Coimbra Group , IAU|
The University of Graz (today Karl-Franzens-University Graz , also KFU or KFU Graz for short , Latin Carolo-Franciscea ) in Graz is the largest university in Styria and the second oldest university in Austria after the University of Vienna . Its name is derived from Archduke Karl II of Inner Austria and Franz I of Austria . The University of Graz was founded on January 1st, 1585 (presentation of the letter of foundation by Emperor Rudolf II on April 14th, 1586).
In accordance with Section 20 (4) of the 2002 University Act, it is divided into six faculties :
- Catholic Theological Faculty
- Law Faculty
- Faculty of Social and Economic Sciences
- Faculty of Humanities
- Natural Sciences Faculty
- Environmental , regional and educational science faculties
With the establishment of the Environmental, Regional and Educational Science Faculty, the University of Graz has again been divided into six faculties since October 2007.
In order to strengthen the social role and institutionalize it in an interdisciplinary way, the so-called “7th faculty “- the center for society, knowledge and communication - was established.
2011, the University of Graz, the Medical University of Graz, Graz University of Technology at the interface of who Bio medical basics, tech nology developments and Med launched izinischen applications BioTechMed-Graz an initiative for cooperation and networking of these areas to life.
The strategic cooperation NAWI Graz has existed with the Graz University of Technology since 2004 , within the framework of which large parts of the Faculty of Natural Sciences collaborate with the respective related departments at the Technical University in research and teaching. The first joint studies in chemistry, molecular biology and earth sciences began in the 2006/2007 winter semester. In the meantime, all bachelor's and master's degrees in the subjects of molecular biology, chemistry, geosciences, USW NAWI TECH, mathematics and physics are offered in cooperation.
Since 2000, the university has had a strategic focus on "Southeast Europe", and in 2008 the interdisciplinary competence center Southeast Europe (now the Center for Southeast European Studies ) was founded. In addition, since the 2004/05 winter semester the Faculty of Law has been organizing the university course “ South East European Law and European Integration (LL.M.) ” - an LL.M. -Program. This LL.M. Program offers a well-founded postgraduate education in the future region of Southeast Europe and preparation for the next round of enlargement of the European Union.
The ÖH Uni Graz is the legal representative of students at the University of Graz.
The university was founded on January 1, 1585 by Archduke Charles II of Inner Austria , but it was not until April 14, 1586 that the foundation letter including scepter and seal was given to the Provincial of the Society of Jesus and at the same time to the first rector , Father Heinrich Blyssem SJ (1526–1586 ) in the Graz parish church of St. Egidius , today's Graz Cathedral. For this reason, the newly founded university was handed over to the Jesuits in order to give all social classes an elitist education.
A papal and an imperial confirmation letter sealed the establishment of the sovereign . These documents guaranteed the university full autonomy as well as special court and tax privileges. The sovereign originally envisioned a full university with four faculties, but initially there were only two. The theological faculty had the task of creating a new, reliable clergy, and the artistic faculty dealt with the teaching of the liberal arts (septem artes liberales) - the philosophical disciplines.
After the abolition of the Jesuit order in 1773, the university was taken over by the state and the Jesuits at the theological faculty were replaced without exception by secular clergy. The aim of the training was to attract loyal public servants and to impart knowledge that could only be used in practice. The Faculty of Law was founded in 1778, and in 1782, under Emperor Joseph II, the university was converted into a lyceum and a medical and surgical course was created.
The re-establishment of the university by Emperor Franz I took place in 1827. After Wilhelm von Humboldt's university reform in 1848, freedom of teaching and learning was introduced with a high degree of autonomy for the university. The university thus became the carrier of science , the students were to be introduced to scientific research during their studies ("Education through Science"). This basic structure remained - apart from the period of National Socialism 1938–1945 - essentially until 1975.
After the “Anschluss” of Austria in 1938, there were numerous layoffs. Among them were the Nobel Prize winners Otto Loewi , Victor Franz Hess and Erwin Schrödinger . In 1941 the university was renamed the Karl-Franzens-Reichsuniversität Graz and in 1942 the Reichsuniversität Graz .
The university reform of 1975 brought the end of the professors' university, with extensive co-determination of the academic mid-level staff and students in all bodies. The entry into force of the University Organization Act 1993, which enabled partial autonomy and partial legal capacity from December 3, 2000, and the continuation of this development towards full autonomy and independent legal entity within the framework of the University Act 2002 brought further decisive cuts .
At the beginning of 2017 there was a dispute in the course of the appointment procedure for the Chair of Contemporary History after Helmut Konrad retired. Reviewer Pieter M. Judson noted that not the most competent applicants were considered and eventually resigned in protest. "German rope teams" or a "Tübingen round" are on the train. It was also criticized that only German and Swiss applicants, but not Austrians, were shortlisted. While Klaus Zeyringer warned against a “silent connection”, Klaus Hödl criticized the talk of a “Germanization” of contemporary history in the house and warned against culturalist arguments, especially against German applicants. Procedures, candidate selection and expert appointments were also criticized by other scientists. Various media reported on the incident. As a result, the rector Neuper reacted, saying “We are required to advertise professorships internationally. The appointments are not made on the basis of origin, but rather on the basis of qualifications «, responding to the allegations and breaking off the appointment procedure, as a review showed that“ not all suitable applicants had the opportunity to take part in the external assessment process put".
The university church has been the Leechkirche since 1985 .
Nobel Prize Winner
- Fritz Pregl , 1923 for chemistry - in Graz from 1913 until his death in 1930
- Julius Wagner von Jauregg , 1927 for medicine - in Graz from 1889 to 1893
- Erwin Schrödinger , 1933 for physics - in Graz from 1936 to 1938
- Otto Loewi , 1936 for medicine - in Graz from 1909 to 1938
- Victor Franz Hess , 1936 for physics - in Graz from 1893 to 1906 (training) and from 1919 to 1931 and 1937/38
- Gerty Cori , 1947 for medicine - worked in Graz before 1922
- Ivo Andric , 1961 for literature - obtained his doctorate here in 1924 with a dissertation on the spiritual life in Bosnia and Herzegovina during the Ottoman period
- Karl von Frisch , 1973 for medicine - in Graz from 1946 to 1950
- Peter Handke , 2019 for literature - in Graz from 1961 to 1965
Other well-known researchers
- Karl Acham (* 1939), sociologist
- Friedrich Anderhuber (1950–2018), anatomist
- Hermann Baltl (1918–2004), lawyer, legal history
- Siegfried J. Bauer (* 1930), space researcher
- Siegfried Beer (* 1948), historian, secret service specialist
- Leopold Neuhold (* 1954), ethicist and theologian
- Hermann Beitzke (1875–1953), tuberculosis researcher
- Wolfgang Benedek (* 1951), lawyer, specialist in human rights
- Vittorio Benussi (1878–1927), experimental psychologist and designer of the first lie detector
- Ludwig Boltzmann (1844–1906), physicist
- Franz Bydlinski (1931–2011), legal scholar
- Moritz Csáky (* 1936), historian
- Anton Egger (* 1932), business economist (company valuation)
- Theodor Escherich (1857–1911), pediatrician and bacteriologist
- Albert von Ettingshausen (1850–1932), physicist
- Rudolf Flotzinger (* 1939), musicologist
- Viktor von Geramb (1884–1958), folklorist
- Johann Götschl (* 1939), philosopher
- Hans Groß (1847–1915), criminologist
- Paul Guldin (1577–1643), astronomer, mathematician
- Ludwig Gumplowicz (1838–1909), sociology
- Hans von Haberer (1875–1958), surgeon
- Anton Hafferl (1886–1959), anatomist
- Rudolf Haller (1929–2014), philosopher
- Friedrich Hausmann (1917–2009), historian
- Werner Helmich (* 1941), Romanist
- Ferdinand Hessler (1803–1865), physicist
- Claus Jürgen Hutterer (1930–1997), linguist and Germanist
- Anne Jensen (1941–2008), theologian
- Raimund Friedrich Kaindl (1866–1930), historian and ethnologist
- Stefan Karner (* 1952), historian
- Josef Knar (1800–1864), mathematician
- Hermann Knaus (1892–1970), gynecologist, nominated for the 1936 Nobel Prize
- Peter Koller (* 1947), legal scholar
- Helmut Konrad (* 1948), historian
- Franz Krones (1835–1902), historian
- Dieter Kremers (1921–1991), Romance studies and literary scholar
- Heinz D. Kurz (* 1946), economist
- Maximilian Liebmann (* 1934), church historian
- Georg Rudolf Lind (1926–1990), Romanist
- Arnold Luschin (1841–1932), legal history
- Friedrich Bernhard Christian Maassen (1823–1900), canon lawyer
- Ernst Mach (1838–1916), physicist
- Gerwald Mandl (* 1940), business economist (company valuation)
- Bernhard-Michael Mayer (* 1959), pharmacologist
- Theo Mayer-Maly (1931–2007), legal scholar
- Alexius von Meinong (1853–1920), object theorist
- Adalbert Theodor Michel (1821–1877), legal scholar and politician
- Stephan Moebius (* 1973), sociologist
- Johann Mokre (1901–1981), legal scholar, legal philosopher
- Paul Theodor Müller (1873–1919), bacteriologist, hygienist
- Ivo Pfaff (1864–1925), legal scholar
- Erich Prunč (1941–2018), Carinthian Slovenian linguist and translation scholar, literary historian and poet
- Wolf Rauch (* 1952), information scientist
- Friedrich Reinitzer (1857–1927), botanist, chemist and discoverer of liquid crystals
- Max Rintelen (1880–1965), legal historian
- Ludwig Rochlitzer (1880–1945), composer
- Alexander Rollett (1834–1903), physiologist
- Rudolf von Scherer (1845–1918), canon lawyer
- Johannes Schmidt (1843–1901), linguist
- Georg Schneider (* 1980), business economist
- Ulrich Schulz-Buschhaus (1941–2000), Romance studies and literary scholar
- Hugo Schuchardt (1842–1927), Romanist
- Joseph Schumpeter (1883–1950) political economist
- Theodor Reinhold Schütze (1827–1897), legal scholar
- Ernst Seelig (1895–1955), criminologist
- Franz Stanonik (1841–1918), theologian
- Franz Karl Stanzel (* 1923), English and literary scholar
- Michael Steiner (* 1951), economist
- Artur Steinwenter (1888–1959), legal scholar
- Walter Thiel (1919–2012), anatomist
- Ernst Topitsch (1919–2003), philosopher
- Ferdinand Tremel (1902–1979), historian
- Alfred Wegener (1880–1930), founder of the continental drift theory
- Ota Weinberger (1919–2009), legal philosopher
- Leopold Wenger (1874–1953), Roman law, papyrology
- Anton Werkgartner (1890–1970), medical examiner
- Walter Wilburg (1905–1991), civil lawyer
- Valentin Zsifkovits (1933–2019), social ethicist and priest
- Johann Eberhard Neidhardt , SJ (1607–1681), theologian and politician, cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church
- Aquilin Julius Caesar (1720–1792), Styrian historian and Augustinian canon, wrote the first comprehensive history of Styria
- Caspar Royko (1744–1819), clergyman, theologian and university professor
- Franz Xaver Gmeiner (1752–1828), philosopher, theologian, church historian and canon lawyer
- Johann Ritter von Kalchberg (1765–1827), poet, playwright, novelist and historian
- Franz Ilwof (1831–1916), pedagogue, legal scholar and local researcher
- Karl Stürgkh (1859–1916), politician and landowner, Austrian Prime Minister 1911–1916
- Otto Gross (1877–1920), psychiatrist and psychoanalyst
- Alois Hudal (1885–1963), theologian, after the Second World War a National Socialist escape helper. Bishop of the Roman Catholic Church
- Ernst Kaltenbrunner (1903–1946), Austrian National Socialist (SS functionary and from 1943 until the end of the war head of the Security Police and SD as well as head of the Reich Main Security Office); Major war criminals of World War II
- Friedrich August von der Heydte (1907–1994), lawyer, officer and politician
- Heinrich Harrer (1912–2006), mountaineer, world traveler, journalist, author
- Matthias Konrad (* 1943), former mayor of Leoben
- Werner Fenz (1944–2016), art historian, exhibition curator and head of the Institute for Art in Public Space for many years
- Irmgard Griss (* 1946), judge, candidate for the federal presidential election in Austria in 2016
- Valentin Inzko (* 1949), diplomat, high representative in Bosnia and Herzegovina
- Ivo Josipović (* 1957), Croatian politician, legal scholar, composer, President of Croatia
- Andreas Liebmann (* 1967), diplomat
- Hajredin Kuçi (* 1971), Kosovar politician, Minister of Justice of Kosovo
- Michaela Kohlweiß (* 1973), Regional Police Director of Carinthia
- Valentina Vlasic (* 1980), Austrian art historian and curator
- University Library Graz
- University observatory Graz
- List of the rectors of the University of Graz
- List of honorary doctors from the University of Graz
- Category: University professor (University of Graz)
- Maria shoe master , the first woman who was studying in Austria Medicine and Doctor of general medicine was
- Oktavia Aigner-Rollett , first woman to open a medical practice in Graz
- List of universities in Austria
- Franz Krones : History of the Karl Franzens University in Graz , Graz 1886.
- Gunter Wesener : Roman Law and Natural Law , Akademische Druck- und Verlagsanstalt, Graz 1978, ISBN 3-201-01059-6 (= History of the Law Faculty of the University of Graz , Part 1),
- Gunter Wesener: Austrian private law at the University of Graz , Academic Printing and Publishing Company, Graz 2002, ISBN 3-201-01796-5 (= History of the Law Faculty of the University of Graz, Part 4),
- Petra Scheiblechner: "... politically he is impeccable ..." Short biographies of the scientists working at the Medical Faculty of the University of Graz from 1938 to 1945 . Akademische Druck- und Verlagsanstalt, Graz 2002, ISBN 3-201-01798-1 (= University of Graz. Archive: Publications from the archive of the University of Graz , volume 39, digitized version ).
- Walter Höflechner : On the history of the University of Graz. In: Kurt Freisitzer, Walter Höflechner, Hans-Ludwig Holzer, Wolfgang Mantl (eds.): Tradition and Challenge. 400 years of the University of Graz. Graz 1985, pp. 3-141.
- Walter Höflechner, Ingrid Maria Wagner: History of the Karl-Franzens-University Graz - From the beginnings to the year 2005. Leykam, Graz 2006, ISBN 3-7011-0058-6 (= University of Graz: General Scientific Series , Volume 1) .
- Alois Kernbauer: National Socialism in the Microcosm. The University of Graz 1938. Academic printing a. Publishing House, Graz 2019, ISBN 978-3-201-02043-5 .
- facts and figures from the University of Graz. Retrieved July 9, 2019 .
- List of IAU members. In: www.iau-aiu.net. International Association of Universities, accessed January 26, 2020 .
- Gerald Bast: Universitätsgesetz 2002 (2003), Note 1 to § 6: The possibility of adding an addition to the legally established name of the university is not expressly regulated and will therefore continue to be permissible without this addition of a legal quality. In the absence of an explicit mention, the Rectorate is responsible for determining such a name addition due to the catch-up competence of § 22 Paragraph 1. In the commercial register , the university is called Karl-Franzens-University of Graz led
Ferdinand Tremel: 400 years of the Academic Gymnasium in Graz. In: 400 Years of the Academic Gymnasium in Graz 1573–1973. Festschrift. Verlag des Akademischen Gymnasiums in Graz, Graz 1973, p. 19.
Werner W. Strahalm, Peter Laukhardt: Graz. A city story. Edition Strahalm, 7th edition, Graz 2013, ISBN 978-3-9503597-6-3 , p. 97.
- cf. Ferdinand Tremel: 400 years of the Academic Gymnasium in Graz. In: 400 Years of the Academic Gymnasium in Graz 1573–1973. Festschrift. Verlag des Akademisches Gymnasium in Graz, Graz 1973, p. 19.
- Werner W. Strahalm, Peter Laukhardt: Graz. A city story. Edition Strahalm, 7th edition, Graz 2013, ISBN 978-3-9503597-6-3 , p. 97.
- Werner W. Strahalm, Peter Laukhardt: Graz. A city story. Edition Strahalm, 7th edition, Graz 2013, ISBN 978-3-9503597-6-3 , p. 97.
- Werner W. Strahalm, Peter Laukhardt: Graz. A city story. Edition Strahalm, 7th edition, Graz 2013, ISBN 978-3-9503597-6-3 , p. 142.
- Werner W. Strahalm, Peter Laukhardt: Graz. A city story. Edition Strahalm, 7th edition, Graz 2013, ISBN 978-3-9503597-6-3 , p. 147.
- Klaus Hödl: Search for a new professor and the old ropes Die Presse , 15 February 2017.
- Excitement about art university fees. In: Kleine Zeitung , January 28, 2017.
Uni Graz cancels appointment procedure to contemporary history professorship Der Standard , April 19, 2017.
Uni Graz: Failure in succession to contemporary history professorship Der Standard, April 19, 2017.
- Art historian Werner Fenz died at the age of 72 , kleinezeitung.at from June 27, 2016, accessed on June 27, 2016