Hermann Baltl

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Hermann Baltl (born February 2, 1918 in Graz ; † October 20, 2004 there ) was an Austrian lawyer and legal historian .


Hermann Baltl received his doctorate in law from the University of Graz in 1939. In 1946 he completed his habilitation in the subject “German Legal History and Austrian Constitutional and Administrative History”. In 1956 he became an associate professor at the newly created Institute for Austrian Legal History, which he headed until 1988 as head of the institute. He was succeeded on October 1, 1988 by Gernot Kocher .

Baltl mainly worked on the field of legal archeology , which he defines as the research into the objects of use of legal life understood in a broad sense, i.e. its devices (this is how he differentiates legal archeology from legal folklore and legal symbolism).

From 1956 he was a member of the State Historical Commission for Styria . In 1974 he became a member of the Austrian Academy of Sciences . In addition, he founded the "media studies course" at his university in 1974, which he led until 1995. Among his more than 160 academic papers, his multiple published work Austrian Legal History was included. From the beginning to the present to a standard work of Austrian legal history.

Baltl, himself the recipient of the Dr. Josef Bick Medal of Honor from the Association of Austrian Librarians , has repeatedly awarded a Dr. Hermann Baltl Prize , which sought to promote work or research projects related to library or book history with a relationship to Austria.

His granddaughter, Anna Gamper , was appointed the first full professor at the Law Faculty of the University of Innsbruck in 2008.

Fonts (selection)

  • History of the Austrian constitution in the 19th century . Austrian Student Union, University of Graz (Department for Study Funds), Graz 1947, OBV .
  • The Carinthian regional court order from 1577. Codification history, character and sources . In: Carinthia I 139 (1949) pp. 331-359 - Repertory full text
  • The rural court system of Styria mainly in the Middle Ages. Presented at the November 5, 1947 meeting . (Archive for Austrian History, Volume 118, ZDB -ID 211415-X ). Rohrer, Vienna 1951, OBV .
  • Legal folklore and legal archeology as scientific terms and tasks . Sn, Graz 1952. - doi : 10.5169 / seals-114717 .
  • (Arrangement with Eugen Wohlhaupter ): The legal primer. German law in the past . Staackmann, Bamberg 1956, OBV .
  • Legal Archeology of the State of Styria . (Graz Law and Political Studies, Volume 1, ZDB -ID 510041-0 ). Böhlau, Graz / Cologne 1957, OBV .
  • (Ed.): Festschrift Artur Steinwenter . For the 70th birthday . (Graz Law and Political Studies, Volume 3, ZDB-ID 510041-0). Leykam, Graz / Cologne 1958, OBV .
  • Problems of neutrality, considered using the Austrian example . (Graz Law and Political Studies, Volume 8, ZDB-ID 510041-0). Böhlau, Graz / Cologne 1962, OBV .
  • Influences of Roman law in Austria = Ius Romanum medii aevi / Auspice Collegio Antiqui Iuris Studiis Provehendis , Mediolani 1962, V 7 - Repertory full text .
  • Legal monuments . In: The Weizer Land . Archives curator for the district of Weiz Leopold Farnleitner, Weiz 1963, ÖNB .
  • Paul Adler (1770-1843). A life for rural progress . Leykam, Graz 1984, ISBN 3-7011-7153-X .
  • (Ed.): Law and history. A contribution to the Austrian social and intellectual history of our time. Twenty historians and lawyers report from their lives . (Contributions by Nikolaus Grass and Hans Constantin Faußner, among others ). Thorbecke, Sigmaringen 1990, ISBN 3-7995-2414-2 .
  • (with Gernot Kocher): Austrian legal history including social and economic history from the beginning to the present . Tenth edition. Leykam, Graz 2004, ISBN 3-7011-9105-0 .
  • Styria in the early Middle Ages . Attached work: Fritz Lochner von Hüttenbach: Early medieval names in Styria . Leykam, Graz 2004, ISBN 3-7011-7485-7 .

Awards (excerpt)


  • Kurt Ebert (Ed.): Festschrift Hermann Baltl for his 60th birthday presented by colleagues and friends (research on legal and cultural history 11) . Innsbruck 1978.
  • Kurt Ebert (Hrsg.): Festschrift for the 80th birthday of Hermann Baltl , Vienna 1998. ISBN 3-7046-1234-0 .
  • Helfried Valentinitsch (ed.): Law and history. Festschrift for Hermann Baltl on his 70th birthday . Graz 1988.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Obituaries . UniZeit 4/04, p. 29 (pdf; 2.2 MB) ( Memento of the original dated June 10, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.uni-graz.at
  2. cf. H. Baltl, Legal Archeology of the State of Styria (see lit.), foreword
  3. ^ Georg Winter: Dr. Hermann Baltl Prize . In: Communications from the Association of Austrian Librarians . No. 1/1988 (XLI. Volume), ZDB -ID 2018209-0 , p. 37. (Online at ALO ).
  4. List of all decorations awarded by the Federal President for services to the Republic of Austria from 1952 (PDF; 6.9 MB)