Gunter Wesener

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Gunter Wesener (born June 3, 1932 in Graz ) is an Austrian legal scholar , legal historian and professor emeritus at the University of Graz .


Gunter Wesener's family comes from Recklinghausen in Westphalia , some of his ancestors were judges from the Electorate of Cologne in Vest Recklinghausen . The progenitor of the family is Wolffgang Wesener (1494–1557), mayor in Halle an der Saale . An ancestor in the 16th century was the long-time mayor of Cologne and imperial councilor Arnold von Siegen .

Gunter Wesener attended the Lichtenfels Grammar School in Graz from 1942 to 1950 and then studied law in Graz. He received his doctorate on November 5, 1954. On March 14, 1959, he married Carmen Lintner, who was born in Bolzano.

His teachers at the law faculty in Graz included Artur Steinwenter , Sibylle Bolla-Kotek , Max Rintelen , Walter Wilburg , Hermann Baltl and Hermann Hämmerle ; Franz Bydlinski , Robert Seiler and Josef Krainer junior were among his fellow students . In the academic year 1953/54 he was a research assistant, then after completing his legal practice from April 1, 1955, assistant at the Institute for Roman Law at the University of Graz.

The habilitation at the suggestion of Artur Steinwenter and Hubert Niederländer took place on July 11, 1957 with the thesis "History of inheritance law in Austria since its reception " (venia for Roman law and the history of private law in modern times). Theo Mayer-Maly and Hermann Baltl were reviewers . The topic of the trial lecture was overcoming self-help in Roman law.

In 1958 Gunter Wesener was a visiting professor in Heidelberg , on September 16, 1959, he was appointed as successor to Artur Steinwenter as extraordinary professor, and on November 25, 1963 as full professor of law and political science at the University of Graz with teaching obligation for Roman law. He was dean of the Graz law faculty in the academic year 1965/66 and from 1979 to 1981. From 1987, Gunter Wesener was a member of the commission for the Savigny Foundation of the Austrian Academy of Sciences (since 1995: Commission for Legal History of Austria ). Since 1989 he has been co-editor of “Research on the Modern History of Private Law ” and since 2011 of “Contributions to the Legal History of Austria”. Since 1995 he has been a member of the international jury for the award of the “Premio romanistico internazionale Gérard Boulvert”. Since 2009 he has been a member of the Comitato scientifico internazionale of the journal 'IVRA', since 2010 also of the Comitato of the journal 'Index'. His pupils were Herwig Stiegler , Georg Klingenberg , Johannes Michael Rainer , Evelyn Höbenreich and Martin Pennitz .

Gunter Wesener's academic work focuses on Roman private law , the Usus modernus pandectarum and the history of private law . The "Modern German History of Private Law", a revision of Gerhard Wesenberg's work , was published in several editions and was a textbook for generations of law students and has been translated into Spanish and Italian .



The list of Gunter Wesener's publications includes pages 58–77 in the edition of “Three Lectures…” (see literature).

  • History of inheritance law in Austria since its reception. (Habilitation thesis) Research on the modern history of private law , Volume 4. Graz-Cologne 1957. ISBN 3-205-08025-4 ( ISBN 3-205-08025-4 (subsequently assigned, not generally applicable).
  • Actions ad exemplum. In: Journal of the Savigny Foundation for Legal History , Romance Department 75 (1958), pp. 220–250.
  • Offensive self-help in classical Roman law. In: Festschrift Artur Steinwenter on his 70th birthday . Graz 1958, pp. 100-120.
  • The inner Austrian Landschrannen method in the 16th and 17th centuries. Graz law and political studies. Volume 10. ZDB ID 510041-0 . Graz 1963. No ISBN. OCLC 7607242 .
  • Max Rintelen †. In: Historischer Verein für Steiermark : Journal of the Historischer Verein für Steiermark. Graz 1970. ISSN  0437-5890 . Volume 61, year 1970. pp. 255-260.
  • On the significance of the Austrian drafts of regional regulations from the 16th and 17th centuries for the recent history of private law . In: Festschrift Nikolaus Grass for his 60th birthday , Vol. I (Innsbruck-Munich 1974), pp. 613–631
  • The Austrian regimental councilor Nikolaus von Beckmann and his codification plan. In: Paul Urban: Johannes Kepler 1571–1971. Commemorative publication from the University of Graz. Published by the Academic Senate. Graz 1975. ISBN 3-7011-7037-1 . Pp. 641-656.
  • Roman law and natural law. History of the Law Faculty of the University of Graz. Part 1. Publications from the archive of the University of Graz. Volume 9. Graz 1978. ISBN 3-201-01059-6 .
  • Development of bankruptcy law in the old Austrian states, primarily in the 16th and 17th centuries , in: Festschrift Hermann Baltl zum 60th Birthday (Innsbruck 1978), pp. 535–556.
  • The proceedings before the Lower Austrian and Inner Austrian governments as the first instance "in court rake" and "interrogation white" (Ordinari and Extraordinari process) . In: Berthold Sutter (ed.): Die Steiermark im 16. Jahrhundert (= research on the historical regional studies of Styria 27, Graz 1979), pp. 181–242.
  • Recent German private law history in the context of European legal development. Revised work by Gerhard Wesenberg . 4th edition Vienna-Cologne 1985. ISBN 3-205-08375-X . Spanish translation: Historia del derecho privado moderno en Alemania y en Europa. Valladolid 1998. ISBN 84-8406-987-7 . Italian translation: Storia del diritto privato in Europe. Padova 1999. ISBN 88-13-18984-2 .
  • Contributions to ancient legal history. Festschrift for Arnold Kränzlein. Graz law and political studies. Volume 43. Graz 1986. ISBN 3-7011-8958-7 .
  • Aequitas naturalis, "natural equity", in the history of dogmas and codification under private law. In: Margarethe Beck-Mannagetta (ed.): The right to justice of the law. Festschrift for Theo Mayer-Maly on his 65th birthday. Legal ethics. Volume 3. Vienna-New York 1996. ISBN 3-211-82831-1 . Pp. 81-105.
  • Beginnings of an Austrian judicial scholarship. On procedural law doctrine and science of the 17th and 18th centuries. In: Helfried Valentinitsch : Law and History. Festschrift for Hermann Baltl's 70th birthday. Graz 1988. ISBN 3-7011-9036-4 . Pp. 619-641.
  • Adalbert Theodor Michel 1821–1877. A later representative of the exegetical school of Austrian jurisprudence. In: Louis C. Morsak, Markus Escher (Ed.): Festschrift for Louis Carlen on his 60th birthday. Zurich 1989. ISBN 3-7255-2710-5 . Pp. 47-65.
  • Influences and validity of Roman common law in the old Austrian countries in modern times (16th to 18th centuries). Research on the recent history of private law. Volume 27. Vienna-Cologne 1989. ISBN 3-205-05234-X .
  • Real and personal property rights - iura in re and iura ad rem. About the origin and formation of this distinction. In: Erik Jayme : Festschrift for Hubert Niederländer on his seventieth birthday on February 10, 1991. Heidelberg 1991. ISBN 3-533-04310-X . Pp. 195-213.
  • Peculia - bona adventicia - free and unfree child property. In: Carlo Venturini: Iuris Vincula. Studi in onore di Mario Talamanca. Naples 2001. ISBN 88-243-1421-X . Volume VIII. Pp. 391-419.
  • Kaspar Manz, a German Jurist in the Seventeenth Century: a Man of Theory and Practice. In: John W. Cairns: Critical Studies in Ancient Law, Comparative Law and Legal History. Essays in Honor of Alan Watson. Oxford 2001. ISBN 1-84113-157-1 . Pp. 399-411.
  • Of things and rights in rem: On the law of things of the Codex Theresianus. In: Legal History & Interdisciplinarity. Festschrift for Clausdieter Schott on his 65th birthday. Bern 2001. ISBN 3-906767-55-8 . Pp. 255-266.
  • On the interweaving of Usus modernus pandectarum and the doctrine of natural law. In: Helmut Koziol , Peter Rummel : In the service of justice. Festschrift for Franz Bydlinski. Vienna 2002. ISBN 3-211-83705-1 . Pp. 473-494.
  • Emil Strohal (1844-1914). About the Pandectic to the new civil law. In: Martin Josef Schermaier : Iurisprudentia universalis. Festschrift for Theo Mayer-Maly on his 70th birthday. Cologne-Vienna 2002. ISBN 3-412-17601-X . Pp. 853-864.
  • Austrian private law at the University of Graz. History of the Law Faculty of the University of Graz. Part 4. Publications from the archive of the University of Graz. Volume 9. Graz 2002. ISBN 3-201-01796-5 .
  • Franz von Zeiller (1751–1828) - life and work. In: Joseph F. Desput, Gernot Kocher : Franz von Zeiller. Symposium of the Law Faculty of the University of Graz and the Styrian State Library on November 30, 2001 on the occasion of the 250th anniversary of his birthday. Works on law, history and politics in Europe, Volume 3. Graz 2003. Pages 67–91.
  • "Forty questions from Styrian law." A Styrian procedural law tract from the 17th century. In: Janusz Sondel, Jacek Reszczyński, Paweł Ściślicki: Roman Law as Formative of Modern Legal Systems. Studies in Honor of Wiesław Litewski. Volume II. Krakow 2003. ISBN 83-233-1780-1 . Pages 241-253.
  • Johannes Schneidewin 1519–1568. Reprinted by: Johannis Schneidewini In quatuor Institutionum imperialium D. Iustiniani libros, commentarii, nunc post mortem eius in usum & gratiam iuris Studiosorum, necnon omnium aliorum praxim forensem sectantium, cum multis libellorum & actuum iudicialium formis & antiniomia consensis Saxiti ex recognitione et cum annotationibus… Strasbourg (Argentorati). Excudebat Theodosius Rihelius, 1575. VICO reprint, Frankfurt am Main 2005. Legistic literature series: legal tradition of the European countries. Volume 1. ISBN 3-936840-06-7 . Pages V – XVII.
  • For "juridical-political studies" at Austrian high schools and universities in the period from 1782 to 1848 - study regulations and teaching posts. In: Richard Gamauf (ed.): Festschrift for Herbert Hausmaninger on his 70th birthday. Vienna 2006. ISBN 3-214-00086-1 . Pages 305-327.
  • Beginnings and development of the “Austrian history of private law ” in the 19th and early 20th centuries. In: Journal for Modern Legal History - ZNR. Volume 28th year 2006. ISSN  0250-6459 . Pages 364-408.
  • Responsibility ” - the origin, use and meanings of this term. In: Markus Steppan (Ed.): On the history of law. Festschrift for Gernot Kocher on his 65th birthday. Graz law studies. Volume 61. Graz 2006. ISBN 978-3-7011-0080-4 . Pp. 485-494.
  • Johann Baptist Suttinger and Benedikt Finsterwalder - two important Austrian lawyers in the 17th century. In: Markus Steppan, Helmut Gebhardt (Hrsg.): Festschrift for Gernot Kocher for his 60th birthday. Graz Law Studies Series. Volume 61. Graz 2002. ISBN 978-3-7011-0080-4 . Pages 367-381.
  • Ephemeral peculiarities of late Roman inheritance law . On the question of the survival of legal institutes. In: Holger Altmeppen, Ingo Reichard, Martin Josef Schermaier : Festschrift for Rolf Knütel on his 70th birthday. Heidelberg 2009. ISBN 978-3-8114-3920-7 . Pp. 1401-1422.
  • On the doctrine of legal sources and the private law system Georg Adam Struves (1619–1692). In: Peter Mach u. a .: Ius Romanum Schola Sapientiae. Pocta Petrovi Blahovi k 70th Narodeninám (Trnava 2009). Pp. 515-529.
  • Leopold Pfaff (1837 to 1914) - civil lawyer, pandectist, legal historian. In: Peter Apathy u. a. (Ed.): Festschrift for Helmut Koziol , Vienna 2010. ISBN 978-3-902638-34-2 . Pp. 1511-1529.
  • Johann Gottlieb Heineccius 1681–1741. Introduction to the reprint by JG Heineccius, Opera omnia. Ad universam iuris prudentiam, philosophiam et littera humaniores pertinentia, Geneva 1744–1748, 8 volumes, Vico Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 2010.
  • Codifications and compilations . Reform programs and land rights drafts of the 17th and 18th centuries. , In: Journal of the Savigny Foundation for Legal History , Romance Department, Volume 127 (2010). Pp. 202-244.
  • At the beginning of the historical school of law in the Romance style in Austria - primarily Ludwig Arndts von Arnesberg (1803–1878). In: Thomas Olechowski u. a. (Ed.): Basics of the Austrian legal culture. Festschrift for Werner Ogris on his 75th birthday , Vienna-Cologne-Weimar 2010. ISBN 978-3-205-78628-3 . Pp. 577-599.
  • Arnold Luschin von Ebengreuth (1841–1932), legal historian and numismatist. In: Karl Acham (ed.): Law, social and economic sciences from Graz , Vienna-Cologne-Weimar 2011. ISBN 978-3-205-78467-8 . Pp. 255-271.
  • Paul Koschaker (1879–1951), founder of ancient oriental legal history and legal cuneiform research. In: Karl Acham (ed.): Law, social and economic sciences from Graz , Vienna-Cologne-Weimar 2011. ISBN 978-3-205-78467-8 . Pp. 273-285.
  • On the meaning of the Usus modernus pandectarum for the Austrian ABGB . In: Friedrich Harrer u. a. (Ed.): Memorial for Theo Mayer-Maly on his 80th birthday , Vienna - New York 2011, pp. 571–592.
  • The epoch of Usus modernus pandectarum in Austria. In: Johann Egger, Georg Kabbe (Hrsg.): Aspects of legal history and social politics in Tyrol, Austria and worldwide. Festschrift for the 70th birthday of Kurt Ebert , Abagar, Veliko Tarnovo, 2013, pp. 273–296.
  • Gustav Hanausek (1855–1927) and his students. The Hanausek seminar. In: Peter Mach, Matej Pekarik, Vojtech Vladár (eds.): Constans et Perpetua Voluntas. Pocta Petrovi Blahovi k 75th Narodeninám. Trnava 2014. ISBN 978-80-8082-764-9 . Pp. 693-722.
  • Ius Romano Germanicum - On the doctrine of legal sources of the Usus modernus pandectarum . In: Rena van den Bergh u. a .: Meditationes de iure et historia. Essays in honor of Laurens Winkel . Part 2. University of South Africa. Pretoria 2014. Unisa Press. In: Fundamina . ISSN  1021-545X . Pp. 1031-1041.
  • For the late phase of the Usus modernus pandectarum . In: Legal Roots. The International Journal of Roman Law, Legal History and Comparative Law LR 4 (2015). ISSN  2280-4994 . Pp. 11-32.
  • Again to the legal character of the ususfructus - the conception as pars rei or pars dominii. In: Isabella Piro (Ed.): Scritti per Alessandro Corbino . Volume 7 (2016). Libellula edizioni. ISBN 978-88-6735-387-3 . Pp. 515-526.
  • To the beginnings of Austrian private law teaching and science. In: Francesco A. Schurr, Manfred Umlauft: Festschrift for Bernhard Eccher. Vienna 2017. ISBN 978-3-7046-7374-9 . Pp. 1267-1285.
  • On Johann Schilter's (1632–1705) doctrine of methods, sources of law and private law . In: Borut Holcman, Markus Steppan (ed.): … I called you by your name and gave you names of honor (Isa 45, 4). Festschrift for Gernot Kocher on his 75th birthday. University of Maribor Press Maribor / Marburg 2017. ISBN 978-961-286-016-5 . Pp. 457-474.
  • Contributions to Friedrich Maassen , Friedrich Thanner, Ivo Hélory . In: Philipp Thull: 60 portraits from church law. Life and work of important canonists. EOS Verlag St. Ottilien 2017. ISBN 978-3-8306-7824-3 .
  • Ludwig Julius Friedrich Höpfner (1743–1797), a lawyer between Usus modernus pandectarum and natural law , in: Working in dignity. Festschrift for Günther Löschnigg on his 65th birthday , ed. by Bernd-Christian Funk u. Nora Melzer Azodanloo, Vienna 2019, pp. 1254–1264.


  • Franz Bydlinski , Theo Mayer-Maly , Fritz Sturm : Three lectures on private law. Lectures given at one of the Law Faculty of the University of Graz on November 17, 2000 on the occasion of the retirement of Mr. Univ. Professor Dr. Gunter Wesener held a celebration. Graz law and political studies. Volume 58. Graz 2001. ISBN 3-7011-8973-0 .
  • Georg Klingenberg : Vestigia Iuris Romani. Festschrift for Gunter Wesener for his 60th birthday on June 3, 1992. Grazer law and political studies. Volume 49. Graz 1992. ISBN 3-7011-8964-1
  • Gunter Wesener: Experienced and strived for . In: Horst Wünsch : Professors remember . In the series: Publications from the Archives of the University of Graz Volume 9: History of the Law Faculty of the University of Graz, Part 5. Graz 2008. ISBN 978-3-201-01910-1 , pp. 299–333.
  • Familienchronik Wesener, in: German gender book vol. 173, Westphalian gender book vol. 4, 1976.
  • Fritz Fellner , Doris A. Corradini (Ed.): Austrian History in the 20th Century. A biographical-bibliographical lexicon. Böhlau, Vienna a. a. 2006, ISBN 978-3-205-77476-1 , p. 450 ( Publications of the Commission for Modern History of Austria 99).
  • Luigi Labruna: Gunter Wesener, his 85th birthday and our job. In: Index. quaderni camerti di studi romanistici; organo del Gruppo di Ricerca sulla Diffusione del Diritto Romano. Facoltà di Giurisprudenza, Università di Camerino . Volume 45 (2017). ISSN  0392-2391 ZDB -ID 718171-1 . Napoli, pp. 802-804.
  • Bernhard Popp: Symposium on the occasion of the 85th birthday of University Professor Gunter Wesener at the University of Graz on June 12, 2017 , in: European Legal Roots (scroll down), online 2017.

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