Paul Koschaker

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Paul Koschaker (born April 19, 1879 in Klagenfurt , † June 1, 1951 in Basel ) was an Austrian legal historian .


Koschaker first studied mathematics at the University of Graz before choosing law . 1903 took place at the University of Graz his PhD Dr. juris sub auspiciis Imperatoris . His interest in Roman law led Koschaker to Ludwig Mitteis and Emil Strohal at the University of Leipzig . He completed his habilitation in 1905 at the University of Graz. In 1908 he was appointed associate professor of Roman law at the University of Innsbruck and in 1909 full professor at the German Karl Ferdinand University in Prague. In 1915 he was appointed to the chair for Roman and German civil law at the University of Leipzig. He stayed there until he was appointed to the University of Berlin in 1936, where he carried out research into cuneiform writing at the newly established seminar for oriental legal history . In 1941 he went to Tübingen . After his retirement in 1946, he was still active as a visiting professor in Munich (1946/47), Halle (1948), Ankara (1949/50) and Bonn (1951).

In 1947 the first edition of his most famous book, Europe and Roman Law, appeared . Further editions appeared in 1958 and 1966. Another important work from his pen is the monograph Babylonian-Assyrian Guarantee Law .

Koschaker was an honorary doctor of the law faculties in Athens , Freiburg im Breisgau and Oxford and an honorary doctorate from the philosophical faculties in Leipzig and Graz.

In 1954 the Koschakergasse in Vienna- Floridsdorf (21st district) was named after him.

One of Koschaker's students is Gerhard Wesenberg (1908–1957), who completed his habilitation in Tübingen in 1943.


  • Gunter Wesener : Roman law and natural law (= history of the law faculty of the University of Graz. Part 1). Graz 1978, pp. 112-115.
  • Gerhard RiesKoschaker, Paul. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 12, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1980, ISBN 3-428-00193-1 , p. 608 f. ( Digitized version ).
  • Gabor Hamza: Comparative Law and Antiquity. Akademiai Kiado, Budapest 1991, pp. 74-81.
  • Michael P. Streck , Gero Dolezalek : Paul Koschaker. For the 125th birthday on April 19, 2004. In: Rector of the University of Leipzig (Ed.): Anniversaries 2004. Person-events. Leipzig 2004, pp. 31–34.
  • Gunter Wesener: Paul Koschaker (1879–1951), founder of ancient oriental legal history and legal cuneiform research. In: Karl Acham (ed.): Law, social and economic sciences from Graz. Vienna / Cologne / Weimar 2011, pp. 273–285.
  • Tommaso Beggio: Paul Koschaker (1879–1951). Rediscovering the Roman Foundations of European Legal Tradition. Heidelberg 2018, ISBN 978-3-8253-6884-5 .

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Leopold Wenger In: Festschrift Paul Koschaker. Volume III, 1939, pp. 1 ff .; Karl-Heinz Below, Adam Falkenstein : Obituary In: ZSS (RA). 68, 1951, IX ff.
  2. Reinhard Zimmermann : Today's Law, Roman Law and Today's Roman Law. In: Reinhard Zimmermann u. a. (Ed.): Legal history and private law dogmatics. CF Müller, Heidelberg 1999, pp. 1-39 (21).