University of Applied Arts Vienna
|University of Applied Arts Vienna|
|place||Vienna , Austria|
|Students||1,689 (winter semester 2016)|
|Employee||748 (December 31, 2015)|
The University of Applied Arts (“ Die Angewandte”) in Vienna is a university for visual and media arts, architecture and other applied arts such as graphic design , industrial design and fashion design . The main building is located in the 1st district , at Oskar-Kokoschka-Platz (until 1980 Kopalplatz) / corner of Stubenring 3, directly adjacent to the Museum of Applied Arts (MAK).
For the University of Applied Arts there is an admission restriction with an aptitude test. Everyone who has potential should be accepted .
On March 7, 1863, the Imperial and Royal Austrian Museum for Art and Industry (usually just referred to as the Austrian Museum ) was founded by Emperor Franz Joseph on the initiative of Archduke Rainer after many years of efforts by Rudolf Eitelberger . Rudolf von Eitelberger, first professor of art history at the University of Vienna , was appointed director. The museum essentially followed the model of the South Kensington Museum (now the Victoria & Albert Museum ) in London, founded in 1852, and was intended to serve as a model collection for artists, industrialists and the public and as a training and further education facility for designers and craftsmen.
From 1866 to 1871 the museum building on Stubenring 5, which had been newly laid out shortly before, was built in the Renaissance style according to plans by Heinrich Ferstel . It was the first museum building erected on the Ring . In 1867 the kk Kunstgewerbeschule of the kk Österreichisches Museum für Kunst und Industrie was founded. In 1868 it was housed in the former rifle factory , 9. , Währinger Strasse 11-13 / Schwarzspanierstrasse 17 (today the anatomical institute of the Medical University of Vienna , which was newly built in 1886 ). This combined theoretical and practical training. There was a consistent - spatial and institutional - separation of artistic and applied arts training.
On November 4, 1871, the new museum building was opened on the Stubenring . There objects could be set up permanently and according to material focus. The arts and crafts school also moved here. 1875–1877 followed the construction of an adjoining new building for the arts and crafts school at Stubenring 3, also based on plans by Heinrich Ferstel.
In 1897 Arthur von Scala , until then director of the kk Orientalisches Museum (later the Handelsmuseum), took over the management of the Museum of Art and Industry and won Otto Wagner , Felician von Myrbach , Koloman Moser , Josef Hoffmann and Alfred Roller as employees of the museum and the arts and crafts school .
As a result of the dispute between Scala and the Kunstgewerbeverein (founded in 1884), which saw its influence on the museum waning, Archduke Rainer resigned from his position as protector in 1898, and new statutes were approved by resolution of November 28, 1898. In 1900 the administration of the museum and the arts and crafts school were separated.
In 1919, in what was now republican Austria, the name was changed to the Kunstgewerbeschule of the Austrian Museum of Art and Industry. From 1921 the arts and crafts school of the Austrian Museum of Art and Industry was designated as a federal school and from 1931 as a federal institute.
In 1937, under the dictatorship of Schuschnigg, it was renamed the Staatliche Kunstgewerbeschule Wien, in 1941 under the Nazi dictatorship in the Reichshochschule für angewandte Kunst Wien, in 1945 after the reestablishment of the Republic of Austria in the University of Applied Arts Vienna and in 1948 in the Academy of Applied Arts Vienna.
1962–1965 the extension of the academy was built on what would later be Oskar-Kokoschka-Platz, based on a design by Karl Schwanzer . In 1970 the Applied Arts was upgraded to a university, in 1971 it was renamed the University of Applied Arts, and on October 1, 1998 the university became a university in accordance with the Federal Act on the Organization of the Universities of the Arts (KUOG). At the beginning of October 2018, the completely renovated building on Oskar-Kokoschka-Platz was put into operation. It has been brought up to date in terms of fire protection, sanitary, heating and ventilation systems. The building was also dismantled down to the static basic structure. The former customs office building at Vorderen Zollamtsstrasse 7 was also adapted; cafeteria, studios, work rooms and so-called "flux rooms" were created.
The University of Applied Arts founded the first master class for media art in German-speaking countries in 1984 on the initiative of Peter Weibel and the then Rector Oswald Oberhuber . The master class has been run as the Digital Art Department since 2001 and has been led by media artist Ruth Schnell since 2010 .
Name of the school since its inception
- 1868–1918: School of Applied Arts of the KK Austrian Museum for Art and Industry
- 1919–1937: School of Applied Arts at the Austrian Museum for Art and Industry
- 1937–1941: State School of Applied Arts in Vienna
- 1941–1945: Reich University of Applied Arts Vienna
- 1945–1948: University of Applied Arts Vienna
- 1948–1970: Academy for Applied Arts in Vienna
- 1970–1998: University of Applied Arts in Vienna
- since 1999: University of Applied Arts Vienna
Directors / Rectors
- 1868–1871: Josef Ritter von Storck
- 1871–1873: Ferdinand Laufberger
- 1873–1878: Josef Ritter von Storck
- 1878–1881: Ferdinand Laufberger
- 1881–1882: Friedrich Sturm
- 1882–1883: Michael Rieser
- 1883–1885: Friedrich Sturm
- 1883–1886: Michael Rieser
- 1886–1887: Friedrich Sturm
- 1887–1888: Josef Ritter von Storck
- 1888–1889: Friedrich Sturm
- 1889–1899: Josef Ritter von Storck
- 1899–1904: Felician von Myrbach
- 1904–1909: Oskar Beyer
- 1909–1934: Alfred Roller
- 1934–1938: Maximilian Fellerer
- 1938–1945: Robert Obsieger
- 1945–1954: Maximilian Fellerer
- 1955–1971: Ceno Kosak
- 1971–1975: Carl Unger
- 1975–1979: Johannes Spalt
- 1979–1987: Oswald Oberhuber
- 1987–1991: Wilhelm Holzbauer
- 1991–1994: Oswald Oberhuber
- 1995–1999: Rudolf Burger
- Since 2000: Gerald Bast
Fields of study
Diploma studies (Mag. Arch., Mag. Des.ind., Mag. Art.)
- Industrial Design (10 semesters)
- Fine arts (8 semesters)
- Stage and film design (8 semesters)
- Design (8 semesters)
- Conservation and restoration (10 semesters)
Media art (8 semesters, Vismed )
- Fields of study: digital art and transmedia art
- Teacher training for the artistic subjects (9 semesters)
Bachelor Studies (BA - Bachelor of Arts)
- Language arts (6 semesters)
- TransArts (6 semesters)
- Cross-Disciplinary Strategies (8 semesters)
- Teacher Training for Art Education (8 semesters)
Master Studies (MA - Master of Arts)
- Art & Science (4 semesters)
- TransArts (4 semesters)
- Social Design - Arts as Urban Innovation (4 semesters)
- Architecture (6 semesters)
In the field of architecture, the University of Applied Arts falls back on a master class principle , although this was officially abolished by the university reform in 2002 . Kazuyo Sejima , Greg Lynn and Hani Rashid lead the architectural design studios 1–3 within the framework of the Institute for Architecture directed by Klaus Bollinger and teach the students how to deal with new architecture and how to present it.
- Teaching degree for technical and textile work (3 semesters)
- Natural Sciences (6 semesters)
- Philosophy (6 semesters)
- Technical Sciences (6 semesters)
- Artistic Research (6 semesters)
Post Graduate Studies
Art & Economy
Art & Economy is a part-time, postgraduate university course with reference to art and economics and lasts a total of 4 semesters. The training is aimed at those working in the arts and culture on their way to self-employment, graduates of art or cultural theory studies, and people who want to work in the field of art and culture management.
Exhibition and Cultural Communication Management
Exhibition and Cultural Communication Management is a postgraduate course with the aim of providing a scientific foundation and professionalization of cultural work in the extended museum and exhibition field and lasts a total of 4 semesters.
Urban Strategies is a postgraduate course that examines the subject of the city as a field of action in architectural production with a focus on research and design and lasts a total of 3 semesters.
As part of the fashion design course , the management of the so-called fashion class (master class for fashion) has been assigned to a prominent fashion designer as a 'temporary professor' since 1980 . The subject of fashion had been established at the then arts and crafts school by Eduard Josef Wimmer-Wisgrill , who headed the fashion class from 1925 to 1955. He was followed by Gertrud Höchsmann (1959–1972) and Fred Adlmüller (1973–1979). In 1980, Oswald Oberhuber , as rector of the university , appointed the fashion designer Karl Lagerfeld, who was then working for the French fashion company Chloé , as a visiting professor at the university. Since then, more designers have been hired who have contributed to the university's international reputation .
- 1980–1983: Karl Lagerfeld
- 1983–1985: Jil Sander
- 1985–1989: Jean-Charles de Castelbajac
- 1989-1991: Vivienne Westwood
- 1991–1993: Marc Bohan (former Dior designer)
- 1993–1996: Helmut Lang
- 1996-1998: Jean-Charles de Castelbajac
- 1998–1999: Paolo Piva ( industrial designer , interim professor)
- 1999–2000: Viktor Horsting and Rolf Snoeren (Viktor & Rolf)
- 2000-2005: Raf Simons
- 2005–2009: Veronique Branquinho ( avant-garde designer from Antwerp)
- 2009–2014: Bernhard Willhelm (German designer from Antwerp)
- 2014–2019: Hussein Chalayan
- since 2019: Lucie and Luke Meier (Designer at Jil Sander )
Pre-university promotion of young talent
The coordination office for pre-university youth development ("KOOFUN") located at the university is the central coordination office for measures of the participating tertiary educational institutions for pre-university youth development in the arts and culture. The coordination office is headed by Silke Vollenhofer-Zimmel . The most important programs include the Children's University Art Creative Week, Children's University Art Auction, Youth University Art, university @ school and many more.
Well-known graduates and university professors
- Friedrich Achleitner (1930–2019), Austrian architect
- Felix Braun (1885–1973), Austrian poet
- Christian Ludwig Attersee (* 1940), Austrian painter
- Carl Auböck (1924–1993), Austrian architect and designer
- Wander Bertoni (1925–2019), Austrian sculptor
- Oskar Beyer (1849–1916), technical school for architecture, 1905–1909 director
- Maria Biljan-Bilger (1912–1997), Austrian sculptor
- Josef Breitner (1864–1930), sculptor
- Maria Brunner (* 1962), Austrian painter
- Rudolf Burger (* 1938), Austrian philosopher
- Carl Otto Czeschka (1878–1960), technical school for drawing and painting
- Hubert Dietrich (1930–2006), Austrian painter, head of the master class for restoration
- Hartmut Esslinger (* 1944), German product designer
- Adolph Johannes Fischer (1885–1936), Austrian painter, writer and art collector
- Adolf Frohner (1934–2007), Austrian painter and action artist
- Rainer Ganahl (* 1961), Austrian-American artist
- Bruno Gironcoli (1936–2010), Austrian painter and sculptor
- Thomas Goerge (* 1973), German artist and stage designer
- Zaha Hadid (1950–2016), Iraqi architect
- Oswald Haerdtl (1899–1959), Austrian architect
- Anton Hanak (1875–1934), specialty class for sculpture
- Matthias Herrmann (* 1963), German photographer
- Fons Matthias Hickmann (* 1966), German graphic designer and author
- Josef Hoffmann (1870–1956), Austrian architect
- Hans Hollein (1934–2014), Austrian architect
- Wilhelm Holzbauer (1930–2019), Austrian architect
- Wolfgang Hutter (1928–2014), Austrian painter and graphic artist
- Hilda Jesser-Schmid (1894–1985), Austrian painter, graphic artist, textile artist and university professor
- Birgit Jürgenssen (1949–2003), Austrian artist
- Oliver Kartak (* 1968), Austrian graphic designer
- Anton von Kenner (1871–1951), freehand drawing
- Erika Giovanna Klien (1900–1957), Austrian / American painter
- Gustav Klimt (1862–1918), Austrian painter
- Hermann Klotz (1850–1932), woodcut mess
- Hans Knesl (1905–1971), Austrian sculptor
- Oskar Kokoschka (1886–1980), Austrian painter
- Florin Kompatscher (* 1960), Italian painter
- Franz Kopallik (1860–1931), Austrian painter
- Brigitte Kowanz (* 1957), Austrian light artist
- Irma Lang-Scheer (1901–1986), artist, painter, fresco painter, sacred glass windows
- Horst Lechner (1959–2014), Austrian architect
- Bernhard Leitner (* 1938), Austrian artist, author
- Berthold Löffler (1874–1960), technical school for drawing and painting, life drawing
- Greg Lynn (* 1964), American architect, philosopher and science fiction author
- Josef Machynka (* 1957), Austrian painter
- Erich Mallina (1873–1954), figurative drawing, life drawing
- Dorit Margreiter (* 1967), Austrian photographer, video and installation artist
- Franz von Matsch (1861–1942), drawing and painting
- Mara Mattuschka (* 1959), Austrian artist
- Koloman Moser (1868–1918) Specialized class for decorative drawing and painting
- Felician von Myrbach (1853–1940), technical school for painting, 1900–1905 director
- Oswald Oberhuber (1931–2020), Austrian painter, sculptor and graphic artist
- Robert Pfaller (* 1962), Austrian philosopher
- Walter Pichler (1936–2012), Austrian sculptor, architect, draftsman and object artist
- Paolo Piva (1950–2017), Austrian-Italian architect and designer
- Michael Powolny (1871–1954), ceramics, glass sculpture
- Wolf D. Prix (* 1942), Austrian architect
- Florian Pumhösl (* 1971), Austrian artist
- Barbara Putz-Plecko (* 1956), Austrian artist and art educator
- Hani Rashid (* 1958), Canadian architect
- Pipilotti Rist (* 1962), Swiss video artist
- Alfred Roller (1864–1935) figurative drawing, director from 1909–1934
- Rosalia Rothansl (1870–1945), workshop for textile work
- Constanze Ruhm (* 1965), Austrian video artist
- Gerwald Rockenschaub (* 1952), Austrian artist
- Stefan Sagmeister (* 1962), Austrian graphic designer
- Hans Schabus (* 1970), Austrian artist
- Eva Schlegel (* 1960), Austrian photographer
- Norbert Schlesinger (1908–1980), Austrian architect
- Ferdinand Schmatz (1953), Austrian writer
- Burghart Schmidt (* 1942), German philosopher
- Franz Schuster (1892–1972), Austrian architect
- Margarete Schütte-Lihotzky (1897–2000), Austrian architect
- Kazuyo Sejima (* 1956), Japanese architect
- Hubert Sielecki (* 1946), Austrian animation filmmaker
- Johannes Spalt (1920–2010), Austrian architect
- Adele von Stark (1859–1923) workshop for enamel work
- Josef Ritter von Storck (1830–1902), technical school for architecture, 1868–1899 director
- Oskar Strnad (1879–1935), Austrian architect
- Herbert Tasquil (1923–2008), Austrian painter, graphic artist and art theorist.
- Mario Terzic (* 1945), Austrian landscape designer
- Heinrich Tessenow (1876–1950), specialist class for architecture and building design
- Carl Unger (1915–1995), Austrian painter
- Silke Vollenhofer-Zimmel (* 1962), Austrian university teacher, Children's University of Art
- Peter Weibel (* 1944), Ukrainian-Austrian media artist
- Patrick Werkner (* 1953), Austrian art historian
- Virgil Widrich (* 1967), Austrian director
- Eduard Josef Wimmer-Wisgrill (1882–1961), fashion and textile work
- Carl Witzmann (1883–1952), workshop for carpentry and furniture construction
- Leo Wollner (1925–1995), Austrian textile designer
- Erwin Wurm (* 1954), Austrian artist
- Otto Zitko (* 1959), Austrian artist
- Gerald Bast, Anja Seipenbusch-Hufschmied (Eds.): 150 Years University of Applied Arts Vienna: Aesthetics of Change , De Gruyter 2017, ISBN 3-11-052517-8
- Art: claim and object. From the School of Applied Arts to the University of Applied Arts in Vienna 1918 to 1991 , Residenz Verlag, Vienna 1991, ISBN 3-7017-0722-7
- Students by university - data reports from universities based on UniStEV
- Basics, Activities, Results. Applied 2015. Intellectual capital report 2015. (PDF; 208 p .; 8.0 MB).
- visit. In: Museum of Applied Arts ( MAK ).
- keystone in the new museum and opening of the arts and crafts exhibition . In: Bruno Bucher (Red.): Announcements of the kk Austrian Museum for Art & Industry (monthly for art & applied arts) . No. 74/1871, November 15, 1871 (Volume VI), . Gerold, Vienna 1871, OBV , pp. 497–503. - Online at MAK - Austrian Museum of Applied Arts .
- Statutes of the Imperial and Royal Austrian Museum for Art and Industry . In: Arthur von Scala (Red., Hrsg.): Arts and crafts. Monthly magazine of the kk Austrian Museum for Art and Industry . No. 11–12 / 1898 (Volume I) Artaria, Vienna 1898, Online at MAK - Austrian Museum of Applied Arts. . Pp. 415-419. -
- Federal Law Gazette I No. 130/1998 (= p. 1581 ff.)
- Entry on art universities in the Austria Forum (in the AEIOU Austria Lexicon )
- Former customs office building now university location. In: ORF , Vienna today , October 8, 2018, accessed on April 8, 2019.
- From: Art: Claim and Object. From the School of Applied Arts to the University of Applied Arts in Vienna 1918 to 1991 , Residenz Verlag, Vienna 1991, ISBN 3-7017-0722-7 , p. 343 (= 2nd volume on the history of today's “Angewandte”)
- Patrick Werkner: History of the Applied. In: dieangewandte.at , accessed April 8, 2019.
- Master of Industrial Design
- Institute for Architecture. In: dieangewandte.at , accessed April 8, 2019.
- Art & Economy Master's program
- Alexia Weiss: Art & Economy Occupational Field. In: Die Presse , January 23, 2009.
- Exhibition and Cultural Communication Management course. In: kulturmanagement.net .
- Urban Strategies Postgraduate University Course
- final report AFDC Austrian Fashion Development Center (p.15) ( Memento of 16 December 2011 at the Internet Archive ) In: unit-f.at , October 2009 (PDF, 1.6 MB).
- Fashion show of the fashion class by Veronique Branquinho. ( Memento from January 27, 2013 in the web archive archive.today ). In: kulturzone.com , July 12, 2006.
- Professional - Jil Sander. In: Der Spiegel , November 4, 1983.
- “From 1989 Vivienne had taught three days a month at the Vienna Academy of Applied Arts. Her Parisian friend Jean-Charles de Castelbajac recommended her for the position to replace him. ”In: Vivienne Westwood & Ian Kelly, Vivienne Westwood , Eichborn, Cologne, 575 pp., 2014, ISBN 978-3-8479- 0571-4 , quoted on p. 461.
- Vienna becomes a fashion hub for ten days. In: oe24.at , May 28, 2008.
- Bernhard Willhelm: "Fashion is not social". In: Die Presse , June 6, 2009, interview.
- apa : Modeklasse Wien says goodbye to director Chalayan with a show in June. In: Der Standard , March 25, 2019.
- Coordination office for pre-university youth development. In: koofun.at , April 29, 2018.
- Felix Braun was awarded the Austrian State Prize for Literature in 1951; he was a teacher at the Reinhardt Seminar and at the Academy for Applied Arts Vienna.
- Ursula Müksch: Clementine Alberdingk and Emma Bormann. Girlfriends for an artist's life. In: kultur-klosterneuburg.at , 2011.
- Photo: Rosalia Rothansl (1870–1945) was a well-known and recognized professor and artist at the Vienna School of Applied Arts. In: mein district.at / Museum Kierling .