Otto Wagner

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Otto Wagner around 1910

Otto Koloman Wagner (born July 13, 1841 in Penzing near Vienna ; † April 11, 1918 in Vienna ) was the most important Austrian architect , architectural theorist, visionary and urban planner in Vienna during the Belle Epoque and around the fin de siècle . His Art Nouveau buildings, his academic work and his writings on urban planning helped him from the 1890s to worldwide recognition.


1841 to 1860

Otto Koloman Wagner was born on July 13, 1841 in Penzing near Vienna, a suburb that was incorporated into Vienna in 1890/1892 and has belonged to the 14th district of the same name since 1938 . His father Rudolf Simeon Wagner, royal Hungarian court notary at the Hungarian court chancellery in Vienna, and his mother Susanne, b. Huber, adopted Helferstorfer, lived in an upper-class family. Rudolf Wagner died of a lung disease when his son reached the age of five - probably a major reason for Otto Wagner's strong bond with his mother.

Despite the financial crisis that resulted from the death of his father, Wagner received a good education. From 1850 he attended the Vienna Academic Gymnasium for two years , then the Stiftsgymnasium Kremsmünster of the Benedictines in Upper Austria and from 1857 to 1859 the Polytechnic in Vienna, where he passed the Matura and then studied mathematics, physics, descriptive geometry, technology and drawing.

1860 to 1890

In 1860/1861 Wagner studied at the Royal Building Academy in Berlin , 1861/1862 at the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna, among others with August Sicard von Sicardsburg and Eduard van der Nüll , who in 1861 received the order to build the Imperial and Royal Court Opera Theater; At the same time he completed an apprenticeship as a bricklayer with a Viennese city architect. In 1862 the then 21-year-old joined Ludwig von Förster's (1797–1863) studio . He belonged to the circle around Heinrich von Förster , Emil von Förster and Theophil von Hansen and from 1864 began to build independently in the style of historicism .

The beginning of his architect career coincided with a boom time of the Vienna Building History: In 1858, the demolition had city walls surrounding the old town started in 1865 which was Ringstrasse opened, the at numerous in the next 20 years representational kk imperial capital should arise.

His first major success was in 1863 the 1st prize in the competition for the design of the Kursalon planned by the city administration in the Vienna City Park, which was newly laid out on Ringstrasse and opened in 1862 . However, another project was realized. His competition entry for the construction of the Vienna Stock Exchange , submitted in 1863, was also unsuccessful. In 1864/1865 he built the Harmonietheater, 9. , Wasagasse 33, which later became known as Danzers Orpheum and was converted into a residential building after 1928 (the original facade has been preserved) and twelve residential buildings in Harmoniegasse. In 1867 he worked on the Villa Epstein project in Baden near Vienna and took part in the competition to build the Berlin Cathedral . A year later he developed a regulatory plan for the city of Budapest. In 1871/1872 he was commissioned to design the Rumbach utca synagogue in Budapest . In 1873 he was co-founder of the consortium for the realization of the world exhibition and created an urban planning study for a boulevard to Schönbrunn . His Palace of Justice project was purchased by the Imperial and Royal Ministry of Justice in 1874. In 1875 he received second prize in the competition for a state parliament building in Lemberg , Galicia . He also came second in the competition for the town hall in Hamburg in 1876. In the 1870s and 1880s, he was mainly able to realize residential and commercial buildings and villas.

In 1879 Otto Wagner designed the decorations for the courtyard tent set up in front of the Outer Burgtor on the Ringstrasse during the Vienna pageant to celebrate the silver wedding anniversary of the imperial couple, which went down in town history as the Makart pageant . In 1880 he submitted the design for the Viennese official building of the Giro- und Cassenverein and conceived his Artibus project (artibus, Latin for the arts [dedicated] ), the design of a monumental museum district in Vienna. In 1882/1883 he took part in the competitions for the Berlin Reichstag and the Budapest Parliament , and in 1884 for the Amsterdam Stock Exchange . In the same year he developed the project for the construction of the Bodencreditanstalt Vienna. 1886–1888 Wagner built a villa for his family on the western outskirts of Vienna, on the edge of the Vienna Woods , later referred to as Villa Wagner I (today's address: 14. , Hüttelbergstraße 26).

1890 to 1918

Portrait of Otto Wagner (1904)

In 1890 Wagner, who meanwhile ran a large studio in which dozens of architects worked for him, took part in the competition for a church in Esseg in the Kingdom of Hungary and prepared a study for the Berlin Cathedral, for which he had already participated in a competition in 1867 . In 1893 he won first prize in a competition for a general regulatory plan for Vienna; Wagner later assumed, like many people back then, that Vienna would expand strongly on the left bank of the Danube and increase to four million inhabitants. His plan consistently provided for the urban structure of a metropolis; in fact, Vienna is still often shaped today by the village origins of many parts of the city.

Due to his specialist knowledge, his architectural profile and the experience he gained in the implementation of construction projects, Otto Wagner was appointed full professor and head of the special class for architecture at the Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna in 1894. Through this position he had an influence on the formation of a new generation of architects and on scientific research in this field. He continuously gave publications in his field, such as "Modern Architecture", "Some Sketches, Projects and Executed Buildings" Volumes 1 to 4, "The Art in Trade", the "Memorandum on the Reorganization of Art Schools and Art Care" and others Books out. As a representative of the Vienna Academy, he took part in the International Architects' Congress in Brussels in 1897.

In the 1890s the construction of the Vienna light rail became concrete. Kk Minister of Commerce Ladislaus Gundacker von Wurmbrand-Stuppach (1838–1901), who was responsible for the railway system at the time, appointed Oberbaurat Professor Wagner in 1894 to act as the artistic advisory board on behalf of the Commission for Transport Systems in Vienna for the uniform architectural design of the buildings and bridges of the light rail to take over. In part, the design of the associated light rail vehicles is also attributed to him. The very extensive light rail structures, including the characteristic light rail arches , which were completed in 1901 under the Imperial and Royal Railway Ministry founded in 1896, were architecturally neglected for decades and only appreciated as Wagner's total work of art from the 1960s onwards; the historical stock is now a listed building.

In 1897 Arthur von Scala was appointed director of the Museum of Art and Industry (now the Museum of Applied Arts, MAK ). He brought Otto Wagner and Felician von Myrbach , Koloman Moser , Josef Hoffmann and Alfred Roller as employees of the museum and the affiliated arts and crafts school (today the University of Applied Arts Vienna ). Wagner's 1898 study on the expansion of the Hofburg remained, like his suggestions from 1917, theory; the Neue Burg was designed in an imperial-conservative manner. The Imperial Crypt was also not rebuilt according to Wagner's ideas; only the old stock was expanded.

In 1898/1899 Wagner built three residential and commercial buildings at Linken Wienzeile 38–40, corner of Köstlergasse 1–3, at the Naschmarkt in the 6th district (see Wienzeilenhäuser by Otto Wagner ). At the same time, that is, during the construction of the Stadtbahn, Wagner dealt with the architectural design of the Nussdorf weir built on the Vienna Danube Canal , and from 1904–1908 with the construction of the Schützenhaus (Schütz = movable weir element) of the Kaiserbad barrage. In addition, he was 1902-1907 with the general plan of the then Lower Austrian state insane asylum at Steinhof (so the name of the institution in the vernacular to this day) in today's 14th district and especially 1904-1907 with the construction of the church at Steinhof , which was one of Wagner's main works is expected. The building with a gold-plated dome, which is enthroned on the edge of a hill north of the Wiental in the west of Vienna, can be counted among the city's landmarks.

1903–1906 and 1910–1912 Otto Wagner built the kk Postsparkassenamt (1st, Georg-Coch-Platz 2), also a major work of the architect. His style was the antithesis of the imperial kuk war ministry opposite on the Ringstrasse , which reflected the taste of the Archduke and heir to the throne Franz Ferdinand . So Wagner had no chance in the competition for this ministry building. A museum dedicated to Otto Wagner is maintained in the Post Office Savings Bank, which was owned by BAWAG PSK until 2017 and is now Signa .

In the years up to 1910 Wagner presented several designs for a Kaiser-Franz-Josef-Stadtmuseum ; The Viennese city administration was only able to decide on a new building in the 1950s. Suggestions for the design of Karlsplatz , including a monumental fountain, were not carried out. Other projects that were not carried out concerned the Peace Palace in The Hague in 1905 , the fountain colonnade in Karlsbad , Bohemia in 1906, the "House of Glory" exhibition building in San Francisco in 1907/1908 , the Technical Museum in Vienna in 1909 , and two designs for the new building in 1910–1914 University Library Vienna and in 1915 for an Austria monument on the Schottenring .

In 1912/1913 Wagner, who had sold his large villa in 1911, built the Villa Wagner II on the neighboring property 14, Hüttelbergstrasse 28, in late secessionist style . He had intended it as a widow's residence for his wife, who was almost 20 years his junior, but she died in 1915. In 1917 he worked out a study for a peace church on the Schmelz , which was not built.

Secessionist buildings:

Later buildings show a reduction in the secessionist elements and an anticipation of modernity :

Private life

Wagner's second wife, Louise Wagner; Portrait of Hans Temple (1888)

The successful architect and “builder” also led an eventful private life. Although he did not marry the brewmaster's daughter Sophia Paupie (1840–1912), he had two sons with her, Otto (1864–1945) and Robert (1865–1954), both of whom he adopted in 1882. In 1867, at the insistence of his mother, he married Josefine Domhart. With her he had two daughters, Susanne (1868–1937) and Margarete (1869–1880). Shortly after his mother's death in 1880, he divorced Josefine. In 1884 Wagner married Louise Stiffel. With her he had three children, Stefan, Louise and Christine. Wagner's almost cultic admiration for his mother seems to have been transferred to his second wife, who is 18 years his junior, especially after Louise's early death in 1915 (see writings below).


During the First World War, Wagner, who was used to a lavish life, refused to buy additional food on the black market in addition to the meager official food rations. He died of Rotlauf on April 11, 1918 at the age of 76 in his apartment in Vienna 7th, Döblergasse 4 . The house where he died was completed in 1912 according to his design. Wagner is buried in the Hietzingen cemetery in an honorary grave (group 13, number 131). He designed the family crypt himself in 1881. In 1918, two months before Wagner, his contemporary Gustav Klimt , who was 21 years his junior, was buried in this cemetery .



Around 1898 the typical historicist forms weakened in his buildings, and he entered his “ secessionist ” phase with flat ornaments (for which he is mainly known). Over time, Wagner's buildings became more and more sober and came closer and closer to forms of pure functionality. Wagner thus practically became one of the forefathers of the New Objectivity . Outstanding examples are his second villa in Hütteldorf, planned in 1905 but not built until 1912–1913, and the Lupus sanatorium and, above all, his last residential building in Neustiftgasse 40 in a new building . Otto Wagner found great recognition through the Österreichische Postsparkasse in Vienna. For this he not only used the latest materials such as reinforced concrete and aluminum , but also succeeded in creating a special synthesis of apparent functionality and aesthetics. For example, the visual impression arises that the marble cladding is attached to the wall with rivets. In reality, the short metal anchors serve as ornaments; the marble slabs lie on a bed of mortar. Wagner also used this facade design technique for the well-known Steinhof Church , the institutional church of the large Otto Wagner psychiatric hospital on Baumgartner Höhe "Am Steinhof ".

Not all of Otto Wagner's projects were implemented. Among them was his favorite project, the transformation of the Wienzeile leading from the city center in the direction of Schönbrunn (the Vienna River had just been regulated) into a splendid avenue, but that remained patchy. Only a few splendid apartment buildings in the area of ​​the Naschmarkt and the Wienzeilenhäuser remind of this. In this context, Wagner's numerous projects for a Vienna City Museum on Karlsplatz or on the Schmelz should also be mentioned. The corresponding museum ( Wien Museum ) was only realized in a completely different way decades later. He also wrote important art theory writings. Wagner was particularly interested in urban planning in general, for which he also wrote theoretical writings (The Unlimited Metropolis) . In the competition for the general regulatory plan of Vienna in 1893, he won one of the two prizes. In 1894 he was Hasenauer's successor as professor at the Academy of Fine Arts. In the same year Wagner received the order for the architectural design of the Vienna light rail (see also Karlsplatz light rail station ).

A number of important architects emerged from Wagner's school; Josef Hoffmann , Emil Hoppe , RM Schindler , Otto Schönthal and Marcel Kammerer are counted among the inner circle around Wagner . But also Jan Kotěra , Joseph Maria Olbrich , Jože Plečnik , Hubert Gessner , Max Fabiani , Karl Pirich , Ernst Lichtblau and many more are among his students.


Otto Wagner received numerous honors and titles in the course of his life. An honorary titles to name include: Imperial and Royal Councilor , Professor at the Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna , honorary president of the Society of Austrian architects, honorary president of the Federation of Austrian artists, honorary and corresponding member of the Royal Institute of British Architects in London, Member in architectural associations in St. Petersburg, Brussels, Amsterdam, Portugal, Hungary and Canada, honorary member of the American Institute of Architects , vice-president of the “congrés artistiques internationaux”, honorary doctorate from the Dresden University of Technology .

Works and drafts

Tram railing in
Michelbeuern designed by Otto Wagner
Railcar of the Pressburger Bahn designed in 1910

Wagner's first volume, “Some Sketches, Projects and Executed Buildings”, appeared in 1889, and three more volumes followed. The first villa in Hütteldorf , planned and built between 1886 and 1888, has recently gained notoriety through its design by the painter Ernst Fuchs .

Planned structures

Otto Wagner had many ideas and designs for building projects, including the Kaiserforum , of which, for various reasons, only a fraction were realized. Often his proposals were too ambitious, time-consuming or not financially viable, or there was simply a lack of will to implement them.



- chronological -

  • Constantin von Wurzbach : Wagner, Otto . In: Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich . 52nd part. Imperial-Royal Court and State Printing Office, Vienna 1885, p. 122 ( digital copy ).
  • Hermann Bahr: Otto Wagner. For the seventieth birthday . In: Berliner Tageblatt and Handels-Zeitung . Evening edition (No. 339/1911, 40th year), ZDB -ID 1467368-x , p. 1 f. - Full text online (PDF; 1.85 MB) .
  • Joseph August Lux: Otto Wagner. A monograph . Delphin-Verlag, Munich 1914. - Full text online .
  • Hans Tietze : Otto Wagner . Rikola, Vienna / Berlin / Munich / Leipzig 1922. - Full text online .
  • Otto Antonia Graf: A House of Art MCM-MM by Otto Wagner . In: Communications from the Austrian Gallery . Volume 6, ZDB ID 511979-0 . Österreichische Galerie, Vienna 1962, pp. 33–45, figs. 25–26.
  • Otto Antonia Graf: Otto Wagner 1882. Dissertation . University of Vienna, Vienna 1963.
  • Otto Antonia Graf: Otto Wagner. The architect's work (…) June to September 1963 . Special exhibition of the Historical Museum of the City of Vienna , Volume 12, ZDB -ID 881004-7 , self-published by the museum, Vienna 1963.
  • Otto Antonia Graf: Otto Wagner, the work of the architect 1841–1918. Hessisches Landesmuseum in Darmstadt, exhibition: November 22, 1963 to February 2, 1964 . Hessisches Landesmuseum Darmstadt, Darmstadt 1963.
  • Otto Antonia Graf: Otto Wagner. A biographical chronicle. In: A thousand years of Austria . Volume 3, Vienna 1974, ISBN 3-7141-6523-1 , pp. 136-143.
  • Heinz Geretsegger, Max Peintner : Otto Wagner. 1841-1918. Unlimited big city. Beginning of modern architecture . 4th edition. Residenz Verlag , Salzburg / Vienna 1983, ISBN 3-7017-0352-3 .
  • Otto Antonia Graf: The forgotten Wagner school . Writings of the Museum of the 20th Century, Volume 3, ZDB -ID 597537-2 . Jugend & Volk, Vienna 1969.
  • Günter Kolb: Otto Wagner and the Wiener Stadtbahn . Contributions to art history, Volume 29, ZDB -ID 252302-4 . Scaneg, Munich 1989, ISBN 3-89235-029-9 . (At the same time: Dissertation, University of Munich, Munich 1978).
  • Frank Russell (ed.): Architecture of Art Nouveau. Overcoming historicism in Europe and North America . Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, Stuttgart 1982, ISBN 3-421-02570-3 .
  • Carl E. Schorske : Vienna. Spirit and society in the fin de siècle . S. Fischer Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 1982, ISBN 3-10-073603-6 .
  • Otto Antonia Graf: The arrow of the future, the art of Otto Wagner . In: Gustav Peichl (Ed.): Vienna Academy Series . Volume 16, ZDB ID 45699-8 . Academy of Fine Arts, Vienna 1984, pp. 15–20.
  • Otto Antonia Graf: Fates of the estate (Otto Wagner) . In: Eternit impulses. Journal of Eternit-Werke Ludwig Hatschek, Vöcklabruck , ZDB -ID 2432446-2 . Eternit-Werke, Vöcklabruck 1984.
  • Otto Antonia Graf: Otto Wagner's Rise to the Future . In: Robert Waissenberger : Vienna. Dream and reality. 1870-1930 . Residenz Verlag, Salzburg 1984, ISBN 3-7017-0388-4 , pp. 101-109.
  • Paul Asenbaum, Peter Haiko, Herbert Lachmayer , Reiner Zettl: Otto Wagner. Furniture and interiors . Residenz Verlag, Salzburg / Vienna 1984, ISBN 3-7017-0384-1 .
  • Otto Antonia Graf: Otto Wagner in Vienna. The unusual habit of history . In: Maria Auböck, Maria Marchetti (Ed.): Vienna around 1900. Art and culture . Brandstätter, Vienna 1985, ISBN 3-85447-097-5 , pp. 307-315.
  • Franco Boris, Ezio Godoli: Viennese buildings at the turn of the century. The architecture of the Habsburg metropolis between historicism and modernity . Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, Stuttgart 1985, ISBN 3-421-02832-X .
  • Giancarlo Bernabei: Otto Wagner . Series: Studio Paperback . Artemis, Zurich (among others) 1986, ISBN 3-7608-8120-3 .
  • Otto Antonia Graf: Masterdrawings of Otto Wagner. An exhibition of the Otto Wagner Archive, Academy of Fine Arts, Vienna (...) the Drawing Center New York (...) . Otto Wagner Archive, Vienna 1987, pp. 11–40.
  • Elisabeth Koller-Glück: The Villa Hahn in Baden . Published by the association Projektgruppe Otto Wagner Villa Hahn, Baden (…). Quadrato, Vienna (among others) 1986, ISBN 3-900624-01-1 .
  • Peter Haiko, Renata Kassal-Mikula: Otto Wagner and the Franz Josef City Museum. The failure of modernity in Vienna. June 16 to August 28, 1988 . Special exhibition of the Historical Museum of the City of Vienna , Volume 114, ZDB -ID 881004-7 , self-published by the Museums of the City of Vienna, Vienna 1988.
  • Harry Francis Mallgrave (Ed.): Otto Wagner. Reflections on the raiment of modernity. Envolved from an symposium, which was held at the Getty Center for the History of Art and the Humanities, Santa Monica, California, November 3-5, 1988 . (International Symposium "Otto Wagner and the Genesis of European Modernism"). Issues & debates, Volume 3, ZDB -ID 2452638-1 . Getty Center for the History of Art and the Humanities, Santa Monica (Calif.) 1993, ISBN 0-89236-257-X .
  • Werner Oechslin: style sleeve and core. Otto Wagner, Adolf Loos and the evolutionary path to modern architecture . gta / Ernst & Sohn, Zurich 1994, ISBN 3-433-02888-5 .
  • Edward R. Ford, Edwin Lutyens (Ill.): The detail in architecture in modern times. On the logic of construction in Edwin Lutyens, Frank Lloyd Wright, Otto Wagner, Adolf Loos, Le Corbusier, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Rudolf Schindler, Walter Gropius, Marcel Breuer . Birkhäuser-Verlag, Basel, Berlin, Boston, 1994, ISBN 3-7643-2789-8 .
  • Peter Mertz (photographs): Otto Wagner and Vienna. His buildings today . Harenberg Edition, Dortmund 1995, ISBN 3-611-00511-8 .
  • Otto Antonia Graf: In retrospect, nobody was wiser. Otto Wagner, designs for the modern gallery . In: Belvedere. Visual arts magazine . Issue 2, 1996, ZDB -ID 1286474-2 , pp. 54-71.
  • Mary PA Sheaffer: Otto Wagner - Tradition and Modernity. His buildings in nine tours . Compress, Vienna 1997, ISBN 3-900607-34-6 .
  • Otto Antonia Graf, Masaaki Sekiya: Otto Wagner, Buildings and Projects . (English and Japanese). Volumes 1–4, Bunkensha, Tokyo 1998, 1860–1894: ISBN 4-938577-04-6 , 1894–1899: ISBN 4-938577-05-4 , 1900–1903: ISBN 4-938577-06-2 , 1903 -1918: ISBN 4-938577-07-0 .
  • Jaroslava Boubnová: Vienna Secession. 1898-1998. The century of artistic freedom. Translated by Robert Fleck . Book accompanying the exhibition "Secession - The Century of Artistic Freedom", Secession, Vienna, April 3 to June 21, 1998, Rudolfinum , Prague, November 19, 1998 to January 31, 1999. Prestel Verlag , Munich (inter alia) 1998, ISBN 3-7913-1967-1 .
  • Otto Antonia Graf: Otto Wagner. Draw thinking, think drawing. On the diagraphical methodology . Writings of the Institute for Art History of the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna, 1999, ZDB -ID 47405-8 . Institute for Art History of the Academy of Fine Arts, Vienna 1999, ISBN 3-205-99066-8 .
  • Werner Oechslin: Modern design. Architecture and cultural history. DuMont-Verlag, Cologne 1999, ISBN 3-7701-4818-5 .
  • Otto Antonia Graf: Otto Wagner. The work of the architect. Volumes 1 and 2. Böhlau-Verlag, Vienna (a.o.) 1985, Volume 1: ISBN 3-205-08657-0 , Volume 2: ISBN 3-205-08657-0 . (Reprint of all original texts by Wagner).
  • Paco Asensio (Ed.): Otto Wagner . Photographs by János Kalmár . (= Archipockets classics .) Te Neues, Düsseldorf 2002, ISBN 3-8238-5545-X .
  • Bertha Blaschke, Luise Lipschitz: Architecture in Vienna 1850 to 1930. Historicism, Art Nouveau, Objectivity. Five tour suggestions. The 100 most beautiful buildings in Vienna . Springer, Vienna (among others) 2003, ISBN 3-211-83736-1 .
  • August Sarnitz: Otto Wagner. 1841-1918. Pioneer of modern architecture. Taschen-Verlag , Cologne 2005, ISBN 3-8228-2877-7 .
  • Stefan Üner: The thought leader. Otto Wagner, the architect of the century, in: Parnass , 3/2018, pp. 42–45.
  • Andreas Nierhaus, Eva-Maria Orosz (Ed.): Otto Wagner. Wien Museum, Residenz Verlag, Salzburg / Vienna 2018, ISBN 978-3-7017-3447-4 , 544 pages, exhibition catalog, book clippings.
  • Sebastian Hackenschmidt, Iris Meder, Ákos Moravánzszky: Post Otto Wagner - From the Post Savings Bank to Postmodernism , Austrian Museum of Applied Arts , ed. by Christoph Thun-Hohenstein and Sebastian Hackenschmidt, Vienna 2018, ISBN 978-3-0356-1685-9 , exhibition catalog.


  • Otto Wagner - visionary of the modern age. (Alternative title: Otto Wagner - Architekt der Wiener Moderne. ) Documentary film, Austria, 2017, 51:58 min., Book: Tanja Rogaunig, director: Rudolf Klingohr, music: Christian Kolonovits , production: TV & more, ORF , arte , series : culture Monday , first broadcast: March 19, 2018. ORF 2 , Summary of ARD , online video .
  • Otto Wagner exhibition in the Wien Museum. sic! Documentary film, Austria, 2018, 3:05 min., Script and director: NN , production: Popup TV und Film Produktion, Internet publication: April 18, 2018 by the Vienna City Administration, online video , film transcript : click on the transcript .

Web links


About Wagner

Individual evidence

  1. Reinhard Seiß : Right to beauty and spacious green space. In: Wiener Zeitung , January 19, 2013.
  2. Wagner, Otto. In: Architects Lexicon Vienna 1770–1945. Published by the Architekturzentrum Wien . Vienna 2007.
  3. ^ Hall of Fame: Otto Koloman Wagner. TU alumni club. In: Website of the Vienna University of Technology , December 28, 2015.
  4. Otto Wagner †. In:  Wiener Zeitung , April 12, 1918, p. 4 (online at ANNO ).Template: ANNO / Maintenance / wrz
  6. created by Bawag PSK , taken over by Signa in 2018 .
  7. Berlin Romanticism in Vienna. In: , interview with Yung Hurn , September 2016.
  8. ^ Exhibition: Otto Wagner. In: Wien Museum , March 2018.
  9. ^ Exhibition review by Thomas Mießgang: Otto Wagner: Portal into the future. In: Die Zeit , March 26, 2018, No. 13.
  10. ^ Entry on Modern Art in Austria - Karl Goldammer in the Austria Forum  (as a postage stamp display), September 16, 2009, accessed on November 6, 2018.
  11. Otto Wagner: "Something impractical can never be beautiful." Quote in the Postsparkasse Museum.
  12. Christa Veigl: Otto Wagner's Postsparkasse and their "Fleckerlpatschen". Reception history of a plate fastening. In: Wiener Geschichtsblätter 72/4/2017: p. 297 ff.
  13. Honorary doctoral students of the TH / TU Dresden. In: Technical University of Dresden . Retrieved November 6, 2018 .
  14. ^ Winner (first place) for a parliament building in Budapest: The competition to obtain drafts for a Hungarian Reichstag building in Budapest. In: Centralblatt der Bauverwaltung , May 5, 1883, p. 162.
  15. Ruth Hanisch, Jochen Martz: Otto Wagner's lost project for a poet's grove in Vienna's Volksgarten - complementary plan finds in Glasgow and Vienna . In: Die Gartenkunst  19 (2/2007), pp. 329–348, online copy .
  16. Harald Marincig: 60 Years of the Vienna Electric City Railways 1925–1985 , Wiener Stadtwerke - Verkehrsbetriebe, Vienna 1985, p. 8
  17. Thomas Miessgang: Altar made of words. Review. In: ZEIT Austria , No. 46/2019, November 7, 2019, p. 22 ( Article online , November 11, 2019, accessed on November 12, 2019).