Left Wienzeile

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Left Wienzeile, level with the Kettenbrücke with the “Majolikahaus” in the center of the picture
Theater an der Wien, 6., Linke Wienzeile 6, corner of Millöckergasse
Otto Wagner: 6., Linke Wienzeile 38, corner of Köstlergasse
Otto Wagner: "Majolikahaus", 6., Linke Wienzeile 40
6., Linke Wienzeile 46. The house was built before the Vienna river regulation; its ground floor is lower than today's street level.
Insurance Company for Railways and Mining (VAEB), 6., Linke Wienzeile 48–52

The Linke Wienzeile in Vienna , in the 6th district, Mariahilf , and in the 15th district, Rudolfsheim-Fünfhaus , runs directly on the left, northern bank of the (partially vaulted) Wien River from the Karlsplatz traffic junction on the edge of the city center to the west. The approximately 4.5 km long road is part of the so-called “West Exit” to the A1 West Autobahn towards Linz and Salzburg , which begins on the western outskirts of the city. The street is a one-way; Its counterpart to the journey into the city is the Recht Wienzeile on the right bank of the Wien River.

The Wienzeile is part of Wiener Straße under road construction law . Since 2002 this has been a state road administered by the respective federal state. Until 2002 it was the Wiener Bundesstraße (B1) , until 1971 east-west connection through all of Austria, then limited to the section Vienna – Salzburg.


In the urban area of ​​Vienna, the river runs almost entirely in a deep concrete bed built between 1895 and 1899. The construction was carried out at the same time as that of the Viennese light rail line , which accompanies the river here on its right, southern side in a low position.

Otto Wagner , the architectural designer of the Stadtbahn, advocated using the opportunity to vault the Wien River from Karlsplatz to Schönbrunn Palace , the emperor's summer residence in the 13th district, and to build a boulevard; however, the vaulting was only realized over 2.1 km in the central city area and on a small section near the Margaretengürtel (see: Vienna River Bridges ).

The result was not a Wienzeile , as Wagner had hoped , but two streets with this name were laid out around 1900: on both sides of the largely open-flowing Wien River. The first part of Linke Wienzeile was officially named in 1899 in the 15th district; until 1911 the naming was complete. The extension from Winckelmannstrasse to Schlossallee took place in 1925. However, Linke Wienzeile was not expanded into a thoroughfare until decades later.

Around 1960 traffic was still flowing westwards through Mariahilfer Strasse and Linzer Strasse because sections of the houses on Linke Wienzeile, especially between Pilgramgasse and Reinprechtsdorfer Brücke, were too close to the river, and neither was the outer Hadikgasse in the 14th district was expanded. (Before the Vienna river regulation, frequent floods were the main reason why main roads were not laid out near the river.) Twenty years later, Linke Wienzeile was the main road.

Location and traffic

Linke Wienzeile continues at the beginning of Friedrichstrasse, a driveway on Karlsplatz. The last building on Friedrichstrasse is the Secession exhibition center ; after the intersection with the Getreidemarkt , on which the border between districts 1 and 6 runs, the Linke Wienzeile begins: on the south side of the street with the Naschmarkt , one of the most famous markets in Vienna, on the north side with blocks of houses, starting with house no 2.

At house no. 180, the Margaretengürtel , heading north, joins Linke Wienzeile from the south . After house number 182, the Gumpendorfer Gürtel branches off from Linken Wienzeile to the north, after Franz-Schwarz-Park the street crosses Sechshauser Gürtel / Gaudenzdorfer Gürtel , heading south. In this area, the U6 underground line also crosses Linke Wienzeile in an elevated position (see addresses).

The highest house number that can be found in the electronic city map of the Vienna city administration is 278 and is located east of the junction with Jheringgasse in the 15th district near the intersection of Linke Wienzeile with the street Winckelmannstraße / Schönbrunner Brücke / Grünbergstraße.

The westernmost part of Linke Wienzeile, west of the aforementioned intersection, is accompanied to the north by Auer-Welsbach-Park (formerly called Schönbrunner Vorpark) and to the south by a green strip of banks of the Wien River.

Linke Wienzeile ends in the west at the intersection with the Schlossbrücke (at the main entrance to Schönbrunn Palace) and the Schlossallee that leads onto it at the district border 15/14. The street continues westwards in the 14th district in Hadikgasse.

On the left side of the road, Linke Wienzeile, there are eleven bridges and footbridges over the Wien River as well as two arches of the river (see Vienna Vienna River Bridges ).

On the other bank of the river, on the Rechte Wienzeile, near the Linken Wienzeile, there are six stations of the U4 underground line , which runs on the route of the former Vienna light rail. Five of them have existed since 1898/1899, one, Längenfeldgasse , was opened in 1989. On the Linken Wienzeile itself there are only small sections of regular bus service.


Since the Linke Wienzeile is directly accompanied by the river to the left or south and no orientation numbers for the street appear on the vault on which the Naschmarkt is located, it only has straight house numbers, which are usually on the right, northern side of the street.

  • Opposite No. 2 to 40 : Wiener Naschmarkt , the most famous Viennese market, on which many restaurants have recently established themselves
  • No. 6 , corner of Millöckergasse: Theater an der Wien , Vienna's third opera house since 2006, previously operetta and musical theater (see illustration). The theater has existed since 1800 (1805 world premiere of Beethoven's opera Fidelio ), after 1902 the front building on Linke Wienzeile was built according to a design by Ferdinand Fellner and Hermann Helmer .
  • No. 22 , corner of Girardigasse: Café Drechsler, a Viennese coffee house that has been in existence since 1919
  • No. 38 and 40 , corner of Köstlergasse: Wienzeilenhäuser by Otto Wagner (see two illustrations). No. 38 is the corner house with gilded secessionist decor, No. 40 is the majolica house .
  • No. 42 , late historical house with a rich and vividly structured facade from 1896/97 by Rudolf Kmunke . The regular grid pattern of the windows is dissolved, the dominant motif is the central niche with balconies.
  • Opposite no. 42 : Kettenbrückengasse underground station in Otto Wagner design
  • Opposite no. 42 to 62 : flea market, Saturdays
  • No. 48–52 : Insurance Company for Railways and Mining (VAEB; see illustration), built in 1912/1913 by Hubert Gessner with neoclassical facade and facade sculpture by Anton Hanak
  • No. 60 : Boulevard-Hof , an apartment building with Secessionist décor from 1902 by Ely Wasserstrom concentrated on the upper floor
  • No. 64 : Vier Jahreszeiten , an apartment building with vertical structuring by Julius Hecht from 1913
  • No. 102 : Rosa-Lila-Villa , lesbian, gay and transgender center near the Pilgramgasse underground station
  • No. 152 : Large drugstore Wilhelm Neuber's grandson , traditional company building with Art Nouveau windows by Carl Geyling's heirs , one of which was awarded a medal at the 1900 World Exhibition in Paris.
  • No. 178 : Former Kaiser-Franz-Joseph-Jubiläumswerkstätten (Mollardgasse 85), completed in 1909 (see illustration) on the area of ​​the Gumpendorfer slaughterhouse that was demolished in 1907
  • No. 180 : First Central Vocational School of the City of Vienna (originally First Vienna Commercial Training School , Mollardgasse 87, see illustration), built 1909–1911 by Rudolf Hammel for apprentices from 61 metalworking branches on the site of the Gumpendorfer slaughterhouse demolished in 1907 ; at the Margaretengürtel subway station
  • # 182. : Municipal Leuthnerhof , built in 1931/1932, after 1945 named after the Socialist MEP Karl Leuthner (1869-1944) (see fig.)
  • Before No. 186th : Bridge over the line of Otto Wagner (until 1985 light rail, since 1989 subway) and crossing the Linke Wienzeile with the belt (northbound: Margaretengürtel / Gumpendorfergürtel; southbound: Sechshauser Belt / Gaudenzdorfergürtel); to the western bridge ramp: Längenfeldgasse subway station (see picture)
  • No. 248 , at the corner of Ullmannstrasse 71: “Renaissance Wien Hotel” of the Marriott group at the Meidling Hauptstrasse underground station
  • After No. 278 : Auer-Welsbach-Park at the Schönbrunn subway station

Individual evidence

  1. Entry about Kmunke. In: Architects Lexicon Vienna 1770–1945. Published by the Architekturzentrum Wien . Vienna 2007.
  2. Company portrait. W. Neuber's grandson Dr. Brunner & Kolb, accessed on June 23, 2016 .
  3. Karl Leuthner. In: dasrotewien.at - Web dictionary of the Viennese social democracy. SPÖ Vienna (Ed.)

Web links

Commons : Linke Wienzeile  - collection of images, videos and audio files


  • Felix Czeike : Historisches Lexikon Wien , Volume 4, Kremayr & Scheriau, Vienna 1995, ISBN 3-218-00546-9 , p. 71
  • Walter Krobot, Josef Otto Slezak, Hans Sternhart: Tram in Vienna - the day before yesterday and the day after tomorrow , Verlag Josef Otto Slezak, Vienna 1972, ISBN 3-900134-00-6
  • Helmut Portele: "Wiener Tramwaymuseum" collection, self-published by the Wiener Tramwaymuseum collection, Vienna ³2009, ISBN 978-3-200-01562-3